BYU College of Fine Arts and Communications

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Brigham Young University College of Fine Arts and Communications
BYU College of Fine Arts and Communications logo.svg
Established 1925
Type Private coeducational
Religious affiliation The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Dean Stephen M. Jones
Academic staff 141
Undergraduates 3,900
Postgraduates 130
Location Provo, Utah, USA
Campus Suburban, 560 acres (2.3 km2)
Website http://cfac.byu.edu

Coordinates: 40°15′2″N 111°39′8″W / 40.25056°N 111.65222°W / 40.25056; -111.65222

The BYU College of Fine Arts and Communications (CFAC) is one of nine colleges at Brigham Young University, a private university operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and located in Provo, Utah. Founded in 1925, the college has grown from a small college of the arts with minimal faculty and only 100 students to the second largest college on campus.

With more than 3,800 students and 141 full-time faculty, the expansive college has spread across the university’s campus and occupies six buildings (Franklin S. Harris Fine Arts Center, George H. Brimhall Building, Jesse Knight Building, Stephen L. Richards Building, B66, and the BYU Museum of Art).

With four departments (Communications, Dance, Theatre and Media Arts, and Visual Arts) and one school (Music), the CFAC offers 14 undergraduate degrees (with 38 emphases) and eight graduate degrees.

Since 1971, BYU performing groups have performed more than 12,000 shows in all 50 states and 100 countries before audiences totaling more than 7 million. Moreover, radio and television broadcasts of their performances have reached hundreds of millions additional listeners and viewers.

History[edit]

Owned and operated by The LDS Church, BYU’s CFAC has close ties to The Church’s religious history and its members’ passion for the arts. As Mormon Pioneers crossed the plains in the efforts to reach the Great Salt Lake Valley, many pioneer men and women renewed themselves through music and dancing. Following their arrival in the valley, Church leaders established several different communities and the arts were central to the settlements they erected and were equally important to the pioneers’ individual lives.[1]

Brigham Young Academy was organized in 1875 and shortly after its establishment, a choir was organized to sing at events and religious services. By 1883 the Department of Music was organized as an extracurricular body and by the early 1900s the Academy had a band, orchestra, and choir; music was being integrated into the school’s core curriculum and departments of art and speech were both organized.

In 1925, under the direction of BYU President Franklin Stewart Harris, the College of Fine Arts was organized with Gerrit de Jong as its first dean. The new college became the first fine arts college in the western United States and brought together the pre-existing departments of music, art and dramatic arts and speech.[2]

The music department was initially composed of a vocal and instrumental division. At the time the college was created, the department had limited full-time faculty (Robert Sauer, Franklin Madsen, Florence Jepperson Madsen, and Margaret Summerhays). Each of these faculty members was responsible for conducting all the classes for the department and the school’s group ensembles.

The art department consisted of Bent Franklin Larsen and Elbert Hindley Eastmond. Within the next decade the faculty gained the skills of Verla L. Birrell, Lynn Taylor, and J. Roman Andrus. The department not only managed the instruction of the arts, but also began a standing collection of art pieces to be housed at the university. By the end of Franklin’s administration, the department had accumulated roughly 700 pieces on behalf of the university. The department of public speaking and dramatic arts was originally headed by T. Earl Pardoe.[3]

The organization of the college was a major accomplishment for the arts at BYU but the programs lacked a central building. Musicians in need of practice space would often congregate in bathrooms.[4] Rehearsals for plays and productions were held in the Joseph Smith Building in shifts (one in the afternoon, one in the evening, and one starting around midnight). Musical productions struggled to overcome the poor acoustics and lighting in the Smith Fieldhouse however, despite the many space issues, the programs were academically strong and continually succeeded. After attending several rehearsals the 1956 University Accreditation Team reported the arts instruction to be of superior quality [5] and the college began its path to national and international recognition.

The Franklin S. Harris Fine Arts Center (HFAC) is located at the heart of BYU's Provo, Utah, campus.

In the 1958, the university allotted a portion of its budget to construct a fine arts center. The building was projected to cost $5,000,000, 80 percent of which came directly from the Church. Internationally acclaimed architect William L. Pereira was hired to design the building and construction on the Franklin S. Harris Fine Arts Center (HFAC) began in 1962. It was completed in 1964 at a cost of $7,000,000 making it the most expensive building on campus at the time.[6]

While the HFAC was under construction, another major change was made to the college – the university’s administration approved the addition of a Department of Communications to the growing college. The department’s addition to the college officially changed its name to the College of Fine Arts and Communications. The new department adopted the former Department of Journalism (formerly housed in the College of Humanities and Social Sciences), the broadcasting program (formerly housed in the Department of Dramatic Arts and the photography program (formerly housed in the Department of Visual Arts.[7]

Responding to a request from the university’s administration, the college piloted an academic advisement program. In 1973, the College Advisement Center opened its doors. It was the first center of its kind on campus, offering one-on-one consultations to students regarding their class schedules and graduation plans. The pilot program was successful and the College of Fine Arts and Communications Advisement Center became the model for similar centers started across campus.

From 1968 to 1974 the Department of Theatre operated the Brigham Young University Touring Reparatory Theatre. The program was set up like professional reparatory theaters with actors learning multiple parts for multiple productions. The program toured regularly and had a total of approximately 200,000 spectators.[8]

In 2003 the BYU Adlab was created and has won numerous student advertising awards.

The college continued to undergo numerous changes and transitions over the years, but two of the most significant changes in recent past occurred in 2009 when the university’s administration removed BYU Broadcasting from under the college’s umbrella[9] and added the Department of Dance (The department had previously been housed in the former College of Health and Human Performance prior to its dissolution in the summer of 2009.).[10]

The Department of Dance has been tied closely to the college for years and prior to its addition to the college, the department had been one of the few dance departments in the country that was not housed under the fine arts.

Campus[edit]

The George H. Brimhall Building, home of the Department of Communications, is located on the south end of the Provo, Utah, Campus

BYU is located in Provo, Utah, approximately 45 minutes from Utah’s capital, Salt Lake City.

The college is principally housed in the Franklin S. Harris Fine Arts Center (HFAC). Dedicated in 1965, the HFAC is located immediately south of the Brigham Young University Museum of Art north of the Wilkinson Student Center.

The HFAC houses the college’s administrative offices, the School of Music, the Department of Theatre and Media Arts, the Department of Visual Arts, BYU Broadcasting, and the Division of Design and Production.

The HFAC has well over 100 rooms of various types, including 53 practice rooms and four art galleries. The building also has seven pipe organs that are considered to be among the most notable in Utah. The building also has two concert halls, three theatres, and two art galleries.

The George H. Brimhall Building was built in 1918 and is located in the southwestern corner of campus and houses the Department of Communications. Recently renovated in 2005, the building previously served as the Student Army Training Corps, blacksmithing and wood working facility, mechanics’ garage, storage, and eventually journalism and art classes.[11]

The Jessie Knight Building is the former home of the College of Humanities and is now a multi-use building on the north end of campus that is home to Art History and Education courses.

Today, the building hosts the Advanced Advertising Lab (BYU Adlab), Bradley Public Relations (BYU’s nationally-affiliated, student-run, PRSSA firm), The Daily News (daily, student produced broadcast that airs on BYU Television), The Daily Universe (student-produced campus newspaper with an approximate readership of 18,000) the Eye Tracking Lab, as well as three floors of classrooms, computer labs, graduate study rooms, student organization offices, conference rooms, and faculty and administrative offices.[11]

Jesse Knight Building (JKB) was built in 1960 and was first occupied by the BYU Commercial College (or business school). After the Tanner Building was built, the JKB became the location of the College of Humanities. However, with the completion of the new Joseph F. Smith building in 2005, most humanities functions were shifted to the new facility and other institutions moved into the building. Currently the JKB is the home of the BYU Police, Freshman Academy administration, Human Resource Development, the Department of Visual Arts, the English Writing Center, the Humanities Publications Center, School of Management computer laboratories, and many classrooms.

The Stephen L. Richards building is home to many of the university's athletic events as well as the college's Department of Dance.

The Stephen L. Richards Building, built in 1971, was named for Stephen L. Richards, a proponent of physical education and good sportsmanship, Richards also served on the BYU Board of Trustees, as assistant commissioner of Church education and as a counselor in the First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The facility includes three Olympic-size heated swimming pools, numerous dance studios, administrative offices, basketball, volleyball, and racquetball courts, locker rooms, and classrooms. The facility also houses the CFAC’s Department of Dance and portions of the School of Music.[12]

BYU's renowned Museum of Art is located on north end of the Provo, Utah, Campus

B66 is an industrial-style building that houses some classrooms and the Department of Visual Arts’ ceramic studios.

The BYU Museum of Art (MOA) is one of the best attended university-campus art museums in the United States. The museum, which had been discussed for more than fifty years, opened in a 10,000-square-foot (930 m2) space in 1993. According to a 2004 survey, the museum ranked first in attendance among university campus art museums with 334,774 visitors. Among all art museums, the museum comes in 31st in attendance out of 157 member art museums from the United States, Canada and Mexico.[13]

The museum displays paintings, drawings, prints, sculptures, installations, video, and photography. The permanent collection contains works of art from many renowned artists including Carl Bloch, Maynard Dixon, Rembrandt, Norman Rockwell, and Minerva Teichert. The MOA also houses a café, gift shop, and a small theatre.

Departments[edit]

BYU's daily newspaper, The Daily Universe, is produced by the Department of Communications

Communications[edit]

The 2008-2009 academic school year marked the 75th anniversary of the Department of Communications. What started as a division of the English Department in 1933 has blossomed into a first-class program that is ripe with opportunity for future communications professionals [11]

The department is composed of five different emphases: Advertising, Broadcast Journalism, Print Journalism, Public Relations, and Communications Studies. Each of these programs are staffed by some of the top communicators in the world and also offer hands-on lab experiences to provide students opportunities to gain practical, real-world experience prior to graduation by working with real clients. For example, students in the Advertising lab have worked with clients like Doritos, NikeiD, Häagen-Dazs, and others.[14]

Members of one of BYU's competitive dance teams.

Dance[edit]

The Department of Dance joined the CFAC on June 1, 2009 after the dissolution of the College of Health and Human Performance bringing all of the arts at BYU under one administrative umbrella.[10]

The Department of Dance provides an academic dance program so extensive in its offering that it is unmatched by any other university in the world. More than 13,000 students take classes every year in one or more of the department’s four areas of emphasis: ballet, ballroom, modern dance, and world dance. The department also has offerings in tap, jazz, and aerobic dance.

The Department of Dance has received international acclaim as touring groups, including the Ballroom and Folk Dance Teams, have performed across the globe. Not only have the performers enriched lives through dance, but also through their testimonies and the spirit that they carry with them.

See also BYU Ballroom Dance Company.

Members of BYU's esteemed Men's Chorus under the direction of Rosalind Hall.

Music[edit]

The school is home to audition choirs, bands, and orchestras.

One of the Department of Theatre and Media Arts' ongoing projects is a series of mini documentaries on each of Utah's counties, called "Beehive Stories".

The School of Music also runs the New Horizons Orchestra, a program for adults 40 years old and above to teach playing of string instruments.[15]

BYU's Opera Workshop is run by the School of Music. The Opera Workshop was begun in 1947 under the direction of Dol L. Earl. Earl directed the Opera Workshop until 1963, when he was succeeded by Brandt Curtis.[16] Clayne Robison became the director of the opera workshop in 1973.

BYU has had an orchestra since at least 1925. It was at that time that Leroy Robertson became the director of the BYU Symphonic Orchestra. He served in that position until 1946 when he was succeeded by Lawrence Sardoni. In 1951, Sardoni inaugurated a touring program for the orchestra. From 1964–1966 Crawford Gates was the conductor of the orchestra. He was succeeded in 1966 by Ralph G. Laycock. Under Laycock's leadership the orchestra was renamed the Brigham Young University Philharmonic Orchestra, which is its current name.[17]

Currently, Kory Katseanes holds the title of Director of Orchestras within the School of music. He directs both the 98-member Philharmonic Orchestra and the 47-member chamber orchestra, all of whose members are also in the Philharmonic Orchestra. There is also a Symphony Orchestra which functions as the preparatory orchestra for the Philharmonic Orchestra. There are also two non-audition orchestras that are open to any student enrolled at BYU.[18]

See also BYU bands and ensembles, BYU Young Ambassadors and BYU choirs.

Theatre and Media Arts[edit]

The college’s theatre program is designed to educate students in basic foundations of dramatic literature, theatre history, theory, and performance skills as both an actor and director while providing new, innovative techniques in all areas of theatre design technology and production.

BYU's theatre students have performed in Broadway casts of Mama Mia!, Les Misérables, Miss Saigon, Thoroughly Modern Millie, Hair, and 42nd Street. Additionally, students have been with the Broadway national tours of Cats, Fosse, Footloose, Titanic, Sunset Boulevard, and Annie Get Your Gun. Graduates have also worked with the Boston Ballet, Milwaukee Repertory Theater, and the Sacramento Ballet.

One of the monsters from BYU Animation's short film, "Pajama Gladiator".

Film students from the department have created several successful independent films (Napoleon Dynamite, God's Army, Saints and Soldiers, The Singles Ward, Out of Step, Brigham City, and Charly). Many students have competed in film competitions including the Sundance Film Festival and Slamdance. Students have also worked on the crews for national television programs (Touched by an Angel and Everwood).

Visual Arts[edit]

The Department of Visual Arts offers undergraduate degrees in 10 areas of emphasis: Art Education, Art History and Curatorial Studies, Animation, Ceramics, Graphic Design, Illustration, Painting, Photography, Printmaking, and Sculpture. The Department offers graduate degrees in three areas of emphasis: Art Education (MA), Art History and Curatorial Studies (MA), and Studio Art (MFA in Painting, Printmaking, Ceramics, or Sculpture).

References[edit]

  1. ^ William E. Purdy, “Music in Mormon Culture, 1830–1876,” Ph.d. diss., Northwestern University, 1960
  2. ^ (Wilkinson, Ernest L. “Brigham Young University : the first one hundred years.” Provo, Utah : Brigham Young University Press. 1975. 2:101, 2:776)
  3. ^ (Wilkinson, Ernest L. “Brigham Young University : the first one hundred years.” Provo, Utah : Brigham Young University Press. 1975. 2:285)
  4. ^ (Wilkinson, Ernest L. “Brigham Young University : the first one hundred years.” Provo, Utah : Brigham Young University Press. 1975. 2:633)
  5. ^ (Wilkinson, Ernest L. “Brigham Young University : the first one hundred years.” Provo, Utah : Brigham Young University Press. 1975. 2:660)
  6. ^ (Wilkinson, Ernest L. “Brigham Young University : the first one hundred years.” Provo, Utah : Brigham Young University Press. 1975. 3:43-44)
  7. ^ (Wilkinson, Ernest L. “Brigham Young University : the first one hundred years.” Provo, Utah : Brigham Young University Press. 1975. 3:82)
  8. ^ Wilkinson. First 100. Vol. 3, p. 384.
  9. ^ http://history.cfac.byu.edu/index.php/Category:BYU_Broadcasting
  10. ^ a b http://news.byu.edu/archive09-Jun-dancemove.aspx
  11. ^ a b c http://comms.byu.edu/fileadmin/comms/user_files/Documents/alumni/finalmag2009.pdf
  12. ^ http://www.byucougars.com/athletic_department/facilities/richards/
  13. ^ Ehren Clark (2007-04-19). "BYU Museum of Art is a Production". The Deseret News. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  14. ^ http://www.deseretnews.com/article/700047397/Pro-quality-ad-campaigns-flowing-out-of-BYUs-AdLab.html?pg=1
  15. ^ New Horizons Orchestra info page
  16. ^ Wilkinson and Arrington, ed., Brigham Young University, The First 100 Years (Provo: BYU Press, 1975) Vol. 3, p. 387, 391.
  17. ^ Wilkinson. BYU Vol. 3, p. 385-393
  18. ^ BYU Orchestras information page