Provo, Utah

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Provo, Utah
City
Provo City View
Provo City View
Flag of Provo, Utah
Flag
Official logo of Provo, Utah
Logo
Motto: "Welcome Home"
Provo, Utah is located in Utah
Provo, Utah
Provo, Utah
Location in the state of Utah
Coordinates: 40°14′40″N 111°39′39″W / 40.24444°N 111.66083°W / 40.24444; -111.66083Coordinates: 40°14′40″N 111°39′39″W / 40.24444°N 111.66083°W / 40.24444; -111.66083
Country United States
State Utah
County Utah
Founded 1849
Incorporated April 1850
Named for Étienne Provost
Government
 • Type Strong Mayor Municipal Format
 • Mayor John R. Curtis
 • Council Chair Gary Winterton
Area
 • City 44.2 sq mi (114.4 km2)
 • Land 41.7 sq mi (107.9 km2)
 • Water 2.5 sq mi (6.5 km2)
Elevation 4,551 ft (1,387 m)
Population (2012)[1][2]
 • City 115,919
 • Density 2,600/sq mi (1,000/km2)
 • Metro 526,810
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 84601-84606
Area code(s) 385, 801
FIPS code 49-62470[3]
GNIS feature ID 1444661[4]
Website Provo City

Provo /ˈprv/ is the third-largest city in the U.S. state of Utah, located about 43 miles (69 km) south of Salt Lake City along the Wasatch Front. Provo is the largest city and county seat of Utah County. It lies between the cities of Orem to the north and Springville to the south. With a population at the 2010 census of 112,488,[1] Provo is the principal city in the Provo-Orem metropolitan area, which had a population of 526,810 residents at the 2010 census.[5] It is the third-largest metro area in the state behind Salt Lake City and Ogden-Clearfield.

The city is home to Brigham Young University, a private higher education institution, which is operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Provo is also home to the largest Missionary Training Center for the LDS Church. The city is a key operational center for Novell and has been a focus area for technology development in Utah. The city is also home to the Peaks Ice Arena, which served as a venue for the Salt Lake City Winter Olympics in 2002. Sundance Resort is located 13 miles (21 km) northeast at Provo Canyon.

In 2009, Provo was listed in Where to Retire magazine as an "enticing city for new careers." Provo was also listed in National Geographic Adventure magazine's "where to live and play" as a cultural hub.[6] In 2010, Forbes rated Provo one of the top 10 places to raise a family.[7] Additionally, in 2013, Forbes ranked Provo the No. 2 city on its list of Best Places for Business and Careers.[8]

On April 17, 2013, Provo announced that it would be the second metropolitan area in the United States to have Google Fiber, by purchasing an existing city-owned fiberoptic network.[9]

History[edit]

Ft. Utah in 1850

Father Silvestre Velez de Escalante, a Spanish Franciscan missionary-explorer, is considered the first European explorer to have visited the area, in 1776. Escalante chronicled this first European exploration across the Great Basin desert.

Provo was originally called Fort Utah when it was settled in 1849 by 33 Mormon families from Salt Lake City, but was renamed Provo in 1850 for Étienne Provost, an early French-Canadian trapper who arrived in the region in 1825. The Battle of Fort Utah was fought at Provo in 1850.

Geography[edit]

Rock Canyon in Provo
A mountain trail in autumn
Downtown Provo, Utah.

Provo lies in the Utah Valley at an elevation of 4,549 feet (1,387 m). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 44.2 square miles (114.4 km2), of which 41.7 square miles (107.9 km2) is land and 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2), or 5.66%, is water.[10]

The Wasatch Range contains many peaks within Utah County along the east side of the Wasatch Front. One of these peaks, known as Y Mountain, towers over the city. There is a large hillside letter Y made of whitewashed concrete halfway up the steep mountain, built in the early part of the 20th century to commemorate Brigham Young University (original plans included construction of all three letters: BYU). Wild deer (and less frequently, cougars, and moose) still roam the mountains (and occasionally the city streets). The scenery is generally considered enjoyable and allows for hiking, skiing, fishing and other outdoor activities.

Climate data for Provo, Utah (BYU campus), 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 63
(17)
73
(23)
84
(29)
89
(32)
98
(37)
104
(40)
108
(42)
107
(42)
98
(37)
90
(32)
76
(24)
72
(22)
108
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 39.6
(4.2)
45.6
(7.6)
56.5
(13.6)
64.9
(18.3)
74.8
(23.8)
85.4
(29.7)
93.6
(34.2)
91.6
(33.1)
81.6
(27.6)
67.4
(19.7)
51.6
(10.9)
40.0
(4.4)
66.1
(18.9)
Daily mean °F (°C) 31.0
(−0.6)
35.6
(2)
44.9
(7.2)
52.1
(11.2)
60.8
(16)
69.7
(20.9)
77.3
(25.2)
75.6
(24.2)
66.1
(18.9)
53.8
(12.1)
41.3
(5.2)
31.8
(−0.1)
53.3
(11.8)
Average low °F (°C) 22.3
(−5.4)
25.7
(−3.5)
33.3
(0.7)
39.3
(4.1)
46.8
(8.2)
54.0
(12.2)
61.0
(16.1)
59.7
(15.4)
50.7
(10.4)
40.2
(4.6)
31.1
(−0.5)
23.5
(−4.7)
40.6
(4.8)
Record low °F (°C) −27
(−33)
−20
(−29)
0
(−18)
12
(−11)
27
(−3)
29
(−2)
35
(2)
39
(4)
21
(−6)
11
(−12)
3
(−16)
−30
(−34)
−30
(−34)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.88
(47.8)
1.85
(47)
1.92
(48.8)
2.01
(51.1)
2.08
(52.8)
1.20
(30.5)
0.75
(19)
0.99
(25.1)
1.45
(36.8)
2.00
(50.8)
1.68
(42.7)
1.94
(49.3)
19.75
(501.7)
Snowfall inches (cm) 13.7
(34.8)
11.6
(29.5)
6.1
(15.5)
3.8
(9.7)
0.4
(1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.8
(2)
7.1
(18)
13.7
(34.8)
57.2
(145.3)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.0 9.2 6.4 5.6 6.7 7.1 7.9 9.5 10.1 103.1
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 6.1 5.0 3.5 1.8 0.2 0 0 0 0 0.6 3.6 6.1 26.9
Source: NOAA[11]


A panoramic view of Provo after sunset, February 2014.

Politics[edit]

According to a study released by the Bay Area Center for Voting Research, Provo is the most conservative city in the United States with a population over 100,000.[12][13] Local discussion of national politics tends to fall within the spectrum of moderately conservative to arch-conservative thought. However, Utah's 3rd Congressional District, of which Provo is a part, elected Democrat Bill Orton to three consecutive terms during the 1990s.

Federally, Provo is part of Utah's 3rd congressional district, represented by Republican Jason Chaffetz, elected in 2008.

City administration[edit]

Elected officials of Provo City as of 2012
Official Position Term ends
John R. Curtis Mayor 2014
City Council Members
David S. Sewell City Wide I 2018
Gary Garrett City Wide II 2016
Gary Winterton District 1 2016
Kim Santiago District 2 2018
Hal Miller District 3 2016
Kay Van Buren District 4 2016
Stephen Hales District 5 2014

Provo is administered by a seven-member city council and a mayor. Five of the council seats are elected by individual districts of the city, and two of the seats are elected by the city as a whole. These elected officials serve a term of four years, with elections alternating every two years. Provo has a "Council/Mayor form of government", which creates two separate but equal branches of government. The mayor is chief executive of the city and the council is the legislative and policy making body of the city.[14] The current mayor of Provo is John Curtis, having been in office since January 5, 2010.[15]

Mayor John Curtis was a partner and the COO of Action Target, a Provo-based company which provides firearm training and products to police departments and military bases throughout the United States. His previous employers include OC Tanner and the Citizen Watch Company. He has also served on a number of community and advisory boards including the Provo/Orem Chamber of Commerce (now Utah Valley Chamber of Commerce), the Mountain Valley Chapter of the American Red Cross, the Utah National Parks Council of the Boys Scouts of America, and the Utah Valley Healthcare Foundation.

Former police chief J. Craig Geslison, a 31-year veteran of the Provo Police Department, announced during an external investigation of the Provo Police Department, his retirement effective January 3, 2011. After a nationwide search for a new chief, Rick Gregory was selected and sworn in on June 28, 2011.[16]

Education[edit]

Brigham Young University taken from the east of the campus.
Pre-game entertainment parachuters at LaVell Edwards Stadium.

Higher education[edit]

Brigham Young University is a private university operated by the LDS Church. BYU is the third-largest private university in the United States, with more than 34,000 students. It is the flagship of the LDS Church Educational System of higher education. The campus is home to the Spencer W. Kimball Tower, the tallest building in Provo.[17][18]

Rocky Mountain University of Health Professions is a private, for-profit university emphasizing graduate healthcare education. The University is accredited by the Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities (NWCCU). RMUoHP offers programs in nursing practice, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and health science.

Provo College is a private, for-profit educational institution that specializes in career education. The school is accredited by the Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools (ACICS). Provo College offers associate degrees and diplomas in fields such as nursing, medical assisting, criminal justice, graphic design, and office administration.[19][third-party source needed]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

All public schools in Provo are run through the Provo School District. The school board is composed of seven members, each representing a different district of the city. There are thirteen elementary schools, two middle schools, and three high schools. Provo High School was the first school in Utah County to be an IB World school. The school has a record of 4A state basketball championships. More state champions than any other school in the state.[20] Timpview High School has a record of 4A state football championships.

Landmarks[edit]

Provo City Library in the former Brigham Young Academy.
The Provo Tabernacle before it was gutted by fire in December, 2010. Currently being rebuilt.
The Utah Valley Convention Center.

Covey Center for the Arts[edit]

The Covey Center for the Arts,[21] a performing arts center, is located on 425 West Center Street. It features plays, ballets, art showcases, and musical performances throughout the year. The size of the building is 42,000 total square feet. The main performance hall seats 670 people. There are three dance studios furnished with piano, ballet bars, and mirrors. Another theater is the Brinton Black Box Theater that seats 60 for smaller more intimate events. There are also two art galleries: 1,620 square-foot Secured Gallery and the Eccles Gallery in the lower lobby.[22]

LDS Missionary Training Center[edit]

Provo is home to the LDS Church's largest Missionary Training Center. Each week some 475 LDS missionaries enter for 3–12 weeks of training before they depart for the mission field, becoming part of more than 58,000 in more than 120 countries. Currently about 1,100 instructors (many returned missionaries) teach 62 languages. The center in Provo began construction in July 1974 and was completed in July 1976. The MTC was expanded in the early 1990s to become the largest of 17 such centers in the world.[23][24]

Provo City Library at Academy Square[edit]

The Provo City Library is a public library which occupies the building of the former Brigham Young Academy built in 1892. The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1976. Its collection contains over 277,000 media. The library is located on University Avenue and 550 North.

Provo Recreation Center[edit]

Finished construction in 2013. Provides a location for aquatic recreation. Located next to the Provo Power plant. http://www.provo.org/community/recreation-center

Provo Tabernacle[edit]

The Provo Tabernacle was an LDS tabernacle completed in 1898 that is owned by the LDS Church. It was almost completely destroyed by fire December 17, 2010. The brick skeleton of the Provo Tabernacle remains at the corner of 100 South and University Avenue. On October 1, 2011, Thomas S. Monson, president of the LDS Church, announced that the Provo Tabernacle would be rebuilt using the surviving original exterior to serve as a second LDS temple called the Provo City Center Temple in Provo. The completion of the new temple will make Provo only the second city with two temples within its city limits, the other being South Jordan, Utah. It is also only the second instance of a tabernacle being repurposed as a temple, the first being the Vernal Utah Temple.

Provo Utah Temple[edit]

The Provo Utah Temple is located at the base of Rock Canyon in Provo. This temple is among the busiest the LDS Church operates due to its proximity to Brigham Young University and the Missionary Training Center.[25]

Utah Valley Convention Center[edit]

The Utah Valley Convention Center's groundbreaking occurred on June 15, 2010.[26] It opened in May 2012 and has played host to several large events.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2,030
1870 2,384 17.4%
1880 3,432 44.0%
1890 5,159 50.3%
1900 6,185 19.9%
1910 8,925 44.3%
1920 10,303 15.4%
1930 14,766 43.3%
1940 18,071 22.4%
1950 28,937 60.1%
1960 36,047 24.6%
1970 53,131 47.4%
1980 74,108 39.5%
1990 86,835 17.2%
2000 105,166 21.1%
2010 112,488 7.0%
Est. 2012 115,919 3.1%

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 census,[3] 112,488 people, 31,524 households, and 21,166 families resided in the city. The population density was 2,697.6 people per square mile (1,042.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.8% White, 0.7% Black or African American, 0.8% American Indian, 2.5% Asian, 1.1% Pacific Islander, 6.6% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.2% of the population.

There were 31,524 households out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 12.8% of all households were made up of a single individual, and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.24 and the average family size was 3.41.

22.3% of residents are under the age of 18, 36.4% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 10.5% from 45 to 64, and 5.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23.3 years. For every 100 females there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census,[3] 105,166 people, 29,192 households, and 19,938 families resided in the city. The population density was 2,653.2 people per square mile (1,024.3/km²). There were 30,374 housing units at an average density of 766.3 per square mile (295.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.52% White, 0.46% Black or African American, 0.80% American Indian, 1.83% Asian, 0.84% Pacific Islander, 5.10% from other races, and 2.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.47% of the population.

There were 29,192 households out of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 11.8% of all households were made up of a single individual, and 4.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.34 and the average family size was 3.40.

22.3% of residents are under the age of 18, 40.2% from 18 to 24, 23.2% from 25 to 44, 8.6% from 45 to 64, and 5.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,313, and the median income for a family was $36,393. Males had a median income of $32,010 versus $20,928 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,207. About 12.5% of families and 26.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.

The residents of Provo are predominantly members of the LDS Church, commonly described as Mormons. According to data taken in 2000 by the ARDA, 88% of the overall population, and 98% of religious adherents in the Provo-Orem area are LDS.[27]

Religion[edit]

The following breakdown is current as of 2000.[28]

  • LDS - 98.0%
  • Catholic - 1.1%
  • Protestant - 0.8%
  • Other - 0.2%

Transportation[edit]

Provo FrontRunner Station
Provo Amtrak Station

Roads[edit]

Interstate 15 runs along the west edge of Provo, connecting it with the rest of the Wasatch Front and much of Utah. US-89 runs northwest to southeast through the city as State Street, while US-189 connects US-89 with I-15, BYU, and Orem to the north. At the north edge of the city, US-189 heads northeast into Provo Canyon, where it connects with Heber.

Public Transit[edit]

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Provo station, operating its California Zephyr daily in both directions between Chicago and Emeryville, California, across the bay from San Francisco. Provo also can be accessed by Greyhound Bus Lines and the extensive Utah Transit Authority (UTA) bus system. UTA's commuter rail service, FrontRunner, opened an extension to Provo from Salt Lake City on December 10, 2012.[29] The Provo Intermodal Hub, located adjacent to the Amtrak station, connects Frontrunner with local bus routes.

Air transportation[edit]

The Provo Municipal Airport is Utah's second busiest airport in terms of the number of aircraft take-offs and landings. Allegiant Airlines offers commercial service to Phoenix, Oakland, and Los Angeles.[30] Salt Lake City International Airport is the closest international airport.

Companies in Provo[edit]

Local companies[edit]

Provo is home to more than three dozen[31] restaurants, and a couple of shopping centers. The Shops At Riverwoods and Provo Towne Centre, both shopping malls, operate in Provo. Within the past two years, a number of small shops, music venues, and boutiques have popped up in downtown, along Center Street and University Avenue. Downtown has also begun regularly hosting "gallery strolls", held every first Friday of the month, featuring local artists. There are many different dining establishments in and around downtown Provo. A few exclusively downtown Provo examples include A Beuford Giffords, aka ABGs, one of only three bars in all of Provo and the only bar to host live music every weekend; Sammy's, a popular local sandwich shop among BYU and UVU students, renowned for their sweet potato fries and shakes; and Tommy Burger, a burger stand noted for burgers and Chicago-style hot dogs.

Five Provo companies are listed on Inc.com's Inc. 5000 list of the fastest-growing private companies in the United States.The largest, DieCuts With a View, is ranked number 1403 and has revenues of $26.2 million.[32] Other companies on the list are VitalSmarts (ranked 4109, with $41.4 million in revenue),[33] and Connect Public Relations (ranked 3694, with $6.1 million in revenue).[34]

MediaWorks Inc., one of Utah's premiere film and video production companies, was founded in Provo in 1998 and continues to provide production services to companies throughout the United States.

The Food & Care Coalition is a local organization providing services to the homeless and low-income citizens of Provo and Utah County. They also provide volunteer opportunities.

International companies[edit]

Ancestry.com headquarters.
Novell headquarters.
Nu Skin headquarters.
  • Action Target, a shooting range manufacturer
  • Ancestry.com is a genealogy and family networking company.
  • Vivint formerly known as APX Alarm Security Solutions is a residential security company with customers throughout the United States and Canada. The company is an active sponsor of many local establishments and provides jobs to thousands of Provo residents.
  • Nature's Sunshine Products, a direct-selling company, manufactures and markets tablets and encapsulated herbal products, high-quality natural vitamins, food supplements, and skin care and other complementary products.
  • Novell is a software corporation specializing in network operating systems such as Novell NetWare and SUSE Linux, secure identity management products, and application integration and collaboration solutions. Together with WordPerfect, Novell was instrumental in making Utah Valley a focus for high-technology software development. Today this area has many small companies whose employees have previously worked at Novell. Novell continues to operate and employ around 2,000 people at its Provo facility.
  • Nu Skin Enterprises, a multilevel marketing firm for skin care products, was founded in 1984. In 2005, some 82 percent of revenues for the $1.5B USD company were generated through markets in Asia.
  • Qualtrics, a private research software company
  • Morinda Bioactives, formerly Tahitian Noni International, is a health and skin care manufacturer whose products are based on the Tahitian fruit called noni.

Top employers[edit]

According to Provo's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[35] the top employers in the city were:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Brigham Young University 4,000
2 Nu Skin Enterprises 3,733 (2013)
3 Vivint 3,000
4 Missionary Training Center 1,000-4,999
5 Utah Valley Regional Medical Center 1,000-4,999
6 Provo School District 2,500
7 Novell 1,380 (2011)
8 Utah County 1,250
9 Ancestry.com 994 (2012)
10 City of Provo 730
11 Utah State Hospital 500-999
12 Prosper 500-999
13 BRG Research Services 250-499
14 Brigham Young University Bookstore 250-499
15 FPS GOLD 250-499
16 Macey's 250-499
17 Marketing Ally 250-499
18 Pacific States Cast Iron Pipe Company 250-499
19 Powder River 250-499
20 R.B. Davis & Company 250-499
21 RBM Building Services 250-499
22 United States Postal Service 250-499
23 Wasatch Mental Health 250-499
24 Central Bank 240
25 Action Target 100-249

Special events[edit]

Every July, Provo hosts America's Freedom Festival at Provo which includes the Stadium of Fire at BYU. It is held in LaVell Edwards Stadium, home to Brigham Young University's NCAA football team. The Independence Day festivities are quite popular among local residents and have featured such notable figures as Bob Hope, David Hasselhoff, Reba McEntire, Mandy Moore, Huey Lewis and the News, Toby Keith, Sean Hannity, Fred Willard, and Taylor Hicks.[36] In 2008 the Blue Man Group, Glenn Beck, and Miley Cyrus performed. The Jonas Brothers and Glenn Beck appeared in 2009. Carrie Underwood performed in 2010 and Brad Paisley and David Archuleta performed in 2011. In 2012, The Beach Boys and Scott McCreery performed and in 2013, Kelly Clarkson, Carly Rae Jepsen and Cirque Du Soleil performed.[37]

Provo is also home to two other large festivals each fall. Festival Latinoamericano is an annual family-oriented Labor Day weekend event in downtown Provo that offers the community a taste of the region's Hispanic culture through ethnic food, vendors, and performances.[38]

National attention[edit]

External images
Provo Historical Images

Provo was city-ranked 1st for community optimism (2012),[39] 1st for volunteerism (2008),[40] 2nd for business/careers (2010),[41] and 1st in health/well-being (2014).[42] Its metro area was projected to have the greatest population increase in the 2010 United States Census (47%).[43]

Points of interest[edit]

Bridal Veil Falls in Provo Canyon.

Sister cities[edit]

Provo City has two Sister Cities designated by Sister Cities International[47]

Flag Country City/Town
Germany Germany Meissen
China China Nanning, Guangxi

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau 2010 Population
  2. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data - US Census Bureau". 
  3. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". 2010 Census. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2011-02-25. Retrieved 2011-02-05. 
  6. ^ "Provo is No. 1 in a lot of things. Does it matter?". The Daily Herald. 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  7. ^ Levy, Francesca (2010-06-07). "America's Best Places to Raise a Family". Forbes.com. Archived from the original on 2012-09-18. 
  8. ^ "Best Places For Business and Careers - Forbes". Forbes. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  9. ^ Horiuchi, Vince (2013-04-17), "Google Fiber bringing free, faster Internet to Provo", Salt Lake Tribune 
  10. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Provo city, Utah". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 
  11. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  12. ^ "Top 10 Conservative Cities". bNet. 2006-05-01. Retrieved 2008-10-07. 
  13. ^ The Bay Area Center for Voting Research (2005-08-11). "The Most Conservative and Liberal Cities in the United States". Archived from the original on 2007-01-07. Retrieved 2007-03-27. 
  14. ^ "Provo Government Format". Blogspot.Com. 2009. Retrieved 2012-05-01. 
  15. ^ "Meet Mayor Curtis". Provo City. 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-09. 
  16. ^ "New Provo police chief sworn in". The Daily Herald. 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  17. ^ Emporis.com "Kimball Tower". Emporis (Unknown last update). Retrieved April 7, 2007. 
  18. ^ "Campus Information". Brigham Young University (Unknown last update). Archived from the original on Dec 10, 2005. Retrieved April 7, 2007. 
  19. ^ "Utah College Programs - Provo College - Provo & American Fork, Utah". Provocollege.edu. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  20. ^ "Utah High School Sports Records". Deseretnews.com. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  21. ^ "Covey Center for the Arts". Coveycenter.org. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  22. ^ "Covey Center for the Arts facts". Coveycenter.org. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  23. ^ Robb Hicken (2005-12-01). "BYU helps push language learning for missionaries". BYU NewsNet. Retrieved 2006-11-09. 
  24. ^ "LDS Newsroom - Statistics of LDS Church". [dead link]
  25. ^ "Utah Valley/Provo Area Mormon History Sites". Utah.com. Retrieved 2008-10-07. 
  26. ^ "Construction of Utah County Convention Center gets under way". Deseret News. 2010-06-15. Retrieved 2010-08-06. 
  27. ^ "Religious adherents in Provo-Orem, Utah". Thearda.com. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  28. ^ "Provo, Utah (UT) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news". City-data.com. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  29. ^ "FrontRunner South opens, brings changes to north line". KSL.com. 2012-12-10. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  30. ^ "Utah Local News - Salt Lake City News, Sports, Archive - The Salt Lake Tribune". Sltrib.com. 2013-07-05. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  31. ^ "Provo Dining Guide". [dead link]
  32. ^ "DieCuts With a View". Inc. Magazine. Retrieved 2008-10-07. [dead link]
  33. ^ "VitalSmarts". Inc. Magazine. Retrieved 2008-10-07. [dead link]
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