Bagassosis, an interstitial lung disease, is a type of hypersensitivity pneumonitis attributed to exposure to moldy molasses ( bagasse). [1 ] [2 ]
History [ edit ]
Bagassosis was first reported in India by Ganguly and Pal in 1955, in a cardboard manufacturing plant near Kolkata. India has a large canesugar industry. The sugarcane fibre which, until recently, went to waste, is now utilised in the manufacture of cardboard, paper and rayon.
Etiology [ edit ]
Bagassosis has been shown to be due to a
thermophilic actinomycetes for which the name thermoactinomycetes sacchari was suggested.
Symptoms and signs [ edit ]
Some symptoms and signs of Bagassosis include
breathlessness, cough, haemoptysis, slight fever. Acute diffuse bronchiolitis may also occur. An xray may show mottling of lungs or a shadow.
Preventive measures [ edit ]
The following are precautionary measures that can be taken to avoid the spread of bagassosis:
Dust control-prevention /suppression of dust such as wet process, enclosed apparatus, exhaust ventilation etc. should be used
Personal protection- masks/ respirators
Medical control- initial medical examination & periodical checkups of workers
Bagasse control- keep moisture content above 20% and spray bagasse with 2% propionic acid
References [ edit ]
^ Hur, T; Cheng KC; Yang GY (October 1994). "Hypersensitivity pneumonitis: bagassosis". Gaoxiong Yi Xue Ke Xue Za Zhi 10 (10): 558–564. PMID 7807612.
^ Ueda A, Aoyama K, Ueda T, et al. (July 1992). "Recent trends in bagassosis in Japan". Br J Ind Med 49 (7): 499–506. PMC 1039272. PMID 1637710.
^ Park's textbook of preventive & social medicine 21st edition page-747