Bagassosis

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Bagassosis
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 J67.1
ICD-9 495.1
DiseasesDB 29637
MeSH D011009

Bagassosis, an interstitial lung disease, is a type of hypersensitivity pneumonitis attributed to exposure to moldy molasses (bagasse).[1][2]

History[edit]

Bagassosis was first reported in India by Ganguly and Pal in 1955, in a cardboard manufacturing plant near Kolkata. India has a large canesugar industry. The sugarcane fibre which, until recently, went to waste, is now utilised in the manufacture of cardboard, paper and rayon.

Etiology[edit]

Bagassosis has been shown to be due to a thermophilic actinomycetes for which the name thermoactinomycetes sacchari was suggested.

Symptoms and signs[edit]

Some symptoms and signs of Bagassosis include breathlessness, cough, haemoptysis, slight fever. Acute diffuse bronchiolitis may also occur. An xray may show mottling of lungs or a shadow.

Preventive measures[edit]

The following are precautionary measures that can be taken to avoid the spread of bagassosis:

  1. Dust control-prevention /suppression of dust such as wet process, enclosed apparatus, exhaust ventilation etc. should be used
  2. Personal protection- masks/ respirators
  3. Medical control- initial medical examination & periodical checkups of workers
  4. Bagasse control- keep moisture content above 20% and spray bagasse with 2% propionic acid[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hur, T; Cheng KC; Yang GY (October 1994). "Hypersensitivity pneumonitis: bagassosis". Gaoxiong Yi Xue Ke Xue Za Zhi 10 (10): 558–564. PMID 7807612. 
  2. ^ Ueda A, Aoyama K, Ueda T, et al. (July 1992). "Recent trends in bagassosis in Japan". Br J Ind Med 49 (7): 499–506. PMC 1039272. PMID 1637710. 
  3. ^ Park's textbook of preventive & social medicine 21st edition page-747