Balanchine (horse)

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For the balletmaster, see George Balanchine.
Balanchine
Sire Storm Bird
Grandsire Northern Dancer
Dam Morning Devotion
Damsire Affirmed
Sex Filly
Foaled 1991
Country United States
Colour Chestnut
Breeder Swettenham Stud
Owner Robert Sangster
Godolphin
Sheikh Maktoum Al Maktoum
Trainer Peter Chapple-Hyam
Hilal Ibrahim
Saeed bin Suroor
Record 8: 4-2-0
Earnings ₤541,904
Major wins
Oaks Stakes (1994)
Irish Derby (1994).
Awards
European Champion Three-Year Old Filly (1994)
Timeform rating 131
Last updated on March 3, 2008

Balanchine is a retired Thoroughbred racehorse, bred in the United States and trained in the United Kingdom and Dubai. In a racing career which lasted from September 1993 until October 1995 she ran eight times and won four races. After winning both her races a two-year-old Balanchine was narrowly beaten in the 1994 1000 Guineas before winning the Classic Epsom Oaks. She then recorded her most important success when defeating male opposition in the 1994 Irish Derby. After recovering from a life-threatening illness, she returned in 1995 but failed to win. Balanchine was one of the first important successes for Godolphin Racing.

Background[edit]

Balanchine is a "big, handsome"[1] chestnut mare, with a prominent white blaze and a long white sock on her near-hind leg. She was bred in the USA by the Swettenham Stud, the breeding operation of her original owner, Robert Sangster. She was sired by the European Champion Two-Year-Old Storm Bird, out of the Affirmed mare Morning Devotion, making her a half-sister to the Sun Chariot Stakes winner Red Slippers.[2] She was originally sent into training with Peter Chapple-Hyam at Manton.

Racing career[edit]

1993: two-year-old season[edit]

Balanchine ran twice as a juvenile in September 1993. Her reputation obviously preceded her, as she was made 1/2 favourite for a fifteen runner maiden race at Salisbury which she "easily" won by three lengths.[3] Two weeks later at Newbury she led all the way to win a minor stakes event by seven lengths at odds of 2/11 in "impressive" style.[4]

Although she had not contested a Group race, she had established herself as a promising filly and attracted the attention of Maktoum Al Maktoum, who bought her privately and sent her to join his family's then experimental Godolphin team.[5]

As a Godolphin horse, she was sent to spend the winter in Dubai under the care of Hilal Ibrahim. The idea was that the warmer conditions would allow horses to develop more quickly, giving them an advantage in the early part of the European Flat-racing season.[6]

1994: three-year-old season[edit]

On her return to England, Balanchine was sent straight for the 1000 Guineas without a "prep" race. She started as a 20/1 outsider despite the belief that her winter preparation had given her an advantage in terms of physical maturity.[7] She finished strongly but failed by a short head to catch the Irish-trained filly Las Meninas who set a race record of 1:36.71.[8] The winner was the property of Balanchine's original owner Robert Sangster.

Balanchine was then sent to Epsom for the Oaks Stakes, for which she was made 6/1 third favourite.[9] The filly coped well with the soft ground and "driving rain", staying on strongly to win by two and a half lengths and become the first Classic winner for Godolphin. Sheikh Mohammed pointed out the significance of the Balanchine's performance: 'This experiment has obviously worked. We will now have to think about campaigning horses from Dubai all over the world.'[1]

The decision was then taken to bypass the usual fillies' targets, and instead take on the colts in the Irish Derby at the Curragh. Balanchine justified her owners' belief, taking up the lead half a mile out and staying on strongly to win by four and a half lengths from the Epsom Derby runner-up King's Theatre. Her rider, Frankie Dettori, described her as "unbelievable".[10] It was intended that she would be rested and then aimed at the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe but less than three weeks later she contracted colic and became gravely ill. An emergency operation and intensive veterinary treatment saved her life, but there was no prospect of her racing again that season.[11]

1995: four-year-old season[edit]

Almost a year after her last start, Balanchine re-appeared as the odds-on favourite for the Prince of Wales's Stakes (then a Group Two race) at Royal Ascot but finish fifth of the six runners behind Muhtarram, being eased down in the closing stages.[12]

In a slowly run Prix Foy at Longchamp her performance suggested that she might have been coming back to her best,[13] as she finished a short-head second to the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winner Carnegie, after leading for most of the race.[14] On her final start she made no impression in the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, finishing down the field behind Lammtarra.[15] Her rider, Walter Swinburn, said that he was "always fighting a losing battle on Balanchine."[16] She was then retired to stud.

Race record[edit]

Date Race Dist (f) Course Class Prize (£K) Odds Runners Placing Margin Time Jockey Trainer
2 September 1993 EBF Quidhampton Maiden Stakes 7 Salisbury M 5 1/2 15 1 3 1:27.42 John Reid Peter Chapple-Hyam
17 September 1993 Starflight Aviation Stakes 7 Newbury 6 2/11 4 1 7 1:30.64 John Reid Peter Chapple-Hyam
28 April 1994 1,000 Guineas 8 Newmarket-Rowley 1 112 20/1 15 2 Short Head 1:36.71 Frankie Dettori Hilal Ibrahim
7 June 1994 Oaks 12 Epsom 1 147 6/1 10 1 2.5 2:40.37 Frankie Dettori Hilal Ibrahim
26 June 1994 Irish Derby 12 The Curragh 1 331 5/1 9 1 3.5 2:32.70 Frankie Dettori Hilal Ibrahim
20 June 1995 Prince of Wales's Stakes 10 Ascot 2 57 4/5 6 5 7 2:04.94 Frankie Dettori Saeed Bin Suroor
10 September 1995 Prix Foy 12 Longchamp 3 26 1/10 4 2 Short Head 2:35.60 Frankie Dettori Saeed Bin Suroor
1 October 1995 Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe 12 Longchamp 1 479 11/5 16 10 17.5 2:31.80 Frankie Dettori Saeed Bin Suroor

.

Assessment[edit]

At the end of her three-year-old season Balanchine was given a Timeform rating of 131.[17]

She was named European Champion Three-Year-Old Filly in the 1994 Cartier Racing Awards.

John Randall and Tony Morris, in their book "A Century of Champions" rated Balanchine the second best filly trained in Britain in the 1990s (behind Bosra Sham) and the fourteenth best British-trained filly of the Twentieth century.[18]

A Group II race at Meydan Racecourse and the Group III Balanchine Stakes at the Curragh are both named in her honour.[19]

Stud career[edit]

Balanchine has been bred to many of the world's leading stallions, including Gone West, Seeking The Gold and Elusive Quality but has never produced a runner of anything like her own ability. Her best offspring has probably been the minor winner and stakes placed Gulf News, sired by Woodman.[20]

1999 Gulf News (USA) : Chesnut colt, foaled 29 March, by Woodman (USA) - won 2 races and placed twice including 2nd G2 Prix Niel, Longchamp; 3rd LR Prix Ridgway, Deauville from 9 starts in France 2001-2003

2000 Ibtecar (USA) : Bay colt, foaled 25 March, by Seeking The Gold (USA) - won 2 races and placed 5 times from 15 starts in England, Ireland and Dubai 2002-2006

2005 Oberlin (USA) : Chesnut gelding, foaled 16 February (6th foal), by Gone West (USA) - won once and placed 5 times from 21 starts on the flat and over hurdles in England 2007-2009

2007 Concurrence (USA) : Bay colt, foaled 1 February, by Elusive Quality (USA) - unplaced two starts in England 2010

Pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Balanchine (USA), chestnut mare, 1991[21]
Sire
Storm Bird (CAN)
1978
Northern Dancer
1961
Nearctic Nearco
Lady Angela
Natalma Native Dancer
Almahmoud
South Ocean
1967 
New Providence Bull Page
Fair Colleen
Shining Sun Chop Chop
Solar Display
Dam
Morning Devotion (USA)
1982
Affirmed
1975 
Exclusive Native Raise A Native
Exclusive
Won't Tell You Crafty Admiral
Scarlet Ribbon
Morning Has Broken
1974
Prince John Princequillo
Not Afraid
A Wind Is Rising Francis S
Queen Nasra (Family: 4-k)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Dream for Balanchine". The Independent. 1994-06-05. Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  2. ^ "Balanchine". Racing Post. Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  3. ^ "EBF Quidhampton Maiden Fillies' Stakes". Racing Post. Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  4. ^ "Starflight Aviation Fillies' Conditions Stakes". Racing Post. Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  5. ^ "Racing: Lochsong maintains Britain's Abbaye habit". The Independent. 1993-10-04. Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  6. ^ "The owners:Godolphin". BBC News. 2003-05-03. Retrieved 2011-08-29. 
  7. ^ "Las Meninas provides trainer with first Classic". The Independent. 1994-04-29. Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  8. ^ "1,000 Guineas". Racing Post. Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  9. ^ "Oaks Stakes". Racing Post. Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  10. ^ "Balanchine outshines the colts". The Independent. 1994-06-27. Retrieved 2011-08-28. 
  11. ^ "Balanchine plans in balance". The Independent. 1994-07-15. Retrieved 2011-08-28. 
  12. ^ "Prince of Wales's Stakes". Racing Post. Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  13. ^ "Strategic plan for those who seek value - Sport". The Independent. 1995-09-30. Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  14. ^ "Prix Foy". Racing Post. Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  15. ^ "Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe". Racing Post. Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  16. ^ "HORSE RACING: Lammtarra joins the greats - Sport". The Independent. 1995-10-02. Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  17. ^ "Horse - Godolphin". Timeform.com. Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  18. ^ Randall, J and Morris, T. A Century of Champions. Portway Press, 1999, p. 139
  19. ^ "2010 "Balanchine" race". Thoroughbred Times. 2011-02-18. Retrieved 2011-08-28. 
  20. ^ "Balanchine stud record". Bloodstock.racingpost.com. Retrieved 2011-08-28. 
  21. ^ "Balanchine pedigree". equineline.com. 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2012-06-30. 

External links[edit]