Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing

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Ormonde, an undefeated Triple Crown winner.

The Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing, often shortened to Triple Crown, comprises three races for three-year-old Thoroughbred horses. Winning all three of these Thoroughbred horse races is considered the greatest accomplishment of a Thoroughbred racehorse. The term originated in mid-19th century England and different nations where thoroughbred racing is popular each have their own Triple Crown series.

United States Triple Crowns[edit]

In the United States, the three races that make up the Triple Crown are:

  1. Kentucky Derby, run over the 1 14-mile (2.0 km) dirt track at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky;
  2. Preakness Stakes, run over the 1 316-mile (1.9 km) dirt track at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland;
  3. Belmont Stakes, run over the 1 12-mile (2.4 km) dirt track, the longest in U.S. thoroughbred racing, at Belmont Park in Elmont, New York, just east of the New York City borough of Queens.

Churchill Downs, home of the Kentucky Derby, has an account of the origin of the "Triple Crown" name in the United States. On May 30, 2014, the Kentucky Derby Twitter feed posted a picture of Gallant Fox and said that a Daily Racing Form reporter originated the name. They expanded on the comment on the Kentucky Derby Facebook page writing, "Did you know? The phrase 'Triple Crown' was not associated with the three-race series until 1930, when Daily Racing Form writer Charles Hatton coined it in describing the sweep of races by Gallant Fox, the second horse to win all three races."

Triple Crown winners[edit]

List of US Triple Crown Winners
Year Winner Jockey Trainer Owner Breeder
1919 Sir Barton Johnny Loftus H. Guy Bedwell J. K. L. Ross John E. Madden
1930 Gallant Fox Earl Sande Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud Belair Stud
1935 Omaha Willie Saunders Jim Fitzsimmons Belair Stud Belair Stud
1937 War Admiral Charley Kurtsinger George H. Conway Samuel D. Riddle Samuel D. Riddle
1941 Whirlaway Eddie Arcaro Ben A. Jones Calumet Farm Calumet Farm
1943 Count Fleet Johnny Longden Don Cameron Fannie Hertz Fannie Hertz
1946 Assault Warren Mehrtens Max Hirsch King Ranch King Ranch
1948 Citation Eddie Arcaro Horace A. Jones Calumet Farm Calumet Farm
1973 Secretariat Ron Turcotte Lucien Laurin Meadow Stable Meadow Stud
1977 Seattle Slew Jean Cruguet William H. Turner, Jr. Karen L. Taylor Ben S. Castleman
1978 Affirmed Steve Cauthen Laz Barrera Harbor View Farm Harbor View Farm

Near Misses[edit]

The following horses won the Kentucky Derby and the Preakness but did not win the Belmont:

List of US Triple Crown Near Misses
Year Horse Belmont performance
1932 Burgoo King Did not start (unknown reason)
1936 Bold Venture Did not start (injury)
1944 Pensive 2nd to Bounding Home
1958 Tim Tam 2nd to Cavan
1961 Carry Back 7th to Sherluck
1964 Northern Dancer 3rd to Quadrangle
1966 Kauai King 4th to Amberoid
1969 Majestic Prince 2nd to Arts and Letters
1971 Canonero II 4th to Pass Catcher
1979 Spectacular Bid 3rd to Coastal
1981 Pleasant Colony 3rd to Summing
1987 Alysheba 4th to Bet Twice
1989 Sunday Silence 2nd to Easy Goer
1997 Silver Charm 2nd to Touch Gold
1998 Real Quiet 2nd to Victory Gallop
1999 Charismatic 3rd to Lemon Drop Kid
2002 War Emblem 8th to Sarava
2003 Funny Cide 3rd to Empire Maker
2004 Smarty Jones 2nd to Birdstone
2008 Big Brown DNF to Da' Tara
2012 I'll Have Another Did not start (injury)
2014 California Chrome 4th to Tonalist

Other Misses[edit]

The following horses won two of three races in the triple crown but did not win either the Kentucky Derby or Preakness Stakes:

List of US Triple Crown Other Misses
Year Horse Reason unsuccessful
1877 Cloverbrook Did not start in Derby
1878 Duke of Magenta Did not start in Derby
1880 Grenada Did not start in Derby
1881 Saunterer Did not start in Derby
1895 Belmar Did not start in Derby
1920 Man o' War Did not start in Derby
1922 Pillory Did not start in Derby
1923 Zev 12th to Virgil, Preakness
1931 Twenty Grand 2nd to Mate, Preakness
1939 Johnstown 5th to Challedon, Preakness
1940 Bimelech 2nd to Gallahadion, Derby
1942 Shut Out 5th to Alsab, Derby
1949 Capot 2nd to Ponder, Derby
1950 Middleground 2nd to Hill Prince, Preakness
1953 Native Dancer 2nd to Dark Star, Derby
1955 Nashua 2nd to Swaps, Derby
1956 Needles 2nd to Fabius, Preakness
1963 Chateaugay 2nd to Candy Spots, Preakness
1967 Damascus 3rd to Proud Clarion, Derby
1972 Riva Ridge 4th to Bee Bee Bee, Preakness
1974 Little Current 2nd to Cannonade, Derby
1976 Bold Forbes 3rd to Elocutionist, Preakness
1984 Swale 7th to Gate Dancer, Preakness
1988 Risen Star 3rd to Winning Colors, Derby
1991 Hansel 10th to Strike the Gold, Derby
1994 Tabasco Cat 6th to Go for Gin, Derby
1995 Thunder Gulch 3rd to Timber Country, Preakness
2001 Point Given 5th to Monarchos, Derby
2005 Afleet Alex 3rd to Giacomo, Derby

Triple Tiara[edit]

There is also a national Triple Tiara (formerly known as the Filly Triple Crown):

  1. Kentucky Oaks, run over 1 18 miles (1.8 km) on a dirt track, at Churchill Downs;
  2. Black-Eyed Susan Stakes, run over 1 18 miles (1.8 km) (previously 1 116 mi or 1.7 km) on a dirt track, at Pimlico Race Course;
  3. Acorn Stakes, run over 1 mile (1.6 km) (previously 1 12 mi or 2.4 km) on a dirt track, at Belmont Park;

Thus far, only one filly has won the national Filly Triple Crown:

From 1957 to 2002 and 2007 to 2009 the New York Triple Tiara consisted of the Acorn Stakes, the Mother Goose Stakes, and the Coaching Club American Oaks (all three stakes races are run at Belmont Park in New York).

Eight fillies won the original New York Triple Tiara:

In 2010 the NYRA changed the configuration of the new Betfair TVG Triple Tiara. It now consists of the Acorn Stakes run at Belmont Park, the Coaching Club American Oaks, and the Alabama Stakes both run at Saratoga Race Course. Thus far, no filly has won the reconfigured Betfair TVG Triple Tiara.

United Kingdom[edit]

In England, where the term Triple Crown originated with West Australian's three wins in 1853, it is made up of:

  1. the 2,000 Guineas Stakes, run over 1 mile (1,609 meters) at Newmarket Racecourse in Newmarket, Suffolk;
  2. the Epsom Derby, run over 1 mile 4 furlongs and 10 yards (2,423 metres) at Epsom Downs Racecourse in Epsom, Surrey;
  3. the St. Leger Stakes, run over 1 mile, 6 furlongs and 132 yards (2,937 metres) at Town Moor in Doncaster, Yorkshire.

Since the 2,000 Guineas was first run in 1809, only fifteen horses (including three winners of substitute races at Newmarket during World War I) have ever won the English Triple Crown, including Nijinsky in 1970. Nijinsky is still the only winner of the English Triple Crown since World War II. For many years, it was considered unlikely that any horse would ever win the English Triple Crown again. In the winter of 2006/2007, however, trainer Jim Bolger was training his unbeaten colt Teofilo for the Triple Crown[1] and bookmaker William Hill plc was offering odds of only 12/1 against Teofilo winning the 2007 Triple Crown. However, the horse was withdrawn from the 2000 Guineas two days before the race after suffering a setback and never raced again.

Since Nijinsky, only Nashwan (1989), Sea the Stars (2009), and Camelot (2012) have won both the Guineas and the Derby. Between Reference Point in 1987 and Camelot in 2012, no Derby winner (not even the potential Triple Crown winners Nashwan and Sea the Stars) even entered the St. Leger. This reluctance to compete in the St. Leger is said to be due to the impact it would have on a horse's stud value in a market where speed is preferred to stamina.

Triple Crown winners[edit]

For a list of the annual individual race winners, see English Triple Crown race winners.

Bahram, an undefeated Triple Crown winner.

Triple Crown Champions:

Year Winner Jockey Trainer Owner
1853 West Australian Frank Butler John Scott John Bowes
1865 Gladiateur Harry Grimshaw Tom Jennings, Sr. Frédéric de Lagrange
1866 Lord Lyon Harry Custance James Dover Richard Sutton
1886 Ormonde Fred Archer John Porter Duke of Westminster
1891 Common George Barrett John Porter Sir Frederick Johnstone
1893 Isinglass Tommy Loates James Jewitt Harry McCalmont
1897 Galtee More Charles Wood Sam Darling John Gubbins
1899 Flying Fox Morny Cannon John Porter Duke of Westminster
1900 Diamond Jubilee Herbert Jones Richard Marsh Edward, Prince of Wales
1903 Rock Sand Danny Maher George Blackwell Sir James Miller
1915 Pommern Steve Donoghue Charles Peck Solly Joel
1917 Gay Crusader Steve Donoghue Alec Taylor, Jr. Alfred W. Cox
1918 Gainsborough Joe Childs Alec Taylor, Jr. Lady James Douglas
1935 Bahram Freddie Fox and Charlie Smirke Frank Butters HH Aga Khan III
1970 Nijinsky Lester Piggott Vincent O'Brien Charles W. Engelhard, Jr.
  • Wartime winners Pommern, Gay Crusader and Gainsborough are not counted, according to many judges, as the three classics were all held at Newmarket and racing itself was too disrupted. By this reckoning, there were only 12 triple crown winners, and only four in the 20th century.

Failed Triple Crown attempts[edit]

The following horses won the 2000 Guineas and Derby but were beaten in the St Leger:

Fillies Triple Crown[edit]

There is also a Fillies Triple Crown for a filly winning the 1,000 Guineas Stakes, Epsom Oaks and St. Leger Stakes.[2] In the past, this was not considered a true Triple Crown as the best fillies would run in the Derby and Two Thousand Guineas. As this is no longer the case, the Fillies' Triple Crown would now be considered as comparable as the original. Winners of the Fillies Triple Crown are:

Alternative Triple Crowns[edit]

The trio of Ascot Gold Cup, Goodwood Cup and Doncaster Cup is sometimes referred to as the Stayers Triple Crown.[3]

Ireland[edit]

In Ireland, the Triple Crown, modelled on the English equivalent,[4] is made up of

  1. the Irish 2,000 Guineas
  2. the Irish Derby
  3. the Irish St. Leger (open to older horses)

All three races are run at the Curragh.

Triple Crown winners[edit]

For a list of the annual individual race winners, see Irish Triple Crown race winners.

Only two horses have won all three races since the Irish Two Thousand Guineas was first run in 1921:

Canada[edit]

In Canada the three races that comprise the Triple Crown are:

  1. Queen's Plate
  2. Prince of Wales Stakes
  3. Breeders' Stakes

Winners of the Canadian Triple Crown[edit]

12 horses are officially recognized as winning the Canadian Triple Crown:[5][6][7]

Pre-1959 establishment[edit]

Since 1959 establishment[edit]

Winners of the Canadian Fillies Triple Crown[edit]

Australia[edit]

The Australian Triple Crown comprises the following races:[8]

  1. Randwick Guineas (1,600 m)
  2. Rosehill Guineas (2,000 m)
  3. AJC Australian Derby (2,400 m).

The three-year-old Triple Crown initially included the Canterbury Guineas (1,900 m) but nowadays the first leg is the Randwick Guineas.[9]

Australian Triple Crown champions[edit]

A total of five horses have won the Australian Triple Crown:[10]

Year Winner
1943 Moorland
1959 Martello Towers
1973 Imagele
1996 Octagonal
2013 It's a Dundeel

The Two Year Old Triple Crown (also known as the Two-year-old Grand Slam)[11] consists of:

  1. Golden Slipper Stakes (1,200 m)
  2. AJC Sires Produce Stakes
  3. Champagne Stakes (1,600 m)

Only six horses have won the Australian Two Year Old Triple Crown:

Germany[edit]

In Germany, the Triple Crown (Dreifache Krone) consists of

  1. Mehl-Mülhens-Rennen, German 2000 Guineas (formerly Henckel-Rennen), Cologne, 1600 m
  2. Deutsches Derby, Hamburg, 2400 m
  3. Deutsches St. Leger, Dortmund, 2800 m

Only one horse has won the German Triple Crown, Königsstuhl in 1979.[12]

Switzerland[edit]

In Switzerland, the Triple Crown series consists of:

  1. Swiss Derby
  2. Swiss 2000 Guineas
  3. Swiss St. Leger

Plus the series for fillies

  1. Swiss Oaks
  2. Swiss 1000 Guineas

One horse has won the Swiss Triple Crown

  • 2006 Majofils (FR)

(Majofil's half-sister Singapore Creek (FR) captured the 2007 Swiss Oaks)

Denmark[edit]

In Denmark, the Triple Crown series consists of:

  1. Dansk Derby
  2. Dansk Forarslob (Dansk 2000 Guineas)
  3. Dansk St. Leger

Three horses have won the Danish Triple Crown:

  • Sunbeam, in 1939
  • Asa Thor, in 1945
  • Hallo, in 1946

The Danish Filly Triple Crown consists of:

  1. Dansk Oaks
  2. Marowinalob (Dansk 1000 Guineas)
  3. Dansk St. Leger

One filly has swept all three races:

  • Rossard, in 1983

Sweden[edit]

The Swedish Triple Crown consists of:

  1. Svenskt Derby
  2. Jockeyklubbens Jubileumslöpning (Svenskt Thousand Guineas)
  3. Svenskt St. Leger

Three horses have swept the Swedish Triple Crown:

  • Birgit, in 1940
  • Coast Guard, in 1952
  • Homosassa, in 1985

The Swedish Filly Triple Crown consists of:

  1. Dianalöpning (Svenskt One Thousand Guineas)
  2. Svensk Oaks
  3. Svenskt St. Leger

One filly has swept all three races:

  • Wonderbird, in 1953

Norway[edit]

The Norsk Triple Crown series consists of:

  1. Norsk 2000 Guineas
  2. Norsk Derby
  3. Norsk St. Leger

Eight horses have swept the Norwegian Triple Crown:

  • Cato, in 1943
  • Sally, in 1944
  • Primadonna, in 1945
  • Askepot, in 1948
  • Trainer's Seat, in 1976
  • Dalby Jaguar, in 1981
  • Sunorius, in 1987
  • Without Fear, in 2011

The Norwegian Filly Triple Crown consists of:

  1. Norsk 1000 Guineas
  2. Norsk Oaks
  3. Norsk St. Leger

No filly has swept all three races.

The Netherlands[edit]

The Dutch Triple Crown consists of:

  1. Hengsten Productenren (Dutch 2000 Guineas)
  2. Dutch Derby
  3. Dutch St. Leger

The following horses have swept the Dutch Triple Crown:

  • Tosto(HOL), in 1951
  • Sans Valeur(HOL), in 1954
  • Jolly Peter(HOL), in 1959
  • Jolly Jinks(HOL), in 1966
  • Frances Hope(HOL), in 1976
  • Ishamo(GB), in 1981
  • Boxberger Speed(GB), in 1982
  • Boxberger Civano(GB), in 1984
  • Sydney Raaphorst(GB), in 1985
  • Double Fun(HOL), in 2002

The Dutch Fillies' Triple Crown consists of:

  1. Merries Productenren (Dutch 1000 Guineas)
  2. Diana-prijs (Dutch Oaks)
  3. Dutch St. Leger

The following horses have swept the series:

  • Ramana, in 1947
  • Qualissa(HOL), in 1949 (also won the 1949 Dutch Derby)
  • Que Sara(HOL), in 1967
  • Queen of Roses S(HOL), in 1973 (also won 1973 Dutch Derby)
  • Libelle(HOL), in 1980
  • Carmona(HOL), in 1983

The Dutch Triple Crown races, except the Dutch Derby and possibly the Dutch Oaks, have not been run since around 2008.

India[edit]

The three races that comprise the Indian Triple Crown are the Indian 2000 Guineas, the Indian Derby and the Indian St Leger, all run at Mahalaxmi Race Course in Bombay. The 2000 Guineas is run in December, and the Derby on the first Sunday of the following February. The St Leger is usually run in April—between 1970 and 1990 it was run at Pune.

Ten horses have won the Indian Triple Crown.

  • Commoner 1953/54
  • Loyal Manzar 1961/62
  • Prince Pradeep 1963/64
  • Red Rufus 1966/67
  • Our Select 1967/68
  • Squanderer 1976/77
  • Almanac 1981/82
  • Astonish 1991/92
  • Indicement 1997/98
  • Smart Chieftain 1999/00

One filly has swept the series for fillies (Indian 1000 Guineas, Indian Oaks, Indian St. Leger):

  • Her Majesty 1947/48

Turkey[edit]

In the Turkish, the three races that compose the Triple Crown are:[13]

  1. Erkek Tay Deneme (Turkish 2000 Guineas – 1,600 m) or Dişi Tay Deneme (Turkish 1000 Guineas – 1,600 m)
  2. Gazi Derby (Turkish Derby Stakes – 2,400 m)
  3. Ankara Stakes (Turkish St. Leger – 2,800 m)

Three year-old horses are eligible for the Turkish Triple Crown.

Champions of the Turkish Triple Crown are:

  • 1970 Sadettin (Caerlaverock – Zeynep, by Ugur)
  • 1971 Minimo (Cihangir – Mighty Mo, by Big Game(GB)) ***Minimo did not win the Turkish 2000 Guineas, but she did win the Derby, Oaks, St. Leger & 1000 Guineas***
  • 1973 Karayel (Prince Tudor – Linda, by Cihangir)
  • 1983 Seren.1 (Karayel – Karanara, by Allenheads)
  • 1985 Ugurtay (Tunkut – Nosana, by Kythnos)
  • 1986 Hafız (Royal Shiraz – Linda, by Cihangir)
  • 1996 Bold Pilot (Persian Bold – Rosa Palumba, by Imperial Fling)
  • 2001 Grand Ekinoks (Barnato – Violent Girl, by Aristocrat)

The Turkish Fillies' Triple Crown consists of:

  1. Disi Tay Deneme (Turkish 1000 Guineas)
  2. Kisrak (Turkish Oaks)
  3. Ankara Stakes (Turkish St. Leger)

Fillies that have swept this series are:

  • Suphan, in 1965
  • Minimo, in 1971

Japan[edit]

Japan has two sets of races referred to as Triple Crowns.

Japanese Triple Crown[14]

  1. the Satsuki Sho (Japanese 2000 Guineas - 2000m), at Nakayama Racecourse in Funabashi, Chiba
  2. the Tokyo Yushun (Japanese Derby - 2400m), at Tokyo Racecourse in Fuchu, Tokyo
  3. the Kikuka Sho (Japanese St.Leger - 3000m), at Kyoto Racecourse in Kyoto, Kyoto

Only seven horses have received the Japanese Triple Crown:

Japanese Fillies' Triple Crown[15]

  1. the Oka Sho (Japanese 1000 Guineas), at Hanshin Racecourse in Takarazuka, Hyogo
  2. the Yushun Himba (Japanese Oaks), at Tokyo Racecourse in Fuchu, Tokyo
  3. the Shuka Sho (since 1996), at Kyoto Racecourse in Kyoto, Kyoto / the Queen Elizabeth II Commemorative Cup (1976–1995)

Only four horses have received the Japanese Fillies' Triple Crown:

  • 1986 Mejiro l'Amone (Mogami – Mejiro Hiryu, by Never Beat)
  • 2003 Still in Love (Sunday Silence – Bradamante, by Roberto)
  • 2010 Apapane (King Kamehameha – Salty Bid, by Salt Lake)
  • 2012 Gentildonna (Deep Impact – Donna Blini, by Bertolini)

Hong Kong[edit]

The Triple Crown series at Hong Kong's Sha Tin Racecourse consists of three races at increasingly longer distances. Unlike most other Triple Crown events, these races are not confined to three-year-olds.[16] They are:

  1. Hong Kong Stewards' Cup at 1,600 metres (0.99 mi) held in January
  2. Hong Kong Gold Cup at 2,000 metres (1.2 mi) held in February
  3. Hong Kong Champions & Chater Cup at 2,400 metres (1.5 mi) held in May

In 1994, River Verdon became the first, and to date, only horse to win the Hong Kong Triple Crown.

Italy[edit]

The Triple Crown series consists in three races at increasingly longer distances.

  1. Premio Parioli at Capannelle Racecourse in Rome, 1600 m, Group 3
  2. Derby Italiano at Capenelle Racecourse in Rome, 2200 m, Group 2
  3. St. Leger Italiano, at San Siro Racecourse in Milano, 1 mile, 6 furlongs

Three horses have swept the Italian Triple Crown:

  • Niccolo dell'Arca(ITY), in 1941
  • Gladiolo(FR), in 1946
  • Botticelli(ITY), in 1954

The Italian Fillies' Triple Crown consists of:

  1. Premio Regina Elena (1000 Guineas)
  2. Oaks d'Italiano (Italian Oaks)
  3. St. Leger Italiano

No filly has swept all three races, but Jacopa de Sellaio(ITY) won the Premio Parioli, Derby Italiano, Premio Regina Elena, and Oaks d'Italia in 1932.

Spain[edit]

The Triple Crown series consists of:

  1. Premio Cimera (Spanish 2000 Guineas)
  2. Premio Villapadierna (Spanish Derby)
  3. Premio Villamejor (Spanish St. Leger)

Two horses have swept the Spanish Triple Crown:

  • Dual Sea(GB), in 1975
  • Arkaitz(SPA), in 2014

The Triple Crown for fillies consists of:

  1. Premio Valderas (Spanish 1000 Guineas)
  2. Premio Beamonte (Spanish Oaks)
  3. Premio Villamejor (Spanish St. Leger)

One filly has swept all three races:

  • Tokara(SPA), in 1962

Macau[edit]

In Makkah, the Macau Jockey Club introduced the Triple Crown Series in 2008, with three races all held in Taipa Racecourse, Macau:

  1. Director's Cup, Macau Group 2 Race, 1,500 metres (0.93 mi)
  2. Macau Cup, Macau Group 2 Race, 1,500 metres (0.93 mi)
  3. Macau Gold Cup, Macau Group 1 Race, 1,800 metres (1.1 mi)

In 2009 Macau Jockey Club changed the series for 4-year old horses:

  1. Macau Guineas, Macau Group 1 Race, 1,500 metres (0.93 mi), only for 4-year old horses
  2. Macau Derby, Macau Group 1 Race, 1,800 metres (1.1 mi), only for 4-year old horses
  3. Macau Gold Cup, Macau Group 1 Race, 1,800 metres (1.1 mi)

In 2010, Luen Yat Forever become the first and, to date, only horse to win the Macau Triple Crown.[17]

Argentina[edit]

The three races that comprise the Triple Crown in Argentina are:

  1. Gran Premio Polla de Potrillos and Gran Premio Polla de Potrancas, Hipodromo Argentino de Palermo (1 mile on dirt)
  2. Gran Premio Jockey Club, Hipodromo de San Isidro (1 1/4 m mile on turf)
  3. Gran Premio Nacional (Argentine Derby), Hipodromo Argentino de Palermo (1 9/16 m on dirt)

Winners of the Argentinian Triple Crown are:

  • 1902 Pippermint
  • 1904 Old Man
  • 1906 Malgrejo
  • 1908 Chopp
  • 1917 Botafogo
  • 1930 Sierra Balcarce (filly)
  • 1931 Mineral
  • 1934 Silfo
  • 1938 Sorteado
  • 1939 Embrujo
  • 1940 La Mission (filly)
  • 1951 Yatasto
  • 1954 Tatán
  • 1958 Manantial
  • 1964 Gobernado
  • 1966 Forli
  • 1978 Telescopico
  • 1986 El Serrano
  • 1996 Refinado Tom[18]

Mexico[edit]

The Mexican Triple Crown series consists of:

  1. Derby Mexicano (8 1/2 furlongs)
  2. Stakes Jockey Club Mexicano (8 furlongs)
  3. Gran Premio Nacional (8 1/2 furlongs).

All three races are contested at Hippodromo de las Americas, in Mexico City.

Mexican Triple Crown winners:

  • 1946 Plucky Flag (filly)
  • 1949 Re-Torta (filly)
  • 1966 Cachava (MEX) (filly)
  • 1979 Gran Zar (MEX)
  • 1980 Pikotazo (MEX)
  • 2002 Dominciano (MEX)

The Mexican Fillies' Triple Crown series consists of :

  1. Clasico Rubi (7 furlongs)
  2. Clasico Esmeralda (8 furlongs)
  3. Clasico Diamante (8 1/2 furlongs).

All three races are contested at Hippodromo de las Americas, in Mexico City.

Mexican Filly Triple Crown winners:

  • 2005 She's a Lady Race (MEX)
  • 2007 That's Life (MEX)
  • 2009 Vivian Record (MEX)

Chile[edit]

The three races that comprise the Triple Crown in Chile are:

  1. Clásico El Ensayo, Club Hipico de Santiago
  2. Clásico St. Leger, Hipodromo Chile
  3. El Derby, Valparaiso Sporting Club.

Winners of the Chilean Triple Crown are:

  • 1885 Cachaporal
  • 1928 Tutti Frutti
  • 1939 Grimsby
  • 1946 Tabano
  • 1951 Empire
  • 1956 Eugenia
  • 1966 Prologo
  • 1991 Wolf[19]

Dominican Republic[edit]

The winners of the Dominican Republic Triple Crown have been:

  • 1979 Cibao
  • 1980 Amor Mio
  • 1982 Senorita Cuquina
  • 1985 Dr. Calderon
  • 1990 Candice Akemi
  • 1991 J. Robert
  • 1997 Sweet Honey
  • 2005 Excelencia
  • 2007 Matty Alou
  • 2008 Sicótico[20]

Panama[edit]

The winners of the Panamanian Triple Crown have been:

  • 1964 Pindín
  • 1966 Tojo
  • 1969 Iván
  • 1972 Eugenio
  • 1973 Montecarlo[21]
  • 1976 El Manut
  • 1978 El Gran Capo
  • 1992 Leonardo[21]
  • 1994 El Chacal
  • 1995 Rey Arturo
  • 1998 Evaristo[21]
  • 2004 Spago[21]
  • 2008 Oxsai[21]
  • 2010 Voy porque Voy

Poland[edit]

In Poland, the Triple Crown (Potrójna korona) consists of

  1. Rulera, Polish 2000 Guineas, Warsaw, 1600 m
  2. Służewiec Derby, Warsaw, 2400 m
  3. St. Leger, Warsaw, 2800 m

Known Polish Triple Crown winners are:

  • Liege(POL), in 1917
  • Mat(POL), in 1934
  • Jeremi(POL), in 1938
  • Ruch(POL), in 1948
  • Solali(POL), in 1961
  • Dipol(POL), in 1972
  • Krezus(POL), in 1989
  • Mokosz(POL), in 1992
  • Dzamajka(POL), in 2000 (a filly)
  • Dancer Life(POL), in 2002
  • Dzesmin(POL), in 2005
  • San Moritz(POL), in 2007
  • Intens(POL), in 2011

The classic races for fillies are:

  1. Nagroda Wiosennej (1000 Guineas)
  2. Nagroda Liry (Oaks)

No filly is known to have won the Polish Fillies' Triple Crown, which would conclude with the St. Leger. The Polish St. Leger is now open to 3 year-olds and up.

Puerto Rico[edit]

Camarero winner of 56 consecutive races and the Triple Crown.

The Triple Crown series at Puerto Rico's Camarero Racetrack consists of three races at increasingly longer distances. They are:

  1. Derby Puertorriqueño at 1,700 meters (8½ furlongs) held in the first Sunday of May
  2. Copa Gobernador at 1,800 meters (9 furlongs) held in the end of May
  3. Copa San Juan at 1,900 meters (9½ furlongs) held in the last Sunday of June

The Puerto Rico Triple Crown winners are:

Uruguay[edit]

The three races that comprise the Triple Crown in Uruguay are:

  1. Gran Premio Polla de Potrillos
  2. Gran Premio Jockey Club
  3. Gran Premio Nacional

This combination of races received some publicity outside of Uruguay in 2006. The 2005 Triple Crown winner Invasor, after being sold to Sheik Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum's Shadwell Racing and sent to be raced in the United States, went on to win three Grade I races in 2006 before winning that year's Breeders' Cup Classic. He finished the year as the top-ranked horse in the 2006 World Thoroughbred Racehorse Rankings, and won the 2007 Dubai World Cup before being retired to stud following a training injury.

Uruguayan Triple Crown winners are:

  • 1988 Amodeo
  • 1994 Parsiphal
  • 2005 Invasor[24]
  • 2014 Sir Fever[25]

Ecuador[edit]

1980 – present

Ecuador has two sets of races referred to as Triple Crowns:

Ecuador Triple Crown[26]

  1. Clásico Estreno Dr. Raúl Lebed Sigall, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondón;
  2. Clásico Polla Nacional Sr. Agustin Febres Cordero, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondón;
  3. Clásico Derby Nacional Sr.Benjamin Rosales A., at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondón;

Ecuador Fillies' Triple Crown

  1. Clásico Ing. Carlos San Andres, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondón;
  2. Clásico Sr. Eduardo Jairala F, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondón;
  3. Clásico Abogado Carlos Julio Arosemena Peet, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondón;
Pre-1980

In Ecuador, the Triple Crown consists of:

  1. Clásico Nelson Uraga Suarez, at Hipódromo Santa Cecilia in Guayaquil;
  2. Clásico Enrique Guzman Aspiazu, at Hipódromo Santa Cecilia in Guayaquil;
  3. Clásico Inginiero Ignacio De Icaza Aspiazu, at Hipódromo Santa Cecilia in Guayaquil.

Triple Crown Champions:

Year Winner Jockey Trainer Owner
Miss Florida
Bananita
Capo Di Monte II
1967 Alcatraz Estuardo Torero Alcides Guerrero Inginiero Miguel Salem Dibo
Pechiche
1971 Farsante Estuardo Torero Alcides Guerrero Inginiero Miguel Salem Dibo

Venezuela[edit]

Venezuela has two sets of races referred to as Triple Crowns:

  • Venezuelan Official Triple Crown
    • Clásico José Antonio Páez, at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;
    • Clásico Cría Nacional (former Clásico Ministerio de Agricultura y Cría), at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;
    • Clásico República de Venezuela (Venezuelan Derby), at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;
  • Venezuelan Fillies' Triple Crown
    • Clásico Hipódromo La Rinconada, at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;
    • Clásico Prensa Hípica Nacional, at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;
    • Clásico General Joaquín Crespo, at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas;

Venezuelan Official Triple Crown Champions: (From 1956)

Year Winner Jockey Trainer Owner
1960 Gradisco Manuel Camacaro Leopoldo Márquez Stud Rey-Gan
1972 El Corsario José Luís Vargas Eduardo Azpúrua Stud El Corsario
1985 Iraquí Juan Vicente Tovar (+) Daniel Pérez Stud Chivacoa
1992 Catire Bello Douglas Valiente(+) Iván Calixto Stud Ilusión
2005 Polo Grounds Emisael Jaramillo Carlos Regalado Stud Black Label
2007 Taconeo[27] Emisael Jaramillo Gustavo Delgado Stud Paula C
2008 El Gran Cesar Santiago González Antonio Machado Stud Agrop. Los Alelíes
2010 Water Jet Emisael Jaramillo Gustavo Delgado Stud El Fantasma

Filly Triple Crown winners are:

  • Lavandera, in 1971
  • Segula C., in 1974
  • Blondy, in 1978
  • Gelinotte, in 1980
  • Lady and Me, in 1991
  • Cantaura, in 1992
  • Miss Marena, in 1994
  • Starship Miss, in 1999
  • Front Stage, in 2000
  • Bambera, in 2009
  • Ninfa del Cielo, in 2014

Undefeated Triple Crown winners[edit]

The following horses won their Triple Crown when still undefeated. Those marked with an asterisk retired undefeated.

Individual Triple Crown winners[edit]

Only two jockeys have won the Triple Crown with different horses (i.e., rode horses to Triple Crowns in different years):

  • Eddie Arcaro (United States: 1941, Whirlaway; 1948, Citation)
  • Emisael Jaramillo (Venezuela: 2005, Polo Grounds; 2007, Taconeo; 2010, Water Jet)

At least one other jockey is known to have won all three of a country's Triple Crown races in the same year on different horses:

  • Luis Contreras (Canada, 2011: Queen's Plate, Inglorious; Prince of Wales Stakes and Breeders' Stakes, Pender Harbour)

One trainer is known to have accomplished the same feat as Contreras:

  • D. Wayne Lukas (USA, 1995: Kentucky Derby, Thunder Gulch; Preakness Stakes, Timber Country; Belmont Stakes, Thunder Gulch)

Back to back Triple Crown winners (jockeys)[edit]

Don Seymour (Canada)

  • 1990 Izvestia
  • 1991 Dance Smartly

Javier Santiago (Puerto Rico)

  • 2001 Estrellero
  • 2002 Mediavilla R

Most Triple Crown winners (jockeys)[edit]

Winston Grifiths - Jamaica (5)

  • 1981 Royal Dad
  • 1988 Liu Chie Poo
  • 1992 Milligram
  • 2001 I’msatisfied
  • 2002 Simply Magic (filly)

Alexis Feliciano - Puerto Rico (3)

  • 1991 Vuelve Candy B
  • 1999 Cherokee Pepper
  • 2011 Don Paco

Emisael Jaramillo - Venezuela (3)

  • 2005 Polo Grounds
  • 2007 Taconeo
  • 2010 Water Jet

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://midas.picdar.co.uk/cgi-bin/RP?MatchIndex=20&urn=719112136&Random=-1364681031&FFAC=WM0000025265&searchid=1
  2. ^ a b Craig, Dennis, Breeding Racehorses from Cluster Mares, J A Allen, London, 1964
  3. ^ Waterman, Jack (1999). The Punter's Friend. Harpenden, Herts, UK: Queen Anne Press. ISBN 1852916001.  edit
  4. ^ "Irish Triple Crown of Horse Racing | International Triple Crown Races | UK Horse Racing". HorseRacing.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-06-20. 
  5. ^ "WEG, Hall of Fame announces grandfathering of Canadian Triple Crown winners". Woodbine Entertainment Group. 4 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014. 
  6. ^ "WEG, Hall of Fame Announces Grandfathering of Canadian Triple Crown Winners". Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame. 4 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014. 
  7. ^ "Canadian Hall of Fame Honors Early Triple Crown Winners". Blood-Horse. 4 July 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014. 
  8. ^ "Australian Triple Crown". Races.com.au. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  9. ^ Australian Triple Crown Retrieved 2010-11-2
  10. ^ "SMH Sport". The Sydney Morning Herald. 11 April 2009. Retrieved 12 April 2009. 
  11. ^ Huxley, Dennis, Miller’s Guide, Sporting records, 2009/2010, Miller’s Guide P/L, Moonee Ponds
  12. ^ Ken McLean (2005). Designing Speed in the Racehorse. Russell Meerdink. p. 246. Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  13. ^ "2013 Yılı At Yarışları Genel Hülümleri" (PDF) (in In Turkish). Jockey Club of Turkey. Retrieved 2013-07-11. 
  14. ^ "Kyoto: Orfevre going for Japanese Triple Crown | Daily Racing Form". Drf.com. Retrieved 2012-06-20. 
  15. ^  By Nicholas Godfrey 11:33AM 17 OCT 2010  (2010-10-17). "JAPAN Apapane completes fillies' Triple Crown at Kyoto". Racing Post. Retrieved 2012-06-20. 
  16. ^ "Terrific line-up for Stewards' Cup : International Horse Breeding and Racing news updated daily, www.thoroughbrednews.com.au". Thoroughbrednews.com.au. 2006-01-20. Retrieved 2012-06-20. 
  17. ^ "Luen Yat Forever Wins Triple Crown". Racingandsports.com.au. Retrieved 2012-06-20. 
  18. ^ "Triple Crown familiar term around the world". Drf.com. 2012-06-16. Retrieved 2012-06-20. 
  19. ^ "Chilean star Matto Mondo joins Mandella stable". Thoroughbred Times. 2008-01-19. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  20. ^ "Stallions :: Sicotico". Rancho San Antonio. Retrieved 2012-06-20. 
  21. ^ a b c d e "Caribbean stakes series begins Saturday in Puerto Rico - Horse Racing - ESPN". Sports.espn.go.com. 2008-12-06. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  22. ^ Thoroughbred Times Retrieved 2010-5-1
  23. ^ Win Streaks Retrieved 2010-11-9
  24. ^ "CONNECTIONS SALUTE INVINCIBLE INVASOR". Sporting Life. Retrieved 2012-06-20. 
  25. ^ Godfrey, Nicholas (20 November 2014). "Triple Crown winner Sir Fever reportedly sold". RacingPost.com. Retrieved 21 November 2014. 
  26. ^ http://www.eluniverso.com/2009/08/30/1/1442/triple-corona-inicia-hoy.html
  27. ^ "Sid Fernando commentary: Revenge of Bambera". Thoroughbred Times. 2011-04-19. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 

Williams, Guy St. John; Francis P. M. Hyland (1980). The Irish Derby 1866–1979. London and New York: J. A. Allen & Co Ltd. ISBN 0-85131-358-2.