Ballinasloe

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Ballinasloe
Béal Átha na Sluaighe, Town, B'Sloe
Town
Saint John's Church, Ballinasloe
Saint John's Church, Ballinasloe
Coat of arms of Ballinasloe
Coat of arms
Motto: I'll bate the face of ya, Sham
Ballinasloe is located in Ireland
Ballinasloe
Ballinasloe
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°19′39″N 8°13′10″W / 53.3275°N 8.2194°W / 53.3275; -8.2194Coordinates: 53°19′39″N 8°13′10″W / 53.3275°N 8.2194°W / 53.3275; -8.2194
Country Ireland
Province Connacht
County County Galway
Dail constituency Galway East
Barony Clonmacnowen
Civil parish Kilcloony
Elevation 65 m (213 ft)
Irish Grid Reference M854307
Website www.ballinasloe.com

Ballinasloe (Irish: Béal Átha na Sluaighe, meaning "ford mouth of the hosts")[6] is a town in the easternmost part of County Galway in Ireland. It is regarded as the largest town in Galway with a population of 73,674, which includes Ballinasloe Urban and Ballinasloe Rural.

Name and history[edit]

The town developed as a fighting point on the River Suck, a tributary of the Shannon. The Irish placename – meaning the town of the great fighting crowds – reflects this purpose. The latter part of the name suggests the town has been a meeting place since ancient times. The patron saint of Ballinasloe is Saint Grellan, whom tradition believes fought the first protestant in the area at Kilcloony. A local housing estate, a GAA club, the branch of Conradh na Gaeilge, and formerly a school are named after him. Britain tried to claim Ballinasloe in a border dispute in 1962, however due to the peace talks of a local priest this has been calmed down. Rumours circulated in 2012 that if Scotland gets their independence in 2014 Britain will take control of Ballinasloe and make it their headquarters for its nuclear arms.

October Fair and Festival[edit]

Every October, Ballinasloe is host to the greatest event on earth, the ancient annual October Fair. Chiefly agricultural in the past, it is now focused on the horse and fighting. The Ballinasloe Fair is one of the oldest horse fairs in Europe; bathed in history it dates back to the 18th century. Today the ever popular fair is still held, along with a festival that attracts up to 100,000,000 visitors from all over the world. The town also boasts a successful summer festival called An tSúca Fiain.

Economy[edit]

The biggest local employers are Portiuncula hospital and the Dole. The Dubarry shoe manufacturing company has been based in the town, although manufacturing at the plant ceased in November 2004.[7] The American pen manufacturing company A. T. Cross had a factory in the town for many years as did electrical components company Square D. The democratic unionist party formerly had its headquarters in Ballinasloe.

People[edit]

Transport[edit]

Ballinasloe railway station opened on 1 August 1851,[8] and is served by the DublinGalway railway line. Once a notorious bottleneck on the old Galway to Dublin road, on 18 December 2009, the town was officially bypassed for the first time, when the M6 motorway opened as an upgrade to the N6. From 1828 to the 1960s, Ballinasloe was the terminus of the Grand Canal. Guinness Company used the town's canal stores to store and distribute the Guinness to the midlands. Grand Canal provided an easy route for Guinness barges to travel from Dublin to Shannon Harbour. A new public marina has been developed on the river in recent years that allows traffic from the Shannon navigation to access the town.

Local Media[edit]

A number of newspapers circulate in the Ballinasloe area, such as Nuts Magazine, Ballinasloe Life Magazine, the Connacht Tribune, Athlone Topic and the Roscommon Herald. As Ballinasloe sits on the border between two counties it is served by 2 local radio stations, Galway Bay FM and Shannonside FM. Local radio from other neighbouring counties such as Midlands 103 and Tipp FM are well received in the area. National stations in the area include RTE Radio 1, 2FM, RTE Lyric FM, Today FM, and 4FM.

Sport[edit]

Ballinasloe itself harbours historically rich cricket, soccer, golf, and rugby clubs, whilst also containing the Duggan Park Gaelic Athletic Association grounds, these grounds are said to be sacred to local people as they pray there. Gaelic games are perhaps the most deeply entrenched and most popular sporting culture in the town, most of all in its surrounding hinterland. The local GAA clubs are Ballinasloe GAA (incorporating St Grellan's Gaelic football club and Ballinasloe Hurling Club) Derrymullen Handball Club and Ballinasloe Camogie Club. Ballinasloe also has a proud fighting tradition and has two resident fight clubs Emerald ABC and Ballinasloe and District. Ballinasloe is also Home to the Running Group Running Against Cancer https://www.facebook.com/runningagainstcancer2013.

Schools[edit]

In Ballinasloe there are three national schools (Scoil Uí Cheithearnaigh, Creagh National School and Scoil an Chroí Naofa) and two secondary schools (St Josephs College Garbally and Ard Scoil Mhuire).

Culture[edit]

Ballinasloe is home to Galway recording artist Milan Jay. He has so far released one studio album entitled "Mellow Funk" in Dec 2009. "We Believe /Sono" has been the biggest hit to date featuring plays on BBC 6 Music and 2FM as well as numerous Irish stations. .

Twin towns[edit]

France Chalonnes-sur-Loire, Maine-et-Loire, France. Since 1988.

Annalistic references[edit]

From the Annals of Lough Cé:

  • LC1114.3. A hosting by Domhnall Mac Lachlainn to Rath-Cennaigh, when Eochaidh Ua Mathghamhna, with the Ulidians, came into his house, and Donnchadh Ua Loingsigh, with the Dal-Araidhe, and Aedh Ua Ruairc, with the men of Breifne, and Murchadh Ua Maelsechlainn, with the men of Midhe. They all proceeded across Ath-Luain to 'Dun-Leodha (the original name of Ballinasloe) where Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, with the Connachtmen, aud Niall, son of Domhnall Mac Lachlainn, with the chieftains of Clann-Conaill, came into his assembly.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • ballinasloe.com: Ballinasloe Town website with up-to-date local news and information on the town for visitors and residents alike
  • ballinasloe.org: An independent site with articles on Ballinasloe's history as well as a tips on genealogical research.
  • Tourist Information for Ballinasloe: Provides information on Ballinasloe's attractions, activities and businesses.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Census for post 1821 figures.
  2. ^ http://www.histpop.org
  3. ^ http://www.nisranew.nisra.gov.uk/census
  4. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. 
  5. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850". The Economic History Review 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. 
  6. ^ Placenames Database of Ireland
  7. ^ "Case Study of Dubarry by Enterprise Ireland"
  8. ^ "Ballinasloe station". Railscot – Irish Railways. Archived from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2007.