Baile an Teampaill
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Ballintemple (Irish: Baile an Teampaill, meaning "the town of the church") is a suburb of Cork city, Ireland. The village is situated on the east side of the city with its limits extending to the River Lee and the village of Blackrock further to the east. Originally, Ballintemple was a separate village but today it has been enclosed by the city.
The Blackrock Road runs through the heart of the village which has a post office, some small shops, and two public houses – The Venue and The Temple Inn (known locally as Longboats). The Lavanagh Centre is also located in the village, and offers services to the physically handicapped - including physical therapy in its swimming pool.
Páirc Uí Rinn and Páirc Uí Chaoimh are Gaelic Games stadia in the area which are owned by the Gaelic Athletic Association. These are used by various Cork GAA teams and clubs for hurling and Gaelic football matches, and contribute to congestion in the area on match-days. Also close-by to Temple Hill are the grounds of Cork Constitution Rugby Club.
The ruins of Dundanion Castle lie close to Páirc Uí Chaoimh by the River Lee. William Penn, the founder of the state of Pennsylvania, is said to have departed from here on his journey to the United States in 1682. Some time earlier, Sir Walter Raleigh is reported to have spent some time here before setting off on his final voyage to the West Indies in August 1617.
George Boole, the mathematician and inventor of Boolean algebra, lived in Ballintemple during the 19th century whilst professor at University College Cork. He died in December 1864, after catching pneumonia as the result of a rain storm whilst walking the four miles between his house and the university to give a lecture.
The nearest currently active railway station is Kent Station Cork. However, from 1850 to 1932, the line of the Cork, Blackrock and Passage Railway ran just north of the village centre. From 1880 to 1932, there was a station along this stretch of line called the Show Ground Halt railway station, and this served Ballintemple.
The old, abandoned Beaumont Quarry lies adjacent to Páirc Uí Rinn and Temple Hill. In its time, it provided limestone blocks for some of the notable buildings of Cork City.
The showgrounds of the Munster Agricultural Society adjoin Páirc Uí Chaoimh and are used for occasional agricultural exhibitions. On the eastern side of Páirc Uí Chaoimh is the Atlantic Pond, which was built as part of the scheme to drain the marshy area next to the River Lee and which is now popular with walkers and runners.
- Placenames Database of Ireland. Baile an Teampaill Verified 2011-02-07.