The Bani Utbah (Arabic: بني عتبة banī ʿUtbah) is a federation of Arab clans, which originated from Najd. The federation is thought to have been formed when a group of clans migrated to Iraq and the Persian Gulf coast in the 16th century. Utub (Arabic: العتوب ʿutūb) is the plural form, while the singular form is Utbi (Arabic: العتبي al-ʿUtbī ). The current monarchies of Bahrain and Kuwait trace their origins back to the federation. The etymological origin of the clan's name is thought be derived from the Arabic "atab", meaning "wanderer", referring to their migration to the Persian Gulf area in 1744.