|• Body||Patna Municipal Corporation|
|• Spoken||Hindi, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Bankipur is a neighbourhood and residential area in Patna in the Indian state of Bihar. It is located on the bank of the river Ganges. The prime attraction is the Golghar granary that was built by Captain John Garstir in 1786. Patna Dental College and Hospital is also located here.
Until the early twentieth century, Bankipore (or Bankipur) was the administrative centre of the Patna Division of Bihar, which came under the rule of the East India Company following the battle of Buxar in 1764. Bankipore lies along an east-west axis on the south bank of the Ganges, some four kilometers west from the medieval Patna City, or Azimabad. The site is almost certainly the location of the ancient Magadhan and Maurya capital of Pataliputra. Its identification with Pataliputra was first noticed by Sir William Jones who was informed that Bankipore lay on the former confluence of the River Sone with the Ganges, a site that has shifted some distance upstream now-and one that matches Megasthenes' description. Among the principal remains of the colonial period in Bankipore are the District Collectorate, the Civil Court, and mansions such as the impressive Darbhanga House (now the Patna Arts College), built in the late 19th century by the great philanthropist, the Maharaja of Darbhanga, Lachmaneshwar Singh. The Bankipore cemetery, which has the graves of minor Company officials and indigo planters, the Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Public Library, founded by the Maulvi Khuda Bakhsh in 1891, and the Catholic Mission, are among the other historic sites of Bankipore. Bankipore is also notable for its several ghats, which include the old Jahaz Ghat, from where plied the daily ferry across the river, and the Darbhanga Ghat.
One of the earliest educational institutions of the erstwhile Bengal Presidency, Rammohun Roy Seminary, a High English School, was set up at Bankipur in 1892 under the charge of Satis Chandra Chakravarti, a worker of the Bankipur Ashram of the Sadharan Brahmo Samaj.
The name of this place goes to Islamic invader Mir Banki who attacked Bengal in 15th century and came to Patna in his campaign.
It is believed that E. M. Forster based the city of Chandrapore in his novel A Passage to India on this town.. The Marabar Hills of the novel corresponds to the Rajgir hills, a few miles away from Patna and the site of ancient Buddhist-Mauryan remains.
Bankipore Club was established in the year 1865 on the bank of River Ganges at Patna, Bihar and its Founder Secretary was J.P.W. Johnstion.
Originally known as "European Club" and used exclusively by Europeans, the club was renamed "Bankipore Club" as Bankipore denoted the civil station of Patna District.
It is governed by a Board of Directors with 11 members including an Honorary Secretary and an Honorary Treasurer.
- Sastri, Sivanath (1993) [1911-12]. History of the Brahmo Samaj. Kolkata: Sadharan Brahmo Samaj. p. 327.
- "Indian National Congress Session and its President". AICC, New Delhi. Archived from the original on 6 February 2010. Retrieved 24 February 2010.[dead link]