Azimabad

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For other places with the same name, see Azimabad (disambiguation).
Azim-us-Shan (r. 1697-1712) receiving the investiture of Khizr

Azimabad (Hindi: अज़ीमाबाद, Urdu: عظیم آباد‎) was the name of modern-day Patna during the eighteenth century, prior to the British Raj. Today, Patna is the capital of Bihar, a state in North[1] India. In ancient times, Patna was known as Patliputra. This was the capital of the Maurya and Gupta Empires.

Medieval India marked Patliputra's invasion of Muslim Pashtun Bakhtiyar Khilji and other Muslim rulers. This event is arguably seen by modern historians and scholars as a milestone in the decline of Buddhism in India. Long before Patliputra was conquered, however, most of the ancient city was abandoned in the seventh century of the Common Era[2] but revived more than 800 years later during the rule of Pashtun emperor Sher Shah Suri as Patna.[3] Sher Shah Suri had moved his capital from Bihar Sharif to Patliputra. Not long after Sher Shah Suri's death in 1545, Patna and Bihar fell to the Mughals. The name Patliputra continued to be used, however.

In 1703, Prince Azim-us-Shan, the grandson of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb came as the Governor of Patliputra.[4] Azim-us-Shan, renamed Patliputra as Azimabad, in 1704.[2][5] Khan Zaman Khan Ali Asghar ibn Qazi Ghulam Mustafa was later on appointed as Naib Subahdar by Farrukhsiyar at Azimabad.[6]

Eventually, the name Azimabad fell out of use, and was replaced by Patna, the name Sher Shah Suri opted to call this ancient city. Patna is the most common way of referring to Bihar's capital city from colonial period onward. Nevertheless, there is a New Azimabad Colony inside Patna today named after Patna that is primarily inhabited by Muslims who were inspired by Patna's Mughal name.[7] Similarly, Patliputra is understood as part of the modern city Patna, not the whole city itself. Thus, to some extent, while the name "Patna" has replaced and to some extent engulfed Azimabad and Patliputra, the legacy of these former names during the ancient and early modern exists and will continue to persist for the foreseeable future.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ NIC District Centre, Collectorate, Patna, Bihar (2004-01-01). "Official Website of Patna District, Bihar". Patna.nic.in. Retrieved 2014-01-01. 
  2. ^ a b "Patna". encyclopedia.com. Archived from the original on February 5, 2009. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Patna Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Patna". Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2014-01-01. 
  4. ^ "Patna at a Glance". Drdapatna.bih.nic.in. Retrieved 2014-01-01. 
  5. ^ Gilani, Najam (February 7, 2007). "Thus Spoke Laloo Yadav". Readers Write (Patna Daily). Archived from the original on February 11, 2009. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  6. ^ Tazkirat us-Salatin Chaghta – A Mughal Chronicle of Post Aurangzeb Period (1707-1724) by Muhammad Hadi Kamwar Khan; edited Persian text and with an Introduction by Muzaffar Alam (1980), Centre Of Advanced Study Department of History, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh (U.P.) -202001, India(page 202)
  7. ^ "Pincode of azimabad colony mahendru patna". Getpincode.info. Retrieved 2014-01-01.