Bata Shoe Museum
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|Bata Shoe Museum|
|Established||May 6, 1995|
|Location||327 Bloor Street West, Toronto, Canada|
|Public transit access||■ ■ Spadina
■ ■ St. George
The Bata Shoe Museum is a museum in downtown Toronto, Canada, located at the southwest corner of the intersection of Bloor St and St George St, just east of The Annex neighbourhood, and by the University of Toronto campus.
The museum collects, researches, preserves, and exhibits footwear from around the world. It offers four exhibitions, three of which are time-limited, as well as lectures, performances and family events. The collection contains over 10 000 items from throughout history, as well as the present, and is the biggest and perhaps the only museum in North America dedicated solely to the history of footwear.
The collection which became the Bata Shoe Museum originated with Sonja Bata in the 1940s. As she travelled the world on business with her husband, Thomas J. Bata of the Bata Shoe Company, she gradually built up a collection of traditional footwear from the areas she was visiting. In 1979 the Bata family established the Bata Shoe Museum Foundation to operate an international centre for footwear research and house the collection. From 1979 to 1985 the collection was on display at the offices of Bata Limited in the Don Mills area of Toronto. In June 1992, the Bata Shoe Museum was moved to the second floor of the Colonnade, an office and retail complex in downtown Toronto, where it remained until November 1994. On May 6, 1995 the expanded museum opened its doors to the public in its own building.
Designed by Raymond Moriyama and completed in 1995, the structure sits on the southwest corner of Bloor and St. George Streets in downtown Toronto. Its form is derived from the idea of the museum as a container. Taking this further and associating it with footwear, Moriyama stated that the building is meant to evoke an opening shoe box, realised in a somewhat deconstructivist form with its canted walls and its copper-clad roof offset from the walls of the building below in an interesting play of volume and void. The main facade (north) along Bloor Street pinches inward to where the entrance, in the form of a glass shard, emerges, creating a more generous forecourt. This glass protrusion is one end of a multi-level 'cut' through the building which contains the main vertical circulation, providing a clear view through the building to the three-story faceted glass wall, designed by Lutz Haufschild, on the south facade. The entire stone volume appears to float above a ribbon of glass display windows on street level, and its vast expanse of limestone glows in the late afternoon sunlight.
Raymond Moriyama, was asked by his client Sonja Bata to create a “small gem of a museum” to house her extensive shoe collection. After viewing the shoes that Sonja Bata has collected, Moriyama strove to create a building that emulated the excitement that he felt when first viewing the collection. He wanted to create a museum that would endure time, and inspire its visitors. Mr. Moriyama explained: “When I first viewed the collection, I was impressed by the array of shoe boxes that protected the shoes from light, moisture, and dust and played an important role in the collection.” His focus on the idea of a container or shoebox was the driving force behind his design. When looking at the museum from the street, it is quite easy to see that its proportions are similar to those of a regular shoebox. The bold roof of the museum is suggestive of a lid, and from the street below it looks as if it is resting on top of an open container. The roof is made of copper that will oxidize and over time will become a more pronounced part of the museum.
Raymond Moriyama said of the edifice: "Architecture is never the creation of the architect alone. The museum's architecture should be seen as a celebration not only of shoes but also of the wonderful vision that brought them into the public eye."
The location is in the so-called "Museum District", for the close proximity of large-scale galleries such as the Royal Ontario Museum, Gardiner Museum of Ceramics, and University of Toronto Art Centre.
The Bata Shoe Museum was featured in an episode of The Amazing Race: Family Edition, for which the contestants were in Toronto. Teams had to choose a pair of shoes, and find the woman who fit the selected pair amongst 100 candidates.
Galleries and collections
The museum is home to the world's largest and most comprehensive collection of shoes and footwear-related artifacts. The publicly accessible part of the building consists of four stories, which contain four galleries, two lecture and multi-purpose rooms, a gift shop, and a lobby, as well as offices and conservation facilities. The museum was designed to follow a circulation core where towards the east lies the exhibition galleries, towards the west are the gift shops, multipurpose rooms, special exhibition showcases and rooms, and the administrative desk. An enclosed courtyard runs across the south side of the building, this courtyard creates an enriched experience when visiting the museum. There are two lower levels dedicated to an exhibition gallery and the shoe research and storage room. Typical of most museums, the gallery spaces are neutral in design, allowing focus on the creative displays, not the building itself. However, traditional materials such as cast bronze and leather (an important material in shoe creation for centuries) are used in signage throughout the museum.
The museum is divided into 4 main exhibits: 'All about Shoes', 'Beauty,Identity, Pride: Native North American Footwear', 'Collected in the Field: Shoemaking Stories from Around the World' and 'Out of the Box: The Rise of Sneaker Culture'.
At present, the permanent collection contains artifacts from virtually every culture in the world. One of the most important aspects of the museum's holdings is an extensive collection of Native American and circumpolar footwear. The museum's assortment of celebrity footwear is a popular attraction; it includes ballroom slippers worn by Queen Victoria, the monogrammed silver platform boots of Elton John, a Terry Fox running shoe, blue patent loafers of Elvis Presley, John Lennon's Beatle boot and Pablo Picasso's zebra striped boot.
The museum usually houses four exhibitions, one semi-permanent and three time-limited and changing. The semi-permanent exhibition, All About Shoes: Footwear Through the Ages, features diverse footwear from many historical periods and geographic areas, and looks at its significance in various cultural practices and phases of life. The three changing exhibitions are usually on display for one to two years, and may focus on a specific time period, cultural group, geographic area, or an aspect of material culture. The footwear on display, often remarkable for its construction and/or embellishment, also acts as a key to understanding its times, and illustrates social and cultural developments. Current exhibits include All About Shoes: Footwear Through the Ages (semi-permanent); Beauty, Identity, Pride: Native North American Footwear (closing date TBA); On a Pedestal: From Renaissance Chopines to Baroque Heels(closing September 20, 2010); Socks: Between You and Your Shoes (closing date TBA). Previous exhibitions have included: The Perfect Pair: Wedding Shoe Stories (2002–2004), Paths Across the Plains: North American Footwear of the Great Plains (2004–2005), Icons of Elegance: Influential Shoe Designers of the 20th century (2005–2007), Watched by Heaven, Tied to Earth: Summoning Animal Protection for Chinese Children (2006–2007), and The Charm of Rococo: Femininity and Footwear of the 18th century (2006–2008). Many of these past exhibits can still be seen in the museum's online presentation All About Shoes.
Research and programs
The Bata Shoe Museum conducts and sponsors research into understanding of the role of footwear in the social and cultural life of humanity. Through acquiring, conserving, researching, communication and exhibiting material evidence related to the history of footwear and shoemaking, the museum illustrates the living habits, the culture and the customs of people. Its international collection of over 12,500 artifacts spans 4,500 years of history.
The Bata Shoe Museum Foundation has funded field trips to collect and research footwear in Asia, Europe, and circumpolar regions and cultures where traditions are changing rapidly (Siberia, Alaska, Greenland, the Canadian Inuit and the Saami people). The foundation has also produced academic publications, many of which are available online or in the museum's store.
The museum organizes lectures, performances, and social evenings, often with an ethnocultural focus or community partner. A representative activity is 'Til 10 at the BSM, an event which keeps the museum open late into the evening, featuring a 'Til 10 lounge, cocktails, and a piece of performance art is showcased by a local artist. Events often illuminate a personal connection or a cultural context in which footwear was created; for example, "In the Shoes of an Elizabethan Lady: The Passions and Scandals of Frances Walsingham" (2007) featured a curator's lecture and short concert of period music followed by an exhibition viewing. In 2010 the Museum hosts two lecture series — the "On a Pedestal" exhibition inspired a Renaissance lecture series and the ongoing Discovering Treasure lecture series. Themed family activities have included Family Fun Weekends, as well as special events featuring storytelling, music, arts and crafts, and trying on unusual and funky shoes. The museum holds an annual "Warm the Sole Sock Drive" fundraiser, which begins on World Kindness Day, to collect socks for donation to a local charity.
Approximately 10,000 students come to the museum every year on field trips. Teachers, students and non-students alike also visit the museum's online exhibitions: On Canadian Ground: Stories of Footwear in Early Canada and All About Shoes, which latter features artifacts and information from some of the Museum's most popular exhibitions. All About Shoes also provides teachers' resources with classroom activities and projects. The best entries in the International Shoe Design Competition (2007), co-organized by the museum and International Foundation of Fashion Technology Institutes (IFFTI), are also viewable online.
- Canadian Heraldic Authority (Volume III), Ottawa, 1995, p. 10
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Bata Shoe Museum|
- Official website
- Bata International
- All About Shoes virtual museum
- On Canadian Ground: Stories of Footwear in Early Canada
- North American Reciprocal Museums