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Lungsod ng Marikina
|Highly Urbanized City|
|City of Marikina|
|Marikina Sports Park, Riverbanks Center, Marikina City skyline, Our Lady of the Abandoned Church, Shoe Museum, Marquinton Residences, Marcos Highway, Roman Garden at Marikina River Park, Sentrong Pangkultura ng Marikina|
|Nickname(s): Shoe Capital of the Philippines|
|Motto: "Discipline, Good Taste, Excellence"|
|Region||National Capital Region|
|Districts||1st and 2nd Districts of Marikina|
|Settled||April 16, 1630|
|Integrated (NCR)||June 1975|
|Cityhood||December 8, 1996|
|• Mayor||Del de Guzman (Liberal)|
|• Vice Mayor||Jose Fabian I. Cadiz (Liberal)|
|• Representatives||First District -
Second District -
|• City Council|
|• Total||21.52 km2 (8.31 sq mi)|
|Elevation||14.7 m (48.2 ft)|
|• Density||20,000/km2 (51,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
Marikina City (Filipino: Lungsod ng Marikina), located in the island of Luzon in the Philippines, is one of the cities that make up Metro Manila, the National Capital Region. Marikina shortly became a former capital of the Province of Manila during the declaration of Philippine Independence from 1898 to 1899.
Marikina was given the title Shoe Capital of the Philippines because of its notable shoe industry, being the biggest manufacturer of shoes in the Philippines, producing almost 70% of shoe production in the country. Marikina currently holds the World's Largest Pair of Shoes and recognized by the Guinness World Records, also, the Shoe Museum houses part of the famous shoe collection of the former First Lady Imelda Marcos, shoes of the world leaders, celebrities and shoes of different countries, making it the largest collection of pair of shoes in the world.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Demography
- 5 Government
- 6 Economy
- 7 Infrastructure
- 8 Tourism and culture
- 9 Health care
- 10 Education
- 11 Sister cities
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
The term Marikina is used after the Americans took possession in the Philippines on June 1901, and at the same time, the creation of the province of Rizal. The area was earlier called Mariquina after Felix Berenguer de Marquina in 1787 who was the governor-general at that time, and the town was declared a pueblo under the Spanish colonial government. It is often abbreviated as MKNA.
In 1570, the Augustinians arrived in a place now called Jesús Dela Peña, where the first mass was held in 1630. On April 16, 1630, Fray Pedro de Arce, apostolic ruler of the Archbishop of Manila, approved the transfer of ecclesiastical control and supervision to the Jesuits, and settled a place as a town. The area was later called "Mariquina" after Felix Berenguer de Marquina in 1787 who was the governor-general at that time, and the town was declared a pueblo under the Spanish colonial government. That year, Don Benito Mendoza became the first Gobernadorcillo of Mariquina.
In 1800s, Hacienda Mariquina was owned and administered by the Tuazon family and had become the biggest in the Philippines. The hacienda was declared a mayorazgo by the Spanish colonial government. Don Juan Gregorio became the first Alcalde Capitan of Mariquina in 1822. In 1887, Mariquina emerged as a town of shoemakers. Shoe-making began through the pioneering efforts of Don Laureano "Kapitan Moy" Guevarra (known as the father of shoe industry in the Philippines), assisted by Tiburcio Eustaquio, Ambrocio Sta. Ines, and Gervacio Carlos.
In 1896, Andrés Bonifacio arrived in Mariquina before he and his Katipuneros proceeded to the caves of Montalban. Mariquina became the capital of the Province of Manila (which then included Rizal) in 1898, when the Philippine Revolution broke out, a period when Philippine Independence was declared by Emilio Aguinaldo, the first Philippine president. Don Vicente Gomez became the first Alcalde Presidente of Mariquina in 1900.
On June 11, 1901, shortly after the Americans took possession of the Philippines, its name officially became "Marikina" and the province of Rizal was created by virtue of Act No. 137 by the First Philippine Commission which during the time was acting as the unicameral legislative body in the island of Luzon. Marikina, along with many other towns around Manila were incorporated into the new province. Juan Chanyungco became the first Mayor of Marikina in 1938.
In 1942, the Japanese Imperial forces occupied Marikina. And in 1945, Marikina was liberated by the combined U.S. and Philippine Commonwealth ground troops who attacked the Japanese Imperial Army by artillery from Quezon City. Almost all the big buildings including the church bell tower were destroyed. In reality, the Japanese had already left town and retreating to the north. The destruction which saw over 400 civilians casualties at the end of World War II. Some the local Filipino troops under the pre-war 4th and 42nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army was entering and recaptured in Marikina and helped the U.S. liberation forces attacking the Japanese troops during the liberation.
In 1956, Marikina had emerged as a town of shoemakers again after World War II. Honed by years in shoe manufacturing, the natives had developed a work ethic that prepared them for the arrival of heavy industries, and was finally named as the "Shoe Capital of the Philippines". With the industrial plants came waves of workers who chose to stay, rapidly increasing the population. Marikina soon became a victim of runaway growth, resulting in the Marikina River being polluted by the factories and squatters along the riverbanks. Kapitan Moy's house (and now known as Sentrong Pangkultura ng Marikina) was declared a national shrine in 1968, by the town council and the National Historical Commission.
On November 7, 1975, by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 824, integrating four cities and thirteen towns of Rizal including Marikina, were made part of Metropolitan Manila Area. On October 23, 1988, Typhoon Unsang brought heavy rains causing widespread flooding in Marikina for the first time. Large parts of Marikina was submerged by floods and many residents were stranded on their house rooftops and trees and their properties and businesses are extremely damaged.
In 1992, Marikina has since been transformed into the beautiful and industrialized urban municipality under the leadership of former mayor Bayani Fernando. Marikina River transformed into beautiful waterways along the beautiful parks on the riverbanks. On December 8, 1996, the municipality of Marikina became a city and transformed rapidly into a highly urbanized. Marikina was classified into first class city by virtue of Republic Act No. 8223, the day of the Feast of Immaculate Concepcion.
In 2001, under Republic Act No. 9364, Marikina was divided into two congressional districts serving two representatives in 2007. On September 26, 2009, Marikina suffered and widely devastated by flash flood from overflowed Marikina River due to torrential rains caused by Tropical Storm Ondoy, and this was the worst flooding in the Marikina for the past 2 decades. Marikina River reached 23-meter high of water. Marikina was declared under state of calamity, flood water flowed thru the towns and barangays. The national and international aides arrived immediately to Marikina for relief, retrieval and recovery operations.
On August 7, 2012, Marikina suffered and was devastated by flood from overflowed Marikina River reached almost 20 meters, a level is enough to inundate 30% of Marikina, due to torrential rains caused by 8-day active Southwest Monsoon or Habagat, which this period surpassed the amount of total rainfall that bring of Tropical Storm Ondoy for just 7 hours on September 26, 2009.
The south portion of the city occupies the numerous commercial, industrial and residential areas, heritage sites and mixed use zones, while the north and northeast portion are primarily for residential and industrial zones, and various establishments such as small and medium enterprises. Loyola Grand Villas, located at the northwest portion of the city is a rich gated community that occupies upper-middle class and rich residential areas. It comprises 40% residential, 25% commercial and industrial, 20% for parks, institutional and cultural heritage, and 15% for roads.
From north, Marikina occupies most of the south bank of Nangka River. The east slices the foot end of Sierra Madre mountains of Antipolo and sliced by the streets of Montserrat Hill, Bonanza and Starlite in Barangay Concepcion Dos. The southeast slices by Sapang Baho River occupies the north-west bank. The south portion sliced by Marcos Highway and occupies most of the north side of the highway and extends to the west until it occupies the LRT-2 Santolan Station depot until it reaches the Marikina River. The east occupies the southernmost of Quezon City hills which lies Barangay Industrial Valley and slices by C5 Road occupies the west side until it reaches Ateneo de Manila University campus. The east part of the campus covers the city extends up to the north and sliced by several roads of Loyola Grand Villas which covers the east part of the village until it reaches Marikina River and its tributary Nangka River to the north.
Located along the eastern border of Metro Manila, it is bordered on the west by Quezon City, to the south by Pasig City and Cainta, Rizal, to the north by San Mateo, Rizal and to the east by Antipolo City, the capital of Rizal province. It is approximately 21 kilometers away from Manila and lies within .
The location of Marikina lies on so-called the Marikina Valley which extends to the south towards Pasig City and Cainta, Rizal. Sierra Madre mountains lies to the east and Quezon City hills to the west. Marikina River runs through the mid-west portion of the city, with its tributary including Nangka River. Nangka River runs through the north slicing between Marikina and San Mateo, while the small waterway called Sapang Baho Creek slicing the southeast between Marikina and Cainta and Antipolo City. It is also threatened by flash floods usually along the riverbanks and creekside during heavy rains.
Marikina River runs to the western part of the city and surrounded by many lushes trees on the riverbanks. At the south portion of the river is surrounded by structures and concrete walkways. Some of the major attractions in this area are Marikina Bridge, Marikina River Park, Marikina Riverbanks Center and SM City Marikina.
Marikina is prone to many various disasters. Flash floods and landslides frequent the city especially when struck by heavy rains. Primarily, flooding within Marikina is caused by the increase of water level in major rivers and creeks, and overflowing from its riverbanks to low-lying areas throughout the city. Landslides are another threat, particularly at the foot of the higher grounds.
Another major threats are earthquakes, because the most active fault line that generates the epicenter of the earthquake is in Marikina itself. The Marikina Valley Fault System lies at the west of Marikina, the east of the fault line constantly sinking which the large portion of Marikina is included.
Marikina features a tropical monsoon climate. Together with the rest of the Philippines, Marikina lies entirely within the tropics. Its proximity to the equator means that the temperature range is very small, rarely going lower than 18 °C (64 °F) and going higher than 38 °C (100 °F). However, humidity levels are usually very high which makes it feel much warmer, especially the city lies in the valley. It has a distinct, relatively short dry season from January through May, and a relatively lengthy wet season from June up to December.
|Climate data for Marikina, Philippines|
|Average high °C (°F)||29
|Average low °C (°F)||20
|Precipitation mm (inches)||25.4
|Source: Pagasa DOST|
The native people in Marikina refer to themselves as "Marikeño" (or Marikenyo, in Filipino) Marikeños are remarked to be some of the most disciplined people in the Philippines, largely due to the influences, ethics and urbanity from the past administrations. Like other places in Metro Manila, the original settlers are Tagalog. Throughout the centuries, there has been constant migration of Bicolanos, Ilocanos, Cebuanos and other Visayan settlers.There is also a notable number of non-indigenous ethnic groups that had migrated there, including Koreans, Americans, Chinese, Japanese, etc.
Notable people such as politicians, artists and actors came from Marikina, some of them being permanent residents in the city and others native Marikeños, such as Bayani Fernando (former MMDA chairman and mayor), Marides Fernando (former mayor), Juan Ponce Enrile (former senate president), Jericho Rosales (actor), Cristine Reyes (actress), Andi Eigenmann (actress), and among others.
Tagalog is widely spoken and the main language in Marikina, while English is used in education, business, government and information technology. Other languages such as Cebuano, Bicolano, and Ilocano are prevalent among some families and their respective communities.
Marikina was one of the seats of the Spanish colonial government in the past centuries, and has been used as the base of Roman Catholic missions to the Philippines. Among the religious orders include the Dominicans, the Franciscans, the Jesuits and the Augustinians which the first to arrive in Marikina.
The Parish of Our Lady of the Abandoned (known as Marikina Catholic Church) is the seat of Nuestra Señora de los Desamparados, the Patron Saint of Marikina. Other notable churches in Marikina such as Jesus Dela Peña Chapel, where the first chapel and mass established in Marikina, and Immaculate Conception Parish in Concepcion Uno, second largest church in Marikina.
Other Christian faiths in Marikina including Pentecostal Missionary Church of Christ (4th Watch), Iglesia ni Cristo, Seventh-day Adventist Church, Members Church of God International, Philippine Independent Church, Jesus Miracle Crusade, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and other small Christian groups. Other religions in Marikina are Hinduism, Buddhism and Islam.
Like in other city governments in the Philippines, Marikina is governed by a mayor and a vice mayor elected to three-year terms. The mayor is the executive head and leads the city's departments in executing the city ordinances and improving public services along with city councilors while the vice mayor heads a legislative council along with barangay councilors. Every barangay also has its own set of projects, providing community service in the city as well as basic services provided for remote residences. It was also awarded numerous times in good governance and integrity. Marikina boasts one of the wealthiest local governments in the Philippines in terms of current assets, cash in banks, share of internal revenue allotment, gross income and gross net income.
List of city mayors
- Juan Chanyungco (1938–1945)
- Enrique Dela Paz (1945–1948)
- Gil Fernando (1948–1951)
- Juan Chanyungco (1951–1955)
- Gil Fernando (1956–1959)
- Osmundo De Guzman (1960–1986)
- Teofisto Santos (1986)
- Rodolfo B. Valentino (1987–1992)
- Bayani Fernando (1992–2001)
- Ma. Lourdes Fernando (2001–2010)
- Del R. De Guzman (2010–present)
|District 1||Barangka, Tañong, Jesus Dela Peña, Sto. Niño, Sta. Elena, San Roque, Malanday, Calumpang, Industrial Valley|
|District 2||Concepcion Uno, Concepcion Dos, Tumana, Marikina Heights, Fortune, Parang, Nangka|
|Barangays in Marikina|
|Barangay||Brief history and descriptions|
|Barangka||Barangka is named after the Spanish canyon, barranca. It is located along the western border of Marikina, is bordered on the west by Loyola Heights in Quezon City; to the south City; to the south by barangays Industrial Valley and Calumpang; to the east by Tañong; and the north by Loyola Grand Villas. On its south portion lies the Marikina River where the Riverbanks Center is located. Barangka actually lies on the hills of Quezon City, not too far from the Marikina fault system. Along with former Parang and Nangka, the former sitio was elevated to barangay by virtue of Republic Act No. 2601, which was enacted on June 21, 1959. Barangka is surrounded by schools, shopping malls, industrial zones, and transport hubs. It is accessible to neighboring commercial and business areas.|
|Calumpang||Calumpang was named after a wild almond (sterculia foetida). The largest among the barangays of Marikina during the colonial period, Calumpang was originally bordered on the northwest by the Marikina River and immediately opposite it are barangays Tañong and Jesus de la Peña. Floods and soil erosion would drastically alter its landscape, giving to shrinkage and expanding the two other barangays from silt buildup. Over time, part of the river dried up, giving way to what is known as Patay na Ilog, an area where Provident Village is now situated. To spare it from nature’s threats, a dike was constructed in the early 1950s to secure the barangay. In the pre-war era, Calumpang’s land extended as far west above the hills of Quezon City, which is a section of White Plains; on the north northwest, the Marikina River; on the east, Pasig City; and as far north as the boundaries of barangays Jesus dela Peña, Tañong, and Barangka. With the creation of Quezon City in 1939, its jurisdiction was altered. Although it remained a part of Marikina, its boundary on the west sector was reduced. The area from the chapel of San Antonio de Padua to the residence of Teodulo Marcelo and the Tayug family were added to the city. It was only after the war, through the effort of Rep. Emilio dela Paz, Sr., that it regained a portion of the disputed area that extended up to Usiw Hills, near Quezon City, which is now part of Industrial Valley. Later, when Industrial Valley was created into an independent barangay, its area of influence was again reduced.|
|Concepcion I (Uno)||Formerly known as the Bayanbayanan (little town), Barangay Concepcion, like the old Marikina boondocks, was a rich agricultural area. Over time, though, new settlers found promise in its rich soil and migrants started to cultivate public lands, followed by the emergence of new communities. The barangay was officially named Concepcion after Mary the Immaculate Conception on June 6, 1936 with the enactment of Republic Act No. 1541. As an organized community, Marcelino de Guzman was installed as the first barangay leader in 1903 and held the post for five years.|
|Concepcion II (Dos)||The barangay was created under Presidential Decree No. 1488, which was signed by President Ferdinand Marcos on June 11, 1978, stipulating the territorial boundaries in 1978. Officially, Concepcion Dos is bounded on the north by barangay Marikina Heights; on the west by Barangay Concepcion Uno and Barangay Sto. Niño; on the east by Antipolo City; and on the south by the municipality of Cainta. The first barangay election, held on July 4, 1978, elected lawyer Butch Crisol (1978-1980) as the first punong barangay.|
|Fortune||A former sitio of Barangay Parang, Fortune was constituted as a separate entity on April 10, 2007 by virtue of Republic Act No. 9431. The new barangay,was named after a cigarette company located in the area, is the youngest among the 16 barangays of Marikina. Officially, the barangay is bounded on the north by the centerline of Fortune Avenue; on the east and north by the centerline of the Nangka River; on the southeast by the Marikina-Antipolo boundary until it intersects the centerline of Nangka River; on the southeast by the Marikina-Antipolo boundary until it intersects the centerline of Nangka River; on the west by the centerline of Park 8 Creek; on the west by the centerline of F. Balagtas Street; on the southwest by the centerline of Tanguile Street; and on the southwest between one depth along Monserrat Hill Street, La Milagrosa subdivision, until it intersects the Marikina-Antipolo boundary. The city mayor appointed the barangay’s first set of officials after a plebiscite was held ratifying Fortune’s creation.|
|Industrial Valley Complex||Barangay Industrial Valley Complex was created under Batas Pambansa Bilang 203, approved by the unicameral legislature on March 25, 1982. The law is an offshoot of Pambansang Batas Bilang 1755. Under the law, the barangay was separated from Calumpang to form an independent barangay known as Barangay Industrial Valley. The new sub-territory would be legally be defined as follows: “Beginning from the intersection of Marikina Diversion Road and A. Bonifacio Avenue thence southward along the centerline of Marikina Diversion Road, until it intersects the centerline of Marikina River; thence southwest along the common boundary line of the municipality of Marikina and municipality of Pasig, province of Rizal, until it intersects the common boundary line of the municipality of Pasig and Quezon City; thence northward bounded by Quezon City until it intersects the point of beginning.” The first set of barangay officials was appointed by the President until their successors had been elected.|
|Jesus Dela Peña||The oldest Christian settlement in the city, the barangay was named after the first Augustinian parish of Jesus dela Peña (Jesus of the Rocks). It derived its identity after a Christ-like image was seen on the rock formations in the area. Aside from being host to the city’s oldest church, the San Isidro Labrador, the place is also acknowledged as the traditional site of the first Holy Mass that was officiated in Marikina. In early colonial times, Jesus dela Peña was known as “Niyugan” (from niyog) because of the coconut plantations that dotted its agricultural landscape. With the arrival of the Jesuits, wheat from Mexico was introduced, earning another name for the place, the Tirriguhan, which is derivative of the Spanish “trigo” for wheat. Toward the latter part of colonial rule, influenced in part by the growing literacy among residents, alternative livelihoods, foremost of which was the shoe-making business, started to make a mark. The American Occupation greatly helped in developing the barangay. Health and educational infrastructure was introduced, while homespun industries became popular. In the years leading to the establishment of the Commonwealth, progress became more obvious. Marikina Bridge, a vital economic link to cities like Quezon and Manila, was formally opened in 1934. Under the Japanese rule, Jesus dela Peña, like many other areas in Marikina, was hit hard by atrocities. The Kempetai police, in particular, killed everyone who was suspected of spying for the Americans. The place was in ruins as a result of the indiscriminate bombings by the Allied Forces and invaders. Although devastated, Barangay Jesus dela Peña picked up the pieces and reassumed its role as the town’s shoe capital. Today, it ranks as one of the city’s most progressive business addresses.|
|Malanday||Malanday was named after the shape of its territory, round and flat, just like that of a bilao (winnower). Malanday is bounded on the northeast by Barangay Concepcion, while to its southeast sector is Barangay Sto. Niño. On the southwest is Barangay Jesus dela Peña, and on the northwest is Quezon City. Mainly an agricultural area, Malanday was originally an uncultivated grassland that formed part of a rural community that would be known later for its rice field. To reach the place, pioneers had to transport and deliver commodities using the carabao-drawn cariton, given its ease in negotiating mud tracks. For Malanday residents, 1937 holds a special significance – it was the year they were released from the bondage of paying land taxes to the Tuasons, owner of most of the lands in Marikina. As a result, petitions for transfer of land ownership were filed. In response, the government bought a big chunk of a vast estate and distributed it to occupants, requiring only the beneficiaries to pay a nominal amount for every square meter of land owned over a period of one decade. This development would give rise to the founding of Barangay Malanday.|
|Marikina Heights||During the war, Barangay Marikina Heights was a vital military defense location. The Japanese built tunnels in the area to stage ambuscades, hide ammunition, store provisions, or seek shelter. The underground subway notably made it easy for the Japanese to reach their airfields known among residents as the Paliparan (airport). In post-war times, it was also the military training ground for Filipino soldiers who were deployed to the Korean War. The initial effort to create the area into a barangay was made on June 6, 1974 through the advice of the municipal council, by virtue of Resolution No. 76, which was later submitted to the provincial board of Rizal for action. In response, Provincial Resolution No. 75-746 was passed, recommending the creation of Marikina Heights to President Marcos. On April 2, 1978, Presidential Decree 1489 was issued, formally creating the new barangay.|
|Nangka||Situated at the northernmost sector of Marikina along the concrete highway that leads to the towns of San Mateo and Montalban (Rizal), Barangay Nangka was the most rural among the city’s barangays. It started as a small settlement built by two pioneering families and later evolved into a flourishing community largely due to a river, which is the barangay’s namesake, that bilaterally cuts through Marikina and San Mateo, in Rizal Province. Named after the jackfruit, Barangay Nangka was created under RA 260, which was approved by Congress on June 21, 1959. It is situated on an elevated section of the southeastern part of Marikina and traverses the road that leads from the city to the towns of San Mateo and Montalban (now Rodiguez) in Rizal Province, where it shares common boundaries with Nangka River. It stretches up to sitio Balubad and the old railroad tracks known as Daang Bakal, and has an area of 181.68 hectares. During colonial times, the area was home to rice fields and sugarcane plantations. Nangka was a thriving agricultural hub before it yielded to urban incursion; it was a primary source for root crops, vegetables, and rice. Conversion of farms into housing patches and the rise of commercial establishments eventually transformed the place into a population center and economic hub.|
|Parang||Before 1880, Parang, a sprawling estate of forest, farm, plains and low-lying regions, was part of Barrio Bayanbayanan. Initially, only 25 families, mostly orchard farmers, settled in the area. It was host to small sugar cane plantations and home to a forest area that was a good source of lumber, fruits, and wild life. When the railroad system reached its vicinity, specifically in the area between the sitio and its mother barangay, transport of farm products to Manila became easier. The legacy of this once-productive era can still be gleaned from the “Daang Bakal” tradition the place continues to remember. The arrival of the Americans at the turn of the 20th century would have a long-term impact on Parang (Tagalog for “thicket” or “bush”). Sugar cane plantation would give way to the cultivation of undergrowths, which in turn were developed as grazing farms for cattle, carabaos, and deer. This development, which made sprawling lands into grazing areas, would eventually give the place its name. Later, warehouses for stacking of fodders and serving as garage for tractors were built in the district. Coconuts, which were easy to cultivate and required lesser effort on the part of farmers, were introduced, slowly transforming the landscape of the place. Parang, given its dense forest, became a secure hangar for Japanese planes, and it was also made into a shelter for fleeing Imperial soldiers who were pursued by Allied Forces from Manila. But through it all, the barangay at once recovered from the travails of the conflict. Projects like houses started to make headway in the area and new shoe factories such as Eduardson Shoe Factory were opened.|
|San Roque||Named after a saint, Barangay San Roque was a forestal region before the colonizers founded settlements here. Early migrants, encouraged by the opening of agricultural tracts following the arrival of missionaries, built communities, among them Daang Cainta. Two of the pioneering settlers in the area were the families of Don Isabelo Mendoza, a former gobernadorcillo, and Gervacio Carlos, later a stalwart in the shoe industry. Geographically, San Roque is bounded in the east by the Sierra Madre mountains; on the north, by Sta. Elena; to the south is Calumpang; and on the western sector, by the Marikina River. San Roque is known for its landmarks. The old residence of Apolonia Santos (Maestrang Oniang) was formerly a civil guard headquarters, cuartel, in the last decade of Spanish rule. During the American era, it housed the old Roosevelt High School. It used to be a church property but the Spaniards abandoned it just as the Revolution of 1896 started to gain momentum. Fray Rafael, the building administrator, sold the building to the government, which in turn was sold to Captain Itoy, Santos’ grandfather, before the Americans arrived.|
|Santa Elena||Sta. Elena got its name from a cross-shaped driftwood that was found floating in the river. The barangay traces it beginnings to 1687 when the Jesuits stationed at the Jesus de la Peña mission were looking for a new church site. The settlement was then a rural community of contented folk who survived from the fruits of their farms and depended on fish from the nearby Marikina River. Over time, the rural community flourished, becoming the poblacion of what now is Marikina City. Although it had progressed very well, it also had its share of tragedies. In 1825 and 1880, strong tremors rocked the place. Another catastrophe occurred in 1887 when a fire burned down the flourishing neighborhood. A similar calamity took place in 1974 in which numerous laborers were lethally trapped inside the workplace. In World War II, like most of the barangays of the city, Sta. Elena also had its share of devastation from bombing runs.|
|Santo Niño||Oral tradition traces the barangay's origin to 1667 when the Jesuiits crossed Marikina River from Jesus dela Peña in search of a place where a new church could be built and a mission established. The missionaries found a rustic area known as Halang, so named after the orientation of the place, which is perpendicular to the rising sun. The place was later dedicated to the Holy Child or Sto. Niño, after whom it was named. In colonial times, Barangay Sto. Niño was bounded on the north by Malanday, on the east by Apongao, Cupang, and Mayamot, on the south by Sta. Elena, and the west by the Marikina River. Originally, the river had its bank along J.P. Rizal Street but geologic movement, flash floods, and siltation eventually led to the formation of a fertile area known as Tumana. In 1903, Sto. Niño hosted the firsst Aglipayan Chapel that was built in a location adjacent to Marikina Bridge. Unfortunately, the structure was destroyed in World War II. A new house of worship was later built in another location but a big fire gutted it in 1908.|
|Tañong||Barangay Tañong traces its origin to March 1898 when pioneering families decided to formally establish a community. Like many rural communities in colonial Philippines, it had its formal beginnings during the period when missionary work was pervasive in areas with existing settlements and in places near river sources. During the Spanish rule, Tañong was populated by migrants from nearby Balara and Krus na Ligas (Gulod) areas. The area was not just a favorite hunting ground for individuals who were considered fugitives by the colonial regime; it was also an impoverished community that was subjected to many abuses of the civil guards. Life, however, was better under the American rule. New developments were introduced and living conditions improved. The eruption of war derailed all these inroads. But with Liberation, life in the barrio started to show promise with the influx of new arrivals, some of whom have permanently settled in an area aptly called, Halo-halo (hodgepodge).|
|Tumana||A former sitio of Concepcion Uno, Barangay Tumana was created on April 10, 2007, under Repubklic Act No. 9432. It is the youngest among the sub-territories in the city. Officially its bounderies are delineated as follows: From the corner of everlasting street and roxas street, twinville subdivision going south, along the centerline of rosas street, j. del rosario street and angel santos street; thence along the centerline of Old Marikina River Course until it intersects the property of Wood Ridge Residential Estate and Loyola Grand VIllas; thence to the northwest along Finland Street until it intersects Quezon City boundary; thence to the northeast along Mrikina -Quezon City boundary until it crosses Marikina River; and thence to the east along the Everlasting Street until it intersects the point of beginning. The place has been geologically shaped by soil buildup resulting from flooding, erosion, and landslide. Part of the barangay was a component of the riverbank but ita has been coverted into a fertile land. over the centuries, the accretion has been cultivated as rice fields and fruit farms.|
Peace and order
Every barangay has a police station that provides security and crime prevention in the area. Fire stations are also located in strategic areas to easily access in case of fire. CCTV cameras are also set in major intersections and busiest areas in the city to monitor traffic and crime events. There are public safety and security offices in the city, and its justice hall is beside the city hall. Rescue 161 is a hotline number that provides help within the city.
Majority of households in the city has its own house, numerous apartments and dormitories are scattered across the city. Housing projects are also provided by local government in Marikina for those relocated or has no permanent resident. Villages and subdivisions in the city are among the most common housing in the entire city such as Provident and SSS Villages. Exclusive villages are also located in the city like Loyola Grand Villas and Monte Vista. Residential condominiums are now boosting in the city including Marquinton Residences, Federaland Garden Terraces, Bali Oasis, Garden Terraces Residences and Blue Tower Residences.
The official seal of the City of Marikina bears the inscriptions Lungsod ng Marikina, Pilipinas, the year 1630 referring to the founding date of the municipality, and 1996 the year of approval of the City Charter. The two mountains represent the majestic twin ranges of the Cordillera and Sierra Madre between which the Marikina Valley nestles, traversed by the Marikina River.The rising sun points to the eastern location of the city, with each ray representing the city's barangays. The machinery gear symbolizes its industries and the shoelast represents the traditional manufacture of the city. The torch focuses on the lofty and noble ideals for human development and a better quality of life, and is symbolic of its Hispanic culture and tradition.The bamboo underscores a mixture of the people's natural humility and strength of character and also emphasizes the city's transition from an agricultural past to the urbanized, industrial present; while the leaves and branches symbolize order and serenity. The bamboo and the wheel represent the Marikina and its people's respect for, and protection of the environment so as to remain in harmony with progress.
Marikina was the biggest manufacturer of quality shoes, and Marikina produced 80% of the shoe production in the Philippines. It is also the Philippines' largest exporter of leather shoes throughout the world. All locally produced shoes are made in Marikina, from slippers to shoes. Marikina also produced shoes which is made of rubber, wood (bakya) and plastic. Marikina still the undisputed the Shoe Capital of the Philippines and even in Asia.
Marikina is the home to a member of industries, some of which are the biggest and most successful in their fields, and foremost of all, shoe manufacturing, being the best in local craftmanship. Shoe and leather industry still the top livelihood in the city and generates thousands of jobs within the city.
The city has a large number of internet shops, parlors, eateries, bakeries, made-to-order products such as food processing and delicacies, and franchising as their common income. The city provides job fairs, livelihood projects, free training and seminars for its people who want to start or upgrade their business.
The city manufactures food processing, cigarettes, porcelain and chinaware, confectionery, automobiles and cars, appliances, electronics, crafts like bags, hats and slippers, and foremost of all, shoes.
Commerce and Trade
Public markets in Marikina are often divided into two, the dry goods section and the wet goods section. Commerce in these public markets are in full swing, especially in the early morning. Under the urban renewal program of the city, some of the public markets had been refurbished and given a fresher look, like the "Marikina Public Market" also known as "Marikina Market Mall", or locally called the "Pamilihang Bayan", the biggest and cleanest market in Metro Manila.
Modern shopping malls dot the city especially in the southern portion of Marikina. SM City Marikina, Blue Wave Mall at Marquinton, Robinsons Place, are some of Metro Manila's major shopping and commercial centers stands along Marcos Highway. The popular commercial center that lies in Marikina is the Riverbanks Center.
For the adventurous shoppers, you may venture beyond the hotel or shopping complex package and combine other interesting destinations for cheap buys such as in Marikina Market Mall. Bargaining is the major part of your shopping experience when you pass by that area, as it sells goods at rock-bottom prices. Riverbanks Center gives a comfort to the shoppers as it offers air-conditioned mall, but the price of the goods here is still very similar to the goods bought outside. Some of goods are cheap electronic products, toys and other cheap equipments needed into your homes.
Almost all of the major commercial international and local, and government banks in the Philippines operate a branch in the city. Major banks operate in the city with more than one branch. At this time, there are 60 banking institutions offer banking services to businesses and residents. Most of these are concentrated in Barangay Sta. Elena, Sto. Niño, Concepcion Uno, San Roque, Calumpang and Barangka.
Marikina lined up as one of Information Technology hub in Metro Manila and continuously growth of outsourcing and call centers, among them is ICT Groups, Sykes, NCO, Teletech, to name a few. There are numerous contact centers worldwide with IT-based offices in the Philippines in Makati City, Ortigas Center and Riverbanks Center in Marikina City.
In Marikina, there is a street named "Daangbakal", also called by the names of "Shoe Avenue Extension", "Munding Avenue" and "Bagong Silang". There is also a similar "Daangbakal" in the San Mateo-Montalban (Rodriguez) area, and on the maps one can notice that the two roads should have been connected with each other. In fact, as the name suggests in Tagalog, these streets were once a single railway line. The two sides of the "Daangbakal" roads were once connected by a bridge in the San Mateo-Marikina border. However, as the railroad tracks have been largely ignored after the Japanese Occupation and was transformed into separate highways, the railway connection was abandoned.
The old railroad tracks, called the Marikina Line, was connected from Tutuban station in Manila, passing through Tramo (Brgy. Rosario, Pasig) coming all the way to the town of Marikina up to Montalban. On the northern end of the "Daangbakal" road in Montablan is a basketball court. That basketball court which stands today, surrounded by the Montalban Catholic Church and Cemetery, was once the railway station terminus of that particular line.
The present-day Santo Niño Elementary School in Marikina was said to be a train depot. And also it was said that a railroad station once stood in the Marikina City Sports Park.
The Marikina Line was completed in 1906, and continued its operation until 1936. It was said that the Japanese Imperial Army made use of this railway line during the Second World War. These railways were dismantled during the 1960s and were converted into ordinary roads.
Today, the citizens are dependent on Tricycles, Jeepneys, Taxis, FX, Buses, and AUV's which contribute to the everyday unusual and unbearable traffic of Metropolitan Manila. Even now, there is uncertainty in the Northrail project, which links Manila to the northern provinces of Luzon, because of corruption within the project's construction.
Aside from the Marikina Line, two other lines have existed before but are now removed permanently.
Second is the Antipolo Line, which passed through Santa Mesa, Mandaluyong, Pasig, Cainta, Taytay, up to Antipolo near the "Hinulugang Taktak" Falls. There is also a street named "Daangbakal" in Antipolo, where like the "Daangbakal" roads on Marikina and San Mateo, a railway line once existed. The railroad tracks also passed through what is now the Ortigas Avenue Extension. Its operation ceased in 1917.
Public transportation within the city, like in most of the urban areas in the Philippines, is facilitated mostly using inexpensive jeepneys and buses. Tricycles (motorbikes with an attached two seater carriage) are the usual transportation used for short distances, while Taxi cabs are used by the upper middle class. The roads are organized around a set of long narrow and circumferential roads that radiate and circle in and around the city.
One of the most notable attractions in Marikina is the bikeways and bikelanes along major roads and streets. This is the only city in the Philippines which has effective bikeways.
Major roads in Marikina
- Marcos Highway (Marikina-Infanta Road)
- E. Rodriguez Jr. Avenue (C-5)
- Sumulong Highway (Corazon Aquino Avenue)
- A. Bonifacio Avenue
- Bayan-Bayanan Avenue (Immaculate Concepcion Ave.)
- J. P. Rizal Avenue
- Shoe Avenue (Marikina Avenue)
- Gil Fernando Avenue (Angel Tuazon Avenue)
- Fortune Avenue (Claro. M. Recto Avenue)
- Erano Manalo Avenue (E. Rodriguez Avenue)
- Major Dizon Avenue
- General Ordoñez Ave. (Molave Street)
- C5 Access Road
- Katipunan Road
- Bagong Farmers Avenue
- Evangelista Avenue
Utilities and communications
Marikina's source of electricity is part of the Manila Electric Company or Meralco. Water supply for the city is supplied by the Manila Water Company. Marikina's communication system is powered by the Philippine Long Distance Telephone company, Globe Telecom, Bayan Telecommunications Corporation (BayanTel) and others. Cellular network in the Philippines particularly the metropolitan areas is increasing rapidly together with the low cost of calls and text messaging. Such big companies that control the cellular networks in the Philippines and Marikina itself are Globe Telecom, Smart Communications (PLDT) and Sun Cellular from Digitel. Cable television access is provided by SkyCable, Home Cable and Global Destiny. Internet Digital Subscriber Line or DSL coverage is provided by PLDT, cable internet is serviced by Sky Cable's ZPDee and Global Destiny. Wireless broadband is provided by Globeliness Broadband and Smart Communications. Marikina has its own radio station operated and owned by the city government, DZBF-AM (BF named after Bayani Fernando, the owner of radio station and a former mayor of Marikina and former chairman of MMDA), is an AM radio station that provides information, news and events happening in Marikina, and it also provides some entertainment like other commercial AM radio stations.
Tourism and culture
Marikina has its own share of attractions to offer. Sports and recreational facilities are available to its residents and those from nearby towns and cities. Historical landmarks and church, antiquated houses and galleries view to the attention of history and culture buffs. It's also attracts major commercial centers, man-made parks, large structure buildings, and most of them, a traditional shoe-making in the city, the natural river parks and the hospitality of Marikeños.
Everlasting, a Marikina Style Meatloaf which has similarity of ingredients to that of "Embutido". However, Everlasting dish is cook on the "llanera" or the baking pan and is garnish with chopped hard boiled eggs, stripes of bell pepper, chopped carrots, slices hotdogs and the likes. This can be decorated with vegetables which is perfect dish for festive occasions.
- Marikina Holy Week Procession –Holy Week season
- Marikina Foundation Day — April 16
- Feast of Our Lady of Abandoned (Patroness of Marikina) — second Sunday of May
- Police Memorial Day — September 8
- Mama Mary Fluvial Parade — September 8
- Ondoy Commemoration Day — September 26 and 27
- Marikina Cityhood Day — December 8
- Marikina New Year's Celebration — December 30
- Ilognayan River Festival — second week of February
- Ka-Angkan Festival — April 16
- Sapatos Festival — from October 15 to November 30
- Rehiyon-Rehiyon Festival — December 8
- Marikina Christmas Festival — second week of November to second week of January following year
- Cityhood Park — a signature landmark of Marikina located at the corner Shoe Avenue and Sumulong Highway.
- Diocesan Shrine-Parish of Our Lady of the Abandoned - this Spanish-era church is located along J. P. Rizal Street. The church was started by the Augustinians in 1687 and was finished in 1690. It was destroyed by earthquakes and by fires in 19th century, and it has undergone a series of renovations since 1963.
- Jesus Dela Peña Chapel - this was the first mass held in Marikina, established in April 1630 by Jesuits. Located in Barangay Jesus Dela Peña.
- Marikina Sports Park Complex' - Established in 1969 and then known as the Rodriguez Sports Center, the property was bought from the provincial Government of Rizal in 1995. It is also one of the premier sports complex established in the Philippines. It is now a popular venue for national, regional and international sports competitions and other sports and entertainment events, such as the 2005 Southeast Asian Games.
- Sentrong Pangkultura ng Marikina - This 200-year-old building was once owned by Don Laureano "Kapitan Moy" Guevarra, recognized as the father of shoe industry in the Philippines. This is where the first pair of shoes in Marikina was designed and made in 1887. Inside this building can be found Doll Museum, Marikina City's museum, a dioramas showcasing the events and history of Marikina. This building is the center of culture and arts of Marikina.
- Shoe Museum - The Shoe Museum houses about 800 pairs of shoes, slippers and boots belonging to former First Lady Imelda Marcos, out of a total of around 3000. It is also a place which a record-holder as the most numerous pair of shoes in the world.
- SM City Marikina - SM City Marikina is the first shopping mall that has a wi-fi connection upon its completion. The mall was designed by dsgn associates, an award-winning design firm based in Dallas, Texas, in the USA. Interior design was by EDGE Interior Design Pty. Ltd., a design consultant based in Australia, together with SM City Marikina’s design team includes Jose Siao Ling and Associates (architects), D.A. Abcede and Associates (project managers), and BF Construction Corporation, the general contractors of the mall. SM City Marikina is a part of SM's 50th Anniversary and it was the first shopping mall to open on 2008.
- Teatro Marikina - This is the center of performing arts of Marikina and eastern Metro Manila. This facility also caters to various events such as plays, concerts, shows, exhibits and seminars. Teatro Marikina is also the venue of annual pre-pageant of Miss Earth in the Philippines, notable concerts and plays played by the biggest celebrities and artists in the Philippines.
- Angel Tuazon Entertainment District - Gil Fernando Avenue, also known as A. Tuazon Avenue, is well-known line-up of having many adventurous bars, live acoustic bands, restaurants, nightclubs and other drinking joints, nearly the entire stretch especially at night.
- Evolution Park - Features the 18 sculptured cows stand as a marker of Marikina's expanse of grazing farmland formerly owned by the illustrious Tuazon Clan. Located in Barangay Marikina Heights.
- Loyola Memorial Park - Sprawling area of 36,000 m² and developed in 1965, the Loyola Memorial Park is the oldest, probably one of the biggest, and most prominent memorial parks in the Philippines. Located along A. Bonifacio Avenue.
- Manila Boystown Complex - A 23-hectare Manila city government-owned institution and facility is exclusively for Manila’s abandoned, forgotten, and voluntarily surrendered children, teenagers, and senior citizens. Located in Barangay Parang.
- Marikina Industrial Park - Located at the northeast portion of the city which was established in the 1970s, it is home to a number of industries and some of which are the biggest and are the leaders in their fields, some of these are Purefoods-Hormel, Nestlé, Fortune Tobacco, Armscor and other leading industries and big companies.
- Marikina's Largest Pair of Shoes - This is certified by the Guinness Book of World Records as the world's largest pair of shoes. It is currently displayed at the Riverbanks Center and it is one of the top attractions in the city.
- Marcos Highway - Was named by former Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos, a newly rehabilitated 10-lane national highway and the main road between Metro Manila and Rizal Province, also known as Marikina-Infanta Highway. Marcos Highway passing the boundaries of Antipolo, Cainta, Pasig and Marikina. There are 3 main intersections in Marcos Highway such as Amang Rodriguez Avenue (Pasig), Imelda Avenue (Marikina-Cainta) and Masinag (Antipolo), and an interchange located in SM City Marikina which provide access exclusively between Marikina to major business districts such as Ortigas Center, Eastwood City and Makati City. Some of its landmarks are Riverbanks Center, SM City Marikina, MRT-2 Santolan Station, Sta. Lucia Mall, Robinsons Metro East, AMA Computer College, SM City Masinag, Masinag Market and Cogeo Market. Also, Marcos Highway is well known for numerous establishments like car shops, major schools, restaurands and food chains, exclusive villages, industrial parks, and among others.
- Marikina Market Mall - Metro Manila's cleanest and well-maintained market is Marikina Public Market, known as Marikina Market Mall. It is also one of the biggest market place in Metro Manila in terms of area.
- Marikina River Park - Most awarded river which set as the Hall of Fame awardee for the Cleanest Inland Body of Water in the Philippines. Marikina River Park is a popular camping site, picnic grounds and recreational park, such as concrete jogging and bike lanes, benches and skating rink. At night, Marikina River Park transforms into a modern nightlife events center because of numerous bars, restaurants, cafés and night clubs along the riverbanks. Other attractions in Marikina River include the Roman Garden, Chinese Pagoda, Kawayanan, Youth Camp, Animal Trail, Skating Rink and Women's Park. It is also a traditional venue for the Marikina Christmas Festival which begins annually as early as October.
- Our Lady of Perpetual Succor College - OLOPSC is a private, non-sectarian, Filipino tertiary learning institution located in Concepcion, Marikina. It was founded by Dionisio Salvador, Sr. in 1978. The institution is a reputable source of students with morale and discipline. As of 2009, there are already 5000+ estimated students enrolled. OLOPSC is considered as a landmark due to its structural design. The passersby describe OLOPSC as one with the castle-like design structure which is pleasing into the eyes of toddlers.
- Philippine Science Centrum - This is the Philippines largest and well-maintained science centrum and it is one of the most visited amenities inside Riverbanks Center especially the field trips of students came from different schools in Metro Manila.
- [The Riverbanks Center] - Formerly Universal Textiles, Asia's largest textile mills company, located along A. Bonifacio Avenue and nearby Marcos Highway. It is now a center for shopping, commerce, business and entertainment in Marikina, and in 2008, it was declared as Metro Manila's latest developing business district. Other attractions and buildings in Riverbanks Center include Riverbanks Mall, Riverbend Hotel, Riverbanks Amphitheatre, Gazebo, Philippine Science Centrum, Floating Stage, Open-air food stalls and Stone Carabaos. At Riverbanks Mall, here you will find almost everything you need at a price reasonably affordable, such as supermarkets, department stores, a numerous boutiques, cellphone shops, shops, food stands, fastfood chains and many more. Also, Riverbanks Center is a home of ICT Group, one of the largest IT call centers in the Philippines. SM City Marikina is also nearby within Riverbanks Center.
- Women's Park - Located beside Marikina River Park. It is a park dedicated to females of Marikina.
- Blue Wave Mall, Marquinton Residences
- Bayan-Bayanan Avenue, Concepcion Uno
- Circle Mall, Marikina Heights
- Doll Museum at Marikina Sports Park
- Loyola Grand Villas
- MRT Line 2 Santolan Depot Station
- Maria Quina Statue at Marikina River Park
- TESDA Main Office
Local government provides free medical and dental missions, health seminars and check-ups, proper disposals and hygiene training, special services for seniors, pregnant woman and children, and other free medical operations. It also has a privilege card that offers discounted fees and free services such as emergency, medical, and security services. Marikina Sports Park provides an outdoor gym, sections for senior citizens, dance exercises, oval track, and other sports activities. Marikina River Park and Riverbanks Center provides a jogging path, walk and run exercises and breath exercise by taking clean, fresh air along the riverbanks. Every barangay has a health center to provide basic medical services in the community, and also has a city health main office to assist in every barangay health centers.
Major hospitals in Marikina
- Amang Rodriguez Medical Center
- Marikina Diagnostic and Specialty Center
- Garcia General Hospital
- Marikina Valley Medical Center
- Immaculate Conception Hospital
- The Medical City Marikina
- P. Gonzales Memorial Hospital
- St. Victoria Hospital
- St. Vincent Hospital
- Sta. Monica Hospital
- SDS Medical Center Inc.
Marikina's literacy rate is a high of 98%, comparable to other cities in Metro Manila. Every barangay has a public primary schools and also a growing numbers of public secondary schools. It has also a public tertiary and vocational schools for continuous education in the city. Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Marikina (PLMar) sets the first city-owned university along with Marikina Polytechnic College (MPC) and Marikina Science High School. Department of Education division office and TESDA office is located in Marikina.
There are also a growing number of private schools such as Roosevelt College, Our Lady of Perpetual Succor College, Kostka School, Mother of Divine Providence School, St. Nicholas School, Holy Trinity School, Charis School, Infant Jesus Academy-Marikina, San Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila School, Academy of God's Children, many to mention. Exclusive schools are also located in the city such as Marist School Marikina, St. Scholastica's Academy Marikina and part of Ateneo de Manila University. Technical and IT schools are also growing in the city including AMA Computer University, STI College and other private technical and vocational school. There are also a catholic school such as Marikina Catholic School and numerous Christian-owned school like National Christian Life College.
Marikina is considered as one of the most number of sister cities abroad, some agreements usually forged towards industrial, cultural or academic exchanges and understanding. There are seven sister cities outside the Philippines: three cities in North America, three cities in Asia and one in Europe. Brampton in Canada is the first sister city of Marikina and it considered as the twin city. In the Philippines, Marikina is the only Metro Manila city with the most number of sister cities within Metro Manila, and also the only Metro Manila city with sister cities from the two other biggest metropolitan areas: Cebu City and Davao City.
|Wikinews has related news: Brampton, Canada and Marikina, Philippines seeing double as cities twin|
- Brampton, Ontario, Canada (Twin city)
- Monterrey, Mexico
- Plano, Texas, USA
- Zhanjiang, China
- Rayong, Thailand
- Toulon, France
Marikina City view from Loyola House of Studies (Ateneo de Manila University) and Loyola School of Theology
Panorama view of nearby Barangka, Marikina houses and the far City of Marikina
- Metro Manila
- Legislative districts of Marikina City
- Marikina River
- Marikina Valley
- Marikina Valley Fault System
- List of renamed cities and municipalities in the Philippines
- "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
- "Province: NCR, SECOND DISTRICT". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
- "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
- "Republic Act No. 8223". Philippine Congress. Retrieved August 29, 2013.
- "Know Your Barangay". Marikina.gov.ph.[dead link]
- "Festivals: Throughout the Ages". Marikina.weebly.com. Retrieved August 29, 2013.
- "Brampton Unites in Friendship with Marikina City". City of Brampton. August 9, 2005.
- "Around Metro Manila". Retrieved August 29, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Marikina City.|
- Official Website of the City Government of Marikina
- Marikina City Business Directory
- Marikina City Resource Blog
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|Quezon City||San Mateo, Rizal
|Pasig / Cainta, Rizal|