Battle of the Scarpe (1918)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Battle of the Scarpe (1918)
Part of the Western Front of World War I
Hundred Days Offensive : Second Battle of Arras
Date 26 August 1918 – 30 August 1918
Location Monchy-le-Preux, France
Result Allied victory
Belligerents
United Kingdom British Empire Flag of the German Empire.svg German Empire
Commanders and leaders
United Kingdom Julian Byng
Canada Arthur Currie
Casualties and losses
Canadians captured 3,300 prisoners

The Battle of the Scarpe was a World War I battle that took place during the Hundred Days Offensive between 26 and 30 August 1918.[1][2]

26 August[edit]

The Canadian Corps advanced over 5 kilometers and captured the towns of Monchy-le-Preux and Wancourt.

Lt. Charles Smith Rutherford VC MC MM from the 5th Canadian Mounted Rifles of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division performed actions that would earn him the Victoria Cross. He captured a German party of 45, including two officers and three machine-guns, then captured another pill-box along with another 35 prisoners and their guns.[3]

27 August[edit]

Heavy rains during the night resulted in slippery ground, difficulties in assembling troops and late starts for the assaults. Stiff resistance from the Germans and their heavily defended positions limited gains to around 3 kilometers.

28 August[edit]

The 2nd and 3rd Canadian Infantry Divisions seized an important portion of the German Fresnes-Rouvroy defence system after three days of intense fighting. Total casualties are reported as 254 officers and 5,547 other ranks. They captured more than 3,300 prisoners, 53 guns and 519 machine guns.[4]

LtCol William Hew Clark-Kennedy, 24th Battalion, 2nd Canadian Infantry Division, earned a Victoria Cross by personally driving the advance despite being severely wounded, and suffering from intense pain and loss of blood.

Lt-Col A. E. G. McKenzie, Commanding Officer of the 26th (New Brunswick) Battalion, was killed during action on August 28. He was posthumously awarded a bar to his Distinguishged Service Order.

29 August[edit]

Brutinel's Brigade, the first fully motorized unit within the forces of the British army, advances the front line by approximately one kilometer by seizing Bench Farm and Victoria Copse. The Canadian Corps Cyclist Battalion established posts right up to the Scarpe River.

30 August[edit]

Soldiers from the Canadian Corps cleared portions of the Fresnes-Rouvroy trench system, including Upton Wood. After holding all day under heavy fire, they drive off a German counterattack, capturing 50 prisoners and five machine guns in the process.

See also[edit]

References[edit]