Bearley

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bearley
Bearley St Mary The Virgin 1.JPG
Bearley, St Mary the Virgin
Bearley is located in Warwickshire
Bearley
Bearley
 Bearley shown within Warwickshire
Population 758 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference SP180605
District Stratford-on-Avon
Shire county Warwickshire
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town STRATFORD-UPON-AVON
Postcode district CV37
Police Warwickshire
Fire Warwickshire
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
List of places
UK
England
Warwickshire

Coordinates: 52°14′35″N 1°44′13″W / 52.243°N 1.737°W / 52.243; -1.737

Bearley /ˈbɪərlɪ/[1] is a village and civil parish in the Stratford district of Warwickshire, England. The village is about five miles (8 km) north of Stratford-upon-Avon, bounded on the north by Wootton Wawen, on the east by Snitterfield, and on the south and west by Aston Cantlow. The western boundary is formed by a stream running out of Edstone Lake; it would seem that the land, now part of Edstone in Wootton Wawen, between the stream where it flows west from the lake and the road running east from Bearley Cross, was originally included in Bearley. The land within the parish rises gradually from a height of 216 ft (66 m). in the north-west at Bearley Cross to about 370 ft (110 m). at the south-east corner of the parish, and is open except along its eastern boundary, where part of the extensive wood known as Snitterfield Bushes is included in Bearley.

At Bearley Cross the road running west to Alcester and east to Warwick is crossed by the main road running north-west from Stratford-on-Avon to Henley-in Arden. To the south of the Cross and the station a road runs south-east from the Stratford road, passing the Grange and the Manor House, to the church. This seems to be the Saltereswey which in 1249 formed one of the limits of the demesnes of Bearley, the others being the high road from Stratford to Henley and the Lochamwey, which may be identified with the road, passing the Methodist chapel, connecting the other two roads.[2]

At the 2001 census the population was 758.

History[edit]

The name is first recorded as Burlei in 1086 and is from Old English burh + leah 'woodland clearing near a fortified place.'[3] Bearley is recorded in the Domesday Book where its 5 hides were split, 4 being held by William son of Courbucion who holds "in Bearley 4 hides. Land for 4 ploughs. In Lordship 1; 2 slaves; 9 villagers and 6 smallholders with 5 ploughs. Meadow, 4 acres; in Warwick 1 house which pays 8d. The value was 60s; now 40s. Ernwin and his mother held it freely." and 1 hide as part of the lands of Robert of Stafford " Alric holds 1 hide in Bearley. Land for 1 plough. 1 villager and 1 slave. Meadow 1 acre. The value was 20s; now 10s. He also held it (before 1066)."[4] About 1175 this 1 hide was in the tenure of Hervey de Stratton, who with his son Richard remitted his rights therein to his overlord Robert de Stafford, grandson of the Domesday Robert who granted it to the Abbey of Bordesley.[2] Upon the dissolution of the monasteries it came to Clement Throckmorton who later sold it William Walter who passed it to Mr Fanshaw.[5]

Governance[edit]

Bearley is part of the Snitterfield ward of Stratford on Avon District Council and represented by Councillor Richard Hobbs, Conservative.[6] Nationally it is part of Stratford-on-Avon constituency, whose current Member of Parliament following the 2010 election is Nadhim Zahawi of the Conservative Party.It is included in the West Midlands electoral region of the European Parliament and the six members are; Mike Nattrass (UK Independence), Liz Lynne (Liberal Democrat), Malcolm Harbour (Conservative), Michael Cashman (Labour), Philip Bradbourn OBE (Conservative) and Nicole Sinclaire (UK Independence).

Economy[edit]

The village is home to Bearley Vineyard,[7] a three acre, family run vineyard that produces award winning white, rosé and red English wines. It was established in 2005 and has since won numerous regional and national awards including The Best Red Wine in Mercia for the Pinot Noir Précoce 2009, and The Best Rosé Wine in Mercia for the Rosé 2010.[8] It welcomes members of the local community to help harvest and the owners have given talks to local groups such as the Bearley Gardeners on the running of the vineyard and wine making in the UK.

There is limited local employment: light industry, retail, a nursing home, agriculture and livestock farming. Most of the working population has jobs further afield in Stratford-upon-Avon, and in the conurbations of Redditch, Birmingham and Coventry.

The village shop and post office closed in 2001. The nearest facilities are in Wilmcote

Notable buildings[edit]

The parish church of St. Mary The Virgin has been largely rebuilt in modern times, but the nave dates probably from the end of the 12th century and the chancel with its thinner walls may be of the 13th or 14th century. Much of the upper part of the walling is modern, also all the windows. The nave was lengthened about 10 ft (3.0 m). and the western porch and bell-turret was added early in the 19th century. The plan is a plain rectangle about 55½ ft. long inside, of which about 20½ ft. is the chancel, by 15½ ft. The chancel walls are 2 ft 3 in (0.69 m) thick, built of lias rubble, mostly squared in the lower parts and with sandstone angle-dressings. It is probable the north wall has been partly rebuilt. The east window is a single light set high up, but there is a patching for a former lower window. The north and south windows are of two lights and were also formerly lower in the walls. About a yard east of them are short straight joints and pieces of sandstone that may indicate former windows. The nave has side walls 2 ft 9 in (0.84 m) thick; the lower halves of them are of early shaly rubble with wide jointing, and above this are medieval sandstone courses. The north and south windows are of two lights and both have patchings below them for lower windows. In the north wall are the remains of a 12th-century doorway of sandstone, now blocked: it has jambs of two orders, the inner with an edge-roll; the outer is square and had nook-shafts, which have disappeared except for the western capital; this is of cushion form with cheveron ornament. The head is pointed and of one square order, probably a later alteration. In the south wall is another blocked doorway with square pilaster-jambs and pointed head, perhaps of the 13th century but difficult to date. The two buttresses to each wall are medieval. The west wall and porch-tower are of red brick. The bell-cote is of wood. The main roof is tiled.[2] One of the three bells is medieval.[9]

Sports and leisure[edit]

Like many other rural villages that are within commuting distance of large cities, Bearley has become a dormitory village for many residents. An active WI, a thriving Garden Club (Bearley Gardeners), an energetic Indoor Short Mat Bowls Club (Snipes) and the popularity of the village cricket and football teams centred on the sports club are perhaps the only groups doing something positive to try to reverse this trend.

A film show entitled 'Bygone Bearley' showing images both old and new of Bearley Village life is held annually in the Village Hall, to raise funds for the restoration and upkeep of the church of St.Mary the Virgin.

Snitterfield bushes, a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) managed by the Warwickshire Wildlife Trust, lies 2 km east of Bearley.

Transport links[edit]

Edstone aqueduct stratford-upon-avon canal 2.jpg

The longest aqueduct in England, the Edstone Aqueduct, is just outside Bearley on the Stratford-upon-Avon Canal.

Bearley railway station is a halt on the Leamington to Stratford Line, and the Stratford to Marylebone Line.

References[edit]

  1. ^ G.M. Miller, BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names (Oxford UP, 1971), p. 12.
  2. ^ a b c A History of the County of Warwick: Volume 3
  3. ^ A.D. Mills, Dictionary of English Place-Names (Oxford UP, 2nd ed., 1998), p. 30.
  4. ^ Domesday Book for Warwickshire, Phillimore edited by John Morris ISBN 0-85033-141-2
  5. ^ The Antiquities of Warwickshire, William Dugdale, 1656
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ "Bearley Vineyard Website". 
  8. ^ "Mercian Vineyard Association - Competitions". 
  9. ^ Tilley and Walters, Church Bells of Warwickshire.