Beaver River (Pennsylvania)
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (November 2010)|
Looking northward along the Beaver River at Beaver Falls.
|Country||United States of America|
|- left||Connoquenessing Creek|
|Cities||Beaver Falls, PA, Rochester, PA, Bridgewater, PA|
|Secondary source||Shenango River|
|- location||Bridgewater, Beaver County, Pennsylvania|
|Length||21 mi (34 km)|
The Beaver River is a tributary of the Ohio River in Western Pennsylvania in the United States with a length of approximately 21 mi (34 km). It flows through a historically important coal-producing region north of Pittsburgh. The Beaver River is formed in Lawrence County by the confluence of the Mahoning and Shenango rivers at a point approximately 3 mi (5 km) southwest of New Castle. It flows generally south, past West Pittsburg and Homewood. It receives Connoquenessing Creek west of Ellwood City and flows past Beaver Falls and New Brighton. It joins the Ohio at Beaver and Rochester (flowing between these two cities) at the downstream end of a sharp bend in the Ohio approximately 20 mi (32 km) northwest of (and downstream from) Pittsburgh. In the lower reaches near the Ohio River, the Beaver cuts through a gorge of underlying sandstone. The river is roughly parallel to the border with the state of Ohio, with both Interstate 376 and Pennsylvania Route 18 running parallel to the river itself.
The river, which flows throughout the northern half of Beaver County, serves as the namesake of the county as well as several locales in both Beaver and Lawrence County. The river itself was either named for King Beaver of the Lenape tribe that was native to the area, or for the animal itself. Until the partition of Lawrence County from parts of Beaver and Mercer County in 1849, the river was entirely located in Beaver County, with its upstream terminus being at the border between Beaver and Mercer County from 1800-1849.
The General vs. the river
Samuel Holden Parsons, (1737–1789) a former brigadier general in the Continental Army, died from unknown causes on the Beaver River on November 17, 1789 as he was visiting the Connecticut Western Reserve lands.
- “I am sorry to inform you that I have every reason to fear that our old friend, General Parsons, is no more. He left this place [Pittsburgh] in company with Captain Heart, (who is sent to explore the communication by way of the Beaver to Cuyahoga and the Lake), on the 5th instant, he had sent a man with his horses from the place where he had encamped the night before, and directed him to tell Lieut. McDowell, who commanded the Block House below the falls of Beaver, that he (General Parsons) would be there to dinner. A snow had fallen in the night which had retarded the progress of the man with the horses. At one place on the Beaver shore he saw where a canoe had landed, and a person got out to warm his feet by walking about, as he saw he had kicked against the trees and his tracks to the canoe again. The man did not get down till evening, but about noon the canoe, broken in pieces, came by the Block House, and some articles known to belong to General Parsons were taken up and others seen to pass. Lieut. McDowell has diligent search made for the body of the General, but made no discovery.”
His body was recovered the next May, then temporarily buried on the banks of the river. But through a series of mishaps the site of the grave was lost. It has never been found.
Communities along the river
Cities and towns along its watercourse include:
- West Pittsburg, Pennsylvania
- Wampum, Pennsylvania
- Koppel, Pennsylvania
- Homewood, Pennsylvania
- Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania
- Eastvale, Pennsylvania
- New Brighton, Pennsylvania
- Fallston, Pennsylvania
- Rochester, Pennsylvania
- Bridgewater, Pennsylvania
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Beaver River (Pennsylvania).|
- U.S. Geological Survey: PA stream gaging stations
- Penn State Univ.:Geography of Beaver County Pennsylvania