Beslan

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For other uses of "Beslan", see Beslan (disambiguation).
Beslan (English)
Беслан (Russian)
Беслӕн (Ossetic)
-  Town[1]  -
Beslan train station.JPG
Railway station in Beslan
Map of Russia - Republic of North Ossetia-Alania (2008-03).svg
Location of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania in Russia
Beslan is located in North Ossetia–Alania
Beslan
Beslan
Location of Beslan in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania
Coordinates: 43°11′N 44°33′E / 43.183°N 44.550°E / 43.183; 44.550Coordinates: 43°11′N 44°33′E / 43.183°N 44.550°E / 43.183; 44.550
Beslan coat.jpg
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of December 2012)
Country Russia
Federal subject Republic of North Ossetia–Alania[1]
Administrative district Pravoberezhny District[1]
Town Under District Jurisdiction Beslan[1]
Administrative center of Pravoberezhny District,[1] Beslan Town Under District Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as of January 2006)
Municipal district Pravoberezhny Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Beslanskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Pravoberezhny Municipal District,[2] Beslanskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 36,728 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
Founded 1847[citation needed]
Previous names Tulatovo/Tulatovskoye (until 1941),[citation needed]
Iriston (until 1950)[citation needed]
Official website
Beslan on WikiCommons

Beslan (Russian: Бесла́н; Ossetian: Беслӕн, About this sound listen ) is a town and the administrative center of Pravoberezhny District of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, Russia. Population: 36,728 (2010 Census);[3] 35,550 (2002 Census);[5] 32,469 (1989 Census).[6] In terms of population, Beslan is the third largest town in the republic behind Vladikavkaz and Mozdok.

Geography[edit]

Beslan lies about 29 kilometers (18 mi) north of Vladikavkaz, the capital of the republic,[7] and 97 kilometers (60 mi) southeast of Nalchik in the Kabardino-Balkar Republic,[8] The city is about 1,530 kilometers (950 mi) south of Moscow.[9] It is close to the border with the Republic of Ingushetia.[7]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1847 by migrants from elsewhere in Ossetia and was unofficially called Beslanykau ("the settlement of Beslan") after a local lord, Beslan Tulatov.[citation needed] In official use, however, the town was known after Tulatov's surname as Tulatovo or Tulatovskoye.[citation needed] It was renamed "Iriston" (Ossetia) in 1941.[citation needed] In 1950, when the town was rapidly industrializing, it was renamed Beslan.[citation needed]

Beslan school hostage crisis[edit]

On September 1, 2004, Beslan's Secondary School No. 1 was seized by a group of at least thirty-two Islamic terrorists related to the Second Chechen War. The siege ended on September 3 with a bloody shootout between the terrorists and the Russian security forces. According to official data, 334 civilians were killed, 186 of them children, and hundreds more wounded. All but one of the hostage-takers were killed. The survivor was arrested. He was tried and convicted and sentenced to imprisonment.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Beslan serves as the administrative center of Pravoberezhny District.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Pravoberezhny District as Beslan Town Under District Jurisdiction.[1] As a municipal division, Beslan Town Under District Jurisdiction is incorporated within Pravoberezhny Municipal District as Beslanskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

Beslan is an important railway junction, situated on the main line between Rostov-on-Don and Baku, and is the starting point of a branch line to Vladikavkaz. It is an industrial-agricultural town dominated by a large corn processing plant established in the 1940s.

Transport[edit]

Beslan Airport serves the community.

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic groups in the town (2002 data):[citation needed]

Education[edit]

One school in Beslan is the Ivan and Constantine Kanidis School. It was dedicated in 2010. It was named after teacher Ivan (Yanis) Kanidis and his son; the teacher died during the Beslan school hostage crisis in 2004 at School No. 1. The governments of Greece and Norway paid 2.5 million euros through the United Nations Program of Development to have the school built. The school's athletic programs specialize in soccer.[10]

One school in town is the School on Kominterna Street. It replaced School No. 1, which closed after the hostage crisis. Officials chose not to give the replacement school, located across the street from School No. 1, a number.[11] Immediately after School No. 1 closed, classes for children who would have attended it were held at School No. 6.[12]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Law #34-RZ
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #17-RZ
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  6. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "Russia School massacre." The Guardian. Retrieved on October 31, 2011. Click the slides until the part about Beslan's location
  8. ^ "Chechen rebels mount major attack. The New York Times. Thursday October 13, 2005. Retrieved on November 8, 2011.
  9. ^ Chivers, C.J. "The School." Esquire. March 14, 2007. 2. Retrieved on 1 November 2011.
  10. ^ "«Ivan Kanidis» School inauguration." SAE World Council of Hellenes Abroad. September 7, 2010. Retrieved on November 7, 2011.
  11. ^ Ewart, Ewa. "The children of Beslan five years on." BBC. Saturday August 29, 2009. Retrieved on October 1, 2011.
  12. ^ Varoli, John. "Russian Federation: Beslan -- six months on." UNICEF. Retrieved on October 5, 2011.

Sources[edit]

  • Закон №34-РЗ от 9 июля 2007 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Северная Осетия-Алания», в ред. Закона №44-РЗ от 12 ноября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Приложение к Закону Республики Северная Осетия–Алания "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Северная Осетия–Алания" и Закон Республики Северная Осетия–Алания "Об установлении границ муниципального образования Алагирский район, наделении его статусом муниципального района, образовании в его составе муниципальных образований — городского и сельских поселений"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Северная Осетия", №148(24949), 16 августа 2007 г. (Law #34-RZ of July 9, 2007 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania, as amended by the Law #44-RZ of November 12, 2013 On Amending the Appendix to the Law of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania" and the Law of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of Alagirsky District, Granting It the Status of a Municipal District, Establishing Municipal Formations—Urban and Rural Settlements—Within Its Structure". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Закон №17-РЗ от 5 марта 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципального образования Правобережный район, наделении его статусом муниципального района, образовании в его составе муниципальных образований — городского и сельских поселений и установлении их границ», в ред. Закона №19-РЗ от 31 мая 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Республики Северная Осетия–Алания в связи с принятием Федерального закона "О полиции"». Вступил в силу с 1 марта 2005 г. Опубликован: "Северная Осетия", №43 (24344), 15 марта 2005 г. (Law #17-RZ of March 5, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of Pravoberezhny District, Granting It the Status of a Municipal District, Establishing Municipal Formations—Urban and Rural Settlements—Within Its Structure and on Establishing Their Borders, as amended by the Law #19-RZ of May 31, 2012 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania Due to the Adoption of the Federal Law "On Police". Effective as of March 1, 2005.).

External links[edit]