Boraston

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Boraston
Bora - geograph.org.uk - 455880.jpg
The Village of Boraston
Boraston is located in Shropshire
Boraston
Boraston
 Boraston shown within Shropshire
Population 200 [1]
Civil parish Boraston
District Shropshire
Shire county Shropshire
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Tenbury Wells
Postcode district WR15
Dialling code 01584[2]
Police West Mercia
Fire Shropshire
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament Penrith and The Border
List of places
UK
England
Shropshire

Coordinates: 52°19′58″N 2°34′06″W / 52.33276°N 2.56842°W / 52.33276; -2.56842

Boraston is a small village and civil parish in Shropshire, England. It is situated in the West Midlands, approximately 0.8 mi (1.3 km) north of Worcestershire and 10 mi (16 km) east of the Herefordshire border. Nearby villages include Tenbury Wells (2 mi (3.2 km) miles) and Burford (1.8 mi (2.9 km)); the nearest town is Kidderminster (17 mi (27 km)). Boraston is surrounded by countryside and is less than 1 mi (1.6 km) from the River Teme.

History[edit]

Boraston is an historic village, the earliest record of its existence is found in the Domesday Book, a publication that detailed geographical locations as to describe and record England's farmland and stock. It notes that in 1750 "John Smith of Boraston (in Burford) had 20,000 poles worth £20 and hops worth £30."[3]

British travel writer John Marius Wilson described Boraston in his topographical dictionary Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales. 'BORASTON, a township-chapelry in Burford parish, Salop; at the verge of the county, on the river Teme, the Kington canal, and the Tenbury railway, 1 mile W of Tenbury. Post Town, Tenbury. Rated property, £1,141. Pop., 235. Houses, 39. The property is divided among a few. The living is a p. curacy annexed to the rectory of Burford, in the diocese of Hereford. The church is tolerable.'[4] Boraston Church dates from the 13th century and is dedicated to St John the Baptist. The church has some Norman (1066–1154) features notably a blocked doorway. The building is described as having 'spiral fluting on part of the bowl; probably c.1700', it also claims that the font originates from nearby village Buildwas. Between the years 1884 and 1887 it was renovated by architect Henry Curzon; he made changes to its exterior and enlarged it.[5]

Population and employment[edit]

According to the 2001 United Kingdom Census, Boraston has a population of 200 people,[6] with a total of 75 households.[7]

Population change in Boraston from 1860 to 1960.[8]

Between 1914 and 1918 population in the UK declined as a result of the First World War; however Boraston bucked this trend instead showing a slight increase in population. However as more men (approximately 5 million)[9] were called up to serve in the forces for The Second World War (1939–1945), Boraston saw an incline in numbers, a possible reason for this could be the intake of evacuees. Unlike the rest of the country Boraston also failed to see an incline in population as a result of the post-war 'baby boom', whereby nationally birth rates increased in the period from 19461974.

Categories of employment Boraston 1881
Categories of employment Boraston 2001

Unlike the 1881 Census data[10] agricultural employment is now barely existent in the village due to the fact that food is now transported nationwide rather than just locally and the UK imports much of its produce, furthermore advancement in technology means less staff are required. Increasing service and manufacturing employment which makes up 93.3% of Boraston's occupational categories. The increase in manufacturing reflects a more industrialised economy, despite the 1811 Census data being recorded in the time of Industrial Revolution; Boraston had little involvement as a small remote community with a small work force. An increase in services an occupational category also reflects the UK's shift from primary production to having an increased tertiary sector of the economy.

The 2001 Census shows that the average distance travelled to work by a Boraston citizen is 23.65 km (14.7 miles), this suggests that most people now commute outside the village as working in Boraston is not economically viable.[11]

Governance, transport, and amenities[edit]

Boraston is part of the Ludlow constituency for UK Parliament and West Midlands for EU Parliament. Boraston's current Member of Parliament is Philip Dunne who retained his Conservative Party seat in the 2010 General Election.[12] In Boraston itself the only public transport is a bus service that starts at Worcester Bus Station and finishes at the second stop in Tenbury Wells with various villages in between including Boraston.[13] The nearest train station is Ludlow station which is 7.03 mi (11.31 km) miles from Boraston, followed by the next nearest Leominster at 9.87 mi (15.88 km).[14] In terms of road access the A456 road which runs between Birmingham and Woofferton, is a mile south of Boraston. Boraston motocross circuit is located on the outskirts of the village and is a popular track for racers and fans of the sport holding motocross championship races.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "area: Boraston (parish)". UK National Statistics. Retrieved 1 May 2012. 
  2. ^ "Geographic Numbers". ukphoneinfo.com. Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  3. ^ [) http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=22843&strquery=Boraston "Historical text"]. A History of the County of Shropshire: Volume 4: Agriculture. Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  4. ^ "Boraston Through Time". Wilson's View. Vision of Britain. Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  5. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (2006). The Buildings of England Shropshire. Yale University Pree. p. 156. ISBN 0300120834. 
  6. ^ "Census Information". Population. National Statistics. Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  7. ^ "Census Data". Households. National Statistics. 
  8. ^ "Historical statistics". Population. Vision of Britain. Retrieved 2 May 2012. 
  9. ^ "World War 1 Statistics". Number of men serving in war. anzacday.org. 
  10. ^ "A Vision Through Boraston". Employment Statistics. Vision of Britain. Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  11. ^ "Census Data". Economic Activity. National Statistics. Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  12. ^ "Election 2010". Ludlow. BBC. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  13. ^ "Boraston Transport". Bus Timetable. Worcestershire Bus Service. 
  14. ^ "Bing Maps Public Transport". Nearby Train Stations. Bing Maps. Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  15. ^ "Boraston Motocross". Motocross website. tvmx.co.uk. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Boraston at Wikimedia Commons