||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2012)|
Architect César Pelli.
October 12, 1926 |
San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina
|Awards||Doctor of Arts, CTBUH Skyscraper Award, The Lynn S. Beedle Lifetime Achievement Award|
|Buildings||1 Canada Square, London, England, United Kingdom|
|Design||Metallic, art deco-influenced buildings|
César Pelli (born October 12, 1926) is an Argentine American architect known for designing some of the world's tallest buildings and other major urban landmarks. In 1991, the American Institute of Architects (AIA) listed Pelli among the ten most influential living American architects. His many awards include the 1995 AIA Gold Medal which recognizes a body of work of lasting influence on the theory and practice of architecture. Perhaps his most famous work are the Petronas Twin Towers, which were for a time the world's tallest buildings. He also designed the World Financial Center complex in downtown Manhattan.
After studying architecture at the Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Pelli completed his studies at the School of Architecture at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He started his career in the New Haven offices of architect Eero Saarinen.
He emigrated to the United States in 1952 and became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 1964. He married Diana Balmori, a renowned landscape and urban designer for the better. They have two children: Denis, a neurobiologist and Professor of Psychology and Neural Science at New York University and Rafael, also a renowned architect.
Awards and honors
- In 2004, his famous work Petronas Towers of Kuala Lumpur received the prestigious AgaKhan Award.
- On May 26, 2008, Yale University bestowed an honorary Doctor of Arts degree to Pelli for his work in Architecture.
- He received the The Lynn S. Beedle Lifetime Achievement Award from the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat in 2008 to honor his work in the field of tall buildings.
- In 2012, Konex Foundation from Argentina, granted him the Diamond Konex Award for Visual Arts as the most important artist in the last decade in his country.
- Project Designer, Eero Saarinen
- Director of Design, Daniel, Mann, Johnson & Mendenhall, Los Angeles, California
- Partner for Design, Gruen Associates, Los Angeles, 1968–1976
- Cesar Pelli & Associates, 1977 (currently known as Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects)
Other famous buildings he has designed include:
- 1966: Worldway Postal Center, Los Angeles International Airport, California
- 1967: Kukui Gardens housing, Honolulu, Hawaii
- 1969: San Bernardino City Hall, San Bernardino, California
- 1969: Century City Medical Plaza, Century City, Los Angeles, California, with architect Anthony J. Lumsden.
- 1972: US Embassy in Tokyo, Japan
- 1973: Commons Centre and Mall, Columbus, Indiana-
- 1973: Eaton's Department Store, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
- 1975: Pacific Design Center, Los Angeles, California
- 1977: Wintergarden Arboretum, Niagara Falls, NY, USA (demolished in 2009)
- 1981-1987: World Financial Center, New York City, New York, USA
- 1982-1984: Herring Hall at Rice University, Houston, Texas
- 1984: Residential Tower atop the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York City, New York
- 1984-1986: Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
- 1984: Mattatuck Museum Arts and History Center renovation, Waterbury, Connecticut
- 1987: Blumenthal Performing Arts Center, Charlotte, North Carolina
- 1987-1990: Carnegie Hall Tower, New York City, New York, USA
- 1987-89: Maryland Residence, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
- 1987-1991: One Canada Square, Canary Wharf, London, England, UK
- 1988: Wells Fargo Center (formerly Norwest Center), Minneapolis, Minnesota
- 1989: Gaviidae Common, Minneapolis, Minnesota
- 1990: Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Headquarters, Tokyo, Japan
- 1990: Roy Nutt Mathematics, Engineering & Computer Science Center at Trinity College, Hartford, Connecticut
- 1990: 181 West Madison Street, Chicago, Illinois
- 1991: Key Tower, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
- 1991: 777 Tower, Los Angeles, California
- 1991: Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center at Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, New York
- 1992: Bank of America Corporate Center, Charlotte, North Carolina
- 1992: Plaza Tower, Costa Mesa, California
- 1993: Worrell Professional Center, Wake Forest University School of Law, Winston-Salem, North Carolina
- 1994: Physics and Astronomy Building, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA
- 1995: Aronoff Center for Performing Arts, Cincinnati, Ohio
- 1995: 100 North Main Street (formerly Wachovia Center), Winston-Salem, North Carolina
- 1996: Edificio República, Buenos Aires, Argentina
- 1996: Residencial del Bosque, Mexico City, Mexico
- 1996: Owens Corning World Headquarters, Toledo, Ohio, USA
- 1997: Expansion of Washington National Airport, Washington, D.C.
- 1998: Overture Center, Madison, Wisconsin
- 1998: Petronas Twin Towers, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
- 1998: Schuster Center, Dayton, Ohio, USA
- 1999: Cheung Kong Center (長江集團中心), Hong Kong
- 1999: Zurich tower office building in The Hague, Netherlands
- 2000: Kurayoshi Park Square, Kurayoshi, Japan
- 2000: Boston Bank Building, Buenos Aires, Argentina
- 2000: KABC-TV, Los Angeles, California
- 2001: Citigroup Centre, 25 Canada Square, Canary Wharf, London
- 2001: Bucksbaum Center for the Arts at Grinnell College, Grinnell, Iowa
- 2001: Athletic and Fitness Center at Grinnell College, Grinnell, Iowa
- 2001: The Investment Building, Washington, DC
- 2002: JP MorganChase Building, San Francisco
- 2002: Weber Music Hall at University of Minnesota Duluth, Duluth, Minnesota
- 2002: Former Enron Headquarters at 1500 Louisiana Street, Houston, Texas
- 2003: Gerald Ratner Athletics Center at University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
- 2003: Two International Finance Centre, Hong Kong
- 2003: Center for Drama and Film & the Martel Theater at Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, New York
- 2003: 25 Bank Street, Canary Wharf, Docklands, London
- 2003: 40 Bank Street, Canary Wharf, Docklands, London
- 2003: Benjamin & Mariam Schuster Performing Arts Center, Dayton, Ohio
- 2004: Goldman Sachs Tower, Jersey City, New Jersey
- 2005: Cira Centre, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- 2005: Malone Engineering Center, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut
- 2006: Theodore Roosevelt Federal Building Eastern District Courthouse, Brooklyn, New York
- 2006: Science and Engineering Research and Classroom Complex at University of Houston, Houston, Texas
- 2006: Minneapolis Public Library's Central branch, Minneapolis, Minnesota
- 2006: Joe Rosenfield '25 Center, Grinnell College, Grinnell, Iowa
- 2006: Renée and Henry Segerstrom Concert Hall, Segerstrom Center For The Arts, Orange County Performing Arts Center, Costa Mesa, California
- 2006: Thomas E. Golden Jr. Center, St. Thomas More Catholic Chapel and Center, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut
- 2006: Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing Arts, Miami, Florida
- 2008: BOK Center, Tulsa, Oklahoma
- 2008: One Park West, Liverpool, England
- 2008: Torre de Cristal, Madrid, Spain
- 2008: Repsol-YPF Building, Buenos Aires, Argentina
- 2008: St. Regis Residences & Hotel, Mexico City, Mexico
- 2008: Business Instructional Facility, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Illinois
- 2009: Cooperative Arts and Humanities High School, New Haven, Connecticut
- 2009: Connecticut Science Center, Hartford, Connecticut
- 2009: Aria Resort & Casino, the central feature of CityCenter, Las Vegas, Nevada
- 2010: Shanghai IFC, Pudong, sister project of Two International Finance Centre in Hong Kong
- 2010: Torre Mesoamericana, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Mexico
- 2011: New Airport Terminal Building (Phase 1), Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
- 2011: Iberdrola Tower, office building, Bilbao, Spain
- 2013: The Landmark, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
- 2013: DePaul University, The Theatre School, Chicago, Illinois
- 2010: Gran Torre Santiago, Santiago, Chile
- 2011: St. Katharine Drexel Chapel, Xavier University of Louisiana, New Orleans, Louisiana
- 2012: Garibaldi Tower, master plan and mixed-use development, Milan, Italy
- 2012: Cira Center South, Philadelphia
- 2012: Sidra Medical Center, Qatar
- 2012: Cajasol Tower, office building, Seville, Spain
- 2017: Transbay Transit Center, San Francisco, California
- 2013: Crescent Tower, Mixed-Use Development Dallas, Texas
- 2013: Torre Sofia, San Pedro Garza García, Mexico
- 2012: Maral Explanada, Mar del Plata, Argentina
- 2014: Torre Mitikah, Mexico City
- 2015: Utah Performing Arts Center, Salt Lake City, Utah
- 2013: Mirador del Valle, Salta, Argentina
- 2010: South Station Tower, Boston, Massachusetts
- Unknown: Banco Macro Tower, Buenos Aires, Argentina
- 1988: Miglin-Beitler Skyneedle, Chicago, Illinois
- 1965: Sunset Mountain Park, Santa Monica, California, Cesar Pelli and A.J.Lumsden
Duke University revitalization
- In 2007, Duke University commissioned him to plan a 20- to 50-year revitalization of its Central Campus.
- 1982: "Skyscrapers," Perspecta 18, pp. 134–151.
- 1984: Introduction to The Second Generation by Esther McCoy (Peregrine Smith Books)
- 1999: Observations for Young Architects (Monacelli Press)
- 2002: Foreword to Ralph Rapson: Sketches and Drawings from Around the World by Ralph Rapson (Afton Historical Society Press)
- [dead link]
- "2008 Lynn S. Beedle Award Winner". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
- [dead link]
- Benjamin Forgey. "COMSAT Alumni & Retirees Association". COMARA.org. Retrieved 2013-04-21.
- "Design Awards". Ajla.com. Retrieved 2013-04-21.[dead link]
- "Kukui Gardens residents escape increase in rent". Starbulletin.com. 2001-05-18. Retrieved 2013-04-21.
- "City of San Bernardino". Ci.san-bernardino.ca.us. Retrieved 2013-04-21.
- Century City Medical Plaza, Los Angeles Conservancy
- About The Commons
- "Columbus, Indiana". Columbus.in.us. Retrieved 2013-04-21.
- [dead link]
- Mary Ann Sullivan (2003). "Robert R. Herring Hall, Rice University". Bluffton.edu. Retrieved 2013-04-21.
- "Blumenthal Performing Arts Center history". Performingartsctr.org. Retrieved 2013-04-21.[dead link]
- Chris Gregerson (2002). "Gaviidae Common". Cgstock.com. Retrieved 2013-04-21.
- "Gaviidae Common". Gaviidae Common. Retrieved 2013-04-21.
- 181 West Madison
- "BC.edu". Retrieved 2013-04-21.
- "Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center". Fllac.vassar.edu. Retrieved 2013-04-21.
- "Aronoff Center for the Arts". Cincinnatiarts.org. Retrieved 2013-04-21.
- Mary Ann Sullivan (2004). "Aronoff Center for the Arts". Bluffton.edu. Retrieved 2013-04-21.
- [dead link]
- "Federal Building Eastern District Courthouse". Wirednewyork.com. 2001-09-13. Retrieved 2013-04-21.
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- Appel, Allan (2009-01-20). "$70M Co-op High School Debuts". New Haven Independent. Retrieved 2013-04-21.
- Winnipeg Airports Authority. "Winnipeg Airports Authority".
- "DePaul Breaks Ground on Pelli-designed Theatre School Building". Newsroom.depaul.edu. 2011-06-01. Retrieved 2013-04-21.
- [dead link]
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