Aga Khan Award for Architecture

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Logo for Aga Khan Award for Architecture

The Aga Khan Award for Architecture (AKAA) is an architectural prize established by Aga Khan IV in 1977. It aims to identify and reward architectural concepts that successfully address the needs and aspirations of Islamic societies in the fields of contemporary design, social housing, community development and improvement, restoration, reuse and area conservation, as well as landscape design and improvement of the environment.[1] It is presented in three-year cycles to multiple projects and has a monetary award, with prizes totalling US$ 1 million.[2] Uniquely among architectural awards, it recognizes projects, teams, and stakeholders in addition to buildings and people.[1]

The award is associated with the Aga Khan Trust for Culture (AKTC), an agency of the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN).

Award process[edit]

The award is aimed at societies in which Muslims have a significant presence.[1] It is organized on the basis of a three-year cycle and is governed by a steering committee chaired by the Aga Khan IV.[3]

A new committee is constituted each cycle to establish the eligibility criteria for project, provide thematic direction with reference to current concerns, and to develop plans for the long-term future of the award. The Steering Committee is responsible for the selection of the Master Jury appointed for each award cycle, and for activities such as seminars and field visits, the award ceremony, publications and exhibitions.

Chairman's Award[edit]

The Chairman's Award is given in honor of accomplishments that fall outside the mandate of the Master Jury. It recognizes the lifetime achievement. It has been presented four times: In 1980 to Egyptian architect and urban planner Hassan Fathy,[4] in 1986 to Iraqi architect and educator Rifat Chadirji,[5] in 2001 to Sri Lankan architect Geoffrey Bawa.,[6] and in 2010 to historian of Islamic art and architecture Oleg Grabar.[7]

Award cycles[edit]

Prizes totalling up to US$1m, constituting the largest architectural award in the world,[1] are presented every three years to projects selected by the Master Jury.[3] Since 1977, documentation has been compiled on over 7500 building projects located throughout the world of which over 100 projects have received awards.[8] The current 12th Award Cycle runs from 2011-2013.

First (1978-1980)[edit]

The 1980 award ceremony took place at the Shalimar Gardens in Lahore, Pakistan. During this cycle, the Chairman's Award was given to Hassan Fathy in recognition of his lifelong commitment to architecture in the Muslim world. Prominent architect Mazharul Islam was a member of Master Jury of first Aga Khan Award for Architecture.

Water Towers, Kuwait City

Award recipients:[9]

Second (1981-1983)[edit]

The 1983 award ceremony took place at the Topkapı Palace in Istanbul.

Hajj Terminal

Award recipients:[10]

Third (1984-1986)[edit]

The 1986 award ceremony took place at El Badi Palace in Marrakesh, Morocco. The brief prepared by the Steering Committee for this award cycle focused on the preservation and continuation of cultural heritage, community building and social housing, and excellence in contemporary architectural expression.

Six winners were chosen from among 213 entries.[11] The conservation of Mostar Old Town and restoration of Al-Aqsa Mosque were examples of cultural heritage, the first theme, while the Yama Mosque and Bhong Mosque were noted for their innovation in translating traditional techniques and materials to meet contemporary requirements. The Social Security Complex and Dar Lamane Housing address the issues of community and social housing while remaining sensitive to local culture. The Chairman's Award for Lifetime Achievements was given to Iraqi architect Rifat Chadirji.

Mostar Old Town

Award recipients:[12]

Fourth (1987-1989)[edit]

The 1989 award ceremony took place at the Citadel of Salah Ed-Din in Cairo. The fourth cycle of the award considered 241 project nominations. Of these, 32 were short-listed for technical review[14] and the Master Jury selected 11 winners. Two themes were noted as areas of focus in this cycle: Revival of past vernacular traditions, and projects that reflect the efforts of individual patrons and of non-governmental organisations in improving society.

Projects such as the Great Omari Mosque and the Rehabilitation of Asilah seek to reconstruct and preserve heritage buildings for continued use, demonstrating the significance of these spaces within their communities. Meanwhile the Grameen Bank Housing Programme and Sidi el-Aloui Primary School apply architectural solutions to address current socioeonomic issues.

National Assembly of Bangladesh, Dhaka

Award recipients:[15]

Fifth (1990-1992)[edit]

The 1992 award ceremony took place at the Registan Square in Samarkand, Uzbekistan.

Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India

Award recipients:[16]

Sixth (1993-1995)[edit]

The 1995 award ceremony took place at the Kraton Surakarta in Surakarta, Indonesia.

Kaédi Regional Hospital

Award recipients:[17]

Seventh (1996-1998)[edit]

The 1998 award ceremony took place at the Alhambra in Granada, Spain. The Master Jury selected seven winning projects of the 424 presented. During this cycle, special emphasis was placed on projects that responded creatively to the emerging forces of globalization. Issues such as demographic pressure, environmental degradation, and the crisis of the nation-state, and the changes in lifestyle, cultural values, and relationships among social groups and between governments and people at large they prompted, were considered.

Of the winning projects, the rehabilitation of Hebron Old Town and Slum Networking of Indore City sought to reclaim community space in environments strained by social, physical and environmental degradation. The Lepers Hospital created a sustainable and dignified shelter for a marginalized segment of society. The remaining projects were recognized for their contribution in evolving an architectural vocabulary in response to contemporary social and environmental challenges.[18]

Alhamra Arts Council

Award recipients:[19]

Eighth (1999-2001)[edit]

Nubian Museum, Aswan

The 2001 Award Presentation Ceremony took place at the Citadel of Aleppo in Syria. During this cycle, the Chairman's Award was given to Geoffrey Bawa to honour and celebrate his lifetime achievements in and contribution to the field of architecture.

Award recipients:[21]

Ninth (2002-2004)[edit]

The 2004 award ceremony took place at the Humayun's Tomb in New Delhi, India. During the ninth cycle, 378 projects were nominated. Of these, 23 were site-reviewed, and the Master Jury selected seven award recipients.[22] Notable among the recipients are the Sandbag Shelter Prototypes, developed by Nader Khalili to enable victims of natural disasters and war to build their own shelter using earth-filled sandbags and barbed wire. The resulting structures - made up of arches, domes and vaulted spaces built using superadobe techniques - provide earthquake resistance, shelter from hurricanes and flood resistance, while being aesthetically pleasing.[23]

Petronas Towers, Kuala Lumpur

Other winning projects include a primary school in Gando, Burkina Faso, that combines high-caliber architectural design with local materials, techniques and community participation. The Bibliotheca Alexandria in Egypt and the Petronas Towers in Malaysia are examples of high-profile landmark buildings.

Award recipients:[24]

Tenth (2005-2007)[edit]

The 2007 Award Presentation Ceremony was held at the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. This cycle marked the 30th anniversary of the award. A total of 343 projects were presented for consideration, and 27 were reviewed on site by international experts.[26]

METI School in Rudrapur

The award recipients were:[27]

Eleventh (2008-2010)[edit]

The 2010 Award Presentation Ceremony was held at the Museum of Islamic Art, Doha. A total of 401 projects were nominated of which 19 were shortlisted.[28]

Wadi Hanifa

The Chairman's Award went to Oleg Grabar.[7]

The award recipients were:[29]

Twelfth (2011-2013)[edit]

20 projects were shortlisted for the ceremony held in Lisbon in September 2013.[8][31]

Tabriz Bazaar

The winning projects are:[32][33]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Aga Khan Award for Architecture." ArchitectureWeek 9 Jan. 2002.
  2. ^ ^Canadian Architect, April 26, 2012.
  3. ^ a b Canadian Architect, 12 Jan. 2007.
  4. ^ Lifetime Achievements of Hassan Fathy
  5. ^ Lifetime Achievements of Rifat Chadirji
  6. ^ Lifetime Achievements of Geoffrey Bawa
  7. ^ a b Oleg Grabar acceptance speech
  8. ^ a b Canadian Architect, May 11, 2013
  9. ^ 1980 Cycle Awards Recipients
  10. ^ 1983 Cycle Awards Recipients
  11. ^ "The Changing Present, Loughran, G., Saudi Aramco World, Nov/Dec 1987: 28-37". Archived from the original on 29 December 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-06. 
  12. ^ 1986 Cycle Awards Recipients
  13. ^ (AKTC) (ArchNet)
  14. ^ "Better by Design, Loughran, G., Saudi Aramco World, Nov/Dec 1989: 28-33". Archived from the original on 29 December 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-06. 
  15. ^ 1989 Cycle Awards Recipients
  16. ^ 1992 Cycle Awards Recipients
  17. ^ 1995 Cycle Awards Recipients
  18. ^ Cynthia C. Davidson (ed.), ed. (1999). Legacies for the Future: Contemporary Architecture in Islamic Societies. New York: Thames and Hudson Ltd. ISBN 0-500-28087-8. 
  19. ^ 1998 Cycle Awards Recipients
  20. ^ Vidhan Bhavan, (ArchNet)
  21. ^ 2001 Cycle Awards Recipients
  22. ^ "Aga Khan Award for Architecture 2004 - Architecture & Urbanism magazine, No. 78/79, Autumn/Winter 2005, Tehran". Archived from the original on 2 December 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-06. 
  23. ^ Aga Khan Award details.
  24. ^ 2004 Cycle Awards Recipients
  25. ^ See more construction images in Wikimedia Commons
  26. ^ "Nine Projects Receive 2007 Aga Khan Award for Archicture" (Press release). Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN). 2007-09-04. Archived from the original on 10 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  27. ^ 2007 Cycle Awards Recipients
  28. ^ Jenna M. McKnight: Revealed: Winners of 2010 Aga Khan Award for Architecture, in the Architectural Record, November 24, 2010, retrieved 1 December 2010
  29. ^ 2010 Cycle Awards Recipients
  30. ^ Article on the project by the architects, Enrique Sobejano and Fuensanta Nieto
  31. ^ World Architecture News, retrieved 6 May 2013
  32. ^ Cathleen McGuigan: "Aga Khan Awards Go to Projects that Build Community", in The Architectural Record, 6 September 2013
  33. ^ Aga Khan Award for Architecture 2013 Cycle Award Recipients

Sources[edit]

Further reading[edit]

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