C. W. A. Scott

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from C.W.A. Scott)
Jump to: navigation, search
C.W.A. Scott
CWA 3.jpg
C.W.A. Scott 1932
Born Charles William Anderson Scott
(1903-02-13)13 February 1903
Westminster, London, England
Died 15 April 1946(1946-04-15) (aged 43)
Germany
Cause of death
Suicide
Nationality British
Education Westminster School
Occupation Aviator
Spouse(s)
  • Kathleen O'Neill (1929–1935)
  • Greta Bremner (1936–1940)
Children Rosemary Scott
Parents
Aviation career
Known for
First flight 1922
Avro 504K
Air force  Royal Air Force
Battles Battle of Dakar
Rank Flight Lieutenant
Awards
Signature C.W.A. Scott Signature.1936.svg

Flight Lieutenant Charles William Anderson Scott, AFC (13 February 1903[1] – 15 April 1946)[2] was an English aviator, best known for winning the MacRobertson Air Race in 1934.

Biography[edit]

Born on Friday the 13th[3] he was the son of Mary Donaldson and Charles Kennedy Scott, who was founder of the Oriana Madrigal Society and the founder and conductor of the Philharmonic Choir.[4] Scott was also the great nephew of Lord Scott-Dickson a Scottish Unionist politician and judge.[5] Scott was born in London and was educated at Westminster School. He was a keen musician, poet and yachtsman. After leaving school he served on a sugar plantation in British Guiana for a short time before returning to England and joining the Royal Air Force in 1922 where he learned to fly.[citation needed]

While serving with the RAF, Scott gained a reputation for his aerobatic skill and was RAF heavyweight boxing champion for two consecutive years. He left the RAF in 1926 and emigrated to Australia, where he took up a post as a commercial pilot for the fledgling airline company Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services (now Qantas). In 1929, while on leave from QANTAS following a crash in a de Havilland DH.50J, Scott met his first wife Kathleen. In 1930, he broke the solo record from Brisbane to Melbourne in a de Havilland DH.60 Gipsy Moth aeroplane to get to the birth of his daughter Rosemary. Scott became world famous when he broke the England–Australia solo flight record in 1931, flying a de Havilland DH.60 Moth.[citation needed] For this achievement, the King awarded him the Air Force Cross in 1931. Competing against fellow pilots such as Bert Hinkler, Charles Kingsford Smith and Jim Mollison, Scott went on to beat the Australia–England solo flight record in 1932 and then re-took the England–Australia the same year. In 1934, he was picked, along with Tom Campbell Black, to fly one of three purpose-built de Havilland DH.88 Comet Racers to compete in the MacRobertson Air Race, which is still considered the world's greatest air race. Scott and Black won the race, breaking the England–Australia flight record of 162 hours down to 52 hours and 33 minutes. They reached the finish line in Melbourne in 71 hours winning the £10.000 prize money and becoming world famous overnight. Following the race, Scott received several medals and awards and was celebrated wherever he went, including invitations from King Edward VIII.[citation needed]

In 1936, Scott took over Sir Alan Cobham's National Air Displays Ltd and for one season operated C.W.A. Scott Flying Display Ltd. In September that year, he won another air race; flying a Percival Vega Gull, he and Giles Guthrie won the Schlesinger Air Race from Portsmouth to Johannesburg, South Africa, again winning the £10,000 prize money. Before the race, Scott married his second wife, Greta Bremna, but they divorced in 1940.[citation needed] With the onset of World War II Scott served for a time as an Air Raid Precautions (ARP) civil defence ambulance driver then he joined the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (RNVR) as a lieutenant, and took part in the Dakar landing. He also spent a period as an Atlantic ferry pilot and was stationed with de Havilland Canada as a test pilot, testing newly built de Havilland Mosquitos and training pilots to fly them. Following the war, and after becoming estranged from his third wife,[6] Scott took a post at the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) headquarters in Germany. On 15 April 1946, whilst in a state of depression, he fatally wounded himself with a gunshot using his military issue revolver.[citation needed]

Early career and RAF service[edit]

Scott was educated at Westminster School. In 1920 he left school and took a 5 year contract with a sugar plantation at a British colony in Demerara, British Guiana. Scott did not enjoy his time at the sugar plantation and after 18 months and a bout of malaria his father arranged for his release of the 5 year contract and for his passage back home to London.[7] He joined the RAF as a pilot in 1922 and on 9 December 1922 he was granted a short service commission as a probationary pilot Officer, and joined No. 2 Flying Training School, Duxford for flight training.[8][9] He made his first "solo flight" in an Avro 504K and on 9 July 1923 his rank as Pilot Officer was confirmed;[10] on 15 November 1923 he got his "wings" and was appointed Pilot Officer to be stationed with No. 32 Squadron RAF Kenley,[11] where he acquired a reputation for his aerobatic skill flying Sopwith Snipes and Gloster Grebes. Partly because he had passed the navigation exam at flying training school with 100 percent, his C.O sent him on a three month navigation coarse at RAF Calshot; Scott enjoyed his few months by the sea and just passed the final examinations with 60 percent, which was the exact percentage required to pass.[12] On 9 July 1924 he was promoted to the rank of Flying Officer,[13] and on 1 November 1924 he was appointed Flying Officer to be stationed at the Armament and Gunnery School Eastchurch;[14] however, the decision to post him there was changed and he remained with 32 Squadron, Kenley.[15] He left the service on 9 December 1926[16] and was transferred onto the reserve list as a class C Flying Officer[17] until 9 December 1930.[18] During Scott's time with the RAF he recorded 893 hours of flying time.[19]

Cruiser and heavyweight boxing titles[edit]

When Scott first joined Flying training school Duxford, he and the other new pilot officers were divided into squads; in each squad one of the officers was made "Squad commander" though the squad commander was equal in rank to the other officers in his squad. In Scott's case the squad commander named Newbigging was a large fellow of some six foot four and had seen a lot of service with the Scots Guards in World War I. Newbigging soon took offence to Scott's precocious attitude, as Scott was undisciplined and fresh from the sugar plantations, where he was well adept at enforcing discipline, but not too keen on taking orders for himself. This clash of personalities lead to Scott and Newbigging having a bout of fisticuffs (as Scott referred to it), of which Scott was the victor. News of this spread around the camp, and subsequently Scott was sent off as one of a team to box in the group championships; after winning the fight in his weight there, he was then picked to box in the RAF championships at RAF Halton.[20] The RAF championships took place near the end of Scott's first term at Duxford and he won the heavy-weight title there, becoming RAF heavyweight champion for 1923.[21]

On returning to his camp he received a personal commendation from his Wing Commander, who then informed Scott that he had been selected to box for the RAF against the Army, Navy, and Marines. In 1923, 1924 and 1925 The Imperial Services Boxing Association (I.S.B.A) Championships took the form of Inter Service Team Championships between the Royal Navy, Royal Marines, Army and Royal Air Force.[22] The championships took place at Aldershot. Scott met his opponent in the dressing-room before the fight a Lieutenant Capper who in Scott's words - "held out two enormous gloves and asked me if I had any objection to his using those, as the standard gloves would not fit his hands. Had he held out a meat axe I would have acquiesced as meekly, for I knew that nothing could prevent him doing with me just what he liked."[23] Scott lost the fight in round two and Capper went on to win the amateur championship of England.[23]

The following year, then posted at Kenley the RAF annual individual boxing championships took place and Scott successfully defended his title becoming RAF heavyweight champion for his second year running in 1924. This meant that instead of returning immediately to his unit Scott went to RNAS Lee-on-Solent with the rest of the RAF team to train for the I.S.B.A Championships, to be held at HMNB Portsmouth, again he failed to beat his opponent but put up a much better fight than he had done the previous year.[24]

"London Defended" 1925 Official Program.

Aerobatics[edit]

In 1924 Scott and other members of No. 32 Squadron performed six nights a week in a night time air display over the Wembley Exhibition flying Sopwith Snipes which were painted black for the display and fitted with white lights on the wings tail and fuselage of the aircraft. The display involved firing blank ammunition into the stadium crowds and dropping pyrotechnics from the aeroplanes to simulate shrapnel from guns on the ground, Explosions on the ground also produced the effect of bombs being dropped into the stadium by the Aeroplanes.[citation needed] On one evening during these displays one of the pilots had to make a forced landing at the nearby allotted forced landing ground, seconds after the pilot evacuated the crashed aeroplane it went up in flames. Unbeknown to Scott his parents were spectators in the crowd that night and after rumours among the crowd and belief by the pilots that one of them had burnt to death that night, Scott's father made several phone calls to the RAF who would not disclose any information, so he drove all the way to their Mess at Northolt to establish that His son was indeed alive and then relay that information back to Scott's Mother who was very distressed. A similar air display was conducted the following year at the Wembley Exhibition called London Defended and they also did a piece much the same at the Aldershot tattoo.[citation needed]

Royal Air Force Display Hendon 1925. -Flight Magazine- 2 July 1925

The following month June 1925, No 32 Squadron did an air display demonstrating Flight-converging bombing at the R.A.F Display, Hendon. Scott was selected to do individual aerobatics in a brand-new Snipe which he was allowed to paint red, this pleased Scott greatly as it meant that he was also allowed to practice his aerobatics at a low altitude, rather than above 2000 feet which was R.A.F regulations at that time. In Scott's book he tells of how for his solo display he was allotted exactly seven minutes during the luncheon break, to complete his show but after just two minutes, a flying wire broke in the near edge of the port side, anxious not to cut his allotted seven minutes down too much he began to fly the aircraft upside down in an effort to reduce the strain on the flying wires, he continued flying in an inverted position for some time until he noticed a worrying quiver in the top plane and promptly landed slightly short of his seven minutes. The following week in the weekly edition of Flight magazine their reporter described the incident in these words- Flight 02, 07, 1925- While there was a certain liveliness in the aerodrome during the early part of the day, it was not until about 1.30 pm that the first really exciting item occurred, when a machine—we think it was one of the good old Sopwith "Snipes"—went up and executed a number of really excellent stunts, including one of the longest sustained upside-down flights we have seen.[25][26] Incidentally, two months later when No 32 Squadron had received their full complement of new Gloster Grebes, Scott delivered the same Snipe to the newly forming No. 17 Squadron Hawkinge. The senior Flying Commander asked him how good the machine was and Scott who thought it to be the finest Sopwith Snipe he had ever handled told him just that.[27] Then two weeks later while flying at considerable altitude the left wing of the Snipe collapsed and the Flight Commander was killed. His death was announced in Flight magazine on 1 October 1925 under the heading- R.A.F. Flying Accidents:The Air Ministry regrets to announce the following flying accidents:- Resulting from an accident near Folkestone to a Sopwith Snipe of No. 17 Squadron Hawkinge on 24 September, Flight-Lieutenant Arthur Wilfred Cuddon-Davis, the pilot and sole occupant of the aircraft, was killed.[28] Scott would go on to become top of the bill for the 1933 British Hospitals Air Pageant[29] and then form C. W. A. Scott's Flying display for the 1936 season.[citation needed]

World War II[edit]

With the outbreak of World war Two in 1939 only six months before the pivotal Battle of Britain got under way, Scott approached the RAF once again, Scott felt that his experience in the air would be valuable to the RAF's war effort, but officials within the RAF did not agree, it was suggested that he may join as a Pilot Officer (the lowest commissioned rank) and that he may then be placed on ferry duties after some aviation instructions. Scott publicly criticized the 'Aviation Chaos' within the RAF after their refusal to accept his application to join at a level where his experience could have been of use to the war effort and instead joined the ARP as an ambulance driver in London,[30][31] although he did go on to Ferry aircraft across the Atlantic to Britain later on in the war as a RAF Transport Command pilot and was a test pilot testing Mosquitos and training pilots to fly Mosquitos while posted with De haviland Canada.[32][33]

Qantas years[edit]

Having qualified for his 'B' commercial licence he emigrated to Australia in 1927 to seek work with airline companies.[34] He played a pioneering role in the formation and the early expansion of the airline company Qantas which still operates to this day and is the national airline of Australia. As a commercial pilot in Australia he frequently made long air taxi flights, perhaps the best known being a 4,000 miles (6,400 km) trip across Central Australia.[35] Scott became a senior pilot for Qantas[36] and during this time he acquired an intimate knowledge of the northern territory. In 1929 Qantas posted him to Brisbane to take over the duties of flying instructor at Eagle Farm Airport, Brisbane Flying Training School.[37] During Scott's time as a pilot for Qantas he recorded 3,179 hours of flying time,[19] covering over 83,000 miles (134,000 km).[36]

Adelaide August 1928, Royal Air Force Air Marshal Sir John Salmond (second from left) with members of his party C.W.A. Scott (pilot, second from right) and George Nutson (engineer, first on left) after a taxi trip from Darwin using the DH.50J Hermes during Salmond's tour of northern Australia

Scott's fatal DH.50J crash[edit]

On 4 September 1928 Scott crashed the Qantas DH.50J named Hermes registered G-AUHI in bad weather six miles north-east of Parafield Aerodrome, South Australia, resulting in the death of his engineer George Nutson. Scott had been the pilot for a long tour of Northern Australia earlier that year for Lord Stonehaven and had then piloted an equally extensive tour of north Australia for the British Marshal of the Royal Air Force, Sir John Salmond who was in Australia as a guest of the Commonwealth Government to advise on aerial defence. Salmond's tour ended in Adelaide and not long after an early morning take-off, on the return journey to Longreach Scott crashed in hilly country and bad weather. Scott broke his jaw and suffered severe burns as Hermes burst into flames. Despite his injuries and shock, Scott dragged Nutson, his engineer and the only other person on board, free from the flames but Nutson died from his injuries later in hospital.[38] The aircraft was destroyed by the fire.[39]

In addition to the tragedy of Nutson's death, the crash came as a heavy financial blow and caused major disruptions to Qantas' operations, especially the planned Brisbane service. On 7 September Hudson Fysh asked the directors "to decide on the questions of Scott's future employment". Scott, he wrote, "has given valuable service and he is a brilliant pilot, is possibly the hardest worker we have yet employed and has the physical qualities to stand up to this."[citation needed] However, said Fysh, despite repeated notifications and personal instructions Scott had not attained "the standard of care and safety we demand." His personal behaviour had been the subject of criticism, though he was popular and a good man to work with. "I find on present evidence that the pilot (Scott) committed a serious error of judgement in leaving Parafield Aerodrome in weather which was unsuitable...and when there was no need for hurry." Scott had also, Fysh reported, placed fourteen tins of petrol in the cabin of the aircraft without proper reason.[citation needed]

After the crash, Scott had swiftly offered his resignation. But angered and offended by this judgement passed on him by Fysh, who had not heard Scott's evidence or that of the Official Air Accident Investigation Committee, Scott withdrew his resignation and in a letter to Fergus McMaster on 12 October explained that he had only offered his resignation "as the right thing to do... in the feeling of good fellowship that can exist between employer and employee." He had, he said, expected a fair hearing, adding, "I must mention certain letters that I received from the managing director and their effect on my attitude". Scott did not agree with Fysh's views on the facts concerning the take-off. "I am no novice", he wrote indignantly, "to such flying conditions."[citation needed]

On 16 October, Fysh reported to McMaster that in his interview with Scott he had "gained nothing that would tend to make us take a more lenient view of his general behaviour and the Adelaide crash" in fact, wrote Fysh, "Scott had made matters worse by saying that the petrol was placed in the cabin to enable him to return via Broken Hill and Thargomindah right across more or less unknown country, and without even informing us". Fysh admitted, "I could certainly use Scott later on...If he can be got on to safe flying he will make an excellent man for us". Fysh suggested to the board that Scott be suspended for two months without pay, take a salary reduction, in future strictly carry out company rules and that Scott must sign an undertaking to go teetotal both on and off duty.[citation needed]

McMaster considered Both Scott's and Fysh's views on the crash, and on 21 October he explained to Scott that he had fully considered all his points, but reiterated "the fact remains that you were a pilot employed in commercial aviation and you did not put safety first. You took a risk that you should not have taken. I quite realize that for a man such as yourself, with unlimited energy, ambition and skill it must come hard to sit down and not act..." McMaster then soundly reprimanded Scott for his off duty conduct, saying "It was common street talk that only a few days previous to you leaving Longreach for Hughenden to pick up Sir John Salmond you had been drinking heavily. Your conduct was anything but desirable both as regards your own interests and the interests of commercial aviation." McMaster acknowledged that "street talk" was not something ordinarily to be listened to but, he said, "the talk was common at the Hotel, the Club and the Golf Links". He concluded: "I sincerely regret losing your services and am only too willing to place your letter before the board".

The board considered Scott's letter, and after formally interviewing him, decided to allow him to continue flying with Qantas. Scott did not make reference to these disciplinary proceedings in his book in 1934, though does write in detail about the crash and the spin from eighteen hundred feet in cloud to the ground. He wrote: "I returned to flying duties at the end of January 1929". Fysh thought him "a brilliant but over-volatile pilot...too brilliant to be stable". As a result of this crash came a set of "Rules for the Observance of Pilots", which Fysh put into operation in November 1928.[40]

de Havilland DH.60M Moth VH-UQA, flown by C.W.A. Scott from England to Australia, breaking the solo record; at Darwin 28 April 1932

Early England Australia record flights[edit]

Scott shaking hands with Lord Amulree as his wife looks on

By 1931 Scott had made several record breaking flights across Australia while serving as a pilot for Qantas. He had made a record-breaking flight whilst flying Lord Stonehaven on his tour in 1927 and had then gone on to make the longest air taxi trip of its time in Australia of 3000 miles whilst piloting for Sir John Salmond's tour of the northern territories in 1928. Scott had also broken many speed records across Australia including the Brisbane - Cairns record and the Brisbane - Melbourne speed record in 1930. He had met Amy Johnson when he escorted her across Australia following her record England - Australia flight and was also inspired by Bert Hinkler whom he had also met (as he had been involved in the search for Hinkler who had become lost following his record breaking England - Australia flight).[41] Scott secured financial backing to attempt an England to Australia record which also involved delivery of the de Havilland Moth G-ABHY to his financial backer; on 10 April 1931 Scott landed at Darwin after having left England 9 days 4 hrs 11 minutes earlier, breaking the England - Australia record. This would be the first of three England Australia records, the next one being a record breaking flight back to England in 1931 in another DH Moth, this time funded by Lord Wakefield who purchased the Moth VH-UQA for Scott to complete this and another record England - Australia flight in 1932.[42][43][44] It was announced in the London Gazette for 30 June 1931 that "The King has been graciously pleased to approve of the award of the Air Force Cross to Mr. Charles William Anderson Scott in recognition of the distinguished services rendered to aviation by his recent flights between England and Australia."[45][46]

The London to Melbourne Centenary Air Race[edit]

de Havilland DH.88 Comet racer G-ACSS, Grosvenor House, flown by C.W.A. Scott and Tom Campbell Black.
MacRobertson Air Race poster, 1934

In 1934, Scott and Tom Campbell Black were entered in the London to Melbourne Air Race, officially known as the "MacRobertson Air Race", and also dubbed "The world's Greatest Air race". The Great Air Race is still believed to be the most important air race that has ever taken place, because as well as attracting more publicity, worldwide organization and involvement than any other air race before or since, it stood to encourage the extension of an established air route to the British Empire's furthermost territory. This was not only thought to be highly beneficial as an air mail and passenger route, but would also enable troops and supplies to be quickly and efficiently moved to the area should there be any future military threats from South East Asia. Charles Scott and Campbell Black had met one year previously to the start of the race at a cocktail party at the Royal Aero Club in London. They had both agreed to enter the race, but only as a team and only if a suitable sponsor could be found. In early 1934 Scott was called to Stag lane for a meeting with the business manager of the de Havilland Aircraft Company, where he was introduced to Arthur Edwards, an entrepreneur and speculative property developer. Edwards (Managing director of the Grosvenor House Hotel development) and Scott struck a deal within 20 minutes of meeting and it was in a private capacity that Edwards engaged the services of both Scott and Black, following his order directly off the drawing board of a de Havilland Comet.[47] Scott's team was not the only team to have ordered a De Havilland DH.88 Comet to be designed and built specifically with the intention of being suitable to compete in, and win both the handicap and the speed section of the race. Jim Mollison and his wife Amy Mollison (Amy Johnson) ordered a Comet using their own funds[48] and another team also gained sponsorship to purchase and race the third of the de Havilland Machines, which were to be designed, built and tested in time for the race. The Great Air Race would commence from Mildenhall aerodrome at 6.30 am on 20 October 1934.[citation needed]

It was agreed that Scott would be designated handling pilot for the race and occupy the front seat of the tandem cockpit, piloting the take-off and landing at every enforced checkpoint along the route and any other refuelling, or necessary stops for the entirety of the race. The flying of the plane would be on a fifty-fifty basis involving shifts of 4 hours on four hours off.[49] Just six days before the start of the race Scott flew the newly built scarlet Comet, number 34 named Grosvenor House G-ACSS, which had only logged 83 minutes of flight time, from Hatfield Aerodrome where it had been built to RAF Mildenhall and made a nicely judged landing. He later admitted that he had never handled a twin engine aircraft before this one.[50] With one day to go before the start of the race, amidst frantic last-minute preparations a Royal visit was made by HRH The Prince of Wales whom Scott was photographed with explaining the new variable-pitch propeller system fitted to his Comet. Their Royal Highnesses King George V and Queen Mary also visited that afternoon at very short notice, meeting competitors including Scott.[citation needed]

The race commenced on time in front of an unexpected 60,000-strong crowd with the first plane to take off being the Mollisons' Comet named Black Magic and soon after C.W.A. Scott and Tom Campbell Black were in the air heading for Melbourne. Scott and Black touched down at their first control point in Baghdad 12 hours and 2,500 miles (4,000 km) later just a few minutes behind the Mollisons and were in the air again half an hour later on course for Allahabad. When they arrived in Allahabad, another 12 hours and 2,300 miles (3,700 km) later they had taken the race lead as the Mollisons' Comet was held up with complications to its undercarriage in Karachi. When they touched down in Singapore observers thought they saw smoke coming from an engine but the fire service found no problem; after shutting down the engines Scott ordered two glasses of beer and jinked about with nervous energy, keen to be on his way.[51] The next part of the journey involved island hopping before the crossing of the Timor Sea[52]

Race Route

Just two days after leaving RAF Mildenhall Scott and Black touched down on Australian soil in Darwin; Scott was found by race officials lying down under the wing of his aeroplane stretching his right leg.[53] He was suffering badly from cramp in his leg because they feared that the port engine was seizing up so had throttled it down, this meant that Scott was forced to compensate for the uneven port/starboard power levels by constantly applying pressure to the Rudder control pedal with his right foot during flight.[citation needed] The following is an excerpt from Time magazine, 29 October 1934, Volume XXIV, Number 18.

Third Day. Biggest sensation of the race came just before dawn on the third day, when burly Lieutenant Scott and dapper Captain Black flew their scarlet Comet into Darwin. They had covered the last 300 miles over water on one motor, risked death landing on a field made soggy by the first rain in seven months. Said sandy-haired Lieutenant Scott: "We've had a devil of a trip." But they had flown 9000 miles in two days, had broken the England to Australia record of 162 hr. in the unbelievable time of 52hr. 33 min., were only 2000 miles from their goal at Melbourne.[citation needed]

This England to Australia record of 52 hours 33 mins remains unbeaten today (2012) by any other piston-powered aircraft. On 10 November 1935, Charles Kingsford-Smith and his co-pilot died trying to beat this record.[citation needed]

Both the other Comets were also suffering from overheating engines and the Mollisons had been forced to retire from the race only having reached Allahabad. This gave Scott and Black a good chance of winning. Engineers examined the port engine during the turn around and decided that it was OK to fly if throttled down. After having no real sleep since leaving England, they flew off course in an area that Scott knew very well from all his previous experience flying in the Northern territories but eventually Scott and Black touched down at their final control point in Charleville just 800 miles short of their 11,325 mile journey. Scott was reported as looking haggard, worn and unshaven and could only speak in a whisper; he almost collapsed from the severe cramp which again afflicted his leg.[54] Provision had been made to replace two of the pistons on the weary port engine but it was deemed unnecessary if they made the final 6 hour leg operating on low power. They set off from Charleville only having to return due to a faulty oil pressure gauge, the fault was realized and they once again began the final stretch of their journey. Each pilot flew for half an hour at a time while the other smoked or slept, but this then proved impossible, so by mutual consent the periods were cut down to twenty minutes and then to ten. It was still a strain to keep awake, manipulate the controls and maintain course, but with this regular changing they just about managed it.[55]

DeHavilland DH.88 Comet, "Grosvenor House" G-ACSS, in Martin Place, Sydney 12 November 1934.

Finally nearly 71 hours after the start of the race at Mildenhall of which 65 and a half hours had been spent in the air, Scott and Black were the first to fly across the finish line marked by neon lights and white sheets laid out on the ground at Flemington Racecourse. A crowd of between 50,000[56] and 100,000[57] jubilant spectators let out deafening cheers as they circled and flew the finishing line once more at high speed and low level in victorious celebration and to be sure of a proper finish. Using all the strength and ability he had remaining Scott landed the victorious Comet at nearby Laverton Aerodrome and they declared themselves winners of the "Speed Section" of the race eligible for the First Place Prize of 10,000 pounds. The race had been organised into two sections, the "race" section and the "handicap" section with some competitors entering either one of the two sections and some competitors entering both, Scott and Black had entered both and they had also won the "Handicap Section" but the race rules didn't allow them to Claim the prize money for both the "race" and "handicap" sections of the race. Scott and Black were then put through yet another flight as they were ferried in two De Havilland DH.60 Moths back to Flemington Racecourse for an official public reception, where they were greeted by Sir Macpherson Robertson the organizer of the race.[citation needed]

Captured on film by Movietone, C.W.A. Scott who was never short of a word, humoured the on-looking public with this speech:[58]

Scott's speech in Melbourne[edit]

Movietone newsreels coverage of the race 1934. Including Scott's speech.
The MacRobertson Air Race Trophy, current whereabouts; Thought to have been donated to the Red Cross in 1941 to be melted down for the war effort (see image further below).

Black insisted that he had never made a speech in his life that that if he were going to say anything that it would only be "Thank you". Celebrations followed and when all the qualifying back markers had arrived in Melbourne they were all paraded through the streets in open top cars C.W.A. Scott and Tom Campbell Black at the front of the procession with other competitors like the popular young Australian Jimmy Melrose following behind.[citation needed]

A phone call from Scott's father following the race was reported in The Courier-Mail Brisbane on 26 October 1934. The article entitled "FATHER SPEAKS TO AIRMAN" "Scott Accepts Job in London" published; "The News Chroncle" announces that Scott has joined its staff as aviation editor.[59] Scott also went on to become "Aviation correspondent" for The Courier-Mail[60] and in conjunction with Scott's book being published in November 1934 The Courier-Mail purchased the Queensland rights to publish several articles entitled "SCOTT TELLS THE STORY OF HIS LIFE" which were very similar in text to chapters of his book.[61]

In the months leading up to the race Scott had been compiling his autobiography. He had had a months worth of meetings with John Leggitt where he had dictated the entire story of his life and John Leggit was to put the book together and get it to press. On being victorious in the race Scott wrote the final chapter of his book "Scott's Book, The life and Mildenhall-Melbourne flight of C.W.A. Scott told by himself" and cabled this final chapter to England so that the book could be published by Hodder and Stoughton in November 1934 while Scott himself was still on his way back from Australia.[citation needed]

Back in England Scott and Black were awarded the gold medal of the Royal Aero Club The gold, silver and bronze medals are awarded annually for outstanding achievement in aviation during the preceding year or over a number of years, principally, but not necessarily, as a pilot. They were also awarded The Britannia Trophy by the Royal Aero Club, England, presented "For the British Aviator or Aviators accomplishing the most meritorious performance in aviation during the previous year." Scott also received the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) Gold Air Medal for 1934[62] and the Harmon Trophy,[63] the International Award for Best Aviator of 1934.[citation needed]

In February 1935 Scott was installed as a member of G.A.P.A.N Guild of Air Pilots and Air Navigators of the British Empire. The Guild was and still is responsible for advising the government on air safety and aeronautics.[64]

De Havilland Mosquito[edit]

DH.98 Mosquito in Flight
DH.88 Comet in Flight, by Terry Brennan. terrybrennan.org

Scott and Black's skilful and accomplished flying of the DH.88 Comet in The Great Air Race went a long way to prove the De Havilland Aircraft Company's ability to produce a world class military light weight wooden aeroplane.[65] The wooden construction and stressed skin covering not only saved weight and compensated for the low power engines, but simplified production and enabled a fast construction rate. The potential of the construction design could be seen in the design of the DH.88, which heavily influenced the design of the Mosquito.[65]

The Comet was to become the model for the de Havilland Mosquito[66] of which over 7000 were produced. They were to become the most versatile British RAF aeroplane of World War II, lightweight and fast like the Comet, many Mosquitoes were produced as unarmed bombers, as their speed was their defence.[65]

In 1943 during World War II Scott was attached to the "de Havilland of Canada" Test Flight staff where he test flew new Mosquitos,[67] he also trained pilots to fly the Mosquito and served during World War II as an Atlantic ferry pilot[68] at a time when over 1000 newly built Mosquitoes[69] were ferried to Britain from de Havilland Canada.[citation needed]

C.W.A. Scott's Flying Display[edit]

C.W.A. Scott's Flying Display. Photo- Flight, 1936-16-04
C.W.A. Scott's Flying Display Aircraft. Photo- Flight, 1936-16-04. The caption reads: The Fleet : Miss Joan Meakin's Wolf glider, the Airspeed Ferry, and the B.A.C. Drone are in the foreground.

In December 1935 Scott bought most of Sir Alan Cobhams company National Aviation Displays Ltd and formed C.W.A. Scott's Flying Display Ltd.[70] An article in The Argus (Melbourne) 19 December 1935, read " A Company entitled "C.W.A. Scott's Flying Display Ltd" has acquired from Sir Alan Cobham the aircraft and other assets of National Aviation Displays Ltd. Mr Scott is chairman and the directors include Mr Campbell Black and Miss Jean Batten. The company aims at making flying popular and in affording novices opportunities of learning to fly under dual control."[71]

An article in Flight magazine April I6, 1936 described the up and coming season as follows; "The season's programme of Mr. C.W.A. Scott's "Flying for All" Display embraces over 150 centres in the United Kingdom and Irish Free State, and aims particularly at familiarising people with some of the cheap, easy-to-fly light aeroplanes available to-day. The ever popular chestnuts popularised at previous displays have been preserved to cater for the purely spectacular tastes of the crowd." The administrators were, Capt. P. Phillips, D.F.C. (Managing Director), Capt. J. R. King (Chief Pilot), Mr. C. W. A. Scott (Chairman) and Mr. D. L. Eskell (General Manager). The outfit consisted of 10-15 staff operating 10-15 aircraft and ran for the 1936 season but due to exceptionally bad weather throughout the season trading was not good. Scott agreed, in conjunction with his codirectors, that C. W. A, Scott's Flying Display, Ltd., should go into voluntary liquidation in November 1936.[72]

The Schlesinger Race 1936[edit]

Official Schesinger Race programme, Front cover 1936.
Scott and Guthrie triumphant after winning the Schlesinger Race. Photo- Flight 8 October 1936

Scott's co-pilot in the MacRobertson Race, Tom Campbell Black died in an accident while taxiing in a Percival Mew Gull G-AEKL preparing for the race.[55] Three Vega Gulls were built for the race, two were entered into the Schlesinger Race from England to Johannesburg, South Africa. The winners of the "Schlesinger Race" were C W.A. Scott and Giles Guthrie flying Vega Gull G-AEKE landing at Rand Airport on 1 October 1936. The aircraft had left Portsmouth 52 hours 56 minutes 48 seconds earlier. Out of the original 14 entries to the race Scott and Guthrie were the only ones to finish, winning the 10,000 pounds prize money. In 1937 Giles Guthrie went on to win the King's Cup Race in the repaired Mew Gull G-AEKL in which Black had suffered his fatal accident.[55]

Personal life[edit]

Charles Scott was married three times, divorced twice, and had one daughter. Scott met his first wife Miss Kathleen O'Neill (daughter of Mr and Mrs J. M. O'Neill, Melbourne) in 1929 whilst on leave from QANTAS after his DH 50 crash. He took a boat trip from Brisbane to Hong Kong via Thursday Island and Manilla down along the South China Sea to Singapore, and back via Java and Celebes.[73] Scott and O'Neill met on this boat trip and fell in love, they were married at Scots' Church, Melbourne, Collins St in April 1929. On 13 February 1930 (his 27th birthday) Scott made a record flight from Brisbane to Melbourne, Scott left Brisbane at 4.10 am in a Gipsy Moth aeroplane and after only 13 hours and 20 minutes of actual flying time landed at Essendon aerodrome at 6.40 that evening,[74] the motivation behind this record breaking flight was the birth of his daughter Rosemary. It was reported that Scott would take his young daughter's toy golliwog on all of his record breaking flights as his lucky mascot.[75][76] In 1935 it was announced in the Queenslander newspaper that Mrs Scott was seeking a divorce the article read as follows " Mrs. C. W. A. Scott Seeking Divorce LONDON, Wednesday. It is understood that Mrs. C. W. A. Scott is seeking a divorce from her husband, the winner of the Centenary Air Race. The case probably will be heard late in December. It appears on the undefended list. Mrs. Scott is an Australian, and there is one daughter—Rosemary."[77] In December 1935 Mrs K Scott was granted the divorce and it was announced in the Canberra Times in these words " AIRMAN'S DIVORCE LONDON, Thursday. Mrs C W A Scott, wife of the winner of the England to Australia Centenary Air Race was today granted a decree nisi on the grounds of her husband's misconduct with a girl from Australia. The suit was undefended. Evidence showed that Scott, in 1933 confessed that he loved a girl, and later he went away. His wife was granted custody of the child, which. was born in Australia."[78] On 17 September 1936 just twelve days before entering the Schlesinger race Scott married Greta Constance Bremner at Caxton Hall register office, Greta was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. E. J. L. Bremner of Melbourne, Australia and sister of the well known actress Miss Marie Bremner.[79][80] It was also reported that His Former wife Kathleen re-married on the same day to Mr. Norman Bower advertising manager of the Philco Radio Corporation.[81] Earlier that year Charles Scott appeared in several newspaper articles when he was best man at his younger brothers wedding to Miss Margaret Doreen Hollins, elder daughter of Dr. and Mrs. T. J. Hollins. In March 1936 both couples appeared in newspapers being photographed aboard Scott's yacht Chamelion enjoying cruises off Burnham on Crouch where the boat was kept. It was announced in The Advertiser (Adelaide) 10 October 1940 that Mrs Greta Scott had been granted a divorce from Charles on 8 October 1940 in the following article; Mrs. C. W. A. Scott Granted Divorce LONDON. 8 October. Mrs. Greta Scott, of Melbourne, today was granted a decree on the grounds of misconduct against Mr. C. W. A. Scott, the airman. The suit was not defended. Mrs. Scott, who was the aviator's second wife, alleged that her husband's drinking habits became obnoxious after 1938. When the war started she took up nursing, and Scott became friendly with another woman.[82] On 28 August 1941 Scott married his third wife, Kathleen Barnesley Prichard in Montreal,[83] She was a Canadian who he had met in Montreal, Canada while serving as an Atlantic ferry pilot RAF Ferry Command. By the time of his death in 1946 he had fallen in love with a Mrs. Margaret K. Wenner, director of Mass Tracing Division of the Central Tracing Bureau, UNRRA. He had met Margaret a few months earlier and become friends close with her, while posted at the UNNRA headquarters in Germany. Scott wanted to marry, but her refusal to leave her husband and accept his proposal was cited as reason for his suicide in the note which he left, which was addressed to her on the morning of his suicide when he shot himself in his chest near his heart, causing his death.[84]

Races and record flights[edit]

Year Flight Start date End date Flight duration Distance Aircraft type-reg-name co-pilot Achievement Prize
1931 Lympne, England-Port Darwin, Australia 1 April 10 April 9 day 4 hrs 11 mins 10,500 miles DH.60 Moth (Gipsy II)-G-ABHY "Kathleen" written in Chinese characters Solo England-Australia Solo Record -
1931 Wyndham, Australia-Lympne, England 26 May 5 June 10 days 23 hours 10,660 miles DH.60 Moth (Gipsy II) VH-UQA. "Kathleen" written in Chinese characters Solo Australia-England Solo Record -
1932 Lympne, England-Port Darwin, Australia 19 April 28 April 8 days 20 hrs 47 mins 10,000 miles DH.60 Moth (Gipsy II) VH-UQA. "Kathleen" written in Chinese characters Solo England-Australia Solo Record -
1934 Mildenhall, England-Melbourne, Australia 20 October 23 October 2 days 23 hours 11,325 miles DH.88 Comet G-ACSS. "Grosvenor House" Campbell Black 1st place MacRobertson Air race-England-Australia Record £10,000
1936 Portsmouth, England-Johannesburg, South Africa 29 September 1 October 52 hrs 56 mins 6,154 miles Percival Vega Gull G-AEKE Giles Guthrie 1st place Schlesinger Race £10,000

Aircraft registered to C.W.A. Scott and/or C.W.A. Scott's Flying Display Ltd[85][edit]

C.W.A. Scott with his father Charles Kennedy Scott, photographed in 1932

Later years[edit]

On 15 April 1946 whilst posted at the UNRRA headquarters in Germany, Scott committed suicide by fatally shooting himself with his army issue revolver. Scott was buried in Mengeringhausen a few miles from where he had died.[90]

Below is an excerpt from "The Great Air Race" by Arthur Swinson, first published 1968. It should be noted that this representation of Scott's frame of mind prior to his suicide is only the opinion of the author and cannot be taken as fact. Some large errors in Swinson's account of the circumstances of Scott's death include the fact that Scott was actually married to his third wife by the time of his death, not his second wife, as Swinson suggests. Scott was depressed at the time of his death but as recently discovered facts, contained in the official death report which is held in the Scott family archive prove, The reason for Scott's wish to end is life was purely attributed to his love for another woman named Margaret Wenner whom he had met in Germany and to whom was also married. Scott had repeatedly asked her to marry him but she had consistently refused. It was this reason that he gave for his suicide in a note on the morning of his death. There was no suggestion that his suicide had anything to do with his work life or level of fame, which was obviously affected by the war, but there is no evidence to suggest that he had any negative feelings about his status as a famous airman or the work he had been doing during and incidentally all for the war. Also it may be noted that although Swinson states that Scott was 42 at the time of his death he was in fact 43 as his suicide took place only two months after his 43rd birthday.

Melbourne Centenary air race trophy 1941. After many years of speculation as to the whereabouts of this trophy it would now seem that this article in the Sydney Morning Herald 24 January 1941. Is now conclusive proof that the trophy was indeed donated to the Red Cross to be melted down for the war effort and is therefore no longer in existence.

The following rather more touching news paper article was published in the News Chronicle the week following his death. It was written by his friend and former college from the News Chronicle, Ronald Walker.

Related films and newsreel links[edit]

CWA Scott Happy Plane.jpg
C.W.A.Scott Binoculars.jpg

Bibliography[edit]

  • Arthur Swinson The Great Air Race. Cassell & Company Ltd, first printed, 1968. SBN 304-93151-9.
  • Bowman, Martin. de Havilland Mosquito (Crowood Aviation series). Ramsbury, Marlborough, Wiltshire, UK: The Crowwood Press, 2005. ISBN 1-86126-736-3.
  • McCullough, Bruce. Tom Campbell Black: Pioneer Aviator. Auckland. Tom Campbell Black
  • Stuart McKay MBE. Mildenhall to Melbourne, The World's Greatest Air Race.The Tiger House Press 2009 ISBN 978-0-9563981-0-9.
  • C.W.A. Scott. Scott's Book,the life and Mildenhall-Melbourne flight of C.W.A. Scott, London : Hodder & Stoughton, 1934., Bib ID 2361252
  • Gunn, John The defeat of distance Qantas 1919-1939, 1985, ISBN 0-7022-1707-7.
  • Holliday, Joe. Mosquito! The Wooden Wonder Aircraft of World War II. Toronto: Doubleday, 1970. ISBN 0-7701-0138-0.
  • Hotson, Fred. The De Havilland Canada Story. Toronto: CANAV Books, 1983. ISBN 0-9690703-2-2.
  • Howe, Stuart. Mosquito Portfolio. London: Ian Allan Ltd., 1984. ISBN 0-7110-1406-X.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  2. ^ "de havilland | 1946 | 0894 | Flight Archive". Flightglobal.com. 9 May 1940. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  3. ^ 06 Nov 1934 - MAN WHO WON THE AIR RACE SCOTT TELLS THE STOR Y
  4. ^ Scott's book page 15
  5. ^ Scottish law review and Sheriff Court reports: Volume 50 published 1934
  6. ^ Scott family archive held by Tim Barron, digital copy held by Jim Scott.
  7. ^ Scott's book page 17
  8. ^ Scott's book page 19
  9. ^ "iraq command | inland area | squadron | 1922 | 0791 | Flight Archive". Flightglobal.com. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  10. ^ "bircham newton | air force | depot | 1923 | 0441 | Flight Archive". Flightglobal.com. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  11. ^ "depot | training sch | flying training | 1923 | 0757 | Flight Archive". Flightglobal.com. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  12. ^ Scott's book Page 32-33
  13. ^ "Viewing Page 5892 of Issue 32962". The London Gazette. 5 August 1924. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  14. ^ "flying officer | air force | duties branch | 1924 | 0725 | Flight Archive". Flightglobal.com. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  15. ^ "sqdn | aircraft depot | stores depot | 1924 | 0737 | Flight Archive". Flightglobal.com. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  16. ^ Scott's book page 62
  17. ^ "Viewing Page 8004 of Issue 33227". The London Gazette. 7 December 1926. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  18. ^ "Viewing Page 1648 of Issue 33697". The London Gazette. 10 March 1931. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  19. ^ a b "Newspaper Article". Trove.nla.gov.au. 21 April 1931. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  20. ^ Scott's book pages 20-21
  21. ^ Scott's book page 23
  22. ^ "Combined Services Senior Boxing Championships". UK: Ministry of Defense. 19 May 2010. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  23. ^ a b Scott's book page 24
  24. ^ Scott's book page 33-34
  25. ^ "air vice-marshal | air commodore | vice-marshal sir | 1925 | 0406 | Flight Archive". Flightglobal.com. 2 July 1925. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  26. ^ Scott's Book chapter 3 Aerobatics, page 41-48
  27. ^ Scott's book page's 54-55
  28. ^ "iraq | flying officer | air mail | 1925 | 0645 | Flight Archive". Flightglobal.com. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  29. ^ http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1933/1933%20-%200349.html
  30. ^ 30 Sep 1939 - Britain Will Win In Air, Says R.A.F. Leader
  31. ^ 29 Sep 1939 - R.A.F. Damps Air Ace's Ardor LONDON, Thursday
  32. ^ 27 Nov 1943 - BOMBERS CAME WITH SOME FAMOUS PILOTS
  33. ^ 1943 | 0629 | Flight Archive
  34. ^ Stuart McKay MBE. page 50 2009
  35. ^ "Flight magazine 1934 Makers of history". Flightglobal.com. 25 October 1934. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  36. ^ a b "Newspaper Article". Trove.nla.gov.au. 6 April 1931. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  37. ^ Scott's book page 138
  38. ^ Scott's book page 131
  39. ^ Gunn, John. The defeat of distance: Qantas 1919-1939 page 104
  40. ^ Gunn, John. The defeat of distance: Qantas 1919-1939, page 104- 106
  41. ^ Scott family Archive held by Scott grandson Tim Barron and digital copy held by Jim Scott (great Nephew of Scott); leave a message on this article's talk page if you would like to request a viewing of the archive.
  42. ^ "Flight magazine". Flightglobal.com. 12 June 1931. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  43. ^ "Flight Global pdf 1933 record". Flightglobal.com. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  44. ^ Stuart McKay MBE. Mildenhall to Melbourne, The Worlds Greatest Air Race page 50 2009
  45. ^ "Viewing Page 4250 of Issue 33731". The London Gazette. 30 June 1931. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  46. ^ "berlin | 1931 | 0694 | Flight Archive". Flightglobal.com. 3 July 1931. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  47. ^ Stuart McKay MBE. Mildenhall to Melbourne, The Worlds Greatest Air Race page 51 2009
  48. ^ Stuart McKay MBE. Mildenhall to Melbourne, The Worlds Greatest Air Race page 63 2009
  49. ^ Scott's book page 261
  50. ^ Stuart McKay MBE. Mildenhall to Melbourne, The Worlds Greatest Air Race page 81 2009
  51. ^ Stuart McKay MBE. Mildenhall to Melbourne,2009 page 126
  52. ^ Stuart McKay MBE. Mildenhall to Melbourne page 126
  53. ^ Stuart McKay MBE. Mildenhall to Melbourne, The Worlds Greatest Air Race page 130 2009
  54. ^ Stuart McKay MBE. Mildenhall to Melbourne, The Worlds Greatest Air Race page 132 2009
  55. ^ a b c http://www.tomcampbellblack.150m.com Tom Campbell Black
  56. ^ Stuart McKay MBE. Mildenhall to Melbourne, 2009 page 136
  57. ^ The Argus Australian newspaper, Scotts Great Win In Air Race. 24 October 1934
  58. ^ a b http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wlVlRlCoBJ0 The Great Air Race Video.
  59. ^ 26 Oct 1934 - FATHER SPEAKS TO AIRMAN Scott Accepts Job in Lon
  60. ^ 23 Jan 1935 - DUTCH AIR LEAD Can Australia Draw Level? Case fo
  61. ^ 05 Nov 1934 - SCOTT TELLS HIS LIFE STORY
  62. ^ "The FAI Gold Air Medal | Fédération Aéronautique Internationale". FAI. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  63. ^ Harmon Air Prize is Won by Scott; Briton Gets the International Award for Best Aviator -- Capt. Lehmann Honored, New York Times 11 March 1935
  64. ^ "warwick | 1935 | 0404 | Flight Archive". Flightglobal.com. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  65. ^ a b c http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c7cVvYdLeek Wooden construction of the de Havilland Mosquito in Australia
  66. ^ "de havilland | mosquito | 1942 | 2254 | Flight Archive". Flightglobal.com. 29 October 1942. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  67. ^ "1943 | 0629 | Flight Archive". Flightglobal.com. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  68. ^ a b Arthur Swinson 1968, p. 189.
  69. ^ Bowman 2005, p. 163.
  70. ^ "scott | 1936 | 0150 | Flight Archive". Flightglobal.com. 16 January 1936. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  71. ^ "Newspaper Article". Trove.nla.gov.au. 19 December 1935. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  72. ^ NOVEMBER 5, I936- FLIGHT magazine. 469
  73. ^ Scott's book page 132
  74. ^ "Newspaper Article". Trove.nla.gov.au. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  75. ^ "Newspaper Article". Trove.nla.gov.au. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  76. ^ "Newspaper Article". Trove.nla.gov.au. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  77. ^ The Queenslander 1935 November, 7. Mrs C.W.A. Scott seeks divorce
  78. ^ "Newspaper Article". Trove.nla.gov.au. 21 December 1935. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  79. ^ "Newspaper Article". Trove.nla.gov.au. 19 September 1936. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  80. ^ "Newspaper Article". Trove.nla.gov.au. 17 September 1936. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  81. ^ "Newspaper Article". Trove.nla.gov.au. 18 September 1936. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  82. ^ "Newspaper Article". Trove.nla.gov.au. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  83. ^ Quebec, Vital and Church Records (Drouin Collection), 1621-1967 Record for Prichard
  84. ^ C.W.A. Scott family archive (Official death report held by J. Scott, and Tim Barron (Grand nephew and Grandson))
  85. ^ http://www.goldenyears.ukf.net/Historic%20G-A.txt
  86. ^ a b http://www.ab-ix.co.uk/dh60.pdf
  87. ^ http://trove.nla.gov.au/work/10866321?sortby=dateAsc&q=%22cwa+scott%22&c=picture&versionId=12694710
  88. ^ 13 Jul 1936 - PERCIVAL GULL SPEEDS TO VICTORY Winner of King's
  89. ^ 1936 | 1587 | Flight Archive
  90. ^ 06 May 1946 - C.W.A. SCOTT SUICIDES IN BERLIN BERLIN, Sunday