Caradon

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For other uses, see Caradon (disambiguation).
Caradon District
CornwallCaradon.png
Population
 - 1973 58,520[1]
 - 2001 79,647[2]
History
 - Origin
 - Created 1 April 1974
 - Abolished 1 April 2009
 - Succeeded by Cornwall unitary authority
Status District
ONS code 15UB
Government District council
 - HQ Liskeard
Caradon District Council logo.png
Subdivisions
 - Type Civil parishes

Caradon was a local government district in Cornwall, United Kingdom. It contained five towns: Callington, Liskeard, Looe, Saltash and Torpoint, and over 80 villages and hamlets within 41 civil parishes. Its District Council was based in Liskeard 50°27′11″N 4°27′54″W / 50.453°N 4.465°W / 50.453; -4.465Coordinates: 50°27′11″N 4°27′54″W / 50.453°N 4.465°W / 50.453; -4.465.

The district was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, by the merger of the boroughs of Liskeard and Saltash with the urban districts of Looe and Torpoint, along with Liskeard Rural District and St Germans Rural District.

The district was named after Caradon Hill, the principal landmark of the area, and formerly the site of important copper mines. The district was abolished as part of the 2009 structural changes to local government in England on 1 April.

History[edit]

Hundreds of East and West Wivelshire[edit]

All of Caradon is included in one of these two hundreds. East Wivelshire and West Wivelshire (usually known merely as East and West) are two of the ancient Hundreds of Cornwall. East and West (Wivelshire) must have originally had a Cornish name but it is not recorded (Wivel may be from an Anglo-Saxon personal name 'Wifel').[3] There are also Anglican deaneries by the same names but the modern boundaries do not correspond exactly. The area must have formed one hundred originally but had already been divided into two before the Norman Conquest: they are grouped in Domesday under the head manors of Rillaton (East) and Fawton (West). The Cornish names are: East (Ryslegh); West (Fawy).[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Local government in England and Wales: A Guide to the New System. London: HMSO. 1974. p. 38. ISBN 0-11-750847-0. 
  2. ^ "Census 2001: Caradon". Census 2001. Office for National Statistics. 1 April 2001. Retrieved 2009-01-05. 
  3. ^ Thomas, Charles (1964) "Settlement History in Early Cornwall: I; the antiquity of the hundreds" in: Cornish Archaeology; 3. St Ives: Cornwall Archaeological Society, pp. 70-79)
  4. ^ Cornish Wikipedia. "Res Legh". Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  5. ^ Cornish Wikipedia. "Fawy". Retrieved 2009-05-23. 

External links[edit]