Carrauntoohil

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Carrauntoohil
Corrán Tuathail
Carrantuohill.jpg
Carrauntoohil (middle) looking south along the Hag's Glen
Elevation 1,038 m (3,406 ft)[1]
Prominence 1,038 m (3,406 ft)
Ranked joint 3rd in British Isles
Parent peak none - HP Ireland
Listing Country high point
Marilyn, Furth, Hewitt
Location
Carrauntoohil is located in island of Ireland
Carrauntoohil
Location in Ireland
Location County Kerry, Republic of Ireland
Range Macgillycuddy's Reeks
OSI/OSNI grid V803844
Coordinates 51°59′58″N 9°44′34″W / 51.999447°N 9.742744°W / 51.999447; -9.742744Coordinates: 51°59′58″N 9°44′34″W / 51.999447°N 9.742744°W / 51.999447; -9.742744
Topo map OSI Discovery 78

Carrauntoohil (/ˌkærənˈtl/, Irish: Corrán Tuathail)[2] is the highest peak in Ireland. Located in County Kerry, it is 1,038 metres (3,406 ft)[1] high and is the central peak of the Macgillycuddy's Reeks range. The ridge northward leads to Ireland's second-highest peak, Beenkeragh (1,010 m), while the ridge westward leads to the third-highest peak, Caher (1,001 m). Carrauntoohil overlooks three bowl-shaped valleys, each with its own lakes. To the east is Hag's Glen or Coomcallee (Com Caillí, "hollow of the Cailleach"), to the west is Coomloughra (Com Luachra, "hollow of the rushes") and to the south is Curragh More (Currach Mór, "great marsh").

A steel Christian cross, 5 metres (16 ft) tall, was erected on the summit in 1976 but was cut down by vandals in November 2014.[3]

Carrauntoohil is classed as a Furth by the Scottish Mountaineering Club, i.e. a three thousander footer furth or "outside of" Scotland,[4] which is why it is sometimes referred to as one of the Irish Munros.

Name[edit]

The mountain's name has a number of spellings and theories of origin.[5] 'Carrauntoohil' is the most common spelling of the name, and is the one used by Ordnance Survey Ireland. Other spellings include 'Carrantoohil', 'Carrantouhil', 'Carrauntouhil' and 'Carrantuohill'. These are anglicizations of an Irish placename, but its origins and meaning are not clear. "Unlike some lesser peaks, such as Mangerton or Croagh Patrick, it is not mentioned in any surviving early Irish texts".[5] The official Irish name is Corrán Tuathail. This has been interpreted as "inverted sickle" or "Tuathal's sickle", Tuathal being a male firstname.[5] However, one of the earliest mentions of the mountain, by Isaac Weld in 1812, refers to it as 'Gheraun-Tuel'. This suggests that the first element was géarán ("fang")—which is found in the names of other Kerry mountains[5]—and that an earlier name may have been Géarán Tuathail ("Tuathal's fang").[6]

Climbing routes[edit]

The mountain is most often climbed from the north-east, along the Hag's Glen and up the steep Devil's Ladder to the col between Carrauntoohil and Cnoc na Toinne, and then north-west to the summit. The route has become more dangerous in recent years due to loose stones and crowding.[7] No special equipment is needed to climb the mountain, but caution is advised. Alternatively, one can walk the two other 1,000 m peaks in a "horseshoe" trip, starting from the west. The traverse from highest point to the second highest involves a light scramble.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Mountains, Rivers & Lakes". Ordnance Survey Ireland. 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "Carrauntoohil". Placenames Database of Ireland. Retrieved 2010-01-28. 
  3. ^ "Vandals cut down iconic Cross on Ireland's highest mountain". BreakingNews.ie. 2014-11-22. Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  4. ^ Mountains - Key Facts. The Munros, Corbetts, Grahams, Donalds & Furths at www.smc.org.uk. Accessed on 2 Feb 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d "Carrauntoohil". Mountain Views. Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  6. ^ Hendroff, Adrian. From High Places: A Journey Through Ireland's Great Mountains. History Press Ireland, 2012. p.220
  7. ^ "Devil's Ladder Route". Kerry mountain rescue. Retrieved 2007-01-10. 

External links[edit]