Irvington, Baltimore

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Irvington
neighborhood statistical area
Irvington
Storefront view along Frederick Avenue in the Baltimore neighborhood of Irvington
Coordinates: 39°16′53″N 76°41′03″W / 39.281434°N 76.684141°W / 39.281434; -76.684141Coordinates: 39°16′53″N 76°41′03″W / 39.281434°N 76.684141°W / 39.281434; -76.684141
Country United States
State Maryland
City Baltimore
Area
 • Total 1.137 sq mi (2.94 km2)
 • Land 1.137 sq mi (2.94 km2)
  [1]
Population (2008)
 • Total 4,548
 • Density 4,000/sq mi (1,500/km2)
  [1]
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 21229
Area code 410, 443, and 667

Irvington (Baltimore) is a neighborhood in the Southwest District of Baltimore, located between Yale Heights neighborhood to the west and the Gwynns Falls neighborhood to the east.[2] Oldtimers used to call it "Skulltown," a moniker bestowed due to its three sprawling cemeteries. Loudon Park, Mount Olivet and New Cathedral cemeteries still dominate the landscape of this Southwest Baltimore nook.[3]

More than 50 percent of the homes in Irvington were built before 1950. Its population in 2008 was estimated at 4,548.[1]

The community's boundary with the Gwynns Falls neighborhood is drawn by Caton Avenue and the MARC Penn Line. Its boundary with Yale Heights follows Maiden Choice Run from Frederick Avenue (north) to Loudon Park Cemetery (south). Irvington's southwest corner encompasses Loudon Park Cemetery, ending at Beechfield Avenue (west), where it meets the Beechfield neighborhood and Wilkens Avenue (south).[1][2]

Public transportation[edit]

MTA Route 10 passes through Irvington as it travels between Dundalk and Catonsville. The bus serves stops on Frederick Avenue and Yale Avenue.[4]

Quickbus Route 46 stops at Frederick Avenue and Augusta Avenue in Irvington as it travels between the Paradise Avenue loop and the Cedonia loop. It operates only on weekdays, from 5 a.m. to 6 p.m.[5]

Schools[edit]

Mount St. Joseph College, located at 4403 Frederick Avenue in Irvington, is a Catholic high school for boys in grades 9 through 12. It was founded in 1876 by the Xavarian Brothers on the former Lusby estate.[6]

St. Joseph Monastery School originally consisted of only Whiteford Hall. This addition was added in 1955 due to increasing enrollment.

St. Joseph Monastery School, founded in 1889 by the Passionists Priests of St. Joseph's Monastery, was established as a parish school on the property known as Cedar Lawn. The School Sisters of Notre Dame assumed responsibility for teaching at the school and on August 22, 1890, the first three Sisters arrived. Forty students were enrolled at its opening. As enrollment grew rapidly, a separate school building was constructed in Irvington at 3601 Old Frederick Road. On February 22, 1893, St. Joseph's Monastery School was dedicated by Cardinal Gibbons. In 1923, a new convent was completed to house the growing community of Sisters. Enrollment continued to increase and on October 3, 1954, ground was broken for a new 12-classroom addition to the school, offering enrollment from first through eighth grades. On September 18, 1955, the two-story brick addition to the school was blessed by Archibishop Keough. The school had steady enrollment until an increasing number of families began moving to the suburbs.[7]

St. Bernardine's Catholic School, previously St. Joseph's Monastery School, opened in 1997 at 3601 Old Frederick Road, offering enrollment to kindergarten through grade 8. It closed its doors on June 4, 2010. The school was one of 13 in the archdiocese selected for closing at the end of the 2009/2010 school year.[8][9]

Nearby schools[edit]

Two public schools are located in adjoining neighborhoods.

  • Beechfield Elementary School, at 301 South Beechfield Avenue in Yale Heights, serves children from pre-kindergarten through grade 6.
  • Sarah M. Roach Elementary School, at 3434 Old Frederick Road in the neighborhood of St. Joseph, serves pre-kindergarten through grade 5.

Significant landmarks[edit]

The ornate gateway to Loudon Park Cemetery in the Irvington area of Catonsville, which was built in the 1850s and later demolished for the structures existing in 1998. Photo shows a horsecar of the Baltimore, Catonsville and Ellicott's Mills Railway with destination signs for Carrolton, Irvington and Paradise on its side. By 1883 the line had come under the control of the United Passenger Railway.

Irvington Theatre[edit]

Since it opened at 4113 Frederick Avenue in January 1925, the Irvington Theatre, with its marquee sign, was a prominent landmark of the community. After remodeling in 1967, it was renamed the Irvington Cinema and began screening classic and foreign films.[10]

The cinema's marquee became a somewhat less welcome presence, in a predominately Catholic neighborhood, when the cinema began screening adult films in 1969. It closed in May 1971 in response to local protests. In September 1971, the building was converted into a church. A marquee sign is no longer attached to the building.[10]

St. Joseph Monastery[edit]

St. Joseph's Monastery Church, located at 3801 Old Frederick Road

St. Joseph Passionist Monastery and St. Joseph's Monastery Parish, located at 3801 Old Frederick Road, constructed from blue granite blocks, are among the city's most beautiful historic structures. The Passionist Order was invited to Baltimore in 1865 by Archbishop Martin John Spalding. In 1868, the Passionists built a small wooden church on a tract of land along Frederick Avenue, opposite Loudon Park Cemetery. This building became known as the "Church of the Passion", marking the beginning of St. Joseph's Monastery Parish.[11]

Construction of a new, larger church began in 1881 and was completed in 1883. Its cornerstone was placed by Cardinal James Gibbons. The original monastery, beside the church, burned down in 1883. A new monastery was completed in 1886.[11]

The congregation of St. Joseph's Monastery Parish outgrew their church building in the following century. In 1931, Archbishop Michael Joseph Curley placed the cornerstone for the parish's current church building. It was completed on October 2, 1932.[11]

In April 2014, Father Thomas McCann, administrator of St. Joseph's, announced that the Passionist Priests would "no longer shepherd" St. Joseph's Monastery Church after 149 years of residence. The order's departure date was scheduled for June 30, 2014. The Very Rev. Robert Joerger, the provincial of the Passionists, reflected on the advanced age of many members of his religious order, as well as the declining numbers of that order, in the decision to leave Baltimore for other places. The Archdiocese of Baltimore assumed responsibility for St. Joseph's facilities on June 30, 2014.[12] [13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Irvington neighborhood in Baltimore, Maryland. City-Data.com. Retrieved 2010-07-28
  2. ^ a b See List of Baltimore neighborhoods
  3. ^ D'Arcy, Janet (May 18, 1997). "Everything for Building a Life". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved May 18, 1997. 
  4. ^ "Route 10 Local Bus Schedule". MTA Maryland. February 6, 2011. Retrieved July 23, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Route 46 Quickbus Schedule". MTA Maryland. August 30, 2010. Retrieved July 23, 2011. 
  6. ^ Marsha Wight Wise (2009). Baltimore Neighborhoods. Arcadia Publishing. p. 93. ISBN 0-7385-5290-9. 
  7. ^ Yearbook, 100th Anniversary (1968). St. Joseph's Passionist Monastery. South Hackensack, N.J.: Custombook, Inc. p. 6. 
  8. ^ St. Bernardine Catholic School to close. Letter from Rev. Monsignor Edward Miller, March 7, 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
  9. ^ Pastor's Page. Letter from pastor of St. Bernardine's Roman Catholic Church, June 6, 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
  10. ^ a b "Irvington Theatre". Cinema Treasures. Retrieved 2010-07-28
  11. ^ a b c Parish History. St. Joseph's Monastery Parish website. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
  12. ^ Elizabeth Lowe (April 18, 2014). "Passionists will no longer serve at Irvington parish". Catholic Review. 
  13. ^ Kelly, Jacques (April 11, 2014). "Passionist Fathers to Leave Irvington Parish". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved April 11, 2014. 

External links[edit]