Celanese

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Celanese Corporation
Type Public company
Traded as NYSECE
Genre Chemicals and advanced materials
Predecessors Celanese AG
Founded New York City, New York, United States (1918 (1918))
Founders Camille Dreyfus
Headquarters Irving, Texas
Area served Global
Key people Mark C. Rohr, Chief Executive Officer and Director
Revenue $6.4 billion (2012)[1]
Employees 7,600 (2013)[2]
Website www.celanese.com

Celanese Corporation, also known as Hoechst Celanese, is a Fortune 500 global technology and specialty materials company with its headquarters in Irving, Texas, United States.[3] The company is a leading producer of acetyl products, which are intermediate chemicals for nearly all major industries, and is the world's largest producer of vinyl acetate monomer (VAM).[4]

Celanese's operations are primarily located in North America, Europe, and Asia. Its largest plant is in the Clear Lake area of Pasadena, Texas, USA the home to the world’s largest acetic acid plant.[5] In 2012, Celanese reported net sales of $6.42 billion.[1]

History[edit]

In 1918, the American Cellulose & Chemical Manufacturing Company was founded in New York by Camille Dreyfus.[6]

A Celanese plant was located at Amcelle, Maryland between Cumberland and Cresaptown. The plant was served by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O), and was a major consumer of coal. It received bulk shipments of industrial chemicals and raw cotton fiber, and shipped out its fabric products in quantity. The B&O also provided passenger service to the plant, for Celanese workers. The plant had its own extensive networks of rail lines on the property. It became a major employer in Allegany County, and most families in the area have one or more relatives that worked for the plant at its peak. At one time, 13,000 employees worked there.

The American Cellulose and Chemical Manufacturing Co. Ltd plant was set up during World War I to produce cheaper fabric for airplane manufacturing. The plant location was chosen inland to protect against Zeppelin attacks. It was also situated in proximity to a ready source of water at the Potomac River, and easy access to coal supplies and railroad lines. After a series of delays, actual production began in 1924 with a series of cellulose acetate commercial fabrics and yarns intended as alternatives to silk.[7] The plant was closed in 1983, and was later torn down to provide a space for a new state prison.

In 1927, the American Cellulose & Chemical Manufacturing Company changed its name to Celanese Corporation of America. In 1986, its pharmaceutical business was spun off as Celgene, and, in 1987, Celanese Corporation was acquired by Hoechst and merged with its American subsidiary, American Hoechst, to form Hoechst Celanese Corporation.[8]

In 1998, Hoechst combined most of its industrial chemical operations in a new company, Celanese AG, and, in 1999, Hoechst spun off Celanese AG as a publicly traded, German corporation, traded on both the Frankfurt and New York stock exchanges.

On 16 December 2003, the U.S. private equity firm Blackstone Group announced a takeover offer for Celanese, after two years of wooing management.[9] Shareholders formally approved the offer from Blackstone on 16 June 2004, and Blackstone completed the acquisition of Celanese AG. The company was delisted from the New York Stock Exchange, and Blackstone changed its name to Celanese Corporation. Under Blackstone, a number of streamlining initiatives were undertaken, and several acquisitions were made.

On 21 January 2005, Celanese Corporation conducted an initial public offering and became a publicly traded corporation traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "CE".[10] When Blackstone sold the last of its shares in 2007, it had made five times what it had invested and it, and its co-investors collected a $2.9 billion profit.[11]

Celanese has a process to make ethanol from natural gas.[12][13][14]


Class action lawsuits[edit]

In 1995 Hoechst Celanese was named along with Shell Oil as a defendant in a class action lawsuit for $7 billion in both past and potential future damages for which they were accused of being liable because of leaks in their polybutylene plumbing systems.[15]

In January of 2014 a class action lawsuit was filed in behalf of the residents of a place called Cannon's Campground and other residents of the area surrounding a former Hoechst Celanese industrial site in South Carolina. The lawsuit alleges the dumping of a number of toxic chemicals into residential waters which has diminished property values and caused a number of illnesses. Hoechst Celanese has asked the courts to dismiss these charges as spurious, claiming that its discharges have not caused substantial harm to anyone or to the environment, and further asserting that a 3-year limit on tort claims has expired anyway, relieving them of any responsibility for damages which might be eventually discovered.[16]

Products[edit]

Acetyl intermediates[edit]

Acetyl intermediates is Celanese's largest segment, with a product range consisting of basic chemicals such as acetic acid, acetic anhydride, and vinyl acetate. Customers of Acetyl Intermediates and Industrial Specialties are in the chemical, paint and coatings, construction, and adhesive industries for polymerization.

Advanced engineered materials[edit]

Advanced engineered materials offers plastic polymers to customers in the automotive, electronics, telecommunications, and medical industries. Major products include: engineered plastics for fuel system components (provided by Ticona, the engineering polymer business of Celanese), conveyor belts, electronics, safety systems, emissions filtration, and fluid handling.

Consumer specialties[edit]

The food ingredients business Nutrinova produces the high intensity sweetener Sunett (acesulfame K), the preservatives Nutrinova potassium sorbate and sorbic acid, and other food ingredients. Major end-use markets include beverages, confections, baked goods, and dairy products.

Celanese is one of the world's largest producers of cellulose acetate. Acetate products are primarily used in cigarette filters, as well as in the production of fashion apparel and linings.

Industrial specialties[edit]

Industrial specialties using the feedstock from acetyl intermediates manufactures polymer and emulsions, such as polyvinyl acetate emulsions, and specialty chemicals as ethylene vinyl acetate. Major end-use markets include polyvinyl alcohol producers, paper, mortar and gypsum, textiles, paints, coatings, adhesives manufacturers.

Advanced fuel technology[edit]

TCX Technology is a hydrocarbon-based ethanol production process developed and marketed by Celanese and Launched in November 2010. Celanese researchers developed the TCX Technology to create a fuel that helps countries reduce their need to import oil and gas. Celanese plans to invest $700 million to build one-to-two plants in China and one in Texas that will produce TCX-based ethanol.[17] [18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b ""Financial Results""
  2. ^ "Celanese - Company Profile". www.celanese.com. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  3. ^ "Contacts." Celanese. Retrieved on December 12, 2012. "Celanese Corporation Headquarters 222 W. Las Colinas Blvd., Suite 900N Irving, Texas 75039 USA"
  4. ^ ""Celanese to cut jobs due to poor economic climate" ICIS News Jan. 15, 2009" Retrieved Jun. 29, 2010.
  5. ^ ""DuPont declares VAM force majeure" ICIS News Sep. 5, 2007" Retrieved Jun. 29, 2010.
  6. ^ http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/history2/8/CELANESE-CORPORATION.html History of CELANESE CORPORATION
  7. ^ http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/Hoechst-Celanese-Corporation-Company-History.html Hoechtst Celanese Corporation History
  8. ^ http://www.nyse.com/pdfs/czhist.pdf Celanese AG History
  9. ^ David Carey and John E. Morris, King of Capital: The Remarkable Rise, Fall and Rise Again of Steve Schwarzman and Blackstone (Crown 2010), pp. 199-203.
  10. ^ Celanese - History
  11. ^ King of Capital, p. 205.
  12. ^ http://shale.sites.post-gazette.com/index.php/news/archives/24447-law-prevents-company-from-making-fossil-fuel-based-ethanol.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ Helman, Christopher. Forbes http://www.forbes.com/sites/christopherhelman/2012/04/03/ethanol-minus-the-corn-it-could-fuel-america-if-it-werent-illegal/ |url= missing title (help). 
  14. ^ http://www.forbes.com/forbes/2012/0423/strategies-celanese-feul-steven-sterin-chemical-ethanol-keep-your-corn.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  15. ^ Reisch, Mark (17 July 1995). "Shell, Hoechst Celanese face $7 billion lawsuit". Chemical & Engineering News 73 (29): 8. doi:10.1021/cen-v073n029.p008. 
  16. ^ Kitzmiller, Felicia (25 February 2014). "Companies ask court to dismiss class action lawsuit". GoUpstate.com (Spartanburg, South Carolina). 
  17. ^ ""Celanese faces U.S. road block on ethanol" Reuters Jun. 15, 2011" Retrieved Apr. 6, 2012.
  18. ^ "“Company sees its coal-to-ethanol technology as a game changer – for itself and the industry” ICIS Chemical Business Jan. 10, 2011" Retrieved Apr. 6, 2012.

External links[edit]