Sky blue

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This article is about the light tone of azure. For the animated film, see Wonderful Days. For the rapper, see SkyBlu. For the answer to the question "Why is the sky blue?", see Rayleigh scattering. For the album by the German musical band, Passport, see Ataraxia.
Sky BlueHow to read this color infobox
Shades of light blue.png
Common connotations
boys, daylight, water, air, paleness
About these coordinates     Colour coordinates
Hex triplet #87CEEB
sRGBB  (rgb) (135, 206, 235)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (43, 12, 0, 8)
HSV       (h, s, v) (197°, 43%, 92%)
Source X11 color names
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Sky blue is the name of a colour, first recorded in English in the 1728 Cyclopædia of Ephraim Chambers.[1] Prior to the Chambers reference, the colour had first been used in 1585 in a book by Nicolas De Nicolay where he stated "the tulbant of the merchant must be skie coloured".[2][3]

Displayed at right is the web colour sky blue.


Variations of sky blue[edit]

Celeste[edit]

CelesteHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Colour coordinates
Hex triplet #B2FFFF
sRGBB  (rgb) (178, 255, 255)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (30, 0, 0, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v) (180°, 30%, 100%)
Source S.Fantetti e C.Petracchi (2001).
Il dizionario dei colori:
nomi e valori in quadricromia
.
Zanichelli. ISBN 8808079953.
 
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Celeste (pronounced che-les-te in Italian Se-lest in English) is the colloquial name for the pale turquoise blue colour associated with Italian bicycle manufacturer Bianchi S.p.A and sometimes known as Bianchi Green. In Italian, as the name indicates (Celestial), it is an attempt to reproduce the colour of clear skies. In English, this colour may also be referred to as Italian sky blue.

Bleu celeste ("sky blue") is a rarely occurring tincture in heraldry (not being one of the seven main colours or metals or the three "staynard colours"). This tincture is sometimes also called ciel or simply celeste. It is depicted in a lighter shade than the range of shades of the more traditional tincture azure, which is the standard blue used in heraldry.[4]

Gradations of Celeste[edit]

The Italian Wikipedia cites Il dizionario dei colori: nomi e valori in quadricromia by S.Fantetti and C.Petracchi and describes multiple variants of Celeste as shown below, plus details as defined in the infobox above.[5]

colour name C M Y K R G B HEX
  celeste (sky blue, heavenly blue) 030 000 000 000 178 255 255 B2FFFF
  celeste polvere (dusty) 010 000 000 000 230 255 255 E6FFFF
  celeste pallido (pale) 016 000 003 000 204 255 255 CCFFFF
  celeste velato (veiled / overcast) 020 010 010 000 204 230 230 CCE6E6
  celeste opaco (opaque) 050 020 020 000 128 204 204 80CCCC

Bianchi bicycles[edit]

Bianchi bicycles are traditionally painted celeste, also known as Bianchi Green (and sometimes, incorrectly Tiffany Blue). Contradictory myths say celeste is the colour of the Milan sky; the eye colour of a former queen for whom Edoardo Bianchi made a bicycle; and that it was a mixture of surplus military paint.

The exact shade of turquoise used by the company has varied over time, but has always been described as Celeste.[6] In Anglophone countries Celeste is sometimes reported as Pantone -#332 (Seafoam green[7]) (or #333), and with various other shades.

Light sky blue[edit]

Light Sky BlueHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Colour coordinates
Hex triplet #87CEFA
sRGBB  (rgb) (135, 206, 250)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (46, 18, 0, 2)
HSV       (h, s, v) (203°, 46%, 98%)
Source X11 color names
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the web colour light sky blue.

Medium sky blue[edit]

Sky Blue (Crayola)How to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Colour coordinates
Hex triplet #80DAEB
sRGBB  (rgb) (128, 218, 235)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (46, 7, 0, 8)
HSV       (h, s, v) (190°, 46%, 92[8]%)
Source Crayola
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the colour medium sky blue. This is the colour that is called sky blue in Crayola crayons. This colour was formulated by Crayola in 1958.

"Sky blue" appears in the 32, 48, 64, 96 and 120 packs of crayons.


Neon Blue[edit]

Neon BlueHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Colour coordinates
Hex triplet #00CCFF
sRGBB  (rgb) (0, 204, 255)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (100, 20, 0, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v) (192°, 100%, 100[9]%)
Source Crayola C.P.
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the colour neon blue.


Deep sky blue[edit]

Deep Sky BlueHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Colour coordinates
Hex triplet #00BFFF
sRGBB  (rgb) (0, 191, 255)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (100, 25, 0, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v) (195°, 100%, 100%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Deep sky blue is an azure-cyan colour associated with deep sky blue.

Deep sky blue is a web colour.

This colour is the colour on the colour wheel (RGB/HSV colour wheel) halfway between azure and cyan.

The traditional name for this colour is Capri.[10]

The first use of Capri as a colour name in English was in 1920.[11]

The colour Capri in general is named for the azure-cyan colour of the Mediterranean sea around the island of Capri off Italy, the site of several villas belonging to the Roman Emperor Tiberius, including his Imperial residence in his later years, the Villa Jovis. Specifically, the colour Capri is named after the colour of the Blue Grotto on the island of Capri.[12] as it appears on a bright sunny day. Today the island of Capri is a resort island popular with tourists.

The colour name deep sky blue for this colour did not come into use until the promulgation of the X11 colour list in 1987.

The name Capri is still used for this colour as well as the name deep sky blue.

French sky blue[edit]

Sky Blue (Pourpre.com)How to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Colour coordinates
Hex triplet #77B5FE
sRGBB  (rgb) (119, 181, 254)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (53, 29, 0, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v) (212°, 53%, 100[13]%)
Source Pourpre.com
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the colour French sky blue, which is the tone of sky blue that is called sky blue (bleu ciel) in the Pourpre.com colour list, a colour list widely popular in France.


Spanish sky blue[edit]

Sky Blue (G&S)How to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Colour coordinates
Hex triplet #00AAE4
sRGBB  (rgb) (0, 178, 228)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (85, 5, 0, 0)
HSV       (h, s, v) (195°, 100%, 89%)
Source Gallego and Sanz[14]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Spanish sky blue is the colour that is called celeste (the Spanish word for "sky blue") in the Guía de coloraciones (Guide to colourations) by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a colour dictionary published in 2005 that is widely popular in the Hispanophone realm.

Dark sky blue[edit]

Sky Blue (Pantone)How to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Colour coordinates
Hex triplet #8CBED6
sRGBB  (rgb) (140, 190, 214)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (35, 11, 0, 16)
HSV       (h, s, v) (199°, 35%, 84[15]%)
Source Pantone TPX[16]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the colour dark sky blue.

This is the colour called sky blue in Pantone.

The source of this colour is the "Pantone Textile Paper eXtended (TPX)" colour list, color #14-4318 TPX—Sky Blue.[17]


Sky blue in human culture[edit]

Music
Religion
  • Although the headquarters of the Church of Scientology near Hemet, California is called the Gold Base, all of the buildings there are coloured various tones of sky blue.
  • A Piece of Blue Sky: Scientology, Dianetics and L. Ron Hubbard Exposed, published in 1990, is an examination from a critical perspective by former British Scientologist Jon Atack of the history of L. Ron Hubbard (1911–1986) and the development of Dianetics and the Church of Scientology. The title originates from a quote of Hubbard's from 1950, when he reportedly said he wanted to sell potential church members a "piece of blue sky."[18]
Sports

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ww.oed.com.libezproxy.open.ac.uk/Entry/181142 "sky-blue, n. and adj.". Oxford English Dictionary. OUP. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  2. ^ "sky-coloured | sky-colored, adj.". Oxford English Dictionary. OUP. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  3. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 204; Color Sample of Sky Blue: Page 89 Plate 33 Color Sample E6
  4. ^ Scott-Giles, C. W. (1958). Boutell's Heraldry (rev. ed.). London & New York: Frederick Warne & Co.]
  5. ^ S.Fantetti e C.Petracchi (2001). Il dizionario dei colori: nomi e valori in quadricromia. Zanichelli. ISBN 8808079953. 
  6. ^ Design Classics, Cycling Plus, UK, December 2000
  7. ^ Sea Foam Green
  8. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #80DAEB (Medium Sky Blue):
  9. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #00CCFF (Vivid Sky Blue):
  10. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Color Sample of Capri: Page 93 Plate 35 Color Sample L7; The color Capri is shown as lying halfway between Cyan and Azure.
  11. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 191
  12. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 152 Discussion of the color Capri
  13. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #77B5FE (French Sky Blue):
  14. ^ Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guía de coloraciones (Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guide to Colorations) Madrid: H. Blume. ISBN 84-89840-31-8
  15. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of colour #8CBED6 (Dark Sky Blue):
  16. ^ Type the words "Sky Blue" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the colour will appear.
  17. ^ Pantone TPX Pantone Color Finder--Type the words "Sky Blue" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the colour will appear:
  18. ^ Atak, Jon A Piece of Blue Sky 1990, p. iii

External links[edit]