Cephalotaxus

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Cephalotaxus
Cephalotaxus harringtonia BotGardBln1105WithSeeds.JPG
Cephalotaxus harringtonia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Cephalotaxaceae
Genus: Cephalotaxus
Siebold & Zucc. ex Endl.
Species

Cephalotaxus fortunei
Cephalotaxus griffithii
Cephalotaxus hainanensis
Cephalotaxus harringtonia
Cephalotaxus koreana
Cephalotaxus lanceolata
Cephalotaxus latifolia
Cephalotaxus mannii
Cephalotaxus oliveri
Cephalotaxus sinensis
Cephalotaxus wilsoniana

Cephalotaxus, commonly called Plum Yew or Cowtail Pine, is a genus of conifers comprising 11 species, treated in either the Cephalotaxaceae, or in the Taxaceae when that family is considered in a broad sense.[1][2] The genus is endemic to eastern Asia, though fossil evidence shows it had a wider Northern Hemisphere distribution in the past.[1] The species are evergreen shrubs and small trees reaching 1–10 m (rarely to 20 m) tall.

Description[edit]

The leaves are spirally arranged on the shoots, but twisted at the base to lie in two flat ranks (except on erect leading shoots); they are linear, 4–12 cm long and 3–4 mm broad, soft in texture, with a blunt tip; this helps distinguish them from the related genus Torreya, which has spine-tipped leaves.[2]

The species can be either monoecious or dioecious; when monoecious, the male and female cones are often on different branches. The male (pollen) cones are 5–8 mm long, grouped in lines along the underside of a shoot. The female (seed) cones are single or grouped 2-15 together on short stems; minute at first, they mature in about 18 months to a drupe-like structure with the single large nut-like seed 1.5–4 cm long surrounded by a fleshy covering, green to purple at full maturity. Natural dispersal is thought to be aided by squirrels which bury the seeds for a winter food source; any seeds left uneaten are then able to germinate.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Tripp, Kim E. (1995). "Cephalotaxus: the plum yews". Arnoldia 55 (1): 25–39. 
  2. ^ a b c Christopher J. Earle (2011). "Cephalotaxus". The Gymnosperm Database. Retrieved 31 March 2012. 

External links[edit]