Chamberlain, Ontario

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Chamberlain
Township
Chamberlain Twp ON.jpg
Coordinates: 47°53′N 79°56′W / 47.883°N 79.933°W / 47.883; -79.933Coordinates: 47°53′N 79°56′W / 47.883°N 79.933°W / 47.883; -79.933
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
District Timiskaming
Incorporated 1908
Government
 • Type Township
 • Reeve William Dickinson
 • Federal riding Timmins—James Bay
 • Prov. riding Timmins—James Bay
Area[1]
 • Land 110.22 km2 (42.56 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 297
 • Density 2.7/km2 (7/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal Code P0J 1H0
Area code(s) 705
Website Township of Chamberlain
Looking north on the Ontario Northland Railway from the location of the former train station

Chamberlain is a township in the Canadian province of Ontario, located within the Timiskaming District.

The rural township had a population of 297 in the Canada 2011 Census.[1] Its primary named settlements are the communities of Chamberlain, Krugerdorf, and Wabewawa.

History[edit]

Nomadic people moved through the area 6,000 to 8,000 years ago. The area then became home to Algonquin people.

European fur traders passed through the area beginning in the 1600s, likely following the Blanche River which flows through Chamberlain.

The Province of Ontario surveyed large areas to the north and west of Lake Timiskaming in the 1880s, and in 1888 Chamberlain was surveyed into seventy-two 160 acres (65 ha) lots.

Land was open for settlement at the head of Lake Timiskaming in 1891, and by 1902-03 settlers had moved into Chamberlain.

The newly constructed, provincially-owned Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway (now Ontario Northland Railway) ran as far north as New Liskeard. In 1904, work began to build the railway north from there, through the east side of Chamberlain. Work trains were clearing the railway right-of-way north of Englehart in 1906.

Between 1905 and 1915, the railway offered free land to settlers.

Chamberlain Township was incorporated in 1908.

Between 1925 and 1927, the province began construction of the Ferguson Highway, a road system to connect North Bay to Cochrane. In Chamberlain, it used the Wawbewawa Road to the Lutheran Church corner, and then followed Chamberlain 5 to the present day Highway 573. It then turned north to Swastika. Realignment of 25 kilometres (16 mi) of road between Englehart and Round Lake occurred in 1939, creating Ontario Highway 11.[2][3]

Krugerdorf[edit]

Krugerdorf is a settlement within Chamberlain Township.

August Kruger and Louise Mueller, immigrants from Germany, moved with their children to the area from Renfrew County in 1905. Kruger was 59.

Kruger was attracted to the area by the stone-free farmland, as well as the likelihood of finding land for his 5 sons. Kruger built a small house and a blacksmith shop. The Pembroke Deutsche Post reported in 1907 that the Krugers’ new homestead comprised 820 acres (330 ha).

Kruger and his sons worked on the northern extension of the railway, and a station was built on their property. In their blacksmith shop they made railway spikes and shod horses. In time, the Kruger's built a sawmill on the Blanche River, as well as a threshing mill.

Other German-speaking families from the Renfrew area moved to the community, which was called "The German Settlement" until it was named Krugerdorf. English-speaking settlers from Toronto also settled there.

A Jewish community of about 50 families from Russia and Romania settled in the area, assisted by the Baron de Hirsch Institute of Montreal. The 'Northern Hebrew Cemetery' was established following the death of 3 settlers in a canoe accident.

Krugerdorf soon had a school, Lutheran church, Church of England, synagog, 2 stores, gas station, boarding house, post office, railway station, community hall, and gravel pit.

The rich clay soil was suitable for growing crops, though the markets for beef and grain were distant and the growing season was short. Many farmers worked at lumber camps in winter to earn extra money.

The community began to decline in the 1920s, and a scattering of original buildings remain.[3][4][5]

Demographics[edit]

Year Population
1991 364
1996 361
2001 348
2006 322
2011 297
  • (2006 to 2011 population change: -7.8 %)[6]

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 133 (total: 145)

Mother tongue:[7]

  • English as first language: 85.9%
  • French as first language: 6.3%
  • English and French as first language: 0%
  • Other as first language: 7.8%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 2011 Census Profile
  2. ^ "About Our Community". Township of Chamberlain. 
  3. ^ a b Lee-Whiting, Brenda (2013). "August Kruger". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. University of Toronto. 
  4. ^ "Krugerdorf". Ontario Highway 11 Homepage. 
  5. ^ Kruger, Herb (1994). A Place Called Krugerdorf. Barrie Press. 
  6. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  7. ^ "2006 Community Profile". 

External links[edit]