Pembroke, Ontario

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Pembroke
Independent city
Pembroke City Hall and Muskrat River
Pembroke City Hall and Muskrat River
Flag of Pembroke
Flag
Official logo of Pembroke
Logo
Nickname(s): The Heart of the Ottawa Valley
Motto: "Labore et Honore"
Pembroke is located in Ontario
Pembroke
Pembroke
Location of Pembroke, Ontario
Coordinates: 45°49′N 77°06′W / 45.817°N 77.100°W / 45.817; -77.100
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
County Renfrew (independent)
Established 1828
Government
 • City Mayor Ed Jacyno
 • Governing Body Pembroke City Council
 • MPs Cheryl Gallant
 • MPP John Yakabuski
Area
 • Total 17.56 km2 (6.78 sq mi)
Elevation 130 m (492 ft)
Population (2011 [1])
 • Total 16,146
 • Density 919.4/km2 (2,381/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal Code K8A
Area code(s) 613
Website City of Pembroke
Dwellings: 6,594

Pembroke (2011 population 16,146; CA population 24,017) is a city in the province of Ontario, Canada, at the confluence of the Muskrat River and the Ottawa River in the Ottawa Valley. Pembroke is the location of the administrative headquarters of Renfrew County, though the city itself is politically independent. It is one-hundred fifty kilometres northwest of Ottawa.

History[edit]

The first European settler to the area now known as Pembroke was Daniel Fraser in 1823, who squatted on land that was discovered to have been granted to a man named Abel Ward. Ward later sold the land (where Moncion's Grocers is located) to Fraser, and nearby Fraser Street is named after the family. Peter White, a veteran of the Royal Navy arrived in 1828, squatting beside Fraser on the land where Dairy Queen is now located. Other settlers followed, attracted by the growing lumbering operations of the area.

Originally named Miramichi,[2] Pembroke became a police village in 1856. Pembroke is named after Sidney Herbert, First Admiralty Secretary from 1841 to 1845 and son of George Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke.

Pembroke was incorporated as a town in 1878 and as a city in 1971. It was named seat for Renfrew County in 1861. This set the stage for construction shortly thereafter on the Renfrew County Courthouse, which was finished in 1867, and the arrival of many civil servants, much wealth and much construction. In the 20-year period following 1861, Pembroke basically became the city it is today in terms of layout and buildings, although many homes and other structures have been lost to time. A fire in 1918 destroyed much of Pembroke's downtown.

From 2005 to 2007, the Courthouse and Jail (now non-functional) were re-constructed into one building and historic renovations were also completed. Visitors on weekdays can view original 1867 jail cells in the basement, and the original courtroom, complete with a huge replica of the original brass light fixture. County meetings were held here for many years. Three hangings occurred at the indoor gallows inside the Courthouse, two in the 1870s and one in 1952.

Other historic buildings that survive in Pembroke include a historic synagogue, two original hospitals, the Dunlop mansion (Grey Gables Manor Bed & Breakfast), the 'Munroe Block' downtown, and two houses belonging to the White family. A fire in 1918 downtown destroyed many buildings, including the Pembroke Opera House.[3]

In 1898 Pembroke became the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pembroke.

Economy[edit]

Pembroke's public library

Pembroke is the largest commercial centre between North Bay and Ottawa.

Historically, forestry and farming formed the backbone of the local economy and remain important today. Local timber products include lumber, plywood, veneer, hydro poles and fibreboard. Other local manufacturing operations produce office furniture.

CFB Petawawa in nearby Petawawa and Chalk River Laboratories of Atomic Energy of Canada Limited in Chalk River are also regional employers. Chalk River Laboratories will be shut down in 2016.

The economy also benefits from tourism, aided partly by Pembroke's location on the Trans-Canada Highway. Pembroke is a gateway to natural adventures on the Petawawa and Ottawa Rivers, Algonquin Park and to world-class white water rafting a short distance to the southwest.

Attractions[edit]

Champlain Trail Pioneer Village

Local attractions include 30 historic murals in the downtown area depicting the history of the city, from steam engines to logging. Pembroke has more murals than almost any city in Canada.[4]

At the Champlain Trail Pioneer Village and Museum[5] the history of Ottawa Valley settlers comes alive inside the fully furnished schoolhouse, pioneer log home and church — all built in the 1800s. Other outdoor exhibits include train station, sawmill, blacksmith shop, stonelifter, carriage shed, woodworking shop, bake oven, smokehouse and a 1923 Bickle fire engine. The large museum features artifacts which range from fossils and Native Canadian arrowheads to furniture, clothing and manufactured products of Pembroke from various eras. There is also a replica of Samuel de Champlain's Astrolabe (he brought the original to the Valley in 1613), an original Cockburn pointer boat, Corliss steam engine, doctor's examination room, fancy parlour rooms, general store, hair salon and more.

The Pembroke Hydro Museum commemorates national hydro-electric development in Pembroke, including the first electric streetlights in Pembroke, and the first municipal building with electric lights (Victoria Hall).

The city is home to an annual Old Time Fiddling and Step Dancing Festival, which happens Labour Day weekend at Riverside Park. There are often up to 1400 RVs parked there for the week preceding the event. Award-winning fiddler/step dancer April Verch is a Pembroke native.

Pembroke has a 600 plus seat community arts facility, Festival Hall Center of the Arts.[6] The facility is operated by a Consortium consisting of The City of Pembroke and the Townships of Petawawa and Laurentian Valley and managed by Valley Arts Council Inc. This facility hosts various local productions and top Canadian artists during the year.[7]

Pembroke also is host to the annual Silver Stick Regional Minor League Hockey Tournament, which brings in several hundred children and youth on weekends in November and early December for regional qualifying games.

Pembroke's Public Library was designed by architect Francis Conroy Sullivan, a contemporary of Frank Lloyd Wright.

Sports[edit]

Pembroke has been the home of the Pembroke Lumber Kings Junior A Hockey Club since 1958. They have been members of the Central Junior A Hockey League since 1961. Pembroke has won the CJHL Championships the last five years in a row. In 2011, they won their first Canadian Junior A title, the Royal Bank Cup.

Pembroke annually hosts the Kings Sports Tournament, in August.

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop.   ±%  
1841 250 —    
1871 1,508 +503.2%
1881 2,820 +87.0%
1891 4,401 +56.1%
1901 5,156 +17.2%
1911 5,626 +9.1%
1921 7,875 +40.0%
1931 9,368 +19.0%
1941 10,999 +17.4%
1951 12,704 +15.5%
1961 16,791 +32.2%
1971 16,544 −1.5%
1981 14,026 −15.2%
1991 13,997 −0.2%
1996 14,177 +1.3%
2001 13,490 −4.8%
2006 13,930 +3.3%
2011 16,146 +15.9%

Education[edit]

The war memorial in downtown Pembroke.

There are 3 catholic primary schools in Pembroke; Cathedral Catholic School, Holy Name Catholic School and Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic School. As well as 3 public schools; Highview Public School, Rockwood Public School and Champlain Discovery Public School. Bishop Smith Catholic High School is the city's only catholic secondary school and Fellowes High School the only public secondary school. There are also two French schools, both have an elementary and secondary wings, École élémentaire et secondaire catholique Jeanne-Lajoie, which is French Catholic and the smaller Ecole elementaire et secondaire l'Equinoxe.

Pembroke hosts one of the campuses of Ottawa-based Algonquin College. Among the new programs are 'Outdoor Adventure' and 'Outdoor Adventure Naturalist'.

Media[edit]

Most broadcast media transmitting in the Pembroke area are rebroadcasters of stations from Ottawa, Arnprior or Toronto. CHVR-FM is the only broadcast station directly based in the Pembroke area itself. Pembroke also remains CHRO-TV's official city of license, although the station currently operates out of studios in Ottawa.

Radio[edit]

Television[edit]

Except for CIVP-DT, all channels listed below are available on Cogeco, the local cable system for Pembroke.

Print[edit]

The city's main daily newspaper is The Daily Observer. The Observer also publishes the weekly free advertising paper, The News.

Notable citizens from Pembroke[edit]

A monument to the pointer boat, part of the historically important logging industry, near the Pembroke Marina.

Forest fire protection history[edit]

The Pembroke Forest Fire District was founded by Ontario's former Department of Lands and Forests (now the MNR) in 1922 as one of 17 districts to help protect Ontario's forests from fire by early detection from fire towers. The headquarters for the district were housed in the town. It was the central location for 15 fire tower lookouts, including the towers in Algonquin Park. The 15 towers included: Wilberforce, Mt. Edna, Sherwood, Murchison, Preston, Clancy, Fitzgerald, Brent, Big Crow Lake, White Trout Lake, Stonecliffe, Deux Rivières, Osler, Lauder and Skymount. When a fire was spotted in the forest a towerman would get the degree bearings from his respective tower and radio back the information to headquarters. When one or more towermen from other towers in the area would also call in their bearings, the forest rangers at headquarters could get a 'triangulation' read and plot the exact location of the fire on their map. This way a team of forest firefighters could be dispatched as soon as possible to get the fire under control. These towers would all be phased out after aerial fire fighting techniques were employed in the 1970s.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=POPC&Code1=0631&Geo2=PR&Code2=35&Data=Count&SearchText=&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=&TABID=1.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ "History of Pembroke". City of Pembroke. 2004. Retrieved 2008-10-27.  The hamlet was later renamed Moffat, and then Sydenham. In 1856, it merged with the hamlet of Campelltown, across the Muskrat River, to form the Police Village of Pembroke.
  3. ^ Pembroke's great fire of 1918: 'A sorry sight' | Editorial | Opinion | Pembroke Daily Observer. Thedailyobserver.ca. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  4. ^ Mural Routes of Canada
  5. ^ http://www.downtownpembroke.com/pembrokemuseum
  6. ^ Festival Hall Center of the Arts.
  7. ^ Valley Arts Council Inc.
  8. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2011-02-12. 
  9. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°49′N 77°07′W / 45.817°N 77.117°W / 45.817; -77.117