The Chicago South Shore and South Bend Railroad (reporting mark CSS), known to many as the South Shore Line, is a Class III freight railroad operating between Chicago, Illinois, and South Bend, Indiana. The railroad serves as a link between Class I railroads and local industries in northeast Illinois and northwest Indiana.
A former Chicago South Shore and South Bend freight locomotive
It was created in 1903.
Freight and passenger service on the South Shore Line were operated as the Chicago South Shore and South Bend Railroad (CSS&SB) under several owners until the line went bankrupt in 1989. Dispatching and the main line was taken over at that time by the Northern Indiana Commuter Transportation District (NICTD) for continued operation of passenger service. The line's freight service and non-passenger track was picked up in 1990 by the new Chicago South Shore and South Bend Railroad, owned by Anacostia and Pacific. The Kensington and Eastern Railroad (the piece of the railroad in Illinois) was acquired from the Illinois Central Railroad in 1996.
The CSS&SB operates diesel locomotives on the whole line. It also operates the former Indianapolis, La Porte and Michigan City Railroad and Chicago, Cincinnati and Louisville Railroad, once part of the New York, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad (Nickel Plate) system, from Michigan City southeast to Dillon (southeast of Stillwell), bought from Norfolk Southern in 2001. Via trackage rights it connects to many other railroads in the Chicago area, with connections to the Port of Chicago, Proviso Yard and Joliet.
The CSS&SB's primary businesses are coal and steel, the coal delivered to the Michigan City and Burns Harbor generating stations owned by Northern Indiana Public Service Company. The CSS&SB also serves many online customers along the line.