|Studio album by Ludacris|
|Released||October 7, 2003|
|Genre||Hip hop, southern hip hop|
|Label||Disturbing tha Peace, Def Jam|
|Producer||Ludacris (also exec.), Chaka Zulu (exec.), Kanye West, The Neptunes, Ruh Anubis Yazid, DJ Nasty & LVM, Icedrake, DJ Paul, Juicy J, Zukhan Bey, Erick Sermon, Black Key, T-Storm, Jook|
|Singles from Chicken-n-Beer|
Chicken-n-Beer is the fourth studio album by American rapper Ludacris, released on October 7, 2003 through Disturbing tha Peace and Def Jam Recordings. The album's production took place from 2002 to early 2003, and was handled by several record producers, including DJ Nasty & LVM, Kanye West, Mo B. Dick, DJ Paul, Juicy J and Ludacris himself. A Southern hip hop album, Chicken-n-Beer is musically similar to Ludacris' previous work, with his use of a fast, highly versatile flow and the misogynistic themes in his lyrics often prominent throughout, although some of the songs on the album take a more political overtone.
The album debuted and peaked at number one on the US Billboard 200, selling 429,000 copies in its first week; unlike Ludacris' previous albums, the album achieved success outside the United States, charting in several European territories, including Germany and the United Kingdom. Upon its release, Chicken-n-Beer received positive reviews from most music critics, many of whom praised Ludacris' performance, although some criticized the adult humour in the lyrics as excessive. Four singles were released from the album, two of which – "Stand Up" and "Splash Waterfalls" – became Ludacris' first to peak in the top ten of the US Billboard Hot 100.
Lyrics and themes
Ludacris frequently employs a fast paced flow on Chicken-n-Beer, whilst often suffusing the words he raps with humorous punchlines and innuendos. Writing for BBC Music, Lewis Dene noted Ludacris to typically incorporate "lightning-quick phrasing, cutting wit and reference points a plenty" into his lyrics.
Many of the songs on Chicken-n-Beer are of a predominantly sexual nature, and were compared by Nathan Rabin of The A.V. Club to the material recorded by the likes of the hip hop group 2 Live Crew. "Stand Up" was described as a "steamy sex rap", and "Hoes in My Room", a collaboration with fellow rapper Snoop Dogg, details a fictional encounter with a collection of groupies following a live performance. Rabin further observed that Ludacris addresses such topics with "irreverent glee", despite describing these themes "well-worn" and clichéd.
Ludacris attacks political commentator Bill O'Reilly, who specifically criticized Ludacris for the content of his lyrics and noted him as a bad influence. "Blow It Out" and "Screwed Up" contain direct references to O'Reilly and his comments, as well as observations on the difficulties of fame.
The album debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200, becoming Ludacris' first album to top the chart: the overall first-week sales of 429,000 copies were an improvement on Ludacris' previous album Word of Mouf, which sold 282,000 copies in its first week in the United States in debuting at number three on the Billboard 200. In its second week, Chicken-n-Beer fell to number two in selling 194,000 copies, representing an overall sales decrease of 55% and bringing overall sales of the album to 623,000. The album spent five weeks inside the top ten of the chart, selling 936,000 copies in that time: it went on to spend a total of 45 weeks on the chart. It also peaked at number one on the US Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart, although it remained on the chart for a longer length of time than on the Billboard 200, lasting a total of 51 weeks before exiting the chart. On June 18, 2004, the album was certified two times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America for shipments of 2,000,000 copies within the United States.
Unlike Ludacris' previous releases, Chicken-n-Beer achieved reasonable commercial success outside the United States. It became Ludacris' first album to chart in Australia, where it debuted and peaked at number 98, then exited the chart after a single week. The album peaked at number five on the Canadian Albums Chart: although it only spent a single week on the chart, no other Ludacris album has achieved a higher position on the chart, and was certified platinum by the Canadian Recording Industry Association on January 8, 2004. In Ireland, the album debuted and peaked at number 71 on the Irish Albums Chart, before exiting the chart the following week: to date, it remains Ludacris' only album to appear on the chart. In the United Kingdom, Chicken-n-Beer achieved a peak position of number 44 on the UK Albums Chart, spending a total of four weeks on the chart – the longest length of time any Ludacris album has lasted on the chart. It also became Ludacris' most commercially successful album in Germany, appearing at number 87 on the German Albums Chart in the only week in which it charted.
|The Austin Chronicle|||
|Los Angeles Times|||
Upon its release, Chicken-n-Beer received generally positive reviews from music critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 75, based on 10 reviews, which indicates "generally favorable reviews". David Jeffries of Allmusic noted Ludacris' "lightning-quick phrasing and cutting wit" and "rollicking, all-in-good-fun persona": he went on to commend the eccentric and upbeat nature of Ludacris' music, calling him "one of the few who's actually celebrating something – and having a great time doing it". Writing for Entertainment Weekly, Neil Drumming praised Ludacris' rapping skills, including his "explosive enunciation", "witty wordplay" and "punchline potency", although he reacted negatively towards the album's production, feeling it to contain "campy sampling and cartoonish composition". Nathan Rabin of The A.V. Club complimented Ludacris' "impeccable comic timing" and his ability to "wring the most out of every line", although he also noted the album to be Ludacris' most "emotional, autobiographical major-label release to date". Although he dismissed much of the album's production as "duds", Rolling Stone writer Toure praised Ludacris' musical style as appealing to genres outside hip-hop music, calling him "cocksure, witty and just hard enough to be taken seriously" yet "playful enough to be pop": he further noted Ludacris to be one of the most technically skilled rappers of the time, stating:
Ludacris is one of the most liquid MCs in the game today. He varies his flows with such dexterity and has so much musicality in his tones that his mouth truly seems like an instrument. Ludacris is an outsize character – he's Mr. Fantastic from the Fantastic Four, perhaps a Southern Busta Rhymes, a guy who started as an Atlanta radio DJ but whose third album... finds him part of the hip-hop establishment.—Toure
However, some felt the adult humour displayed on many the songs was excessive, and detracted from Ludacris' technical abilities. Jeffries called Ludacris' personality "cartoonish": Drumming noted "too many cuts are simply one-note jokes stretched out to three or four minutes", and criticized the album's female-orientated material as "cringeworthy, misogynistic snorefests", but admitted Ludacris to be "a funny guy" and called many of the featured insults and boasts "gut-busting... for days". In contrast, Rabin described Ludacris as "fun incarnate, the joyous embodiment of rap's commitment to hedonism at all costs" and felt that few rappers covered sexually-orientated topics as well as Ludacris, "writing few of his peers mine the well-worn topics of freaky sex and drugged-out debauchery with such irreverent glee".
|1.||"Southern Fried Intro"||Christopher Bridges, Burt Bacharach, Charles Bobbit, James Brown, Gloria Collins, Hal David, Johnny Mollings, Lenny Mollings, Fred Wesley||DJ Nasty & LVM||3:55|
|2.||"Blow It Out"||Bridges, Rondell Turner||Ron Browz||4:05|
|3.||"Stand Up" (featuring Shawnna)||Bridges, Kanye West||Kanye West, Ludacris (co.)||3:33|
|4.||"Rob Quarters" (skit, not included on censored version)||Terrence Battle||T-Storm||1:04|
|5.||"Splash Waterfalls"||Bridges, Michael Guy, Laurence Mizell||Icedrake||4:50|
|6.||"Hard Times" (featuring 8Ball & MJG and Carl Thomas)||Bridges, Marlon Goodwin, Mollings, Mollings, Mizell, Premro Smith||DJ Nasty & LVM||5:15|
|7.||"Diamond in the Back"||Bridges, Paul Beauregard, William Devaughn, Jordan Houston||DJ Paul, Juicy J||4:12|
|8.||"Screwed Up" (featuring Lil' Flip)||Bridges, Wesley Weston, Jr., Raymond Poole||Mo B. Dick||4:52|
|9.||"T Baggin'" (skit, not included on censored version)||Battle||T-Storm||0:53|
|10.||"P-Poppin" (featuring Shawnna and Lil' Fate)||Bridges, Zukhan Bey, Rashawnna Guy, Chad Hugo, Michael Tyler, Pharrell Williams, Arbie Wilson||Bey||4:50|
|11.||"Hip Hop Quotables"||Bridges, Erick Sermon||Erick Sermon||3:09|
|12.||"Black Man's Struggle" (skit, not included on censored version)||Battle||T-Storm||0:35|
|13.||"Bones In My Room" (featuring Snoop Dogg)||Bridges, Calvin Broadus, Poole||Mo B. Dick||4:40|
|14.||"Teamwork"||Bridges, Mickey Davis||Black Key||3:46|
|15.||"Interactive" (skit, not included on censored version)||Battle||T-Storm||1:03|
|16.||"We Got" (featuring Chingy, I-20 and Tity Boi)||Bridges, Howard Bailey, Jr., Beauregard, Tauheed Epps, Houston, Bobby Sandimanie||DJ Paul, Juicy J||4:21|
|17.||"Eyebrows Down" (featuring Tity Boi and Dolla Boy)||Bridges, Torrey Cook||Jook||5:20|
|United Kingdom bonus tracks|
|18.||"Act a Fool"||Bridges, Keith McMasters||Keith Mack||4:30|
|19.||"Southern Hospitality" (Remix) (featuring Ms. Dynamite and Maxwell D)||Bridges, S. Santiago, Williams||The Neptunes||4:03|
|Re-release bonus track|
|18.||"Blow It Out" (Remix) (featuring 50 Cent)||Bridges, Curtis Jackson, Turner||Ron Browz||4:03|
• (co.) Co-producer
- Sample credits
- "Southern Fried Intro" contains samples of "Walk on By" as performed by Isaac Hayes and "Me and My Baby Got Our Own Thing Going" as performed by Lyn Collins.
- "Splash Waterfalls" contains a sample of "Be Ever Wonderful" as performed by Ted Taylor.
- "Hard Times" contains a sample of "My Little Girl" as performed by Bobbi Humphrey.
- "Diamond in the Back" contains a sample of "Be Thankful for What You Got" as performed by William Devaughn.
- "P-Poppin" contains an sample of "Danger (Been So Long)" as performed by Mystikal.
Chart precession and succession
Speakerboxxx/The Love Below by OutKast
|Billboard 200 number-one album
October 19, 2003 – October 25, 2003
Measure of a Man by Clay Aiken
|United States (RIAA)||2× Platinum||2,000,000^|
|Canada (Music Canada)||Platinum||100,000^|
^shipments figures based on certification alone
- Bush, John. "Chicken -N- Beer – Ludacris > Review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- Dene, Lewis (October 6, 2003). "Review of Ludacris – Chicken 'n' Beer". BBC Music. BBC. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
- Jones Steve (October 7, 2003). "Shelby Lynne reaffirms her 'Identity'". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
- Rabin, Nathan (October 28, 2003). "Ludacris: Chicken-N-Beer". The A.V. Club. The Onion. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- "Robert Christgau review". Robertchristgau.com. Retrieved 2011-08-05.
- Martens, Todd (October 15, 2003). "Ludacris Scores First No. 1 Album". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- Martens, Todd (October 22, 2003). "Aiken 'Measures' Up At No. 1". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- Martens, Todd (November 19, 2003). "Keith 'Shocks' Billboard 200 With No. 1 Debut". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- "Ludacris Album & Song Chart History: Billboard 200". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- "Ludacris Album & Song Chart History: R&B/Hip-Hop Albums". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- "American album certifications – Ludacris – Chicken & Beer". Recording Industry Association of America. November 10, 2003. Retrieved May 26, 2012. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
- "The ARIA Report: Issue 712 (Week Commencing 13 October 2003)". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved June 1, 2012.
- "Ludacris Album & Song Chart History: Canadian Albums". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- "Canadian album certifications – Ludacris – Chicken-N-Beer". Music Canada. January 8, 2004. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- "Discography Ludacris". irish-charts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- "Ludacris" (select "Albums" tab). Official Charts Company. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- "Chartverfolgung / Ludacris / Longplay". musicline.de (in German). Media Control Charts. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- Gray, Christopher (October 31, 2003). "Review: Ludacris". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
- "Review: Chicken-n-Beer". Blender: 142. December 2003.
- Vrabel, Jeff. "Review: Chicken-n-Beer". Chicago Sun-Times: 9. October 12, 2003. (Transcription of original review at talk page)
- Drumming, Neil (October 24, 2003). "Chicken-N-Beer Review". Entertainment Weekly. Time. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- "Los Angeles Times review". Articles.latimes.com. 1986-12-28. Retrieved 2011-08-05.
- "Review: Chicken-n-Beer". Q (London): 132. December 2003.
- Toure (November 13, 2003). "CD Review – Ludacris – Chicken & Beer". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Archived from the original on September 29, 2004. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
- "Chicken & Beer Reviews, Rating, Credits, and More". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- "Chicken -N- Beer > Credits". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved December 10, 2011.
- "2003 Year End Charts – Top Billboard 200 Albums". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- "2003 Year End Charts – Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 26, 2012.