China National Highway 219

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Kokudou 219(China).svg

National Highway 219
219国道
Route information
Length: 1,296 mi[1] (2,086 km)
Existed: 1957 – present
Major junctions
north-west end: Yecheng (Karghilik)
south-east end: Lhatse
Highway system
Transport in China

China National Highway 219 (G219) runs along the southwestern border of the People's Republic of China, from Yecheng (Karghilik) in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region to Lhatse in the Tibet Autonomous Region. It is 1,296 miles (2,086 kilometers) in length.[1] Construction of this road was started in 1951.[2] It was completed in 1957.[3] The road passes through disputed area of Aksai Chin, an area administered by the People's Republic of China but also claimed by India, and its construction was one of the triggers for the Sino-Indian War of 1962.

Marker at a mountain pass on G219 in Rutog County.

The construction of the road was not known to India government until the completion of the construction was announced in Chinese official newspaper in 1957. Part of the reason that India was not aware of the road is that Indian border patrol never successfully entered the area before. After the India Embassy in Beijing reported this to New Delhi in September 1957, India decided to send 2 troops of patrol to locate the exact location of the road. However due to the cold winter in the area, the patrol only started leaving from Leh district in July 1958. The patrol sent to locate the south part of the road reported the location of road in October 1958 but the patrol sent to the north part of the road went missing.

As one of the highest motorable roads in the world, the breathtaking scenery of Rutok county also ranks as some of the most inhospitable terrain on the planet. Domar township—a town of concrete blocks and nomad tents—is one of the bleakest and most remote outposts of the People's Liberation Army at the edge of the Aksai Chin. Near the town of Mazar many trekkers turn off for both the Karakorum range and K2 base camp. Approaching the Xinjiang border, past the final Tibetan settlement of Tserang Daban is a dangerous 5,050-meter-high pass. Tibetan nomads in the area herd both yaks and two-humped camels. Descending through the western Kunlun Shan, the road crosses additional passes of 4,000 and 3,000 meters, and the final pass offers brilliant views of the Taklamakan Desert far below before descending into the Karakax River basin.

The road passes near Mount Kailash and Lake Manasarovar and Pangong Tso.

Route and distance[edit]

Route and distance
City Distance (km)
Boxirekxiāng near Yecheng (Karghilik), Xinjiang 0
Rutog, Tibet 936
Gar, Tibet 1063
Drongpa (Zhongba), Tibet 1640
Saga, Tibet 1794
Ngamring, Tibet 2041
Chawuxiāng near Lhatse, Tibet 2086

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b G219 in Google Maps
  2. ^ MemCons of Final sessions with the Chinese, White House, 1971-08-12
  3. ^ 50th anniversary of Xinjiang-Tibet Highway marked, China Tibet Information Center, 2007-11-01
  • Dorje, Gyurme. (2009). Footprint Tibet Handbook. (4th Ed.) Footprint Handbooks, Bath, England. ISBN 978-1-906098-32-2.

External links[edit]