Location of the county
|Prefecture-level divisions||Kashgar Prefecture|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Signs advertising Yengisar's famous knives.
Yengisar County is a county in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in northwestern China. It is under the administration of the Kashgar Prefecture. It contains an area of 3,373 km2. As of the 2002 census, it had a population of 230,000.
The county seat is the city of Yengisar. It contains a notable knife factory. Yengisar was also historically known as Yangi Hissar.
The Battle of Yangi Hissar took place there, In April 1934, Ma Zhancang led the Chinese Muslim 36th division to attack the Turkic Muslim Uighur forces at Yangi Hissar, wiping out the entire Uighur force of 500, and killing the Emir Nur Ahmad Jan Bughra.
- China. Eye Witness Travel Guides. p. 514.
- "Fighting Continues Tungan Troops Still Active in Chinese Turkestan". The Montreal Gazette. 10 May 1934.
- Andrew D. W. Forbes (1986). Warlords and Muslims in Chinese Central Asia: a political history of Republican Sinkiang 1911-1949. Cambridge, England: CUP Archive. p. 123. ISBN 0-521-25514-7. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
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