Chungseon of Goryeo

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King Chungseon of Goryeo
King of Goryeo
Predecessor Chungnyeol
Successor Chungsuk
Spouse Lady Jo
Lady Hong
Lady Seo
Princess Botapsillin of Yuan
Father King Chungnyeol of Goryeo
Mother Princess Gyeguk
Born 1275
Died 1325
Dadu, Yuan Dynasty China
Chungseon of Goryeo
Hangul 충선왕
Hanja 忠宣王
Revised Romanization Chungseon wang
McCune–Reischauer Ch'ungsŏn wang
Courtesy name
Hangul 중앙
Hanja 仲昻
Revised Romanization Jung-ang
McCune–Reischauer Chungang
Monarchs of Korea
Goryeo
  1. Taejo 918–943
  2. Hyejong 943–945
  3. Jeongjong 945–949
  4. Gwangjong 949–975
  5. Gyeongjong 975–981
  6. Seongjong 981–997
  7. Mokjong 997–1009
  8. Hyeonjong 1009–1031
  9. Deokjong 1031–1034
  10. Jeongjong II 1034–1046
  11. Munjong 1046–1083
  12. Sunjong 1083
  13. Seonjong 1083–1094
  14. Heonjong 1094–1095
  15. Sukjong 1095–1105
  16. Yejong 1105–1122
  17. Injong 1122–1146
  18. Uijong 1146–1170
  19. Myeongjong 1170–1197
  20. Sinjong 1197–1204
  21. Huijong 1204–1211
  22. Gangjong 1211–1213
  23. Gojong 1213–1259
  24. Wonjong 1259–1274
  25. Chungnyeol 1274–1308
  26. Chungseon 1308–1313
  27. Chungsuk 1313–1330
    1332–1339
  28. Chunghye 1330–1332
    1339–1344
  29. Chungmok 1344–1348
  30. Chungjeong 1348–1351
  31. Gongmin 1351–1374
  32. U 1374–1388
  33. Chang 1388–1389
  34. Gongyang 1389–1392

Chungseon of Goryeo (20 October 1275 – 23 June 1325) (r. 1298 and 1308–1313) was the 26th king of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He is sometimes known by his Mongolian name, Ijirbuqa(益知禮普花, means 'small ox'). Adept at calligraphy and painting, rather than politics, he generally preferred the life of the Yuan capital Beijing to that of the Goryeo capital Kaesong. He was the eldest son of King Chungnyeol; his mother was a Yuan royal, Princess Gyeguk , a daughter of Khublai Khan also known by her Mongolian name/title Qutlugh-kelmysh.

In 1277, Chungseon was confirmed as Crown Prince; in the following year he travelled to China and received his Mongolian name[citation needed]. In 1296, he was married to the Yuan Princess Botapsillin. However, the king already had three Korean wives, the daughters of the powerful nobles Jo In-gyu, Hong Mun-gye, and Seo Won-hu.

Chungseon's mother died in 1297, and this was followed by a violent purge brought on by allegations that she had been murdered. Perhaps upset by these evens, King Chungnyeol petitioned Yuan to abdicate the throne, and was accordingly replaced by Chungseon in 1298. However, faced with intense plotting between the faction of his Mongolian queen and his Korean queen, Chungseon returned the throne to his father shortly thereafter.

He became the King (or Prince)[N 1] of Shenyang,[N 2] a new title, in 1307[1] or 1308.[2] After his father's death in 1308, Chungseon was obliged to return to the throne of Goryeo and made efforts to reform court politics, but spent as much time as possible in China. The title King of Shenyang was renamed King (or Prince) of Shen[N 3][3] in 1310. He is a very rare case of personal unions in East Asia. He retired from the throne in 1313, and was replaced by Chungsuk of Goryeo. Chungseon was briefly sent into exile in Tibet (lately Sakya) after the death of the emperor Renzong of Yuan (元仁宗), but was permitted soon thereafter to return to Beijing, where he died in 1325.


See also[edit]

Chungseon of Goryeo
Born: 1275 Died: 1325
Preceded by
Chungnyeol
King of Goryeo
1298
Succeeded by
Chungnyeol
Preceded by
Chungnyeol
King of Goryeo
1308–1313
Succeeded by
Chungsuk
New title King of Shenyang
1307? 1308?–1310
Succeeded by
Himself
as King of Shen
Preceded by
Himself
as King of Shenyang
King of Shen
1310–1316
Succeeded by
Wang Go

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The title wang (王) can be translated as "prince" (e.g. 秦王 Prince of Qin, Emperor Taizong of Tang's title until Xuanwu Gate Incident) or "king" (e.g. 魏王 King of Wei, Cao Cao's title when he died) in English.
  2. ^ 瀋陽王 (Simplified Chinese characters: 沈阳王; Mandarin Chinese Pinyin: Shěnyáng Wáng; Korean hangul: 심양왕, Revised Romanization: Simyang-wang)
  3. ^ 瀋王 (Simplified Chinese characters: 沈王; Mandarin Chinese Pinyin: Shěn Wáng; Korean hangul: 심왕, Revised Romanization: Sim-wang)

References[edit]

  1. ^ According to the History of Yuan (specifically, 元史·卷二十二·武宗一)
  2. ^ According to Goryeosa (specifically, 高麗史·卷三十三·世家)
  3. ^ History of Yuan (specifically, 《元史·卷二十三·武宗二》)