Chungseon of Goryeo
|King Chungseon of Goryeo|
|King of Goryeo|
Princess Botapsillin of Yuan
|Father||King Chungnyeol of Goryeo|
Dadu, Yuan Dynasty China
|Chungseon of Goryeo|
|Revised Romanization||Chungseon wang|
|Monarchs of Korea
Chungseon of Goryeo (20 October 1275 – 23 June 1325) (r. 1298 and 1308–1313) was the 26th king of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He is sometimes known by his Mongolian name, Ijirbuqa(益知禮普花, means 'small ox'). Adept at calligraphy and painting, rather than politics, he generally preferred the life of the Yuan capital Beijing to that of the Goryeo capital Kaesong. He was the eldest son of King Chungnyeol; his mother was a Yuan royal, Princess Gyeguk , a daughter of Khublai Khan also known by her Mongolian name/title Qutlugh-kelmysh.
In 1277, Chungseon was confirmed as Crown Prince; in the following year he travelled to China and received his Mongolian name. In 1296, he was married to the Yuan Princess Botapsillin. However, the king already had three Korean wives, the daughters of the powerful nobles Jo In-gyu, Hong Mun-gye, and Seo Won-hu.
Chungseon's mother died in 1297, and this was followed by a violent purge brought on by allegations that she had been murdered. Perhaps upset by these evens, King Chungnyeol petitioned Yuan to abdicate the throne, and was accordingly replaced by Chungseon in 1298. However, faced with intense plotting between the faction of his Mongolian queen and his Korean queen, Chungseon returned the throne to his father shortly thereafter.
He became the Prince[N 1] of Shenyang,[N 2] a new title, in 1307 or 1308. After his father's death in 1308, Chungseon was obliged to return to the throne of Goryeo and made efforts to reform court politics, but spent as much time as possible in China. The title King of Shenyang was renamed Prince of Shen[N 3] in 1310. He is a very rare case of personal unions in East Asia. He retired from the throne in 1313, and was replaced by Chungsuk of Goryeo. Chungseon was briefly sent into exile in Tibet (lately Sakya) after the death of the emperor Renzong of Yuan (元仁宗), but was permitted soon thereafter to return to Beijing, where he died in 1325.
- List of Korean monarchs
- Goryeo politics
- Mongol invasions of Korea
- List of Korea-related topics
- A Study on Relations between Koryo's Policy towards Yuan and Costume Policy under Yuan's Interference ( Author: Ahn, Jeong-Hee) (Didital Collection, Donga Univ, South Korea)
- The title wang (王) can be translated as "prince" (e.g. 秦王 Prince of Qin, Emperor Taizong of Tang's title until Xuanwu Gate Incident) or "king" (e.g. 魏王 King of Wei, Cao Cao's title when he died) in English.
- 瀋陽王 (Simplified Chinese characters: 沈阳王; Mandarin Chinese Pinyin: Shěnyáng Wáng; Korean hangul: 심양왕, Revised Romanization: Simyang-wang)
- 瀋王 (Simplified Chinese characters: 沈王; Mandarin Chinese Pinyin: Shěn Wáng; Korean hangul: 심왕, Revised Romanization: Sim-wang)
Chungseon of GoryeoBorn: 20 October 1275 Died: 23 June 1325
|King of Goryeo
|King of Goryeo
|New creation||Prince of Shenyang
c. 1308 – 1310
as Prince of Shen
as Prince of Shenyang
|Prince of Shen