Clift Andrus

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Clift Andrus
Clift Andrus.jpg
Born (1890-10-12)October 12, 1890
Fort Leavenworth, Kansas
Died September 29, 1968(1968-09-29) (aged 77)
Washington, D.C.
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Department of the Army Seal.svg United States Army
Years of service 1912-1952
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major General
Commands held US 1st Infantry Division 1st Infantry Division
Battles/wars

World War I
World War II

Awards Distinguished Service Cross
Distinguished Service Medal
Silver Star (2)
Legion of Merit (2)
Bronze Star Medal (2)

Clift Andrus (October 12, 1890 – September 29, 1968)[1] was a highly decorated American United States Army general with the rank of Major General. He is most noted for his service as a Commander of 1st Infantry Division at the end of World War II.

Early years[edit]

Clift Andrus was born on October 12, 1890 at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas as a son of army colonel, Edwin Proctor Andrus and his wife Marie Josephine (néé Birdwell). After attending a Shattuck-Saint Mary's in Faribault, Minnesota, Andrus began to study a Civil Engineering at Cornell University. Entered the Army in spring of the year 1912, Andrus was commissioned a Second Lieutenant on 24 April 1912 in 4th Field Artillery Regiment.

Then he served as a battery officer in his new regiment at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas and after three months was transferred to Fort Russell in Wyoming.

In 1915, Andrus was assigned to the Army Field Artillery School at Fort Sill for additional training.

Second World War[edit]

At the beginning of the World War II, Colonel Andrus served as an Executive officer at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii. Andrus stayed in this capacity until May of next year, when he was promoted on May 22 to the rank of Brigadier General. Subsequently he was transferred to the 1st Infantry Division under command of major general Terry de la Mesa Allen, Sr., where he was appointed an Division Artillery Officer.

Andrus participated with the 1st Infantry Division in the several battles of the North African Campaign and was subsequently awarded with the Distinguished Service Cross, Silver Star and other awards.[2]

Life after War[edit]

In June 1946, Andrus was transferred to the Fort Sill, Oklahoma, where he was appointed the Commander of local Artillery School. Andrus served in this capacity until April 1949, when he was transferred to the General Staff in Washington, D.C., where he became a Director of Organization & Training Division.

His last assignment was at Fort Meade, Maryland, where he was appointed a Deputy Commander of the Second United States Army under command of Lieutenant general Edward H. Brooks. Major general Andrus finally retired from the Army on October 31, 1952.

Major general Clift Andrus died on September 29, 1958 at the age of 77 years in Washington, D.C. and he is buried at Arlington National Cemetery together with his wife Marion Eleanor Lightfoot Andrus (1899 - 1979).[3]

Summary of Military Career[edit]

Decorations[edit]

Major general Clift Andrus received a lot of military decorations for bravery or distinguished service. Here is his ribbon bar:[4]

Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze star
Bronze star
Arrowhead
Silver star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
1st Row Distinguished Service Cross
2nd Row Army Distinguished Service Medal Silver Star with Oak Leaf Cluster Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster Soldier's Medal
3rd Row Bronze Star Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster World War I Victory Medal Army of Occupation of Germany Medal American Defense Service Medal with Base Clasp
4th Row American Campaign Medal Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with one service star European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with eight service stars and Arrowhead device World War II Victory Medal
5th Row Army of Occupation Medal National Defense Service Medal Chevalier of the Legion of Honor (France) French Croix de guerre 1939-1945 with Palm
6th Row Belgian Croix de guerre with Palm Czechoslovak Order of the White Lion, 3rd Class Czechoslovak War Cross 1939-1945 Soviet Order of the Patriotic War

Dates of rank[edit]

US-O1 insignia.svg
Second Lieutenant, Regular Army: April 24, 1912
US-O2 insignia.svg
 First Lieutenant, Regular Army: July 1, 1916
US-O3 insignia.svg
 Captain, Regular Army: May 15, 1917
US-O4 insignia.svg
 Major, National Army: July 3, 1918
US-O5 insignia.svg
 Lieutenant Colonel, National Army: October 24, 1918
US-O4 insignia.svg
 Major, Regular Army: July 1, 1920
US-O5 insignia.svg
 Lieutenant Colonel, Regular Army: August 1, 1935
US-O6 insignia.svg
 Colonel, National Army: October 16, 1940
US-O6 insignia.svg
 Colonel, Regular Army: September 1, 1941
US-O7 insignia.svg
 Brigadier General, Army of the United States: May 22, 1942
US-O8 insignia.svg
 Major General, Army of the United States: March 17, 1945
US-O8 insignia.svg
 Major General, Regular Army: January 24, 1948

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Biography of Major-general Clift Andrus (1890 -1968), USA". generals.dk. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-05-09. 
  2. ^ "Valor Awards for Clift Andrus". militarytimes.com. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-05-09. 
  3. ^ "Clift Andrus (1890 - 1968) - Find a Grave Memorial". findagrave.com. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-05-09. 
  4. ^ "Valor Awards for Clift Andrus". militarytimes.com. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-05-09.