Cockersand Abbey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cockersand Abbey
Cockersand Abbey 1.jpg
Location Thurnham, Lancashire
Coordinates 53°58′37″N 2°52′30″W / 53.977°N 2.875°W / 53.977; -2.875Coordinates: 53°58′37″N 2°52′30″W / 53.977°N 2.875°W / 53.977; -2.875
Official name: Cockersand Premonstratensian Abbey
Designated 13 January 1915 [1]
Listed Building – Grade I
Official name: The Chapter House, Cockersand Abbey
Designated 2 May 1968 [2]
Cockersand Abbey is located in the City of Lancaster district
Cockersand Abbey
Location of Cockersand Abbey in the City of Lancaster district

Cockersand Abbey is a former abbey near Cockerham in the City of Lancaster district of Lancashire, England. It was founded before 1184 as the Hospital of St Mary on the marsh belonging to Leicester Abbey. It was refounded by the Cambro-Norman magnate, Theobald Walter, 1st Baron Butler as a Premonstratensian priory. It was subsequently elevated to an abbey in 1192. It also continued as a hospital.[3]

The abbey was dissolved in 1539 and acquired by a John Kitchen. The site is now adjacent to a farm house and the only significant relic is the still intact, vaulted chapter house which was built in 1230 and used as a family mausoleum by the Daltons of Thurnham Hall during the 18th and 19th centuries.[4] There are some scrappy remains of the church adjacent. A tradition that the medieval choir stalls in the nearby Lancaster Priory originated from here has been discredited.[citation needed]

The chapter house is a Grade I listed building and Scheduled Ancient Monument. In 2007 English Heritage made an £80,000 grant to the owner to help preserve the building.[4] The chapter house is open to the public on special occasions such as Heritage Open Days.

Two Roman silver statuettes were discovered on Cockersand Moss near the abbey site in 1718, possibly indicating the presence of a Romano-British shrine nearby.[5]

List of dignitaries[edit]

  • Hugh (Garth) the Hermit ‘Master of the Hospital’ (before 1184)
  • Henry (?–1190)
  • Th[omas] 'Abbas de Marisco' (1194–1199)
  • Roger 'Abbas de Marisco', 'abbas de Kokersand' (1205–6)
  • Hereward (fl. 1216–1235)
  • Richard (fl. 1240)
  • Henry (fl. 1246–1261)
  • Adam de Blake (fl. 1269–1278)
  • Thomas (fl. 1286–1288)
  • Robert of Formby (fl. 1289–1290)
  • Roger (fl. 1300)
  • Thomas (fl. 1305–1307)
  • Roger (fl. 1311–1331)
  • William of Boston (fl. 1334–1340)
  • Robert of Carleton (fl. 1347–1354)
  • Jordan of Bosedon (fl. 1354–1364)
  • Richard (fl. 1382)
  • Thomas (fl. 1386–1389)
  • William Stamford (fl. 1393)
  • Thomas of Burgh (fl. 1395–1403)
  • Thomas Green (1410–1444?)
  • Robert Egremont (1444–c. 1474)
  • William Lucas (–1477)
  • William Bowland (1477–1490)
  • John Preston (1490–1502?)
  • James Skipton (1502–1505)
  • Henry Stayning (1505–1509)
  • John Croune (1509–?)
  • George Billington (fl. 1520–1522)
  • John Bowland (fl. 1524–1527)
  • surnamed Newsham (?)
  • Gilbert Ainsworth (1531)
  • Robert Kendal (1531–1533)
  • Robert Poulton (1533–1538/9)[3]

Media galley[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ English Heritage. "Cockersand Premonstratensian Abbey (1018919)". National Heritage List for England. 
  2. ^ English Heritage. "The Chapter House, Cockersand Abbey (1362525)". National Heritage List for England. 
  3. ^ a b Farrer & Brownbill (1908), pp. 154-9
  4. ^ a b "Ancient abbey is saved by grant". BBC News. 2007-06-21. Retrieved 2008-11-21. 
  5. ^ Cockersand Moss, Roman Britain.org.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]