Capernwray Chapel

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Capernwray Chapel
Capernwray Chapel from the northwest
Capernwray Chapel is located in the City of Lancaster district
Capernwray Chapel
Capernwray Chapel
Location of Capernwray Chapel in the City of Lancaster district
Coordinates: 54°08′38″N 2°42′10″W / 54.1440°N 2.7029°W / 54.1440; -2.7029
OS grid reference SD 542,722
Location Capernwray, Over Kellet, Lancashire
Country England
Denomination Independent
Churchmanship Evangelical
History
Founded 1840
Founder(s) George Marton
Associated people Major W. Ian Thomas
Architecture
Status Chapel
Functional status Active
Architect(s) Edmund Sharpe
E. G. Paley
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic Revival
Groundbreaking 1835
Completed 1857
Specifications
Materials Sandstone rubble
Slate roofs
Listed Building – Grade II
Official name: Capernwray Church
Designated: 7 November 1983
Reference No. 1164650

Capernwray Chapel is in the village of Capernwray, Over Kellet, Lancashire, England. Formerly the chapel to Capernwray Hall, it is now an independent Evangelical chapel. It is designated by English Heritage as a Grade II listed building.[1]

History[edit]

The chapel was built by Mr and Mrs George Marton between 1835 and 1840 as a private chapel for Capernwray Hall. George Marton was Lord Lieutenant of Lancashire and in addition to Capernwray Hall, owned Borwick Hall, Borwick railway station, and a number of farms.[2] It was designed by the Lancaster architect Edmund Sharpe and at that stage consisted of a simple rectangle.[3] The chapel could seat 100 people, and the gallery formed the family pew.[4] In 1856 E. G. Paley, Sharpe's successor, added the tower, chancel and west window.[3] During the Second World War, the boarders from Ripley St Thomas School, Lancaster, were evacuated to Capernwray Hall and used the chapel for worship. After the war, in 1946, Major W. Ian Thomas and his wife bought the hall and the chapel for the use of Capernwray Missionary Fellowship of Torchbearers. By 1962 it had become too small for the numbers using it and it was converted into a dormitory by adding a false ceiling and dormer windows to make an upper floor. Having been disused for a time, the Evangelical Fellowship were given the use of the chapel by Mrs Thomas.[2]

Architecture[edit]

Capernwray Chapel is constructed in sandstone rubble with slate roofs. Its plan consists of a four-bay nave, a two-bay chancel at a lower level and a southwest tower over the porch. The windows on the north and south walls are all lancets, at the east end is a three-light lancet window and at the west end is a five-light window. There is a doorway in the north chancel wall. The tower has five stages with clasping buttresses. In the lowest stage is a west doorway above which is a lancet window. The bell openings consist of louvred three-light lancets. At the top of the tower is a pyramidal roof with a weather vane. Gargoyles protrude from the gutters and on the gables are cross finials.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b English Heritage, "Capernwray Church (1164650)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 28 May 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Borwick Rd Church, Capernwray, GENUKI, retrieved 10 April 2010 
  3. ^ a b Hartwell, Clare; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2009) [1969], Lancashire: North, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 202, ISBN 978-0-300-12667-9 
  4. ^ Brandwood, Geoff; Austin, Tim; Hughes, John; Price, James (2012), The Architecture of Sharpe, Paley and Austin, Swindon: English Heritage, p. 212, ISBN 978-1-84802-049-8