Constanza, Dominican Republic

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Constanza
Aerial view of Constanza
Aerial view of Constanza
Constanza is located in the Dominican Republic
Constanza
Constanza
Coordinates: 18°54′36″N 70°45′0″W / 18.91000°N 70.75000°W / 18.91000; -70.75000Coordinates: 18°54′36″N 70°45′0″W / 18.91000°N 70.75000°W / 18.91000; -70.75000
Country  Dominican Republic
Province La Vega
Area[1]
 • Total 848.79 km2 (327.72 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 1,164 m (3,819 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 59,052
 • Density 70/km2 (180/sq mi)
 • Urban 25,683
 • Demonym Constantian
(Spanish: constanceño)
Distance to
 – Santo Domingo

140 km
Municipal Districts
2
Website http://www.constanza.net

Constanza is a town in La Vega Province, Dominican Republic.

History[edit]

Sir Robert Schomburgk

The name of Constanza has its origin in the legend the daughter of a local taino cacique who lived in the valley. In 1852, the British explorer and consul Sir Robert Hermann Schomburgk mentions the existence of a farm in the valley of Constanza. The town was formally founded in 1894. It has been incorporated into a municipality in the La Vega province on September 9, 1907.

On June 14, 1959 a plane landed in an airstrip with more than forty rebels with the purpose of deposing the dictator Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina. They fought guerrillas in the nearby mountains, and after two months against the Dominican Army managed to end the rebellion.

Geography[edit]

Constanza is located at a height of 1220 meters (4000 ft) in the middle of the Cordillera Central (Central Range). Annual average temperatures range from 41 °F (5 °C) to 68 °F (20 °C), depending on altitude. The valley is 8 km long and 4 km wide.

Climate[edit]

Constanza has an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cwb), with moderately warm and humid summers, and dry and mild winters, due to its tropical location and high elevation. The average annual temperature varies from less than 10 °C in highlands[4] to 18 °C in town.
In summer, temperatures range between 25 °C to 27 °C during the day, and between 12 °C to 15 °C at night. Wildfires are relatively common.
In winter, the temperatures are between 21 to 24 °C at day, and 8 to 12 °C at night. Fog is quite common. The last time that Constanza had freezing temperatures was on 1958; while in Valle Nuevo freezes are usual.[5] Snow can fall in the highest peaks of Valle Nuevo, but it is becoming a rare event and accumulation almost no longer occurs.

The highest temperature ever recorded in town was 32.5 °C, on October 3, 1957. [6] The coldest temperature was –1 °C, recorded on February 6, 1958.[7]

Climate data for Constanza (1971-2000) (COZ—Expedición 14 de Junio Airport; 1.164 m)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.0
(84.2)
30.0
(86)
31.5
(88.7)
29.8
(85.6)
31.0
(87.8)
30.5
(86.9)
31.5
(88.7)
31.0
(87.8)
32.0
(89.6)
32.5
(90.5)
29.5
(85.1)
28.8
(83.8)
32.5
(90.5)
Average high °C (°F) 23.2
(73.8)
23.8
(74.8)
24.7
(76.5)
25.0
(77)
25.4
(77.7)
26.1
(79)
26.3
(79.3)
26.5
(79.7)
26.3
(79.3)
25.8
(78.4)
24.5
(76.1)
23.2
(73.8)
25.1
(77.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 16.3
(61.3)
16.7
(62.1)
17.7
(63.9)
18.3
(64.9)
19.0
(66.2)
19.5
(67.1)
19.7
(67.5)
19.8
(67.6)
19.6
(67.3)
19.2
(66.6)
18.1
(64.6)
16.9
(62.4)
18.4
(65.1)
Average low °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
9.7
(49.5)
10.6
(51.1)
11.7
(53.1)
12.7
(54.9)
12.9
(55.2)
13.1
(55.6)
13.1
(55.6)
12.9
(55.2)
12.6
(54.7)
11.7
(53.1)
10.6
(51.1)
11.8
(53.2)
Record low °C (°F) 0.0
(32)
−1.0
(30.2)
2.7
(36.9)
1.5
(34.7)
4.0
(39.2)
3.0
(37.4)
4.0
(39.2)
5.0
(41)
5.0
(41)
4.0
(39.2)
3.0
(37.4)
3.6
(38.5)
−1.0
(30.2)
Rainfall mm (inches) 26.9
(1.059)
31.2
(1.228)
36.4
(1.433)
57.8
(2.276)
167.5
(6.594)
96.1
(3.783)
64.3
(2.531)
133.4
(5.252)
128.5
(5.059)
102.0
(4.016)
70.7
(2.783)
41.8
(1.646)
956.6
(37.66)
Avg. rainy days 6 8 14 9 7 10 11 11
Source #1: National Bureau of Meteorology (ONAMET) (Spanish)
Source #2: freemeteo.com [20] — acqweather.com [21] [22]
Climate data for Valle Nuevo, Constanza (Weather station; 2.260 m)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 17
(63)
17
(63)
18
(64)
19
(66)
18
(64)
19
(66)
20
(68)
21
(70)
20
(68)
19
(66)
18
(64)
18
(64)
19
(66)
Daily mean °C (°F) 9
(48)
10
(50)
11
(52)
11
(52)
11
(52)
12
(54)
13
(55)
14
(57)
14
(57)
13
(55)
11
(52)
10
(50)
12
(54)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
2
(36)
3
(37)
4
(39)
6
(43)
6
(43)
7
(45)
8
(46)
7
(45)
7
(45)
5
(41)
3
(37)
5
(41)
Source: [8]

Economy[edit]

The local economy is based upon agriculture. It is known for its strawberries, peaches, apples, garlic and potatoes. Constanza is also known for its wide variety of flowers, especially its roses.

Tourism[edit]

Constanza is known for its remarkable mountain climate despite being located in a tropical island. Local tourism is very often during winter time. Throughout the rest of the year it is visited because of its closeness to the cientific reserve of Ebano Verde and also to have the nearest route to the Pico Duarte, the highest point in the Caribbean.

Ecology[edit]

The nearby scientific reserve of Ebano Verde is the stronghold of the widest variety of flora and fauna of Hispaniola. The mountains surrounding the valley of Constanza are covered in Hispaniolan Pine (Pinus occidentalis) forests. Typical fauna seen in the area includes the Hispaniolan Palm Crow, Antillean Siskin, Rufous-throated Solitaire, Hispaniolan Crossbill (abundance directly related to pine cone crop), and Hispaniolan Trogon, while at lower elevations the Hispaniolan Parrot, Scaly-naped Pigeon and Golden Swallow can be seen.

Transportation[edit]

The town can be reached either by local airlines through the Constanza Airport or through local bus companies.

Demographics[edit]

Constanza is home to an unusual combination of ethnic groups, having been an area settled by numerous Spanish and Japanese immigrant workers encouraged to come to the Dominican Republic during the infamous dictadorship of Trujillo. Now some two or three generations on their presence is still substantial in the area and provides the town. They were attracted by the cooler climate that goes on all year round.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica (Spanish)
  2. ^ De la Fuente, Santiago (1976). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.  (Spanish)
  3. ^ Censo 2012 de Población y Vivienda, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica (Spanish)
  4. ^ National Bureau of Meteorology (ONAMET). "Pronóstico Turístico Mensual" (in Spanish). Santo Domingo. Retrieved December 2010. 
  5. ^ National Bureau of Meteorology (Oficina Nacional de Meteorología, ONAMET). "Red de Estaciones Automáticas" (in Spanish). Valle Nuevo. Retrieved June 5, 2011. 
  6. ^ Antonio Cocco Quezada. "Efemérides Meteorológicas Dominicanas" [Dominican weather Ephemeris] (in Spanish). ACQ & Asociados. Febrero 06 - 1958. Retrieved March 26, 2011. 
  7. ^ Centro de Información Gubernamental—Ministerio de la Presidencia
  8. ^ Contribución al conocimiento del clima de la Isla de Santo Domingo. Retrieved 11 April 2011.