Control Commission of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
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The Party Control Committee (Russian: Комитет партийного контроля, Komitet Partiynogo Kontrolya) was a supreme disciplinary body within the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Its members were elected at plenary sessions of the Central Committee.
The Party Control Committee oversaw the party discipline of the party members and candidate party members in terms of their observance of the Programme and regulations of the Party, state discipline and Party ethics. It administered punishments, including expulsions from the Party. The Party Control Committee also considered the appeals of party members punished by their local Party organizations.
It was through this committee that Joseph Stalin consolidated near complete control of the Soviet secret police and eventually of the Soviet Union. Stalin was never the official leader of the secret police agencies, but since all secret police leaders were appointed to the Control Committee by Stalin, he was thus able to indirectly control the workings of the secret police.
The chairman of the Party Control Committee was a powerful figure in Party politics, and usually held membership in the Politburo. Notable chairmen included Andrei Andreyev, Nikolay Shvernik, Arvid Pelshe, Mikhail Solomentsev and Boris Pugo.
In 1920-1923, as head of the CCC, People's Commissar of Rabkrin(Stalin) was in charge of its activities on the national level.
Chairman of the Central Control Commission of the RCP (b) - the CPSU (b):
- Valerian Kuibyshev,(1923-1926)
- Grigory Ordzhonikidze,(1926-1930)
- Andrei Andreyevich Andreev,(1930-1931)
- Jan Ernestovich Rudzutak,(1931-1934)
Chairman of the Party Control Commission of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b):
- Lazar Kaganovich, (1934-1935)
- Nikolai Ivanovich Yezhov,(1935-1939) (in fact, until 1938)
- Andrei Andreyevich Andreev,(1939-1952)
Chairman of the Party Control Committee of the Central Committee:
- Matthew F. Shkiryatov,(1952-1954)
- post is vacant (1954-1956)
- Nikolai Mikhailovich Shvernik,(1956-1966)
- Arvid Janowicz Pel'she,(1966-1983)
- Mikhail Sergeyevich Solomencev,(1983-1988)
- Boris Karlovich Pugo,(1988-1990)
Chairman of the Central Control Commission of the CPSU:
Another control organ was the CPSU Central Auditing Commission.
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