Convoy HX 126

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Convoy HX.126
Part of World War II
Date 10–-28 May 1941
Location North Sea
Belligerents
War Ensign of Germany 1938-1945.svg Germany Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Commanders and leaders
Admiral Karl Dönitz Rear-Admiral F B Watson DSO
Strength
9 U-boats 37 merchant ships
18 escorts
Casualties and losses
9 ships sunk

Convoy HX 126 was the 126th of the numbered series of World War II HX convoys of merchant ships from HalifaX to Liverpool. The ships departed Halifax on 10 May 1941[1] and were escorted across the North Atlantic by the armed merchant cruiser Aurania intended to provide protection against merchant raiders. Aurania was poorly equipped to defend the convoy from attacks beginning on 19 May by U-boats of the 1st, 2nd and 7th Flotillas, operating out of Brest, Lorient and St Nazaire, respectively.[2] U-boats sank nine ships prior to arrival of the 12th Escort Group on 21 May. Surviving ships reached Liverpool on 28 May.[1]

Ships in the convoy[3][edit]

Name Flag Tonnage (GRT) Notes
HMS Arabis (K73)  Royal Navy Escort 21 May – 23 May
Corvette
Athelprincess (1929)  United Kingdom 8,882
Aurania  Royal Navy Escort 10 May – 21 May
Armed merchant cruiser
Barnby (1940)  United Kingdom 4,813 Straggled and sunk by U-111[4]
Baron Carnegie (1925)  United Kingdom 3,178
Baron Elgin (1933)  United Kingdom 3,942
Bente Maersk (1928)  United Kingdom 5,722
British Freedom (1928)  United Kingdom 6,985 Straggled 20 May
British Security (1937)  United Kingdom 8,470 Sunk by U-556[5]
British Splendour (1931)  United Kingdom 7,138
Burnham (H82)  Royal Navy Escort 21 May – 22 May
Destroyer
HMS Burwell (H94)  Royal Navy Escort 21 May – 26 May
Destroyer
HMCS Chambly (K116)  Royal Canadian Navy Escort
Corvette
Cockaponset (1919)  United Kingdom 5,995 Sunk By U-556[6]
Darlington Court (1936)  United Kingdom 4,974 Sunk By U-566[7]
HMS Dianella (K07)  Royal Navy Escort 23 May
Corvette
Dorelian (1923)  United Kingdom 6,431
Eemland (1906)  Netherlands 4,188 Straggled 20 May
Elusa (1936)  Netherlands 6,235 Sunk By U-93[8]
Empire Kudu (1919)  United Kingdom 6,622
HMS Gladiolus (K34)  Royal Navy Escort 23 May – 26 May
Corvette
Gretavale (1928)  United Kingdom 4,586
Hada County (1921)  Norway 4,853
Harpagus (1940)  United Kingdom 5,173 Sunk By U-109.[9] Rescue Ship
Havsten (1930)  Norway 6,161
HMS Heliotrope (K03)  Royal Navy Escort 21 May – 23 May
Corvette
Hindustan (1940)  United Kingdom 5,245 Rear-Admiral F B Watson DSO (Commodore)
John P Pedersen (1930)  Norway 6,128 Sunk By U-94[10]
Karabagh (1932)  United Kingdom 6,427
HMS Keppel (D84)  Royal Navy Escort 23 May – 26 May
Destroyer leader
HMS Kingcup (K33)  Royal Navy Escort 23 May – 28 May
Corvette
HMS Lady Elsa (FY124)  Royal Navy Escort 23 May
ASW trawler
HMS Malcolm (D19)  Royal Navy Escort 20 May – 22 May
Destroyer leader
HMS Mallow (K81)  Royal Navy Escort 21 May – 23 May
Corvette
Morgenen (1930)  Norway 7,093
Nicoya (1929)  United Kingdom 5,364
Norman Monarch (1937)  United Kingdom 4,718 Sunk By U-94[11]
HMS Northern Gem (FY194)  Royal Navy Escort
ASW trawler
HMS Northern Wave (FY153)  Royal Navy Escort
ASW trawler
HMCS Orillia (K119)  Royal Canadian Navy Escort
Corvette
Regent Panther (1937)  United Kingdom 9,556
Ribera (1940)  United Kingdom 5,559 Straggled 20 May
Rosewood (1931)  United Kingdom 5,989 Iceland
Rothermere (1938)  United Kingdom 5,356 Sunk By U-98[12]
HMS Sabre (H18)  Royal Navy Escort 23 May – 27 May
WW1-era destroyer
Salando (1920)  Netherlands 5,272 Returned
HMS Scimitar (H21)  Royal Navy Escort 22 May – 24 May
WW1-era destroyer
HMS Springbank  Royal Navy Escort 23 May
Anti-aircraft ship
Tongariro (1925)  United Kingdom 8,720
Toward (1923)  United Kingdom 1,571 Rescue Ship
HMS Tribune (N76)  Royal Navy Escort 10 May
Submarine
HMS Venomous (D75)  Royal Navy Escort 26 May – 28 May
Destroyer
HMS Verbena (K85)  Royal Navy Escort 21 May – 23 May
Corvette
Westport (1918)  United Kingdom 5,665 Joined Ex Convoy SC 31
Winona County (1919)  United Kingdom 6,159 Returned

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hague p.127
  2. ^ Rohwer &Hummelchen, p.62
  3. ^ "Convoy HX.126". Arnold Hague Convoy Database. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "Barnby – British steam merchant". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  5. ^ "British Security – British motor tanker". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  6. ^ "Cockaponset – British steam merchant". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  7. ^ "Darlington Court – British motor merchant". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "Elusa – Dutch motor tanker". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "Harpagus – British steam merchant". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "John P Pedersen – Norwegian motor tanker". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Norman Monarch – British steam merchant". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Rothermere – British steam merchant". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Hague, Arnold (2000). The Allied Convoy System 1939–1945. ISBN 1-86176-147-3. 
  • Rohwer, J. and Hummelchen, G. (1992). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-105-X. 

External links[edit]