Current reigning monarchs by length of reign

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This is a list of currently enthroned monarchs and lifelong leaders sorted by length of service.

This list includes all "legitimately reigning monarchs", which includes monarchs who do not reign over entire nations, such as Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu, but does not include former monarchs and pretenders, such as Michael of Romania, de facto monarchs such as François Hollande who in his capacity as President of France is also Co-Prince of Andorra, or monarchs whose position is unofficial, such as Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama.

List[edit]

Rank Name Nation(s) Born Age Ascended Years reigned
1. Bhumibol Adulyadej Thailand 5 December 1927 86 years, 230 days 9 June 1946 68 years, 44 days
2. Elizabeth II Commonwealth realms[1] 21 April 1926 88 years, 93 days 6 February 1952 62 years, 167 days
3. Abdul Halim Kedah (Malaysia)[2] 28 November 1927 86 years, 237 days 14 July 1958 56 years, 9 days
4. Sikiru Kayode Adetona Ijebuland (Nigeria) 10 May 1934 80 years, 74 days 4 January 1960 54 years, 200 days
5. Hassanal Bolkiah Brunei 15 July 1946 68 years, 8 days 5 October 1967 46 years, 291 days
6. Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu Zulu people (South Africa) 14 July 1948 66 years, 9 days 17 September 1968 45 years, 309 days
7. Qaboos bin Said al Said Oman 18 November 1940 73 years, 247 days 23 July 1970 44 years, 0 days
8. Margrethe II Denmark 16 April 1940 74 years, 98 days 14 January 1972 42 years, 190 days
9. Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qassimi III Sharjah (United Arab Emirates) 2 July 1939 75 years, 21 days 25 January 1972 42 years, 179 days
10. Carl XVI Gustaf Sweden 30 April 1946 68 years, 84 days 15 September 1973 40 years, 311 days
11. Ahmad Shah Pahang (Malaysia) 24 October 1930 83 years, 272 days 7 May 1974 40 years, 77 days
12. Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi Fujairah (United Arab Emirates) 25 August 1948 65 years, 332 days 18 September 1974 39 years, 308 days
13. Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi Ajman (United Arab Emirates) 1931 83 years, 203 days 6 September 1981 32 years, 320 days
14. Mswati III Swaziland 19 April 1968 46 years, 95 days 25 April 1986 28 years, 89 days
15. Akihito Japan 23 December 1933 80 years, 212 days 7 January 1989 25 years, 197 days
16. Hamengkubuwana X Yogyakarta (Indonesia) 2 April 1946 68 years, 112 days 7 March 1989 25 years, 138 days
17. Hans-Adam II Liechtenstein 14 February 1945 69 years, 159 days 13 November 1989 24 years, 252 days
18. Letsie III Lesotho 17 July 1963 51 years, 6 days 12 November 1990 23 years, 253 days
19. Harald V Norway 21 February 1937 77 years, 152 days 17 January 1991 23 years, 187 days
20. Muwenda Mutebi II Buganda (Uganda) 13 April 1955 59 years, 101 days 24 July 1993 20 years, 364 days
21. Oyo Nyimba Kabamba Iguru Rukidi IV Toro (Uganda) 16 April 1992 22 years, 98 days 13 September 1995 18 years, 313 days
22. Mizan Zainal Abidin Terengganu (Malaysia) 22 January 1962 52 years, 182 days 15 May 1998 16 years, 69 days
23. Abdullah II Jordan 30 January 1962 52 years, 174 days 7 February 1999 15 years, 166 days
24. Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Bahrain 28 January 1950 64 years, 176 days 6 March 1999 15 years, 139 days
25. Otumfuo Nana Osei Tutu II Ashanti people (Ghana) 6 May 1950 64 years, 78 days 26 April 1999 15 years, 88 days
26. Paku Alam IX Pakualaman (Indonesia) 7 May 1938 76 years, 77 days 26 May 1999 15 years, 58 days
27. Mohammed VI Morocco 21 August 1963 50 years, 336 days 23 July 1999 15 years, 0 days
28. Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin Perlis (Malaysia) 16 May 1943 71 years, 68 days 17 April 2000 14 years, 97 days
29. Henri Luxembourg 16 April 1955 59 years, 98 days 7 October 2000 13 years, 289 days
30. Sharafuddin Idris Shah Selangor (Malaysia) 24 October 1945 68 years, 272 days 21 November 2001 12 years, 244 days
31. Norodom Sihamoni Cambodia 14 May 1953 61 years, 70 days 14 October 2004 9 years, 282 days
32. Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) 25 January 1945 69 years, 179 days 3 November 2004 9 years, 262 days
33. Albert II Monaco 14 March 1958 56 years, 131 days 6 April 2005 9 years, 108 days
34. Abdullah Saudi Arabia 1 August 1924 89 years, 356 days 1 August 2005 8 years, 356 days
35. Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Dubai (United Arab Emirates) 22 July 1949 65 years, 1 day 4 January 2006 8 years, 200 days
36. Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Kuwait 16 June 1929 85 years, 37 days 29 January 2006 8 years, 175 days
37. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Bhutan 21 February 1980 34 years, 152 days 15 December 2006 7 years, 220 days
38. Tunku Muhriz Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia) 14 January 1948 66 years, 190 days 29 December 2008 5 years, 206 days
39. Saud bin Rashid Al Mu'alla Umm al-Quwain (United Arab Emirates) 1 October 1952 61 years, 295 days 2 January 2009 5 years, 202 days
40. Charles Mumbere Rwenzururu (Uganda) 1953 61 years, 203 days 19 October 2009 4 years, 277 days
41. Ibrahim Ismail Johor (Malaysia) 22 November 1958 55 years, 243 days 22 January 2010 4 years, 182 days
42. Muhammad V Kelantan (Malaysia) 6 October 1969 44 years, 290 days 13 September 2010 3 years, 313 days
43. Saud bin Saqr al Qasimi Ras al-Khaimah (United Arab Emirates) 10 February 1956 58 years, 163 days 27 October 2010 3 years, 269 days
44. Tupou VI Tonga 12 July 1959 55 years, 11 days 18 March 2012 2 years, 127 days
45. Francis Vatican City 17 December 1936 77 years, 218 days 13 March 2013 1 year, 132 days
46. Willem-Alexander Netherlands 27 April 1967 47 years, 87 days 30 April 2013 1 year, 84 days
47. Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Qatar 3 June 1980 34 years, 50 days 25 June 2013 1 year, 28 days
48. Philippe Belgium 15 April 1960 54 years, 99 days 21 July 2013 1 year, 2 days
49. Nazrin Shah Perak (Malaysia) 27 November 1956 57 years, 238 days 29 May 2014 0 years, 55 days
50. Muhammad Sanusi II Kano Emirate (Nigeria) 31 July 1961 52 years, 357 days 8 June 2014 0 years, 45 days
51. Felipe VI Spain 30 January 1968 46 years, 174 days 19 June 2014 0 years, 34 days

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This length of reign only applies to United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, as all of the other countries Elizabeth II reigns over had yet to gain independence at the time she acceded to the throne. Elizabeth's other reigns, in order of length, consist of (date of ascension in brackets):
    • Jamaica: 51 years, 351 days (6 August 1962)
    • Barbados: 47 years, 235 days (30 November 1966)
    • The Bahamas: 41 years, 13 days (10 July 1973)
    • Grenada: 40 years, 166 days (7 February 1974)
    • Papua New Guinea: 38 years, 310 days (16 September 1975)
    • Solomon Islands: 36 years, 6 days (7 July 1978)
    • Tuvalu: 35 years, 295 days (1 October 1978)
    • Saint Lucia: 35 years, 151 days (22 February 1979)
    • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: 34 years, 269 days (27 October 1979)
    • Belize: 32 years, 305 days (21 September 1981)
    • Antigua and Barbuda: 32 years, 264 days (1 November 1981)
    • Saint Kitts and Nevis: 30 years, 307 days (19 September 1983)
  2. ^ Abdul Halim is also the currently-reigning Yang di-Pertuan Agong, and has reigned for 2 years, 222 days (13 December 2011).