Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
|Sheik Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum|
|Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates|
6 January 2006
Acting: 5 January 2006 – 11 January 2006
|President||Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan|
|Preceded by||Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum|
15 July 1949 |
Dubai, Trucial States
(now United Arab Emirates)
|Spouse(s)||Hind bint Maktoum bin Juma Al Maktoum (1979–present)
Haya bint Al Hussein (2004–present)
Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (Arabic محمد بن راشد آل مكتوم; Muḥammad bin Rāshid al Maktūm), also Sheikh Mohammed, (born 15 July 1949), is the Prime Minister and Vice President of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and constitutional monarch of Dubai. He has held those positions since January 2006, when he succeeded his elder brother, Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum.
Early life and education
He is the third of Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum's four sons (members of Dubai's ruling family Al Maktoum and descendants of the House of Al-Falasi, of which he is the tribal leader). From the age of four, Sheikh Mohammed was privately tutored in Arabic and Islamic Studies. In 1955, he began his formal education at Al Ahmedia School. At the age of 10, he moved to Al Shaab School, and two years later, he went to Dubai Secondary School. In 1966, with his cousin, Sheikh Mohammed bin Khalifa Al-Maktoum, he attended the Bell Educational Trust's English Language School in the United Kingdom.
Marriage and family
His best-known junior wife is HRH Princess Haya bint Al Hussein, daughter of King Hussein of Jordan and half-sister of current King Abdullah II of Jordan, whom he married on 10 April 2004, and with whom he has two children, a daughter, Al-Jalila, born 2 December 2007 and a son, Zayed, 7 born January 2012. Sheikh Mohammed announced the arrival of his son Zayed on Twitter.
Sheikh Mohammed has 23 officially acknowledged children, nine sons and fourteen daughters, of whom four daughters married into Middle East royal families:
- HH Shaikha Manal bint Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, married to HH Sheikh Mansour bin Zayed Al Nahyan of Abu Dhabi
- HH Shaikha Latifa bint Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, married to HH Sheikh Mohammed bin Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi, Crown Prince of Fujairah
- HH Shaikha Shaikha bint Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum married to HH Sheikh Nasser bin Hamad Al Khalifa of Bahrain
- HH Shaikha Hassa bint Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum married to HH Sheikh Saeed bin Dalmouk Al Maktoum
Sporting and cultural interests
Al Maktoum, his sons, and his daughters are known to be avid enthusiasts of traditional Arabic poems and arts, and take part in projects to aid developing countries such as Jordan, Egypt, the Palestinian Authority and Yemen. He writes poetry in Nabati (colloquial Arabic).
They are also sport enthusiasts, especially in horse and camel racing. For example, in the 15th Asian Games in 2006, his son Rashid took the individual gold in Endurance, his sons Rashid, Ahmed, Majid, and Hamdan took the team gold in Endurance, his niece Latifa took a bronze in Show Jumping, and his daughter Maitha led the UAE team in taekwondo. In 2013 when the UAE National football team won the Gulf Cup, Sheikh Mohammed gave the team 50 million dirhams ($13.7 million). His wife awarded the team a further 25 million dirhams ($6.8 million), while the pair's grandsons contributed 12 million dirhams ($3.3 million).
Thoroughbred horse racing
Sheikh Mohammed is a major figure in international thoroughbred horse racing and breeding. In late 1981, he purchased Gainsborough Stud at Woolton Hill, near Newbury, Berkshire, United Kingdom. He owns Ballysheehan Stud in County Tipperary, Ireland; as well as Gainsborough Farm Inc. in Versailles, Kentucky, United States. His racing operations includes the ownership of Darley Stables and he is the leading partner in his family's Godolphin Stables. Sheikh Mohammed hosts the Dubai World Cup.
In the UK, his horses have won numerous important Group One races including several of the British Classic Races. His horses have also won the Irish Derby Stakes and the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe and in the United States the 2006 Preakness Stakes with Bernardini.
In 2008, he bought the Woodlands Stud empire for more than $460 million.
Political and business career
Sheikh Mohammed oversaw the development of numerous projects in Dubai including the creation of the Palm Islands and the luxury Burj Al Arab hotel. He also promoted the construction of Burj Khalifa, which is now the tallest tallest building in the world; its official opening was on Monday, 4 January 2010. During his tenure as Crown Prince he set up Dubai Holding, the debt laden and financially troubled holding company with multi-diversified businesses and investments. He currently owns 99.67% of the company.
He was also defense minister of the UAE. After roughly a decade of de facto rulership, he became the Ruler of Dubai on 4 January 2006 upon the death of his elder brother Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum. He was also nominated by the President of the UAE, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, to be the next prime minister and vice president of the UAE on 5 January 2006. The members of the UAE Federal National Council accepted the President's nomination shortly after.
The Emir Sheikh
His family wealth is estimated to be "in excess of" US$4 billion.
Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum has been known for his vast charitable donations. On May 19, 2007, he announced plans to give 10 billion USD to set up the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Foundation, an educational foundation in the Middle East. Sheikh Mohammed stated that the money is meant to bridge the knowledge gap between the Arab region and the developed world. The announcement was made at the 2007 World Economic Forum in Jordan.
In September 2007, he launched the Dubai Cares campaign to raise money to educate 1 million children in poor countries. The campaign is Dubai's contribution to the U.N. Millennium Development Goals for providing Children's Primary Education to every child by 2015. The amount donated to this campaign has exceeded AED 1.65 billion (Approximately US$ 450 million).
On September 3, 2008, Sheikh Mohammad also launched a new Ramadan initiative under the name "Noor Dubai", aiming to help the World Health Organization (WHO) and International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB) in achieving its goals outlined in VISION 2020: the Right to Sight. Noor Dubai will treat and provide health services to one million people suffering from treatable blindness and visual impairment in developing countries on a local, regional, and international scale.
Since 2000, international equestrian athletes affiliated with UNICEF have worked to end the "scourge of modern slavery in mounted sports," by putting public and diplomatic pressure on Sheikh Mohammed and the UAE government. In 2005, a UNICEF-sponsored programme with the UAE government resulted in the repatriation of hundreds of children formerly enslaved as camel jockeys, and provided them with social services and compensation upon return to their home countries of Pakistan, Sudan, Mauritania, and Bangladesh. The UAE government set aside US$2.7 million in initial funding in 2005 with an additional US$9 million for the second phase, and to enforce compliance, adopted a law officially banning the practice with penalties of jail time and a $US27,200 fine. UNICEF endorsed the UAE’s efforts and expressed the hopes that “the UAE’s programme will serve as a model to other countries in the region, as a means of ending all forms of exploitation of children”.
In September 2006, Sheikh Mohammed was accused of encouraging the abduction and enslavement of thousands of boys for use as jockeys in camel races. A class-action suit was filed against him in the US state of Florida. However, in 2006, American lawyers representing the UAE raised a motion to dismiss the lawsuit, not on its substance but on the grounds that none of the involved parties resided in the U.S. In July 2007, judge Cecilia Altonaga accepted the motion and dismissed the suit.
On 9 March 2007, the London-based Metro newspaper wrongly published a picture of Sheikh Mohammed, attributing it to the terror suspect Khalid Shaikh Mohammed. The Metro has since apologised for the error.
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- Home[dead link]
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- Shaikh Mohammad and Princess Haya blessed with a baby girl Gulf News (2 December 2013). Retrieved 2 December 2007.
- Sheikh Mohammed announces arrival of new son Zayed on Twitter The National (8 January 2012).
- "The Poet". Sheikh Mohammed. 30 September 2000. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "UAE Equestrian Racing Federation". UAE Equafed. 14 December 2006. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
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- "Shaikha Maitha bound for Beijing Olympics". Gulf News. 24 March 2008. Retrieved 15 June 2008.
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- Wheeler, Julia (5 January 2006). "Dubai's formidable new ruler". BBC News. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "The World's Richest Royals". Forbes.com. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
- Leyne, Jon (19 May 2007). "Dubai ruler in vast charity gift". BBC News. Retrieved 19 May 2007.
- "Maktoum Moskee in Rotterdam Zuid na 7,5 jaar OPEN!". Ansaar Community. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
- UNICEF Unite for Children Website
- "Initiatives to Combat Human Trafficking". UAE Embassy. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- "UAE supports UNICEF in safe return of camel jockeys to home countries". UNICEF. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- Gumbel, Andrew (15 September 2006). "Dubai princes accused of masterminding trade in jockey slaves". The Independent (London). Retrieved 13 May 2010.
- "Dubai's ruler accused of slavery". BBC News. 14 September 2006. Retrieved 13 May 2010.
- "A Dubai Leader Faces Charges of Enslavement". The New York Sun. 14 September 2007. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
- Sheikh Mohammed apology, Metro News, 9 March 2007
- My Vision - Challenges in the Race for Excellence by Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (2006); in Arabic; explains the vision of Sheikh Mohammed for Dubai
- Dubai The Maktoum Story by John M. Smith; in English; a book which criticizes the governance of Sheikh Mohammed
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum|
- The Official Website of the Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates
- Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum's IT Education Project (ITEP)
- The Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Foundation
- Dubai Cares Official Site
- Noor Dubai Official site
- Photos of Dubai - Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum's yacht—largest in the world
Mohammed bin Rashid Al MaktoumBorn: 15 July 1949
Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
|Emir of Dubai
Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
|Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates