Cwmbran

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Cwmbran
Cwmbran is located in Torfaen
Cwmbran
Cwmbran
 Cwmbran shown within Torfaen
Population 47,254 
OS grid reference ST295955
Principal area Torfaen
Ceremonial county Gwent
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CWMBRAN
Postcode district NP44
Dialling code 01633
Police Gwent
Fire South Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Torfaen
Monmouth
Welsh Assembly Torfaen
Monmouth
List of places
UK
Wales
Torfaen

Coordinates: 51°39′11″N 3°01′16″W / 51.653°N 03.021°W / 51.653; -03.021

Cwmbran (/kʊmˈbræn/, Welsh: Cwmbrân /kʊmˈbrɑːn/, also in use as an alternative spelling in English) is a new town in Wales. Today forming part of the county borough of Torfaen and lying within the historic boundaries of Monmouthshire, Cwmbran was established in 1949 to provide new employment opportunities in the south eastern portion of the South Wales Coalfield. Cwmbran means Crow Valley. Cwmbran is twinned with Bruchsal in Germany and Carbonne in France.

Based around the villages of Old Cwmbran, Pontnewydd, Upper Cwmbran, Croesyceiliog, Llantarnam and Llanyrafon, its population had grown to 47,254 by 2001.[1] This makes it the sixth largest urban area in Wales.

History[edit]

Cwmbran is a new town which was established in 1949 to provide new employment opportunities in the south eastern portion of the South Wales Coalfield; though there is evidence that Neolithic and Bronze Age people used the area, with the Iron Age Silures tribe also occupying the region before being subdued by the Roman legions based at nearby Usk and Caerleon.

Around 1179, Hywel, Lord of Caerleon gave a gift of money and land to found the Cistercian Abbey at Llantarnam. After the dissolution of the monasteries by Henry VIII the Abbey was closed and was bought by a succession of wealthy landowners. By the 18th century the Abbey had passed into the ownership of the Blewitt family, who were to become key figures in the early industrialisation of Cwmbran. Brick making, lime kilns, iron ore mining, quarrying and coal mining were established during this period along with a canal to transport goods to the docks at Newport. In 1833 the Ordnance Survey map of Monmouthshire shows Cwmbran as a farm situated in the area now known as Upper Cwmbran, in the valley named Cwm Brân. Cwmbran now covers approximately 3,000 acres (12 km2) and has a population of around 50,000.

Following some investigation by local residents Richard Davies and Mike Price, the Ancient Cwmbran & The Cistercian project was created and a £48,000 grant has been provided by the Heritage Lottery Fund to explore some previously unrecorded sites of interest in the Greenmeadow and Thornhill, Cwmbran areas.[2]

The Cistercian Way also passes through Llantarnam, Old Cwmbran, Greenmeadow and Thornhill, Cwmbran before reaching the ancient chapel of Llanderfel on Mynydd Maen, and then onwards to Twmbarlwm.

In the 19th and 20th centuries, Cwmbran was the site of heavy industrial development. Coal and iron ore was extracted on Mynydd Maen, and were moved by inclined planes and tramways into the Eastern Valley for use in factories such as the Patent Nut and Bolt Company (which became Guest Keen and Nettlefolds in 1900),[3] various tin plate works and brickworks. This industry drove the creation of the Monmouthshire Canal, the Newport and Pontypool Railway and the Pontypool, Caerleon and Newport Railway. Very little of this industrial heritage remains today, though many of today's light industrial or retail estates were created on the sites.

Following the passing of the 1946 New Towns' Act, ministries and county councils were asked to nominate sites. For Wales, the Ministry of Housing and Local Government proposed Church Village and Cwmbran. The Church Village proposal was vetoed by the Ministry of Power as new housing there would have interfered with plans for the expansion of coalmining in the area; however, Cwmbran was passed in 1949.[4]

Etymology[edit]

The name of the town derives from the Welsh "Cwm Brân", meaning "valley of the river Brân". This was the name of a village located in the valley, which had grown up around the tinplate works of the Cwmbran Iron Company. "Brân" means "crow", which could be allusion to the dark waters of the river, or may have been the personal name of someone associated with the area.[5]

Geography[edit]

Sitting as it does at the corner of the South Wales Coalfield, it has a hilly aspect to its western and northern edges, with the surrounding hills climbing to over 1,000 feet (300 m). The Afon Llwyd forms the major river valley, although the most significant water course is probably the remains of the Monmouthshire & Brecon Canal. To the east of Cwmbran the land is less hilly, forming part of the Usk valley.

Economy[edit]

The longest established employer in Cwmbran is biscuit maker Burton's Foods, who employ 1000 people to make its Jammie Dodgers and Wagon Wheels biscuits.[6] As of 2005, the Cwmbran plant produces over 400 million Wagon Wheels a year.[7]

Contour Aerospace opened a new factory in Cwmbran in 2000, and employ 1000 people manufacturing aircraft seats.[8]

Cwmbran Shopping Centre[edit]

Cwmbran Shopping Centre

Built in the late 1950s the New Town Centre hosts a main bus station, supermarkets, small commercial units and a cinema. Over a period of 30 years the shopping centre was extended and refurbished several times. In spring 2000, a new development was brought forward in the north-west corner of the shopping centre. A supermarket, two-storey car park, a health clinic, and another small commercial unit was built. Another re-development of the old Asda building in 2006 supplied more shops in the new vicinity called "Llewelyn Walk".

On 31 October 2008, Leisure @ Cwmbran, a 10,000 sq ft (930 m2) complex, opened on Glyndŵr Road - formerly a disused multi-story car park in the north-east of the town centre. It hosts an 8-screen cinema with a 20-lane bowling alley, restaurants and a children's crèche.

SME-businesses include the Cwmbran Brewery in Upper Cwmbrân, that opened in 1996 as Cottage Spring Brewery.[9]

Education[edit]

The town has three secondary education schools: Croesyceiliog School, Llantarnam School and Fairwater High School. There are numerous primary[10] and nursery schools including a Welsh medium primary school, Ysgol Gymraeg Cwmbrân. The town centre also has a "Learn-IT" centre (part of Coleg Gwent).

Sport[edit]

The town is known for its sports stadium,[11] home to international athletics events in the 1970s and 1980s. British athletics coach Malcolm Arnold used to train some of his athletes at Cwmbran in the 80s and early 90s while he was the Welsh National Coach. Athletes who trained there regularly under Malcolm include former World 110m Hurdle Champion and World Record Holder, Colin Jackson; Commonwealth 110m Hurdle medallist, Paul Gray; and Nigel Walker who had two sporting careers, first as an Olympic hurdler and then later as a Welsh rugby union international player. The 1999 World Indoor 400m Champion Jamie Baulch also used the stadium as a regular training track under a different coach. The stadium is also the home of the football teams, Cwmbran Town and Cwmbran Celtic as well as Cwmbran Men's Hockey Club and Cwmbran Ladies' Hockey Club (which are independent clubs).

The three main football teams in Cwmbran are Cwmbran Town, Cwmbran Celtic and Croesyceilog who all compete in the Welsh Football League.

Separate grounds at Pontnewydd and Croesyceiliog house the town's two senior rugby teams, Cwmbran RFC and Croesyceiliog RFC, although many more of the town's residents support the rugby teams of the older, adjacent town of Pontypool, the city of Newport and the Newport Gwent Dragons regional team.

The town has three athletics clubs: Cwmbran Harriers,[12] Fairwater Runners[13] and Griffithstown Harriers.[14]

Cwmbran also has several martial art clubs including a Shotokan Karate club (affiliated to the KUGB), which is part of the Wales based Tekki Karate Academy. Junior karate is also available throughout Cwmbran via the Junior Karate Club.

Also in Cwmbran is The Football Factory. Located near to the town centre, The Football Factory is an indoor sports complex consisting of two sports pitches.

Media[edit]

In early 2014, Torfonix Radio was established as an internet radio station.

Transport[edit]

Cwmbran railway station[15] is served by trains on the Welsh Marches Line,[16] with through trains south to Newport and Cardiff. Northbound local trains serve Pontypool and Abergavenny, with longer distance services running to Hereford, Shrewsbury, Crewe, Holyhead and Manchester. The station was not opened until 1986, as one of the last acts of the Cwmbran New Town Development Board.

Prior to this, Cwmbran had been without a train service for 24 years. Its original station was on the Newport-Blaenavon branch line, which ran to the west of the town centre. Along with a number of other passenger train services in Monmouthshire, this line closed in April 1962, eighteen months before the Beeching proposals were announced.

The town has a comprehensive local bus service.

Notable people[edit]

See also Category:People from Cwmbran

Bibliography[edit]

  • Village Publishing (1985). 'The trains don't stop here anymore....' - A pictorial history of Cwmbran from the 1930s to the present day. Village Publishing. ISBN 0-946043-07-8. 
  • Cwmbran & District Writers (2004). Cwmbran - And other Routes as the crow flies. ISBN 1-872730-34-5. 
  • Philip Riden (1988). Rebuilding a Valley. Cwmbran Development Corporation. ISBN 0-9510548-1-3. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistics.gov.uk
  2. ^ News.BBC.co.uk
  3. ^ http://www.cwmbran.info/gkn.htm
  4. ^ Why Cwmbran
  5. ^ "What's in a place name? Cwmbrân". BBC. 
  6. ^ http://www.macraesbluebook.co.uk/company/company.cfm?company=9749_Burtons_Foods_Ltd.
  7. ^ http://www.practicallyedible.com/edible.nsf/pages/wagonwheels
  8. ^ "Cwmbran airline seat firm Contour sold to Zodiac". BBC News. 13 December 2011. 
  9. ^ "Cwmbran Brewery". www.quaffale.org.uk. Retrieved 2009-08-10. 
  10. ^ Geograph.org.uk
  11. ^ Geograph.org.uk
  12. ^ Cwmbranharriers.co.uk,
  13. ^ Fairwater-runners.co.uk
  14. ^ Griffithstownharriers.co.uk
  15. ^ Geograph.org.uk
  16. ^ Geograph.org.uk

External links[edit]