Monmouthshire Railway and Canal Company

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Monmouthshire Railway and Canal
Beaufort Iron Works
To Brynmawr
Ebbw Vale (Low Level)
Nantyglo
Tyllwyn Halt
Coalbrookvale Iron Works
Ebbw Vale Steelworks
Blaenavon Low Level
Victoria (Blaenau Gwent)
Blaina
Waunllwyd Colliery
Cwmavon (Mon) Halt
Cwm
Bournville (Mon) Halt
Abertillery
Cwmffrwd Halt
Cwmtillery Colliery
Abersychan Low Level
Six Bells Halt
Snatchwood Halt
Pontnewynydd
Aberbeeg
To Brynmawr
Llanhilleth
Wainfelin Halt
Llanhilleth Middle Jcn
Pontypool (Crane Street)
NA&HR
Crumlin Low Level
Blaendare Road Halt
Newbridge
Panteg and Griffithstown
Celynen South Halt
Sebastopol
Abercarn
Pontrhydyrun
Abercarn Colliery
Pontrhydyrun Halt
Chapel Bridge
Upper Pontnewydd
Cwmcarn
PC&NR towards Caerleon
Cwmcarn Colliery
Cwmbran (MR&C)
Cross Keys
Llantarnam (MR&C)
Sirhowy Railway
Marshes Turnpike Gate
Risca
Newport Mill Street
Tynycwm Halt
SWML towards Bristol
Rogerstone
Newport Dock Street
Bassaleg Junction
Newport Docks
PC&NR towards Machen
Newport Courtybella
SWML towards Cardiff Central

The Monmouthshire Railway and Canal Company (MR&CC) built and operated the Newport and Pontypool Railway. It was known as "The Rat and Cat's".

Overview[edit]

The railway was proposed by the Monmouthshire Canal Company, whose existing canals were being threatened by competition from the new surge in railway lines. In 1845 they obtained an Act of Parliament[1] to build a railway from Newport to Pontnewynydd, under the name "Newport and Pontypool Railway".

By 1848 it was clear that the project would not succeed, and another Act[2] was passed to enable the Monmouthshire Railway and Canal Company to take on the work and the canal.

The line was opened between Newport and Pontypool on 30 June 1852. Engineering feats included a tunnel at Malpas, a seven-arch viaduct at Cwmynyscoy, and a 52-foot (15.8 m) iron bridge over the canal at Pontymoile. Once completed, the line was soon doubled to cope with increasing traffic demands.

Meanwhile, building commenced on a northward extension to Pontnewynydd, laid in the bed of the drained canal so that the existing bridges could be reused with little modification.

Further linkages over existing tramways were completed to Blaenavon and beyond.

Between 1848 and 1880 the Company carried coal and iron ore from the eastern South Wales Valleys to wharves along the River Usk at Newport. Locomotives №6 (1849) and №18 (1852) were built by Stothert and Slaughter Ltd. Standard wagons were introduced in 1849 with a capacity of 5 tons and wheels designed to travel on 4 ft 4 in (1,321 mm) tramway and 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) railway gauge. Monmouthshire canal boats carried 25–28 long tons (28.0–31.4 short tons; 25.4–28.4 t) and were 64 ft 9 in (19.74 m) by 9 ft 2 in (2.79 m), shorter and broader than boats on other canals. A large commemorative mural has been installed within the pedestrian subway system near Newport Castle.[3]

Stations[edit]

Closures[edit]

Passenger services to Blaenavon High Level and Brynmawr over the GWR/LNWR Talywain branch ceased in May 1941, ostensibly as a wartime economy, but the services never resumed after the end of hostilities. The passenger service to Blaenavon Low Level closed in April 1962, which was actually a year prior to the publication of the notorious Beeching Report. It was later disclosed that the opening of the new Llanwern steelworks had caused severe rail congestion in the Newport area and as a result the British Transport Commission had recommended the closure of a number of passenger services in the Monmouthshire area as an operational measure.

The line from Newport to Cwmbran closed on 27 October 1963, with traffic being switched to the Pontypool, Caerleon and Newport Railway route. The rundown in the local mining industry and the closure of a local brickworks also led to the closure of the Blaensychan and Tirpentwys lines in 1962 and 1967 respectively, and when, on 3 May 1980 the Big Pit closed, the remainder of the railway line closed with it.

A number of rail enthusiast passenger specials ran between 1968 and 1981, but as the track from Trevethin Junction to Blaenavon Low level had been lifted in the 1960s they had followed the route of the High Level line. The line was severed in the summer of 1982 when a double-decker bus ferrying day-trip passengers on a route normally only used by single-deck buses, crashed into a low bridge near Pontnewydd. Five people were killed and the bridge was demolished almost immediately afterwards.

In the summer of 1983 the remainder of the track was lifted except for a section of the northern extension of the line which is in preservation as the Pontypool and Blaenavon Railway.

Sections of the line through Cwmbran have been used as the route for the A4051 road, known as Cwmbran Drive.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Newport and Pontypool Railway Act, 1845
  2. ^ The Newport and Pontypool Railway (Amendment) Act, 1848
  3. ^ Mural

External links[edit]