Daegu-Gyeongbuk

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Daegu-Gyeongbuk
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Daegu-Gyeongbuk
McCune–Reischauer Taegu-Kyŏngbuk

Daegu-Gyeongbuk (대구경북, 大邱慶北) is the compound word of Daegu and Gyeongbuk (formally Gyeongsangbuk-do), and indicates both administrative provinces in South Korea. With a population of 5.05 million,[1] the region usually forms the same political, economic, and cultural area, although it is not an administratively unitary region. Daegu is an independent city from Gyeongsangbuk-do and has the same status with its mother province. Both have their separate local governments reporting directly to the national government.

There are many cities in this region including Daegu as the foremost city, Pohang as the major port city, Gumi as the major industrial city, Gyeongju and Andong as the historic cities. The region has about one tenth of South Korea's population and GDP, and has the third largest metropolitan area centering the Daegu city.

History[edit]

Cheomseongdae of Gyeongju
Dosan Seowon of Andong

Historically, the region was the birthplace of the Silla Kingdom. With Gyeongju as the capital city, it developed and left a number of remains in and around the city. The Gyeongju Historic Areas are a World Heritage Site, listed by UNESCO in 2000. In Goryeo and Joseon Dynasty, it formed Gyeongsang-do. Its name comes from a portmanteau word of Gyeongju and Sangju, the two large cities at that time. In the latter part of Joseon, it was home to the Korean Confucianism. Many tangible and intangible cultural assets can be seen throughout the region, especially in its northern part including Andong. In 2010, the Hahoe Folk Village of Andong and the Yangdong Folk Village of Gyeongju designated as the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.[2] At the same time, the commercial center of the region moved to Daegu from Sangju and Gyeongju. The city also has been the provincial capital since 1601. The current boundary of the region was first defined with the name of Gyeongsangbuk-do in 1896, the year when Gyeongsang-do was divided into Gyeongsangbuk-do and Gyeongsangnam-do. It had the largest population in the country until its division in 1981, when Daegu separated from Gyeongsangbuk-do. The provincial office of Gyeongsangbuk-do still remains in Daegu.

Subdivisions[edit]

It consists of Daegu (formally Daegu Metropolitan City) and Gyeongsangbuk-do. Daegu is divided into 7 wards (Gu) and 1 county (Gun), while Gyeongsangbuk-do is divided into 10 cities (Si) and 13 counties (Gun).

Daegu[edit]

7 gu's

1 gun

Gyeongsangbuk-do[edit]

10 si's

13 gun's

  • Gunwi (군위군, 軍威郡)
  • Seongju (성주군, 星州郡)
  • Uiseong (의성군, 義城郡)
  • Uljin (울진군, 蔚珍郡)

References[edit]