Location of Darchula
|Region||Far-Western (Sudur Pashchimanchal)|
|• Total||2,322 km2 (897 sq mi)|
|• Density||57/km2 (150/sq mi)|
|Time zone||NPT (UTC+5:45)|
|Main language(s)||Dotiyali, Kumauni, Rung/Shauka, Nepali and others|
Darchula District(Nepali: दार्चुला जिल्ला Listen (help·info), a part of Mahakali Zone, is one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal, a landlocked country of South Asia. The district, with Darchula as its district headquarters, covers an area of 2,322 km² and has a population (2011) of 133,464. The number of male 63,609 and female 69,855. Decadal Change(%) 9.40, Annual Growth Rate(%) 0.90, Sex Ratio(males per 100 females) 91, Absent (abroad) Population Total 6,867, where number of male 5,880 and female 987. Total Number of House 22,948. Total Number of Household 25,802. Average Household Size 5.17. Population Density (persons/km2.) 57. #Darchula Pics Api Mountain
The town has an Indian counterpart to its northwest, named Dharchula. The split between the two towns is just virtual as the traditions, culture, and lifestyle of the people living across both the regions are quite similar.
|Climate Zone||Elevation Range||% of Area|
|Upper Tropical||300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
|Subtropical||1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
|Temperate||2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
|Subalpine||3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
|Alpine||4,000 to 5,000 meters
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
|Nival||above 5,000 meters||17.5%|
Towns and villages/VDC's
More than 56000 people live in 8989 households. About 58.4 percent population falls under below the poverty line. Population composition is made by different caste such as Kshatriya 63.55%, Brahmin 17.15%, Thakuri 4.01%, Dalit and others contribute 15.39 percent. Hindu followers are high in numbers. Hindu, Buddhists as well as others do regards nature as a gift of God and they worship nature own their way.
The majority ethnic group is Pahari Arya. Caste of Darchula District are Brahmin, Chhetries, Dalit, Thakuri, Lohar, Kaine, Newar, Byansi, Bandhe, Sanyasi etc. Among them 85.19% HHs are Brahmin/Chheties/Thakuri, 10% Dalits, 0.12% Sauka and others are occupational caste groups. Sauka are indigenous inhabitant’s caste group. The indigenous caste groups are dominated by migrants from another villages. The Dalits (7.35%) and Thakuri (7.43%) shares equal proportion and occupy the second largest group in the total population. Indigenous groups Byansi represent 1.32%, Lohar 1.38% and other minorities’ correspondent to 1.48 percent. Dalits are also defined as the Special Target Groups (STGs).
Darchula is one of the least developed districts of the country. The major socioeconomic indicator of Darchula district is still very poor. Life expectancy of the people was about 52 in 1996. About 89.90% of the total population depends upon agriculture. Substance agriculture, lack of basic infrastructure, difficult geophysical condition, traditional agricultural practice, low literacy rate and population growth are the root causes for deep rooted poverty.
Trade and Business
Trade is one of the most important livelihood means. Every year, people from hills come with NTFP, ghee, and herbs. The agriculture related commodities were sold in local bazaar (market). People of Byans, Rapla go to Tibet to fulfill their needs of clothes and other commodities. Local carpets and wool products, Hand made clothes, and NTFP bring huge amount of money to the VDCs. However, each and every respondent indicated that their income is invested in domestic use.
Api Nampa Conservation Area is a famous gateway of Kailash Mansarobar holly region located in Tibet. Many pilgrims pass through this Conservation Area to get Kailash Pravat. Not only Nepalese but also foreigners visit Api Nampa Conservation Area to acquire satisfaction, spirituality and boon of the nature. First European, A. H. Savage Landor entered Nampa valley in 1899 and explored the glacier system. He travelled across the Tinkar valley and entered Tibet via Lipu pass. In 1905, Dr. Longstaff visited this region. Then Swiss geologists A. Heim and A. Gansser visited Api himal area in 1936. The height of Api Himal at the top is calculated 23,399 ft. John Tyson and W. H. Murray explored this region in 1953. Api group has been creating lure to tourists due to the geological feature blending with nature and natural assests. Sauka culture is also attraction for tourist. You can visit Api Himal either going via Darchula Bazar, Huti, Sunsera, Rapla to Base Camp. It takes five days to reach there or going via Bitule, Makari gad, Ghusa village, Domilla, to Lolu at the Base Camp. Panoramic view of Himalayas created by several peaks like Nampa, Jethi Bahurani and others. The beauty of this landscape is unforgettable.
The climate of the area is generally characterized by high rainfall and humidity. The climatic condition varies along with the elevation gradient. Climate of the Darchula District varies widely from subtropical to alpine. In the north, most of the parts remain under snow having alpine climate. In the southern part and valleys the climate is subtropical. Mid- hills has temperate type. The average maximum temperature is 18.6°C and the minimum temperature is 7.7°C and average rainfall is 2129mm. Most precipitation falls between May and September. About eighty percent of the total annual rainfall occurs during monsoon period (June to September). All areas experience very high rainfall intensities, ranging between estimates of 125–350 mm for a 24 hour period. Within its elevation range of 1800m to 6500m, there are limited subtropical valleys in the southern margin although most of the area is ecologically temperate or highland. A cold, generally dry climate exists in the high alpine valleys just north of the southern arm of the Himalaya that cuts across the bottom of Darchula.
To Promote local culture there are few FM radio stations Radio Kalapani - 102.2, Nayanepal FM, Darchula FM, Which are Community radio Stations.
Colleges and Schools
Darchula Multiple Campus - Darchula Gokuleshwor Higher Secondary School - Darchula Himalaya Higher Secondary School - Darchula Huti-8 Gokuleswor Multiple Campus - Shree Krishna Snatak Campus - Lali Rastriya Campus - Dattu Mahendra H.S.S. - Khalanga Shankarpur H.S.S. - Pasti Latinath H.S.S. - Latinath Shreekrishana H.S.S. - Lali Rastiya H.S.S. - Dattu Latinatha H.S.S. - Chandanpur Chaupata Hunainath H.S.S. - Ratamata Hunainath H.S.S. - Kuni Janabikasa H.S.S. - Baarbaj Ganesh Binayak H.S.S. - Shipti Malikarjun H.S.S. - Dham Krishana H.S.S. - Dadakot Sarswati H.S.S. - uku Gurilamandu H.S.S. - Hilika Galainath H.S.S. - bohari Gaau -1 Jharkada Satya Parkash H.S.S. - Dethala-6 shree Krishana H.S.S. - Shikhar -4 balanch Apinampa campus Huti
- The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system, . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7803-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
- UN map of VDC boundaries, water features and roads in Darchula
- Districts of Nepal at statoids.com
- Our Official Facebook Page
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