Daumantas of Lithuania

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This article is about the Grand Duke of Lithuania. For the Duke of Pskov, see Daumantas of Pskov.

Daumantas or Dovmont was the Grand Duke of Lithuania in 1282–1285.[1] Daumantas is mentioned in chronicles only once and, in absence of any other evidence, is presumed to be a short-ruled Grand Duke who inherited the title after Traidenis' death in 1281 or 1282.[2] It is assumed that Daumantas was succeeded by Grand Duke Butegeidis. Relationships between Traidenis, Daumantas, and Butegeidis are unknown.

The period between 1281/1282 (Traidenis' death) and 1289 (rule of Butegeidis) is one of the most poorly documented periods in the history of Lithuania. The only recorded information about the Grand Duke of Lithuania during that time is a short note from 1285.[2] Seven Russian chronicles—Laurentian, Simeon (Симеоновская летопись), Typographical (Типографская летопись), Nikon, Resurrection (Воскресенская летопись), Avraamki (Авраамки), Yermolin (Ермолинская летопись)—record the same brief story that in March[3] or August 1285 Lithuanians, led by Grand Duke Daumantas, attacked the domain of Simeon, Bishop of Tver.[2] In particular, the Lithuanians attacked the Oleshnya volost (волость Олешня) of the Principality of Tver.[2] The location of the Oleshnya volost is unknown, but historians have identified three possibilities – Vladimir Borzakovskiy argued for the village of Aleshevo (Алешево) in Zubtsov uyezd, Vladimir Kuchkin argued for the area between the Sheshma (Шешма) and Vazuza Rivers, local historian Leletsky argued for area around Aleshnya (Алешня) River, tributary of Gzhat River.[4] A day before the feast of the Transfiguration of Jesus (August 6), the Lithuanian army was defeated by united forces of Tver, Moscow, Volokolamsk, Torzhok, Dmitrov, Zubtsov, and Rzhev. Four chronicles mention that Daumantas was taken into captivity, while others say he was killed. That is all the information that is available about Daumantas.[2]

The reason for Daumantas' invasion of Tver is not known. Chronicles also recorded another raid by the Lithuanians to Novgorod Republic in winter 1285, but it is possible that the dates were mixed up and the raid took place before Daumantas' invasion.[2] These two raids into Russian lands indicated a new direction in Lithuanian interests as Traidenis had concentrated on Livonian Order, Black Ruthenia, and Galicia–Volhynia. Historians attempted to place the two raids in the context of sibling rivalry in Novgorod between Dmitry and Andrei, sons of Alexander Nevsky, or succession in Tver by fourteen-year old Mikhail of Tver, but no definite conclusions can be made due to lack of written sources.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ S. C. Rowell (1994). Lithuania Ascending: A Pagan Empire Within East-central Europe, 1295-1345. Cambridge University Press. p. 52. ISBN 0-521-45011-X. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Dediala, Ričardas (2012-12-15). "Apie nežinomąjį Daumantą" (in Lithuanian). alkas.lt. 
  3. ^ Gudavičius, Edvardas (2004). Lietuvos valdovai (XIII-XVIII a.): enciklopedinis žinynas (in Lithuanian). Vilnius: Mokslo ir enciklopedijų leidybos institutas. p. 28. ISBN 5-420-01535-8. 
  4. ^ Темушев, Виктор Николаевич (2007). Литовско-тверская граница (проблемы интерпретации источников). Российские и славянские исследования (in Russian) 2. 
Daumantas of Lithuania
Died: 1285?
Royal titles
Preceded by
Traidenis
Grand Duke of Lithuania
1282(?)–1285
Succeeded by
Butegeidis