|Full name||Dundee Football Club|
The Dark Blues
|2013-14||Scottish Championship, 1st (promoted)|
|Website||Club home page|
Dundee Football Club, founded in 1893, are a football club based in the city of Dundee, Scotland. They are nicknamed The Dark Blues or The Dees and play their home matches at Dens Park. Their shirt colour is dark blue. Dundee are one of two Scottish Premiership clubs in the city (the other being Dundee United), after having won the 2013–14 Scottish Championship title by 69 points. The city of Dundee supports two senior professional football teams, Dundee FC and Dundee United. Their grounds are 170 yards from each other and are the two closest professional football grounds in the world.
- 1 History
- 2 Non-playing staff
- 3 Players
- 4 International players
- 5 Hall of Fame
- 6 Managers
- 7 Records
- 8 Honours
- 9 Kit sponsors and manufacturers
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Late 19th and early 20th century
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (October 2013)|
Dundee played their first league game on 12 August 1893 at West Craigie Park against Rangers securing a 3–3 draw. (The 120th anniversary of this match was commemorated on 31 July 2013 at Dens Park with Rangers again the opponents. The score was 1–1.) Dundee struggled during the first 10 years of their existence. Their best league position was 5th which they achieved in seasons 1895–96 and 1896–97. They also reached the semi-finals of the Scottish Cup in 1894–95 and 1897–98, losing to Renton and Kilmarnock respectively. On 26 October 1895 Dundee lost a league game by a record score of 0–11 to Celtic in Glasgow. On 1 January 1894 Dundee defeated Newton Heath (the future Manchester United) 2–1 at their then Carolina Port ground in Dundee. Carolina Port also hosted the first international football match held in Dundee on 21 March 1896 when Scotland defeated Wales 4–0. Dundee's goalkeeper Frank Barrett, midfielder Sandy Keillor and inside-forward Bill Thomson were all capped for Scotland during this early period of the club's history. Things began to improve for Dundee with the beginning of the new century. In 1899 they moved from Carolina Port to their present ground of Dens Park. In season 1902–03 they finished runners-up in the league championship to Hibernian. (In season 1902–03 Dundee allowed just 12 league goals against. This remains the lowest amount of goals conceded by any British club in a full league season.) Dundee were also league runners-up in 1906–07 and 1908–09 finishing behind Celtic on both occasions, in 1908–09 by just 1 point. In the 10 seasons from 1902–03 Dundee lost just 16 league games at Dens Park out of 154 played and were unbeaten at home during season 1909–10. Although ultimate success eluded Dundee in the league the club did manage to achieve success in the Scottish Cup. In season 1909–10 Dundee won their first trophy by defeating Clyde in the Scottish Cup Final. (Remarkably, Dundee took 3 games to beat Hibernian in the semi-final and then the same number to defeat Clyde.) The winning goal in the 2nd replay was scored by John 'Sailor' Hunter. In season 1910–11 Dundee defeated Rangers 2–1 at Dens Park in the Scottish Cup quarter-final but lost to Hamilton in the semi-final. The beginning of the First World War and the call-up of many players for military duty drastically curtailed football in Britain from 1914 and in 1917 Dundee and Aberdeen were both asked to withdraw from the league due to increasing transport costs for the other league clubs. In 1919 league football recommenced and good home form once again propelled Dundee up the league. They finished 4th in seasons 1919–20, 1920–21 and 1921–22, and were unbeaten at home during season 1921–22. However, they could not make the breakthrough to win the league championship.
Dave Halliday had played on the left for his previous clubs, his hometown side Queen of the South and St. Mirren. Halliday went then to Dundee in 1921 with the celebrated Alec Troup already playing on the left wing. Dundee thus converted Halliday to centre forward with prolific results, finishing as Scottish top scorer in the 1923–24 season with 38 goals from 36 appearances – a very good return in the era of the 3-man off side rule. With Halliday Dundee reached the 1924–25 Scottish Cup final eliminating the holders en route, the Airdrieonians side of Hughie Gallacher. Halliday scored 103 goals in just 147 league and cup appearances for the Dees.
Mid 20th century
The post-Second World War period was a golden era for Dundee Football Club. Having been relegated on the eve of war, the Dark Blues started in 1946 in the first official season in the second tier but within five years they were runners-up in the Scottish League Championship and won their first trophy in forty-one years.
Back to back ‘B’ Division titles earned George Anderson’s Dundee promotion in 1947 and just two years later they were within a whisker of becoming Champions of Scotland. Silverware wasn’t very far away however as after spending a world record transfer fee of £23,500 on Billy Steel, much to the chagrin of modern day supporters of the club - at leastsome anyway - who resent the aspect of finance in football and wish instead for 'homegrown' talent, they won the Scottish League Cup in 1951 in one of the most exciting finals Hampden has ever seen.
Twelve months later Dundee were back at Hampden to become the first side to retain the League Cup and in between these two victories appeared in the 1952 Scottish Cup Final. The Dark Blue side of the era included such as Bill Brown, Tommy Gallacher, Doug Cowie, Alfie Boyd, Bobby Flavell and Billy Steel.
1960s – Dundee's golden age
Bob Shankly (brother of Bill Shankly) was appointed manager in 1959. Dundee won the league title of Scotland's top division, then called the Division One, in the 1961–62 season. With players such as Bobby Cox, Bobby Wishart, Pat Liney (Goalkeeper), Alan Cousin, Andy Penman, Hugh Robertson, Alan Gilzean, Alex Hamilton, Bobby Seith, Gordon Smith and Ian Ure they clinched the title with a win against St. Johnstone, which in turn relegated St. Johnstone to the then Second Division. Gordon Smith earned the unique distinction of being the only player to win the Scottish football championship with three different clubs (Hibs, Hearts and Dundee), none of them either half of the traditionally dominant Old Firm.
The following season the club reached the semi-finals of the European Cup beating 1. FC Köln, Sporting Clube de Portugal and R.S.C. Anderlecht, before losing to A.C. Milan. The Dees reached the Scottish Cup final again in the 1963–64 competition. Shankly moved on from Dundee in February 1965.
The next manager after Shankly was former player Bobby Ancell from the 1947 B Division Championship side. Ancell took Dundee to a 1967–68 League Cup final against the previous season's European Cup winners, Celtic. Ancell's team scored three times at Hampden Park in Celtic's native Glasgow but still lost out 5–3. In the 1967–68 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup Dundee eliminated opposition from Netherlands, Belgium and Switzerland to meet Leeds United in the semi final. After a 1–1 draw at Dens, a 1–0 second leg win took Leeds through.
Late 20th century
In 1973 under the management of David White and captaincy of Tommy Gemmell the League Cup returned to Dens following a 1–0 win against Celtic. This is to date the last occasion when one of Scotland's three major trophies went to Dens Park. Dundee lost in the 1980 Scottish League Cup Final to city rivals Dundee United with Billy Williamson playing in blue against his previous club.
In 2000 the club hit the headlines when they signed Argentine international Claudio Caniggia, who later signed for Rangers. Caniggia was only one of many foreign signings in the Dundee side in the early 2000s, which also included former Newcastle United player Temuri Ketsbaia. The signing of such high-profile players along with many others led Dundee to a Scottish Cup final and two top-six finishes. This was achieved under the managership of Ivano Bonetti, who also made a short but notable contribution on the park linking up well with the Caniggia. The attendances at Dundee were still short of the hoped for numbers and Dundee FC's spending significantly out-weighed their income. Dundee were soon forced into administration due to unsustainable spending, however the main factor was the lack of income during the period when the club's plans to sell off players at a profit was doomed when the bottom fell out of the transfer market just at that time. This was in part due to the effects of the Bosman Rule being implemented. The rule, passed in European legislation, prevented football clubs from retaining players past their contact dates. In effect, an asset value of a football player was invalidated, when the contract expired and a football club often lost players without gaining financially.
Before Dundee went into financial trouble they knocked out Glasgow side Partick Thistle 2–0 away from home in the third round of the Scottish Cup. The fourth round saw Dundee knock out Aberdeen 2–0 at Dens Park. Dundee continued their march towards Hampden Park with a 1–1 draw away and a 4–1 extra time victory over Falkirk at Dens booked their place in the semi-finals playing Inverness CT at Hampden Park. The only goal of the game was by Georgi Nemsadze. This secured a 1–0 victory and a place in the Final against Rangers. In the final Barry Smith hit the post for Dundee but Lorenzo Amoruso scored to bring Dundee's cup run to an end.
In 2003, due to the club's failure to sell on players as anticipated, insufficient income was raised to fund the large wage bill, under owners Peter and James Marr, resulting in a £23 m debt, they were forced to go into administration with many players such as Fabian Caballero, Craig Burley and Georgian captain Giorgi Nemsadze leaving the club in 2005. Despite this huge debt, Dundee survived by selling their stadium in 2003. But the club was then relegated to the second tier of the Scottish leagues, where they remained until July 2012. In mid-2006, it was announced that financial restructuring would see the club become debt-free.
In early 2007 James and Peter Marr severed some of their ties with Dundee, stepping down as Chairman and Chief Executive respectively, when their company P&J Taverns was forced into administration. Bob Brannan and Dave MacKinnon took the Marrs' place.
In the 2009/10 season Dundee director Calum Melville was in trouble for claiming he was going to offer rivals Dundee United F.C. £500,000 for ex Dundee midfielder Scott Robertson. Dundee won Challenge Cup Final when they beat Inverness Caledonian Thistle 3–2.
In September 2010 Dundee was again on the brink of going into administration due to a £365,000 unpaid tax bill. During negotiations with HM Revenue & Customs, the club's offer to pay £100,000 immediately was rejected. On 14 September it was announced that the club would be going into administration. As punishment for entering administration the Scottish Football League docked Dundee 25 points on 1 November 2010. At the time the punishment was imposed, this left Dundee bottom of the First Division table with −11 points, 20 points behind the second-bottom team. Dundee later appealed their punishment and are to hear the outcome before Christmas 2010. On 10 December 2010 the Dark Blues Business Trust was set up by former Dundee owner Peter Marr to help the club recover from their financial situation. On 17 December 2010 Dundee's appeal was rejected which resulted in Dundee appealing the punishment to the SFA, who also rejected it. Dundee went on a 23 match undefeated streak in the first division beating the previous record set by the team.
On 12 May 2011, Dundee FC exited administration. The club's supporters' trust, Dundee FC Supporters' Society Ltd., is now the majority shareholder.
On 6 November 2011, it was announced Harry MacLean had resigned from his position as Chief Executive and would work a months notice. MacLean, who had played a key role in saving the club during administration, accepted an invitation to re-join the club in a non-executive role before departing his position as Chief Executive. His resignation was followed just eleven days later by Stuart Murphy’s decision to step down as club Chairman and Director of the Club which was effective immediately. On 27 December 2011, Harry MacLean resigned from his non-executive role causing questions to arise about the stability of the boardroom. Shortly after the gap left by MacLean was filled in by present Chief Executive Officer Scot Gardiner
Since the second period of administration, Dundee FC, along with their Supporters' Society implemented regular KPI targets. These targets were set to ensure in some part, that the failures that lead to administration and indeed, several decades of financial turmoil, could not be repeated. Dundee FC were left after the second administration with only footballing debt and no borrowing capability. Since exiting administration, the club has focussed on honouring the footballing debt, whilst keeping lower football wages and stadium bills, according to the income generated. 'Cutting your cloth' is a phrase often used to describe how Dundee FC must ensure their future, but with recent promotion and increased fan attendance at matches, this may become less of an issue in season 2012/13.
After an unsuccessful season in the premier league, when they were asked to replace Rangers F.C., Dundee were again relegated after finishing bottom, despite vastly improved form after John Brown replaced Barry Smith as manager toward the end of the season. The following season(2013-2014) Dundee would take part in the Scottish Championship(formerly the 1st Division) after reforms were made to the Scottish league system.
Throughout the summer leading up to the start of the 2013-2014 season talks were held regarding a possible Texan based takeover with investments to be made of up to £650,000. The takeover was completed and former Director Bill Colvin was appointed as Chairman to oversee this new board of which main investor John Nelms joined. The main focus of this new board was to carry on the work of the previous board as well as using the investment to rebuild Dundee's youth setup in order to put the club in a stronger place to access the wealth of upcoming talent in Scotland. The 2013-2014 season proved to be one to remember with Dundee clinching the title and promotion to the top tier on the last day of the season with a 2-1 win over Dumbarton F.C.. After a slow start and some poor results, Hamilton Accies held top spot for a long time, eventually The Dees caught up but couldn't find a way to get clear despite several opportunities. After a heavy defeat to Falkirk and a draw against Alloa, Manager John Brown was replaced by Paul Hartley. The new gaffer's first game was against leaders Hamilton and a much more promising Dundee side won 1-0 at Dens. The league twisted and turned, and it looked like Dundee had blown their chances of promotion with a shock 1-0 defeat away to Greenock Morton F.C. But a 3-0 win at Alloa for The Dark Blues and a 4-1 loss to Dumbarton F.C. for Hamilton meant Dundee were in the driving seat when it came to the finale. Dens Park was sold out completely for the game against Dumbarton F.C. and the home crowd were cheering when Christian Nade headed in Kevin McBride's Free Kick. Not long after, Peter MacDonald pounced to head in goal number 2. The away side pulled a goal back in the second half and Hamilton managed to close the goal difference with a 10-2 victory over Morton. But an incredible last minute save from Kyle Letheren meant Dundee got the 3 points, and more importantly, The Championship Trophy!
Dundee were quick in the transfer window for the following season, having already signed Greg Stewart on a pre-contract from Cowdenbeath, Philip Roberts joined before the end of May. Released Hibernian players James McPake and Kevin Thomson were next to join, along with Alloa Athletic Goalkeeper Scott Bain. Thomson was made Club Captain after signing. Simon Ferry, released from Portsmouth then returned to his hometown to play for Dundee. Paul McGowan and Paul McGinn arrived from St Mirren and Dumbarton, then attacking midfielder Gary Harkins signed for his 3rd spell at the club on the last day of June.
Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
- For recent transfers, see List of Scottish football transfers summer 2014
- A list of former and current players who have played at full international level while with the club are ordered by nationality and year of their debut below.
- For a full list of former/current players with articles, see Category:Dundee F.C. players.
Hall of Fame
Note: Year is year inducted into Hall of Fame
- Highest attendance: 136,495 fans attended the 1952 Scottish Cup Final between Dundee and Motherwell. This is also a record for a club match in Scotland not featuring either of the Old Firm.
- Highest home attendance: 43,024 vs Rangers, 7 February 1953, Scottish Cup 2nd Round
- Highest average home attendance: 24,532, 1948–49 (15 games)
- Biggest league win: 10–0 vs. Queen of the South 1962. vs. Alloa Athletic 1947 vs. Dunfermiline Athletic 1947
- Biggest league loss: 11–0 vs. Celtic 1895
- Most capped player: Alex Hamilton, 24, Scotland
- Most league appearances: Bill Marsh, 386, 1924–1937, and Barry Smith, 400, 1995–2006
- Most league goals: Alan Gilzean, 113
- Most goals in a match: Bert Juliussen, 7 against Dunfermline 22 March 1947
- Most goals in a season: Alan Gilzean, 52, 1963–64
- Most games unbeaten: 23 (2 October 2010 – 26 March 2011)
- Highest transfer fee paid: £600,000, Fabián Caballero from Club Sol de América
- Highest transfer fee received: £1,200,000, Robert Douglas to Celtic
- Oldest Player: Bobby Geddes, 49 against Raith Rovers 21 April 2010
- Youngest Player: Andy Penman, 15 years 352 days against Hearts 7 February 1959
- Youngest Goalscorer: Craig Wighton, 16 years 3 months and 13 days against Raith Rovers 9 November 2013
- Scottish Premiership:
- Scottish Championship: 
- Scottish Cup:
- Scottish League Cup:
- Scottish Challenge Cup:
- Forfarshire Cup:
- Winners (27): 27 times
- Scottish Youth Cup
- Runners-up (3): 1987–88, 1995–96, 1998–99
- Evening Telegraph Challenge Cup:
- Winners (1): 2006
- Tennents' Sixes:
Kit sponsors and manufacturers
|Year||Kit manufacturer||Primary shirt sponsor||Secondary shirt sponsor|
|1998–1999||Scottish Hydro Electric|
|1999–2002||Xara||Ceramic Tile Warehouse|
|2005–2006||The Forfar Roof Truss Company|
|2008–2009||Bukta||Scott Fyffe Motors|
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- Ross, The Roar of the Crowd, 181
- Ross, The Roar of the Crowd, 94
- Known as Premier League prior to 2013
- Known as first division prior to 2013
- Known as second division prior to 1975
- "Dundee". Historical Football Kits. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
- "Hangar Records are Main Sponsor for New Season". dundeefc.co.uk. Dundee F.C. 4 July 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- Official site
- Satellite Photo of Dens Park and Tannadice
- Dundee BBC My Club page
- Dundee FC Supporters' Society Ltd.