Earlwood, New South Wales

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Earlwood
SydneyNew South Wales
Earlwood.jpg
Earlwood Hotel, Homer Street
Population 16,753 (2011)[1]
Established 1829
Postcode(s) 2206
Location 12 km (7 mi) SW of Sydney CBD
LGA(s) City of Canterbury
State electorate(s) Canterbury
Federal Division(s) Barton
Suburbs around Earlwood:
Hurlstone Park Dulwich Hill Marrickville
Canterbury Earlwood Marrickville
Clemton Park Bexley North Bardwell Park
Earlwood Wines (left, 2000s) and Chelsea Theatre (right, 1950s)
Acropolis Funeral services in former bank building in Homer Street

Earlwood is a suburb in inner south-west Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Earlwood is located 12 kilometres south-west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Canterbury. Since the 1960s, the area has been strongly associated with Greece and Greek culture.

Earlwood stretches from the southern bank of the Cooks River to the northern bank of Wolli Creek. Marrickville is located to the east across Cooks River. Earlwood is primarily residential with some commercial developments around the main road, Homer Street.

History[edit]

Earlwood began as a land grant obtained by John Parkes in 1827. John Parkes and his sons operated logging camp called Parkes Camp in 1829 and felled the timber on his 50 acre grant. Later it became known as Parkestown.[2] The name was changed to Forest Hill around 1905-06 and changed again to Earlwood in 1918. 'Earl' reportedly commemorated a former mayor of Canterbury and 'Wood' was the name of two brothers who owned a pig and poultry farm on Wolli Creek. The 'Earlwood' estate was a subdivision in the area of Earlwood Primary School.

Early residents included F. and A. Martin who were granted land in the eastern part, and Joshua Thorpe whose 80-acre (32 ha) estate was in the west, stretching from Cooks River to Wolli Creek. Abraham B. Pollack acquired eight grants in the 1830s, totalling 790 acres (320 ha), which covered most of Earlwood and Undercliffe. Subdivision began in the 1880s.

After World War I, a war services subdivision was created west of Wardell Road for retired soldiers and their families. The streets of that subdivision commemorate the names of famous men and battles connected with the war, such as Kitchener, Hamilton, Vimy, Fricourt, Polygon, Thompson and Guedecourt. The area incorporating Bedford, River, Grove, Richmond,and Stone streets was a subdivision known as the Canterbury estate and was divided for workers of the quarry at the end of River Street. This estate also took in Louisa, Sparke, Caroline, Elsie and Ann streets and also Willow lane, some of the streets had different names to those that they are known by today. A notable occupant of the area was the Scott family which operated the Scotties tissue factory on the corner of Louisa and River Streets.[3]

Between 1912 and 1957, electric trams operated along Homer Street to Earlwood, providing service to the city via Marrickville and Newtown.[4] The service is now provided by buses.

Commercial area[edit]

The shopping centre is located on Homer Street, 500 metres up the hill from Bardwell Park railway station. A Coles supermarket and shops are also located in nearby Clarke Street.

Earlwood has a number of restaurants and cafes that are scattered amongst the retail outlets, including Greek tavernas. Cafes with outdoor seating are located along Clarke Street, including Euro Coffee Bar and a Michel's Patisserie. Fast food outlets include a Souvlaki Bar and Oporto located on Homer Street, and a KFC on William Street. The site of the current KFC outlet was at one time the home of former prime minister John Howard whose parents operated two fuel outlets in neighbouring Dulwich Hill. At one time two cinemas were located on Homer Street, known as the Chelsea and the Mayfair.

The Earlwood Hotel is located on the corner of Earlwood Avenue and Homer Street. Earlwood - Bardwell Park RSL is located between Bardwell Park railway station and Wolli creek. The club also manages the EBP Sports Bowling Club in Doris Street. The Earlwood ex-servicemens club is located in Fricourt Avenue. Earlwood local library is located on the corner of William Street and Homer Street, with a heritage listed post box outside the library. The shopping centre buildings, some of the churches and Chelsea Theatre were mostly constructed by the builder William Ernest May formerly of 421 Homer St.

Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic Church
The Transfiguration of Our Lord Greek Orthodox Church
Cooks River, between Marrickville and Earlwood

Transport[edit]

Earlwood is serviced by a number of bus routes by Government Bus and Punchbowl Bus Company.

Government Bus routes:

Punchbowl Bus Company routes:

Bardwell Park railway station, on the Airport, Inner West & South Line of the Sydney Trains network, is close to the commercial centre of Earlwood.

Earlwood was previously the end of the line for electric tram services running on a similar route to that of the current 423 bus service, an extension from the bottom of the hill at Undercliffe. A now deceased resident of Earlwood, Thomas Gaffey, is supposedly connected to the last tram service to Earlwood 'terminus'.[citation needed]

Churches[edit]

Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic Church, St Georges Anglican Church, Earlwood Presbyterian Church, Earlwood Uniting Church, Earlwood Baptist Church, The Salvation Army Earlwood, The Transfiguration of Our Lord Greek Orthodox Church.

Parks and gardens[edit]

  • Gough Whitlam Park and Waterworth reserve are on Bayview Avenue near Tempe station. Canterbury bicycle velodrome is located nearby. Clean up Australia day was originated here on the banks of Cooks river. The Cooks river Festival is an annual event held in Gough Whitlam park.
  • Heynes Reserve is a passive recreation area at the junction of the Cooks River and Cup and Saucer Creek.
  • Sutton Reserve is adjacent to Heynes Reserve. It features a playground and is connected to the northern bank of the Cooks River by a wooden footbridge.
  • Hughes Park is a sporting and multi-use area located near the Canterbury border and runs along a concrete canal leading to the Cooks River.
  • Simpson Reserve is further west along the Cooks River.
  • Beaman Park and Wills Ground are located further east along the river near Wardell Road, and offer sporting fields, bike paths and BBQ facilities. Beaman is also home to Earlwood Wanderers soccer club.
  • Earlwood Oval is a local park and sporting ground. This location has been an important one for generations of people growing up in Earlwood due to its history of early settlement with timber felling and bare knuckle fighting. It also has historical and social importance as a long standing home to one of the lawn bowls clubs, cricket club, soccer and football fixtures and the location of one of very few "rocket" type playground fixtures. Important items include the early Earlwood oval gates and the memorial at the South Eastern end.
  • Girrawheen Park is a large recreational area along the northern bank of Wolli Creek. It provides spectacular views of Arncliffe, Turrella and Bardwell Park. This area is heritage listed and covers a large area of rare remnant bushland along the banks of Wolli creek and played a large part in the reasoning behind the construction of a road tunnel beneath the Bardwell valley.

In the 1960s Nanny Goat Hill (some refer to it as Prickly Pear Hill) was about to be quarried for use as fill in the construction of Sydney Airport runway extensions. Harold May, Peter Ridsdale and Carl Lyons formed a resistance committee to thwart the operation and succeeded in having Canterbury Council cancel the proposed destruction of this now valued recreation area. The Canterbury Mayor Jim Beaman was an advisor to the May, Ridsdale, Lyons committee.

Population[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Earlwood is a multicultural area, having a large proportion of Greek-Australians. Nearby Marrickville was a major centre of Sydney's Greek community in the 1950s and 1960s and many of its residents moved south into suburbs like Earlwood, which offered larger family homes and blocks of land. 20.4% of the population reported Greek ancestry at the 2011 Census.[1]

According to the 2011 census of Population, there were 16,753 residents in Earlwood. 41.2% stated they were born overseas with the top countries of birth being Greece 8.7%, Italy 3.2%, China 2.9%, Portugal 2.6% and Lebanon 2.6%. English was stated as the only language spoken at home by 43.3% of residents and the most common other languages spoken were Greek 22.0%, Arabic 6.8% and Italian 4.9%. The most common responses for religious affiliation were Catholic 33.4%, Orthodox 27.6% and No Religion 13.3%.[1]

Notable residents[edit]

The following notable people have lived in Earlwood:

Politics[edit]

Federal Government: Earlwood is in the Division of Barton in the Australian House of Representatives. Historically, the Division of Watson has been a safe Labor electorate.

State Government: Earlwood is in the Electoral district of Canterbury in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly. The district includes surrounding suburbs of Canterbury, Campsie, Hurlstone Park, Croydon Park, western Dulwich Hill, eastern Belfield and northern Turrella.

Local Government: Earlwood is part of the East Ward of the City of Canterbury and together with Canterbury, elects three councillors to the city council.

Topography[edit]

Earlwood is sometimes mistakenly classed as a part of Sydney's Inner West.[6] This is, however, topographically incorrect as the Cooks River which separates Earlwood from Marrickville forms a natural defining boundary around the outer limits of the Inner Western Suburbs.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Earlwood (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  2. ^ Canterbury Rates Valuation Book-1879-84
  3. ^ The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8, page 90
  4. ^ D. Keenan: Tramways of Sydney. Transit Press 1979
  5. ^ "Before office- John Howard". 
  6. ^ Inner West Suburban Map http://www.madeit.com.au/Main/Item?itemId=817758
  7. ^ Australian Suburb Guide http://www.suburbguide.com.au/category/home/location/sydney-inner-west

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°55′13″S 151°07′37″E / 33.92018°S 151.12682°E / -33.92018; 151.12682