Elizabeth de Burgh, 4th Countess of Ulster

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Heraldic escutcheon of General George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle (1608-1670) of Potheridge in the parish of Merton, Devon. On external wall above north (Stevenstone) private doorway to north transept of parish church of St Giles-in-the-Wood, Devon, 3 miles north-east of Potheridge. Stone escutcheon sculpted in relief of four quarters: 1st: Gules, a chevron between three lion's heads erased argent (Monck); 2nd: quarterly of 4: 1:Royal Arms of England (Arms of King Edward IV); 2 & 3: Or a cross gules de Burgh; 4th: Mortimer; over-all a baton sinister (Arms of Arthur Plantagenet, 1st Viscount Lisle (the maternal grandfather of the Duke's grandfather Anthony Monck)) 3rd: Barry of six argent and azure in chief three torteaux a label of three points for difference (Grey, Viscount Lisle); 4th: Gules, a lion rampant within a bordure engrailed or (Talbot, Viscount Lisle); the whole circumscribed by the Garter. The arms of King Edward IV when Duke of York emphasise his descent from Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence (1338–1368), third son of King Edward III (on which basis the House of York claimed the throne), who married Elizabeth de Burgh, 4th Countess of Ulster (1332–1363). Their daughter Philippa de Burgh married Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March, whose son Roger de Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, was the great-grandfather of King Edward IV; (Quarterly 1st: Arms of Edward IV; 2nd & 3rd: Or a cross gules (de Burgh), 4th: (Mortimer))[1] These arms were also borne by Arthur Plantagenet, 1st Viscount Lisle, KG, (died 1542), the illegitimate son of Edward IV The Duke's connection with this church, the parish church of the Rolle family of Stevenstone, is not clear. It is not known where his residence in Devon was, if any, whilst his mansion of Potheridge was being rebuilt on a grand scale after 1660
Elizabeth de Burgh
Arms of the House of de Burgh.svg
Arms of de Burgh: Or, a cross gules
suo jure Countess of Ulster
Predecessor William Donn de Burgh, 3rd Earl
Successor Philippa Plantagenet, 5th Countess with Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March
jure uxoris Earl Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence
Spouse Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence
m. 1352; wid. 1363
Issue Philippa Plantagenet, 5th Countess of Ulster
House de Burgh
House of Plantagenet
Father William Donn de Burgh, 3rd Earl of Ulster
Mother Maud of Lancaster, Countess of Ulster
Born (1332-07-06)6 July 1332
Carrickfergus Castle, Belfast, County Antrim, Ireland
Died 10 December 1363(1363-12-10) (aged 31)
Dublin, Ireland
Burial Clare Priory, Suffolk
Carrickfergus Castle, Elizabeth's birthplace

Elizabeth de Burgh, Duchess of Clarence, suo jure 4th Countess of Ulster and 5th Baroness of Connaught (6 July 1332 – 10 December 1363) was a Norman-Irish noblewoman who married Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence.

Family[edit]

Elizabeth was born at Carrickfergus Castle near Belfast, Ireland, the only child of William Donn de Burgh, 3rd Earl of Ulster and Maud of Lancaster, Countess of Ulster. She was the last of the senior legitimate line of the descendants of William de Burgh.[1] Her paternal grandparents were John de Burgh and Elizabeth de Clare, and her maternal grandparents were Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster and Maud Chaworth.

Marriage[edit]

Upon William's murder on 6 June 1333 she became the sole legal heir to all the de Burgh lands in Ireland. Actually, her kinsmen Sir Edmond de Burgh of Clanwilliam, Sir Edmond Albanach Bourke the Mac William Iochtar, Sir Ulick Burke the Mac William Uachtar became the de facto heads of the family and owners of de Burgh land during the Burke Civil War 1333-38.[1]

As Countess of Ulster she was raised in England and married Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence on 15 August 1352 at the Tower of London. He was the second son of Edward III of England and his queen consort Philippa of Hainault.

The couple had one child, Philippa, born on 16 August 1355. Philippa, who succeeded as Countess of Ulster, married Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March in 1368. Both their titles passed to their son Roger Mortimer, and eventually through their granddaughter Anne de Mortimer, who married into the House of York. The House of York would base its claim to the English throne on their descent from Lionel of Antwerp.

Elizabeth died in Dublin in 1363 during her husband's term as Governor of Ireland. She is buried in Clare Priory, Suffolk, England.

Ancestry[edit]