Blanche of Artois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Blanche of Artois
BlancheArtois.jpg
Queen consort of Navarre
Tenure 4 December 1270 – 22 July 1274
Spouse Henry I of Navarre
Edmund Crouchback
Issue Joan I of Navarre
Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster
Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster
House House of Artois
Father Robert I, Count of Artois
Mother Matilda of Brabant
Born 1248
Died 2 May 1302(1302-05-02) (aged c. 53–54)

Blanche of Artois (Blanche d'Artois) (1248 – 2 May 1302) was the queen consort of Navarre; after her husband Henry I of Navarre's death, she served as regent from 1274 to 1284 on behalf of her daughter, Joan I. Besides Navarre, she ruled the counties of Brie, Champagne, Troyes and Meaux.

In 1276, she became Countess of Lancaster by marrying into the English royal family.

She was the daughter of Matilda of Brabant and Robert I, Count of Artois.

First marriage[edit]

Blanche married Henry I of Navarre who died in 1274. This marriage was politically advantageous for Navarre, Blanche having been the niece of Louis IX of France. Together they had two children:

  • Theobald - d. 1270 fell from a battlement at the castle of Estella
  • Joan I of Navarre, Queen regnant of Navarre and Queen consort of France

Second marriage[edit]

After Henry's death, Blanche married Edmund Crouchback in 1276. Edmund was also a widower. Edmund and Blanche had three children:

  • Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster
  • Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster
  • John of Lancaster, seigneur of Beaufort (present day Montmorency, Aube, arrond. d’Arcis-sur-Aube, canton de Chavanges) and Nogent-l’Artaud (Aisne, arrond. de Château-Thierry, canton de Charly). Before July 1312 he married Alix de Joinville.

Ancestry[edit]

Preceded by
Isabelle of France
Queen consort of Navarre
1270–1274
Succeeded by
Margaret of Burgundy